Banner image showing PRM Gallery

Vol. XLI

18 Oct 1910, p 84

Reader in Anthropology will deliver an Inaugural Lecture at the Examination Schools on Thursday, October 27, at 4.30p.m. Subject:- ‘The Birth of Humility’

15 November 1910, pg 207

Reader in Social Anthropology will give a public lecture, with lantern illustrations, at the School of Geography, Old Ashmolean Building, on Monday, November 28, at 5p.m. Subject: ‘A Visit to the Haunts of the Cave-man’

19 January 1911, pg 353

Reader in Social Anthropology will lecture at Exeter College on (1) the Psychology of Magic, on Wednesdays and Fridays at Noon, beginning on Wednesday, January 25; (2) Early Forms of the Family (Seminar), on Tuesdays at 5.45 p.m. beginning on Tuesday, January 24; (3) Primitive Religions (Seminar), on Thursdays at 5.45 p.m. beginning on Thursday, January 26.

Printed Syllabus, with Bibliographic Aids, for either Seminar on application to the Reader

27 April 1911 pg 650

Reader in Social Anthropology: lecure on the Leading Aspects of Primitive Society on Wednesdays and Fridays, seminar on Early Legal Institutions on Tuesdays, seminar on Primitive Religion in relation to Ethics on Thursdays

14 June 1911, pg 939

Twenty-third Annual Report of the Delegates of the University Museum (for 1910)

Mr Edward B. Tylor resigned office of Professor and Reader in Anthropology on 31 December last year after a tenure of 26 years

Grant by Magdalen College for payment of Scientific Assistants allocated £100 each to the Hope and Pathological Departments, £50 to the Pitt Rivers Museum

7,268 visitors, £23 3s 0d in admission fees

pg 954 Report of the Curator of the Pitt Rivers Museum

numerous accessions have meant rearrangement of many series; progress on rearrangement of magic series in new cases allotted to it; case ordered for exhibition of collection of votive offerings; some changes to table cases in upper gallery. Lectures on Primitive Archaeology and Comparative Technology, using the collections, for Diploma students and probationers for the Sudan Civil Service. Visit to South Africa at the invitation of the South African Association – archaeology of the Victoria Falls region now represented by far more complete collection at the Pitt Rivers Museum than anywhere else. Other noteworthy accessions include fine collection made by Emil Torday in the Belgian Congo; specimens collected by A.C. Hollis in British East Africa; examples of casting brass figures in West Africa collected by Mr R. W. Rattray; stone implements from the Cave Period from the Dordogne by D. Jenness (also former diploma student); Palaeolithic implements from Isle of Wight given by Professor E.B. Poulton; fine series of Tasmanian stone implements given by Professory Tylor.

Complete list of Accessions by Donation, Accessions by Purchase, and Accessions on Loan.

21 June 1911 pg 990

reader in Social Anthropology lecture on Social Anthropology: Terminology and First Principles on Wednesdays and Fridays, seminar on Geographical Distribution of Culture on Tuesdays, seminar on Religion: Rudimentary Forms on Thursdays

[From here on I have decided to only look at the Annual Reports – lectures can always be traced if necessary at a later date, because they may not be useful to us]


19 June 1912 p 969

Twenty-fourth Annual Report of the Delegates of the University Museum (for 1911)

H. Balfour resigned as Secretary to the Delegates at end of Summer Term, replaced by Professor H.L. Bowman, the following resolution was passed by the Delegates at their meeting on May 13: -

‘The Delegates, with whom the Professors wish to associated themselves, in accepting the resignation by Mr Balfour of the office of Secretary to the Delegates, to take effect on June 25 next, desire to put on record their grateful sense of the advantages which they have derived from the care and consideration with which he has discharged his duties ever since his appointment, and from the scientific abilities and knowledge which he in his capacity brought to the service of the Museum and has at all times generously placed at its disposal.’

