Committee for the Pitt Rivers Museum as at 1st Oct. 1987

The Vice-Chancellor (Sir Patrick Neill, QC, BCL, MA)
The Senior Proctor (P.M. Neumann, MA, D.Phil. D.Sc.)
The Junior Proctor (Mrs G.A. Stoy, MA, D.Phil.)
The Assessor (J.S. Knowland, MA, D.Phil.)
A. Baring, MA, B.Litt.
R.H.Barnes, B.Litt., MA, D.Phil.
J.K. Campbell, MA, D.Phil.
Professor B.W. Cunliffe , MA, D.Phil.
Professor G.A. Harrison, B.Sc., MA, D.Phil.
W.J. Kennedy, MA, Ph.D., D.Sc.
Professor K. Kirkwood, MA.
D.F. Shaw, MA, D.Phil.
E.B. Smith, B.Sc., MA, Ph.D.
C.KJ. White, MA, Ph.D.
Secretary: Schuyler Jones, MA, D.Phil.

The Committee for the Pitt Rivers Museum, having received the following annual report from the Curator, presented it as their report to the Congregation.

The Pitt Rivers Committee met three times during the year. In addition to routine matters such as loan requests, much of the Committee's time was spent in discussing the place and the future role of the Museum in the plans for the re-organization of anthropology at Oxford. Fund-raising and museum development plans were also considered.

It was with regret that the Committee learned of the death on October 23rd, 1987, of Mr Ivor Morris, design and display technician. Mr Morris, who started work in the Museum on January 3rd. 1980 was a skillful designer and gifted calligrapher. In addition to the permanent displays which he designed and set up in the museum, visitors for many years to come will pause to admire and read his fine hand-lettered captions and labels.

The Museum
Work has gone ahead throughout the year on both temporary exhibitions and permanent displays. In the main museum Mr. John Todd continued work on a permanent display of looms in a section of wall cases on the north side of the Court. Mr Bob Rivers and Mr John Simmons took on the task or re-displaying the boat models at the east end of the Court. Mr Ken Walters continued with the installation of modern lighting units in wall cases in the Court and at the end of this reporting period only the central section behind thetotem pole at the east end of the Court remains to be done.
Our main event of this reporting period began when Mrs Elizabeth Edwards and Dr Howard Morphy drew up preliminary plans for a series of special exhibitions to mark the Australian Bicentenary. Sir Zelman Cowen, Provost of Oriel and former Governor-General of Australia, lent his enthusiastic support and through Mr Rupert Murdoch persuaded the News Corporation Ltd. and News International PLC to sponsor the event with a donation of £30,000. The generous gift not only enabled us to plan and produce a lavishly illustrated colour catalogue which included essays by staff members and other colleagues in Oxford, but it also made possible the temporary appointment of a research assistant for the project.
It was Sir Zelman Cowen who gave the its title, Australia in Oxford, and it was his support and enthusiasm which encouraged the idea that other institutions in Oxford should also be involved.
The planning and coordination of this rapidly growing undertaking was dealt with by Mrs. Edwards and Dr. Morphy and in addition they carried out all of the display work for the exhibition in the Eldon Gallery at the Ashmolean Museum and a good deal of that in the University Museum. Active support from the Bodleian Library, college libraries, archives, and departmental collections resulted in some unique Oxford treasures being displayed in the three museums.
The official opening, presided over by Sir Zelman Cohen and Mr David Evans, Deputy High Commissioner for Australia, was held in the University Museum on the evening of March 24th, 1988, and occasion made even more pleasant by quantities of good Australian wine resulting from the unofficial initiative of a distinguished member of the Australian High Commission in London. The exhibits attracted a great deal of attention throughout the remainder of the year and we wish to record our grateful thanks to all those who made this possible. In addition to those already mentioned we owe special thanks to Mr Roger Hobby, Dr W.J. Kennedy, and Dr Steve Simpson of the University Museum, to Sir Richard Southwood of the Department of Zoology, Miss Serena Marner of Plant Sciences, Mr Richard Symonds, Dr John Legge of the University of Sydney, Dr Nicholas Penny of the Ashmolean Museum and Mr Alan Bell of Rhodes House Library.
Exhibitions, whether temporary or permanent, require the combined efforts and skills of all staff members: those in the workshop, photographic studio, conservation laboratory, records and documentation, library, archives, and administration. To all these the Curator offers his grateful thanks for a series of jobs well done.