Magdalen college grant of £250 for scientific assistants: £100 each to Hope and Pathological Departments, £50 to Pitt Rivers Museum

5,989 visitors, £19 14s 3d in admission fees

Report of the Curator of the Pitt-Rivers Museum, 1911 p 982

Card catalogue for musical instruments commenced and far advanced towards completion, HB helped by Mr M.W. Hilton Simpson who worked nearly daily in the Museum during more than half the year. Catalogue will lead to re-classification of the whole series, which is very fine although the space to display it is very inadequate. ‘An extension of the Museum to accommodate this instructive series is greatly to be desired, both as a means of adequately displaying this section of the Museum collection, and to enable the general congestion of the Museum to be relieved.’

Algerian pottery section has been rearranged and recent acquisitions incorporated. Collection of hair specimens moved to cabinet in lower gallery. Collection showing primitive forms of currency extended, rearranged and mostly labelled, and two additional cases given to this collection. Collection of ancient and modern Votive Offerings has been rearranged in a new table case. Several new cabinets added in the galleries, and a double fronted exhibition case added in the court.

At the request of the Mayor, facilities were given for parties of school-children to visit the Museum in charge of responsible teachers – about 150 children in parties of 12 were shown over the Museum.

Many weapons and armour photographed and described for European Arms and Armour in the University of Oxford by Charles Ffoulkes. Mr R. Poulton was working in the Museum on the Palaeolithic flint implements from Priory Bay, Isle of wight, presented by E.B. Poulton in 1910.

HB has been working on the stone age in South Africa

Prehistoric Archaeology and Comparative Technology lectures to diploma students, and latter also to probationers for the Sudan Civil Service. ‘It is satisfying to report that several former Diploma students have been engaged in field research work and have been appointed to official posts either for teaching or research or both in Anthropology.’

Noteworthy accessions: extensive donations of specimens by E.B. Tylor; series of African specimens ‘collected with accurate data’ and given by Mr W. Scoresby Routledge and Mr Hilton Simpson; beautiful predynastic flint blade from Petrie’s excavations; Mr F. O. Stohr’s African collection; large and varied series of objects, mostly local interest, from Mr Percy Manning’s collection; interesting human head trophy from S. America purchased. Miss B. Freire Marreco generously gave her collection from New Mexico and Arizona – result of field work as a Fellow of Somerville College ‘In addition, she was kind enough to label and catalogue this collection, with very full data.’

Full list of accessions by donation (p 983), by purchase and on loan.


13 November 1912, p 174 notice of Decree that HB reappointed Curator of PRM until 31 December 1919, receiving £200 from University Chest and Curator, and £300 a year from Common University Fund on condition he instruct on matters connected with the PRM (carried November 20 p 202

27 November 1912, p 232

Decree for curators of University Chest to pay Curator of PRM £300 a year ‘for assistance in, and the general expenses of, the Pitt-Rivers Museum.’

4 June 1913 p 939

Twenty-fifth Annual Report of the Delegates of the University Museum (for 1912)

Magdalen grant of £250 for scientific assistants: £100 to Pathological Department, £50 to Pitt Rivers Museum, £37 10s to Department of Comparative Anatomy, £37 10s to Geological Department, £25 to Hope Department

6,410 visitors, £16 11s in admission fees

Report of the Curator of the Pitt Rivers Museum, 1912

Series illustrating the Graphic Art of primitive peoples brought together for exhibition in the lower gallery, and a number of copies of late Stone Age paintings in the Cave at Altamira in Spain were framed and displayed, with copies of Bushman rock paintings from S. Africa, so that art in the two regions and periods could be compared. Collection of slings, bolas and lassoes has been expanded and rearranged, as has series of primitive weighing appliances, HB has added examples of ‘bismar’ type of weighing beam from variety of localities ‘together with other specimens from my own collection’. New cases added for portion of valuable collection from Borneo bequeathed by Robert Shelford (a benefactor to the Museum). Additional cabinets erected under the table-cases in the galleries for storing non-exhibited material for research students. ‘Numerous other improvements have been effected in the various series, but the work of the Department is severely hampered by lack of space and lack of skilled assistance. It is of great importance that there should be some extension of the building in order that the congestion of the Museum may be relieved, and that full advantage may be taken of the very valuable scientific material which it contains.’

‘Mr G. Carline has very kindly volunteered to re-draft the lists of accessions, and has for some time been engaged upon this piece of work, which, when completed, will be of great value to the Museum. The Museum is also very much indebted to Miss W. Blackman for her assistance in making card-catalogues of the Fire-making series and some of the groups of Musical Instruments. The extension of the card-catalogue is a very important piece of work which was commenced by Miss B. Freire Marreco and Mr. M.W. Hilton Simpson, and it is hoped that means may be found which will enable the catalogue to be continued. A large number of specimens have been photographed for the catalogue and for other purposes.

‘Several specimens were lent to the Oxford Millenary Exhibition held at the Town Hall.

‘A number of members of the Congress of Americanists held in London visited the Museum by invitation.’

Lectures in Prehistorical Archaeology and Comparative Technology to Diploma students and Sudan Civil Service students, also research assistance and occasional lectures.

‘The accessions have been very numerous and it is worthy of note that the Museum is beginning to profit by the interest taken by present and former Diploma students.’ E.g. collection of stone implements acquired by Rattray in Ashanti – described by HB in the Journal of the African Society of London. HB has strengthened collection of Stone Age implements by acquiring many rare types, filling many gaps in the series, some very fine.

List of accessions by donation (p 964), by purchase and on loan.


10 June 1914, p 857

Twenty-sixth Annual Report of the Delegates of the University Museum (for 1913)

Magdalen college grant for scientific assistants: £100 to Hope Department, £100 to Department of Pathology, £50 to Pitt Rivers Museum

5,643 visitors, £21 8s 6d in admission fees

Report of the Curator of the Pitt-Rivers Museum, 1913

New exhibition case added for series of rare carvings used during funeral ceremonies in Bali, Eastern Archipelago, and given by Dr. Ridley. Another case erected for west African ceremonial masks, and one added to supplement the textile series. A number of smaller cases have been made for small series or individual specimens. A series of weapons edged with sharks’ teeth have been brought together and arranged in the upper gallery. Collection of Burmese mss transferred from exposed table-case to cabinet of glass-topped drawers for better protection from strong light.

Easter vaction, HB collected stone implements from the Dordogne – now added to the Museum series illustrating later Palaeolithic cultures. Important accessions to other sections of the early Palaeolithic collections also made – additions to collections for Swiss lake-dwellings and series of N. American stone implements particularly noteworthy. Interesting collection of small implements exhibiting delicate microlithic workmanship from Mauretania and Tunisia purchased. A group of stone implements has been brought together to exhibit, as far as the material allows, the highest technique of the various Stone-age periods.

HB published short monograph on geographical distribution of kite-fishing

Lectures in Prehistoric Archaeology and Comparative Technology to Diploma and Sudan Civil Service students, HB also given special lectures to societies on ‘The Early Stone-age Cultures of South Africa’ (to the African Society), ‘Evolution of Stringed Instruments of Music’ (at Norwich and in Oxford), ‘The Gun-flint industry’ (to the O.U. Junior Scientific Club) and two demonstration-lectures to the University Extension Students

‘The card-catalogue has been considerabley advanced and the series of Musical Instruments, Fire-making, Charms and Amulets, have been completely catalogued to date. This work has been in the hands of Miss W. Blackman, who is still engaged upon the catalogue. I have to thank Professor K. Hamada and Captain H. Ninomiya for their kind assistance in describing a number of Japanese specimens for the catalogue. Mr G. R. Carline has kindly continued to volunteer work of copying and re-drafting the accessions-books.’