Temporary Exhibitions
At the close of the very successful exhibition, 'Between Gandhara and the Silk Roads', work began on 'Tibet, A Great Mountain Land', an exhibition of photographs taken by Sir Charles Bell, in 1920 and 1921. Elizabeth Edwards, having catalogued the collection of original glass plate negatives, made a selection of some 90 images and Linda Mowat chose complementary Tibetan artefacts for display.

Balfour Building Events
Temporary Exhibitions
May 1987 - January 1988: The S.M.Tagore collection of Indian Musical Instruments presented to the Indian Institute of Oxford in 1886. These instruments are now in the Pitt Rivers collection and this was the first time they had been shown. The Exhibition was presented with the assistance of Jonathan Katz, Librarian of the Indian Institute.
January 1988 - September 1988: 'Making Musical Instruments', and exhibition showing musical instrument making techniques from many different traditions.
28 May 1988 - 18 June 1988: 'Gathering Rites', a sculptural exploration by eight artists (Patricia Cox, Chris Dorsett, Elena Gaputyte, Steve Hurst, Mouse Katz, Roxane Permar, Coffin Price, and Pete Smithson). This was an Oxford Art Week Exhibition, made possible with financial support from Southern Arts.

Audio Visual Booth Exhibitions
8 June 1988 - early September 1988: 'Moving On', a special exhibition of traveller and fairground music organized with the assistance of Josie Paterson.
October 1987 - June 1988: 'Temple Music of Tibet", a short introduction to Tibetan music with photographs by Sir Charles Bell and Dr Schuyler Jones to accompany the 'Tibet, A Great Mountain Land' exhibition in the main museum.
20 June 1988 - 14 September 1988: 'Music and Drama in Traditional India' compiled by David Mowat from his fieldwork.

Performances, Demonstrations, & etc.
29 February 1988: An afternoon celebration of the temporary exhibition, 'Making Music: Musical Instrument Making Techniques'. Kazuo Yamazaki, Koto maker, worked in the Music Makers Gallery. This was followed by a demonstration of Japanese music Noriko Sanagi on Koto and Shamisen, and Yoshikazu Iwamoto, Shakuhachi. Noriko Sanagi appeared by courtesy of Hokkaido County, Japan.
30 March 1988: Mr Chen Ning Kang, Dean of the Art Department, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang and Director of the Batik Research Centre gave an illustrated talk on batik.
29 May 1988: Performance at the opening of the Art Week Exhibition, 'Gathering Rites'. Mouse Katz, sculptor; Fiona McCleod, dancer; Peter Wachsmann, composer and musician.
4 June 1988: Installation and performance in memorium at the 'Gathering Rites' exhibition. Installation by Elena Gaputyte and performance by Zigmas Kudra.
25 & 26 June 1988: Oxfordshire Festival of Traditional Music. This year, under the auspices of Cultural Co-operation, the Museum was able to offer a venue to three groups of performers. Two of these were from Papua New Guinea: The Melpa and the Huli. The third group was a TeArawe Maori group from New Zealand. In all 46 artists were involved.

All of these groups performed dance as well as music. The groups from Papua introduced the audience to a 'Sing Sing', in which they wore magnificent Bird of Paradise head-dresses, and to the arts of body painting. The Maori groups sang songs which were dramatic retellings of their people's history. The workshop sessions during the day provided the chance for visitors to ask questions and talk with the artists and their representatives. The events were rich both musically and dramatically and full of visual interest. This was the first time these traditions had been performed in Oxfordshire.