Noteworthy accessions: Kikuyu objects given by Mr. W. Scoresby Routledge; trepanning-instruments from the Aures Mountains, given by Mr M. W. Hilton Simpson; W African collection given by Mrs Temple; collection from New Mexico and Arizona by Miss B. Freire-Marreco; curious Chinese cross-bow trap, presented with full details by Mr H.E. Laver. Purchases: specimens selected from Mr J. Edge-Partington collection from Philippine Islands acquired from Mr Turnbull, and ‘goa-stone’ acquired thorugh Dr H. Woodward, are especially noteworthy.

Acknowledge following sums given for collecting specimens for the Museum: £10 from Exeter College, £10 by Committee for Anthropology for specimens to be collected by Hilton Simpson in Algeria and the Aures Mountains during 1914; £24 by Committee for Anthropology for expenses incurred in the transport of the collection made by Mr D. Jenness in British New Guinea – this collection has been presented to the Museum by the Committee. ‘Both Mr Hilton Simpson and Mr Jenness are former students of Anthropology in Oxford, and it is of interest to record that a considerable number of the Diploma students are or have been engaged in researches in the field, and are applying in a practical manner the knowledge which they acquired as students in the University.’

Lists of accessions by donation (p869), by purchase and on loan.

Vol. XLV

Twenty-seventh Annual Report of the Delegates of the University Museum (for 1914)

Number of the teaching staff, research workers and service staff have left on military service, others have been working in Oxford on the staff of the R.A.M.C., Members of the Museum Volunteer Fire Brigade have been regularly on duty after working hours at the Southern General Hospital, the Examination Schools, and the Town Hall.

4,830 visitors, £14 18s 6d in admissions

Magdalen College grant for scientific assistants: £100 to Department of Pathology, £50 to PRM, £100 retained in hand ‘in view of the possibility of exceptional needs arising during the year.’

Report of the Curator of the Pitt-Rivers Museum, 1914

Series showing basketry techniques has been rearranged and diagrammatic explanatory models have been added and new exhibition cases erected. Portion of pottery-making series has been rearranged in a table-case in the court. Two cases added to series of charms and magical appliances. Several new exhibition wall-cases have been added on the staircase. Large cabinet with sliding screens built in the store room for classified arrangement and preservation of large collection of arrows not on public display. Extra table-case in Lower Gallery transferred to growing collection of primitive medical and surgical appliances. Several small cases added for display of small series or individual specimens requiring special protection.

‘The card-catalogue has made excellent progress. Miss W. Blackman has devoted a considerable amount of time to this work, and, in addition to keeping up to date the serial catalogue already made, has completed card-lists of some additional series. At present the following series have been catalogued: Fire-making appliances, Musical Instruments, primitive Food-vessels, &c., Currency, Agricultural Appliances and those used in the Preparation of Food, Magic and Charms, Basketry, Toys and Games, Tattooing appliances, and the series of Artificial Cranial Deformations. The classification of the cards is in progress, and special cabinets are used for this purpose.’

HB published monograph on one of less well-known methods of frictional fire-making.

Lectures on Prehistoric Archaeology and Comparative Technology (Useful and Aesthetic Arts and Industries) to students. No candidates for Sudan Civil Service in October Term.

‘Many former students are now engaged in field-work or other research, the results of which are very gratifying. Photographs of objects in the Museum have been supplied to various persons engaged in research work.’

During long vacation, HB to Australia, Java, Singapore, Malay States, Ceylon, visiting museums and collecting specimens of interest and acquiring information on the spot.

Important accessions: important series of Naga objects collected by Mr J.H. Hutton in the Naga Hills and presented by him with full information, cost of freight having been defrayed by this generous donor. Many important gaps in the series have been filled with his help. Collection presented by Mr P. Amaury Talbot of considerable extent and scientific value, and added materially to a number of series. Grants received last year from Exeter college and Committee for Anth for enabling Hilton Simpson to collect specimens in Algeria duly expended, including series of primitive surgical appliances brought back by Mr Simpson from Aures district. Acknowledge further grant from Committee for Anth of £25 for Miss Czaplicka for collection of specimens from Siberia.

‘I have to refer to damage wilfully done in the Museum by an attempt, obviously deliberate but fortunately unsuccessful, to force open some of the table-cases in the gallery. Steps have been taken to guard against a repetition of such damage.’

List of accessions by donation (p 655), by purchase and on loan


14 June 1916, p 537

Twenty-eighth Annual Report of the Delegates of the University Museum (for 1915)

Further teaching staff, research workers and service staff have left on military service – includes a list – including H. Balfour listed as French Red Cross work abroad.

H. Balfour appointed acting secretary in absence of H.L. Bowman who undertook work in a munitions factory. Increased fire precautions, including twelve buckets of sand in the central court.

4,992 visitors, £15 3s 6d in admissions fees

Magdalen college grant for Scientific Assistants: £100 to department of pathology, £50 to PRM, £100, along with £100 from last year, transferred to the General Administration Fund of the Museum

Report of the Curator of the Pitt Rivers Museum, 1915

Iron building recently vacated by the Professor of Engineering has been brought into use and fitted with tables etc. Proved of greatest use as a working room and a storeroom. Drawer cabinets erected in this room for collection of quivers, for which no exhibition space in the Museum. Main building roof overhauled and glazing re-packed with asbestos. Cases in upper gallery more efficiently protected against theft. Exhibition cases on stairs used for displaying series of Marquisan clubs, shields and spears from the Nagas of Assam, Ainu decorative art, and Indian throwing-quoit weapons. New cases in the lower gallery for extensive collection of native spoons, and racks fitted for series of decorated spears. New cabinets added for series of smoking-appliances, narcotics etc, and rearrangement of these has commenced. Upper Gallery, progress on rearrangement of early prehistoric series, which have greatly increased in extent and scientific interest. Great amount of re-labelling, exhibited groups have been made more typical of various periods.

Card catalogue has continued steadily. ‘Miss Blackman has catalogued the valuable collection of spear-throwers, and was engaged in cataloguing a very large collection of primitive lighting-appliances which will eventually be added to the Museum. The catalogues already completed have been brought up to date. Mr A. M. Hocart catalogued a portion of the series of head-rests, but was not able to complete this.’

Usual series of lectures to Diploma students, no Sudan Civil Service candidates.

Hardly any specimens acquired by purchase, owing to necessity for economy, but list of donations long and of great interest. Museum especially enriched by collection bought back by Miss M. Czaplicka as a result of her recent expedition to Siberia, under the auspices of the Committee for Anth and of Somerville College: antiquities from the Minusinsk district, and native objects from Arctic Siberia. Previously the museum possessed hardly any specimens from this interesting region. Funds for purchase of specimens provided by Committee for Anth. ‘Mr J.H. Hutton has continued his important and generous contributions of specimens collected by himself among the Naga tribes of Assam, which are of considerable interest and scientific value.’ Gift made by Mrs. Sollas of specimens from collection of late Prof. H.N. Moseley mostly collected during voyage of HMS Challenger deserves special reference. Also ‘pigmy’ quartz implements from Ceylon, gift of Mr C. Hartley of Colombo; specimens from Melville Is given by Mr H.K. Fry; S. Pacific objects believed to have been collected by Captain Cook and given by the Rev. J. Franck Bright, late Master of University College; fine head-dress of a priest of Shango from Abbeokuta, presented by Mrs Braithwaite Batty.