Other Events
In October 1987, a meeting of the Museum Ethnographers' Group was held at the Museum, the theme being 'The Identification of Materials and Techniques'. Papers were presented on a variety of topics, ranging from the manufacture of whale-tooth scrimshaw to the many ways of using earth as a building material. Linda Mowat has been helping to edit the papers resulting from this meeting which are to be published by M.E.G.
In May members of the Fan Circle International visited the Museum to examine displays and hear a talk on 'Ethnic Fans' by Helene La Rue and Linda Mowat.
In June 1988, the Museum hosted a two day colloquium on the 'History of African Agricultural Technology and Field Systems' which was organized by John Sutton of the British Institute in Eastern Africa.

Visitors and Enquiries
During the year the museum received 55,918 visitors, showing once again a marked increase over the previous year.
In our Records and Documentation Department Mrs Linda Mowat received well over 100 written enquiries concerning the Museum's collections in addition to numerous telephone enquiries an personal visits by students and scholars. About 80 visits were received from researchers wishing to examine museum specimens and documentation.
In the Archive Department Mrs Elizabeth Edwards had another busy year for enquiries. Matters Australian were perhaps understandably to the fore as both the Museum and photographic archives contain valuable Australian collections. Partly because of this and partly because the Archivist went on maternity leave in June 1988, the number of visiting scholars using the archive facility was lower than in previous years as the collections were in effect closed to all but the most urgent research.

Museum Documentation and Records (Mrs Linda Mowat) Some 50 new collections were accessioned during the year. In addition, all the Australian records (numbering about 2,000) were entered into a data retrieval system as part of the preparations for the temporary exhibition, 'The First Australians'. Many thanks are due to Catherine Hart for her accuracy and patience in assisting with this daunting task. The end result, apart from the advantage of having these records available on database, is a published computer listing of the Museum's Australian holdings.
Further progress was made on the computerized cataloguing of the Wellcome amulet collection during the year, and about 600 Otanlian amulets from Dr W.L. Hildburgh's collection were accessioned. Plans are in hand for improving the storage of the entire Wellcome amulet collection (some 17,000 individual artefacts) to make the specimens more easily accessible for research.
The project to record on microfiche all the Museum's accessions registers was completed, and copies of the fiche have been deposited in the Balfour and Bodleian Libraries.
Beate Lewcowicz from Koln University was attached to the Documentation Department for a month in March/April 1988, and accssioned a collection of 125 Ashanti gold-weights donated by Miss Beryl Evans. She was also of considerable assistance in mounting the temporary exhibition, 'The First Australians'.
Grateful thanks are due to Sally Owen for providing voluntary secretarial assistance once a week.
Specimens Acquired by Purchase
Mr David Akin: 4 combs from the Soloman Islands. Mr David Bannister: 52 mola textiles from the Kuna Indians of the San Blas Islands, Panama. Christ Church Primary School, Reading: a Chinese picture book. Christies: 2 carved wooden hunting charms from Papua New Guinea, collected by David Attenborough; 5 West African wooden combs, including 2 from Benin, said to have been collected by Gen. Pitt Rivers. Miss Penelope Dransart: an Aymara loom and 2 ropes of Llama fibre, all from Enguelga Village, Isluga, Chile. Mr C.Green: a wooden potter's wheel from Wales. Warlukurlangu Artists Aboriginal Association: 2 oil paintings on canvas.