List of accessions by donation (p549), by purchase and on loan (latter including 51 ‘forgeries of palaeolithic and neolithic implements and forged bone implement, all of which had been exhibited as genuine’, lent by HB)


13 June 1917, p549

Twenty-ninth Annual Report of the Delegates of the University Museum (for 1916)

Further increase in number of teaching staff, research workers and service staff who have left on military service. Gives list of those involved in the war effort. Electrical and Physiological laboratories and further rooms, and eventually the old Chemical Department buildings at the Museum are being used for a School of Military Aeronautics for Officers of the Royal Flying Corps. Fencing, barriers, temporary buildings have been put in, and on 13 September HM the King inspected the School of Military Aeronautics. Instructions drawn up for the Porter in the event of air raid alarms. Officer Cadet Battalions have used the lecture theatre from time to time during the year. (by HB)

6163 visitors, £14 14s 9d in admission fees

Magdalen grant for Scientific Assistants: £100 to Pathology, £50 to PRM, £100 to General Administration Fund of the Museum

Report of the Curator of the Pitt-Rivers Museum, 1916

(by far the longest report this year, which is unusual)

progress with the rearrangemnt of the Prehistoric series in the Upper Gallery. Further section of weapons arranged in the wall cases, labelling of specimens was improved. Part of the series of bows was rearranged, and a better system of exhibiting the collections of bolas and lassoes was adopted. Several small series arranged in the Lower Gallery – an interesting and large selection of native spoons. Second hand wall cases erected in the Court and used for exhibiting specimens. Iron building to south of main Museum proved very useful and fitted with second-hand drawers etc. Large number of phonograph records, chiefly of native music, have been arranged in this room.

Card catalogue has been continued by Miss W.S. Blackman, and the series of spoons, of ornaments involving artificial deformation, and of lighting appliances have been added to the catalogue. ‘A very large collection of lighting appliances which will be given to the Museum shortly was also card-catalogued.’ The existing catalogues have been completed up to date.

Usual lecture courses to Diploma students.

Police regulations regarding lighting have rendered work in the Museum difficult and trying during the winter.

‘The suggestion that the Pitt-Rivers Museum should be taken over by the Royal Flying Corps was fortunately not adopted. Had it been carried out, it would have entailed enormous loss, and would certainly have resulted in extensive and irreparable damage, in addition to undoing completely the work of thirty years.’

Noteworthy accessions: Mr W. Scoresby Routledge has given large proportion of the collection he made on the yacht Mana to Easter and Pitcairn Islands. Large collection of objects from Southern Nigeria collected and presented by Mr P.A. Talbot – many of the ceremonial objects hitherto unprocurable and of high interest, acquired under very exceptional circumstances. J.H. Hutton continues his generosity to the Museum and send numerous specimens of much scientific importance. Interesting contributions from Rev John Roscoe, Mr Woodthorpe, Rev. R.H. Codrington, Mrs Braithwaite Batty.

Full list of accessions by donation (pg 558), and by purchase (only a few)


12 June 1918, p 473

Thirtieth Annual Report of the Delegates of the University Museum (for 1917)

Increase in number of staff who have left on military service. Museum still occupied by the School of Miltary Aeronautics, who have taken over more rooms. Wear and tear on fittings, and influx of dust and dirt has increased enormously. Not possible to close for annual cleaning, again. Lecture Theatre frequently used by Officer Cadet Battalions. Announces death of Tylor. (HB)

6,569 visitors, £17 2s 6d in admissions fees

Magdalen college grant increased to £300: £100 pathology, £50 PRM, £25 Human Anatomy, £125 to the General Administration Fund, with £25 of this assigned for provision of cases

Report of the Curator of the Pitt-Rivers Museum, 1917

Shortage and high cost of materials has prevented much-needed extension of exhibition and storing space. Photographic and other activities have had to be seriously curtailed. HB has taken over general administration of the Museum in Bowman’s absence, and temporary absence abroad on Red Cross duty, has meant difficulties in keeping routine-work up to date. However, rearrangement and relabelling of section of large collection of bows completed. Section of spear-throwers regrouped and distribution maps added. Further work on prehistoric series carried out.

Card catalogue continued by Miss Blackman, chiefly working on large collection of rosaries, which now includes the important collection made by the late E.B. Tylor. These have been fully catalogued and Miss Blackman has written the article on rosaries for the Hastings Dictionary of Religion. Large number of catalogue-cards relating to other series have been filled up.