Specimens Acquired by Donation
Dr Michael Aris: 2 fragments of ancient Peruvian textile. Mr Lewis Bailey: a south Arabian horn-handled dagger in a leather sheath. Mr Anderson Bakewell: a xylophone from Ghana. Mrs June Bedford: a duct flute, possibly from Switzerland. Mrs U.V.G. Betts: a collection of Naga textiles. Mr T.J. Bidwell: a collection of English tools. Mr L.A. Bullwinkle; a large collection of Ashanti pipe-bowls. Mr L.W. Calverley: 7 Chinese wooden figures. Rev. I.C.G. Campbell: a collection of ex votos and Catholic medals from Europe and Mexico. Mrs Margaret Carey: 3 duct-flutes from Dublin, Ireland. Mrs Beryl Evans: a large collection of Ashanti gold-weights collected by her sister, Miss P.T.Evans. Mr Nick Gray: a double reed from Bali. Guizhou Normal University Guiyang, China: a batik scroll made by Prof. Chen Ning Kang. Mr Steven Harris: a mask from Nepal.Mrs M. Hopcraft: a box of HMV gramophone needles. Indian Institute Library, Oxford: a model of a monorail, used for logging in Burma. Mrs A.M. Johnstone: 5 pianola rolls from Buckinghamshire. Dr Schuyler Jones: a Maasai spoon collected in N. Tanzania; a clapper bell from Texas; examples of 'hair-pipe beads from Kansas; and 2 caly votive offerings from Llasa, Tibet. Miss Sharon Jones: a Navaho doll from New Mexico. Mrs M.B.Kuhn: a Zulu carved wooden headrest. Dr Helene La Rue: a musical box movement and a whizzer from Japan. Mr Jeremy Montagu: 8 medieval English lead cloth seals. Mrs Linda Mowat: a handwoven woollen textile from Thrace, Greece; 3 bracelets from India. Mr J. Nicholls: 4 muyu fro Hong Kong, 2 pairs of brass chopsticks and a flute from Shanghai: a headrest, possibly from China; and a carved pipe from Denmark. Mr Robert Oliver; a collection of 25 replica handguns. Mrs Sally Owen: 2 English musical boxes and a vessel flute from Mexico; a stone amuletic figure from Mexico. Mrs Tanya Schmoller: a collection of decorative paper from China. Prof. Nora E.Scott.: An ancient Egyptian figure of a harpist. Dr Shackleton; a double duct flute from Yugoslavia. Sisters of the Love of God, Oxford: a silver -gilt cross and chain, probably Russian. Mrs Grace Sutton: an Arawak cassava sieve collected in British Guina c. 1850. Mr Cecil Tarplett: a duct flute from Yugoslavia. Thames Valley police: a sporting rifle made by Holland and Holland. The Misses C. & M. Tower: a collection of Zulu carvings, combs and beadwork. Mrs Nancy Villiers: items collected by Alan Villiers during the voyage of the Conrad: 3 clubs and 10 arrows from the Soloman Islands; a drum from the Trobriand Islands; an Australian spear. Mrs E.West: 3 knives and 3 amulets from Gambia. Mr R.Whitrod: a shotgun from the Philippines.

Conservation Laboratory (Ms. Sue Walker)
Much of the work during the first half of the year was for the Australia exhibitions, both our own and that at the Ashmolean. During the second half of the year we continued work on reserve collections, sorting the containers, stools and pillow/headrests geographically and ensuring that they were all protected from dust by polythene bags. Conservation work was carried out as necessary.
Volunteer help: Svetlana Taylor worked in the lab for two days a week from August 1987 until Easter 1988 when she left to work in a Textile Conservation Studio in Milan for about 6 months, after which time she hopes to return to us on the same basis as before. Volunteers from the National Association of Decorative & Fine Arts Societies (NADFAS) have come to help less frequently than usual this year for no other reason than there are fewer of them just at the moment. They have nevertheless continued to help with tedious cleaning jobs which would otherwise be delayed indefinitely.
Birgitte Speake received a grant from the Conservation Unit towards the cost of a Museum Ethnographers' Group Study Trip to Denmark. A condition of the grant was that a report should written, and this will come out in Conservation News.
We were asked by Gael de Guichen, Director of the International Centre for the Study of the Preservation & the Restoration of Cultural Property (ICCROM) in Rome, to host a day for some ICCROM students from Africa in July. We were able to show them our Conservation Lab and Textile store and had the opportunity to discuss a variety of problems of mutual interest, We felt that it was a very successful day. Our guests were enthusiastic and keenly interested.
Sue Walker was involved with both giving and attending seminars for the New Museum Studies option of the Department of Ethnology & Prehistory's graduate M.St. Course in Ethnology and Museum Ethnography.
The Oxford Conservators Group paid a worthwhile visit to the Conservation Department of the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. At another meeting, organized by B.M. Organics Conservation, Sue Walker gave a talk about the Museum's new specially designed storage units for Peruvian textiles. It is hoped that there will be a follow-up to this meeting, which is much needed as there are few seminars concerned exclusively with the problems of the care and treatment of ethnographic artefacts.