Usual courses and lectures to Diploma students. Special lecture on Easter Island to the O.U. Anthropological Society, and published in Folk Lore, also some short papers to Man relating to specimens in the Museum.

Room in the iron annexe has been lent to the Radcliffe Librarian for temporary house of books from the Tylor library.

Accessions by donation numerous and interesting. Especially the long list of accessions from Tylor’s collection. ‘Lady Tylor very kindly invited me to select such specimens as would be acceptable to the Museum which has gained very considerably through her generosity. I am indebted to Miss Tylor for her kind help in arranging for the forwarding of this collection to Oxford.’ Other important additions from J.H. Hutton and Mrs. Braithwaite Batty, Mr A.S. Kenyon, Major R.G. Gayer Anderson, R.A.M.C.

Full list of accessions by donation (p481), by purchase and on loan.


6 November 1918, p 95

Decree 15, that the curator of the University Chest be authorized to pay the curator of the PRM £150 in 1919 for the stipend of a Scientific Assistant or Demonstrator.

18 June 1919, p595

Thirty-first Annual Report of the Delegates of the University Museum (for 1918)

Number of teaching, research and service staff engaged in the war effort, with list.

For PRM: H. Balfour on red cross work abroad, and G. Kettle, Pte. R.M.E.

Occupation of Museum by Royal Air Force School continues – gives list of all the rooms being used. Officer Cadet Battalions continued to use the Lecture Theatre. HB contined to act as secretary until the end of the year.

7,370 visitors, £21 19s in fees. Museum closed for the afternoon on signing the Armistice on November 11

Magdalen College grant for Scientific Assistants: £100 to pathology, £50 to PRM, £100 to General Administration Fund.

Report of the Curator of the Pitt-Rivers Museum, 1918

Rearrangement of collection of primitive looms, several new specimens added to the series, now far more instructive. Table cases containing implements of bone, horn and ivory, illustrating use of these metals chiefly by peoples in a ‘pre-mental state of culture’, re-arranged and largely relabelled. Progress in re-grouping series of Stone Age implements, and many other minor changes. A few new cabinest and exhibition cases were added, but high costs mean further postponement of very necessary additions to equipment. Small fund for this purpose has been accumulated and hope to add exhibition cases as soon as price renders this feasible.

Miss Blackman has completed card-catalogue for rosaries and brought existing card catalogues up to date.

Usual lecture courses, and special lecture on ‘Lapland and the Lapps’ to the Ladies’ Folk-Lore Society in Oxford.

Large number of volumes from Tylor’s collection presented to the Museum by Lady Tylor and card catalogue of these commenced.

‘One of my attendants, G. Kettle, was absent during the greater part of the year, while serving in a labour battalion attached to the Navy. This left me with a single attendent only, and the administration of the Museum was very severely hampered and the work was much delayed.’

Accession numerous, almost entirely through donations. Extensive collections given by Mr. Crooke (Indian objects), valuable ‘Eskimo’ specimens collected by Admiral Ross a century ago and given by Mrs. Lee, large number of specimens in great variety given by Mrs Braithwaite Batty, Mr H.F. Mathew’s Nigerian specimens, many of which are new types. Whole of Mr B.M. Goldie’s collection of stone age specimens, including some interesting forms. Among the few purchases, series of Palaeolithic implements from Northfleet, Kent, collected by Mr Cross, including many very fine specimens.

List of accessions by donation (p 604), by purchase and on loan.

Vol. XLX

5 November 1919, p 147

decree 28, curators of University Chest authorized to pay Curator of PRM £300 for 1920 for maintenance of Museum and assistance therein


Decree 42, HB reappointed Curator of PRM, to hold office until 31 December 1926, stipend of £200 a year from University Chest as Curator, with £300 a year from Residur of Common University Fund on condition he give instruction on matters connected with the PRM

27 May 1920, p 683

Thirty-second Annual Report of the Delegates of the University Museum (for 1919)

Magdalen grant of £250 £100 to Hope department, £100 to Pathology, £50 to PRM

6,749 visitors, £25 8s 9d in admissions fees

Buildings and labs occupied by the RAF were vacated early in the year, and have been repaired and refitted for use. Annual meeting of the Museums Association was held in Oxford, July 8-10, meetings were held in the Theatre.