Photographic Studio (Mr Malcolm Osman)
The start of the year was a busy one owing to an accumulation of routine work which had been put aside during preparations for the Australia in Oxford catalogue and exhibition.
Over 700 black and white photographs were taken during the year for accession purposes, as well as a substantial number of external requests for large format transparencies. Several hundred copy negatives were made from loan materials and a large number of archive negatives were printed.
Due to a successful grant application several new items of equipment were purchased for the department including two Olympus 35mm camera bodies together with macro-lenses and ring-flash units.
During the summer the existing Durst 138s large format enlarger was converted to electronic control by means of an Ilford Multigrade 2000 system. This conversion has proved beneficial in a number of ways - the most useful one being the ability to obtain a full range of contrast grades from a single box of paper.

The Balfour Library (Mrs Elizabeth Edwards)
During the year the Library accessioned 339 volumes, 209 pamphlets, 11 microform parts and 347 journal parts (current journal totalling 198). There were 167 new readers registered and the total active readership continues to be around 300 as in previous years. There was a very slight fall in the number of loans despite very active undergraduate use, a total of 2,512 loans being recorded. This still represents an increase of over 25% in the turnover of loans over the last five years.
Financial difficulties remain, and while we do the best we can, ultimately the collection will not be as strong as it should be. The inadequate staffing levels have been highlighted this year by staff illness and from June the absence of the Balfour Librarian & Archivist on maternity leave. The only solution was to close the Library, sometimes at very short notice even in term time. We are very conscious that this offers a poor service to readers and is an unacceptable situation but the level and structure of staffing left no alternative. Again this year we are very grateful to Mrs Ione Tayler who has very kindly volunteered for library desk duty each Wednesday morning.
The long-term project of library reclassification continues. Work on the Library's very substantial Pacific holding is well advanced despite the complexities presented by this particular section. The Library gained 27 metres of much needed shelving for journals on the first floor when an office was converted for student use as a graduate room within the library. This gain will relieve congestion in the journals section for a few years.     
The Library contributed to the 'Australia in Oxford' exhibitions, lending rare books for display in the Asmolean Museum as well as at the Pitt Rivers Museum. The Library is pleased to acknowledge a substantial donation of books on Australian indigenous cultures from the Australian High Commission to mark the Australian Bicentenary.
The Library gratefully acknowledges receipt of a grant of £240 from the Inter-Faculty Committee for Latin America. The money was spent strengthening our holdings on South American Archaeology. The Library would also like to thank the following who so kindly donated material to its collections: Dr A. Colson, Mr B.A. Cranstone, Dr J. Eicher, Mrs E. Ettlinger, Mr T. Irimoto, Dr Wendy James, Z. Jasiewicz, Dr Schuyler Jones, Prof K. Kirkwood, B. Kjellstrom, Mr M. Osman, Ms A. Smith and Ms C. Terlinden. The pamphlet collection too has been generously supported this year. We would particularly like to thank Professor Kirkwood who made a substantial donation of African material; also the following: the Oriental Institute, Rhodes House, Ashmolean Museum of the History of Science, Research laboratory for Archaeology, Jeremy Montagu, Zofia Holowinska, Mrs E. Ettlinger, William Dewey, the Fan Circle, Flora Kaplan and Michael Hitchcock.

The Archives
During the year the Archives accessioned some 500 historical photographs, seven albums belonging to Sir George Macartney, first British Consul in Kashgar, donated by his son Eric.

It has been a very busy year in the Archives. In October Elizabeth Edwards mounted a temporary exhibition of the Museum's archival photographs taken by Sir Charles Bell in Tibet in 1920-21. 'Tibet: A Great Mountain Land' opened to the public on Oct 3rd 1987, and ran through to the end of February 1988, receiving national attention, partly because it coincided with the start of continuing unrest in Tibet. We are very grateful to Dr Krystyna Cech for all her help in the planning of this exhibition and for co-authoring the accompanying booklet with Mrs Edwards.
The Archives were heavily involved in Australia in Oxford. Mrs Edwards was responsible for the 'Visual Image' exhibition in the Eldon Gallery at the Ashmolean Museum which included manuscripts, photographs, watercolours and engravings from the Archive collections. This exhibition was the first occasion on which we have original photographs rather than copies. Archive material was also used extensively in 'The First Australians' exhibition at Pitt Rivers Museum.
We would like to thank Mrs Audrey Smith and Mrs Ruth Wickett who worked in the Archives on a voluntary basis doing the sorting and preliminary listing of the Baden-Powell Papers.

The new graduate M.St. Course in Ethnology and Museum Ethnography continues to attract a growing number of well-qualified students. Given the small size of our staff and our continuing commitment to teaching for the Human Sciences and Geography degrees, plus the need to supervise our other graduate students, we can only accept six or eight students for this course each year. Nevertheless the number and quality of the applications we are receiving is a clear indication that our M.St. Course fills an academic need in the country.

Donald Baden-Powell Quaternary Research Centre (Dr D.A. Roe)
It has proved to be another extremely busy year, even if visitor numbers were marginally down at 129. During the year visiting scholars and some of the Centre's own research students gave informal seminars on several occasions, and the Centre played host to various groups including the Lithic Studies Society, a group of staff and students from Liverpool University, the Editorial Board of World Archaeology, and a lecture series for the External Studies Department.

Mr Cyril East has continued as cleaner-caretaker and has again undertaken some renovation and decorating work for which we are most grateful. He continues to look after those at the Centre to an extent far beyond that which his duties require of him.     
The gradual increase of the computing equipment available for student use has continued with the long-awaited provision of a modem, supplying a direct link to the University's main computer. A sum of money given to the Centre by Mrs Patricia McCormack Greene was also devoted to computing facilities, in particular it provided a much-needed quality printer.
At the start of the academic year, Mr Dennis Britton moved to 60 Banbury Road from the main Pitt Rivers Museum, and Dr Peter Mitchell British Academy Research Fellow, has been based at the Centre. The two Research Associates in the Department of Ethnology & Prehistory, Dr Simon Collcutt and Dr William Waldren, also use the Centre's facilities, so that much of Prehistoric Archaeology in Oxford is now centred at 60 Banbury Road. With the reorganization of anthropology at Oxford now coming under consideration and given that it may effect the Department of Ethnology and Prehistory, it is clearly important that both the Centre and Prehistoric Archaeology should retain their identities and their teaching and research roles.

Educational Services
The Education Service continued to build on the foundations laid down in past years. There were fewer visits than in previous years due to both the financial cuts in previous years due to both the financial cuts of school budgets and the increasing number of financial activities in which schools can participate. The museum trails continued to be used in conjunction with BBC Education for Schools Programmes. New trails were devised to supplement temporary exhibitions. Special education programmes were prepared to accompany the 'Making Musical Instruments' exhibition in the Balfour Building. The guides also helped with 'Hearing Oxford', a summer school for blind visitors to Oxford.
Once again it is a pleasure for us to take this opportunity to thank our volunteer guides: Josie Allen, Maggie Britnell, Lisa Cooke, Olive Duncan, Jean Flemming, Bronac Holden, Frances Martin, Sally Owen, Annelice Rookwood and Joan Shaw. It is largely due to their efforts that we are able to offer these services.