Report of the Curator of the Pitt-Rivers Museum, 1919

New exhibition cases erected in the Court, one built to accommodate a fine series of Naga shields. Progress in rearrangement of series in wall-cases of upper gallery and continued rearrangement of series of stone implements.

In August, Mr G. R. Carline took up duties of Assistant Curator, and has been engaged principally in labelling and cataloguing newly acquired specimens. Miss Blackman has continued the card-catalogue and has completed the series of weighing appliances, mirrors and combs. She has also continued cataloguing the library. HB gave an account and demonstration of the Museum to the Annual Meeting of the Museums Association. Mr H. Ling Roth made considerable use of the fine series of Maori cloaks for his forthcoming monograph on the subject. Assistance given to researchers etc.

14 students attended regular lectures for the Diploma, and five students attended for the Sudan Civil Service probationers.

Numerous important accessions: J.H. Hutton ‘has most generously given to the Museum practically the whole collection acquired by him in the Nagal Hills. This is one of the most important additions ever made to the Museum, and ethnologically, it is of first-class importance. Mr Louis G. Clarke, who worked in the Museum for some months, has been a considerable benefactor and has secured and presented a large number of valuable specimens, besides interesting himself in the Museum’s welfare in a variety of ways.’ Other important accessions from Mrs Sollas, Mr Oscar Raphael, Rev H. Hamilton Jackson, Mrs A.N. Leeds, and others.

List of accessions by donation (p694), by purchase and on loan

Vol. LI

No annual report in this volume, but two in the next

Vol. LII

October 19, 1921, p 69

Thirty-third Annual Report of the Delegates of the University Museum (for 1920)

Magdalen grant for Scientific Assistants: £100 pathology, £100 hope, £50 PRM

6,980 visitors, admission fees £37 17s 0d

Report of the Curator of the Pitt-Rivers Museum, 1920

Working off the arrears of Museum work due to the War has involved a considerable strain upon the Museum staff. Extensive series of magical appliances, talismans, amulets etc has been partly revised, specimens relabelled where necessary. Number of series in the Lower Gallery underwent rearrangement and new groups incorporated. Top Gallery progress rearranging series of weapons in wall cases, more to be done. Neolithic series partly regrouped, work still in progress. One case in the Court entirely rearranged, several minor additions made to the exhibited series. Card-catalogue continued by Blackman, Mr G.R. Carline continued to work as assistant curator throughout the year. Several new drawer cabinets added to the Lower Gallery giving additional exhibition space, and a cabinet purchased for the series of Rosaries which has been rearranged.

Museum has been used for instruction of school-children, at request of the Board of Education, facilities were given to a number of teachers in public elementary schools. Assistance given to researchers and those in the Colonial Service.

Usual courses of lectures for Diploma.

Extensive and important accessions to the Museum, including Melanesian objects presented by Rev R.H. Codrington ‘the result of many years of missionary work and anthropological study.’ First instalments of a collection made by Rev. John Roscoe in East Central Africa during the Mackie Ethnological Expedition. ‘Great interest attaches to this collection, practically the whole of which has been given to Oxford.’ Mr Louis C. G. Clarke, again a generous donor, and Mr J.P. Mills loaned a valuable collection of specimens from the Naga Hills, supplementing the very important collection given by Mr J.H. Hutton.

Montgomerie Bell archaeological collection was purchased, with very fine series of Oxfordshire specimens ‘which it was important to keep in the county.’

List of accessions by donation (p80), by purchase and on loan

Transcribed by Frances Larson for the Relational Museum project

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Supported by the John Fell OUP Research Fund


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