Summary of Visitors using our Educational Services

                    1987 - 1988

Number of Groups                 277*
Groups helped by the Education Service     103
Total visitors for the year in group bookings    7159
Total visitors with a guide            2249

*[number of group visits to the Balfour Building: 49]

Grants Received
The Department of Ethnology and Prehistory acknowledges with gratitude a gift of $1,000 received from Mrs Patricia McCormick Greene for the Donald Baden-Powell Quaternary Research Centre.
It is also a pleasure to report that the Oxfordshire County Council Museums, Arts, Libraries & Leisure Committee has given a grant of £1,792 for archive storage materials and for a public seating unit in the Balfour Building.
We are pleased to record with thanks a grant of £1,000 from the Hume Fund for the purchase of a unique collection of excellent photographs taken in the Naga Hills over a period of may years by Mrs Milada Ganguli of Calcutta.
We are grateful to the Committee of the Victoria and Albert Museum Purchase Fund for providing a matching grant of £750 which enabled us to acquire a fine collection of mola textiles from Central America.

The James A. Swan Fund
This research fund, established out of a bequest by the late J.A. Swan, is for research work either at the Pitt Rivers Museum or for any work sponsored by the Pitt Rivers Museum on the archaeological, historical, physical, and cultural nature of the Batwa, Bushmen, and Pygmie peoples and their prehistoric antecedents in Africa. Grants are awarded primarily for fieldwork and the publication of such work.
The fund is administered by the Curator of the Pitt Rivers Museum in consultation with the Professor of Biological Anthropology and the Professor of Social Anthropology. It is planned to include information on grants awarded under the terms of this fund as a regular feature of all our annual reports in the future.
On the 31st July 1988, the total assets of the James A. Swan Fund amounted to £31, 885. In the ten years from 1978 to 1988 a total of £69,237 was given from this fund to support research. In the three year period starting in January 1986, 21 grants were awarded, the average amount being £1,216.

Publications by Staff Members
Cheetham, Linda 1987 'Moulded Chimu pottery from the north coast of Peru'.
 Bulletin of the Experimental Firing Group 5: 24-33
Inskeep, R.R. 1987 Nelson Bay Cave, Cape Province South Africa. B.A.R. International Series 357(I) and 357(ii).
Inskeep, R.R. 1988    (Ed) Archaeology in Africa. World Archaeology 20(i)
Inskeep, R.R.  Africa: everything but flint, in MacRae, R.J. and N. Moloney (Eds), Non-Flint Stone and the Palaeolithic Occupation of Britain B.AR. British Series 189: 235-242.
Jones,S. 1986    (Ed) Hunting and Trading on the Great Plains, 1859 – 1875 by James R. Mead. Oklahoma University Press.
Morphy, H. and E.Edwards 1988 Maintaining Cosmic unity, in T. Ingold, J. Woodburn and D. A Riches. Hunters and Gatherers: Politics, Power and Ideology Oxford: Berg.
Morphy, Howard 1988 Holding something in reserve. Anthropology Today Vol. 4, 1.
Morphy, Howard 1988 Behind the Songlines. Anthropology Today Vol.4, 1.
Morphy, Howard 1988 Yolnugu art and ritual, in West, M. (Ed). The Inspired Dream. Brisbane: Queensland Art Gallery.
Morphy, Howard 1988 Resurrecting the Hydra, in Tonkinson, R. and R.M. Bernatt (Eds) Australian Aboriginal Anthropology. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
Morphy, Howard 1987 The creation of audiences for Aboriginal Art, in Curtheys, A., Martin, A.W., and Rouse, T. Australians from 1939 Broadway: Fairfax, Syme and Weldon.
Mowat, Linda     1988 Catalogue of the Australian Collections in the Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford.

Staff Activities
Dr Schuyler Jones worked with colleagues from Guizhou University in Guiyang, Guizou Province, China in July, carry out fieldwork among Miao, Dong, and Bouyei Hill peoples in the southern part of the province. In August he returned to Xinjiang Province to continue research in Aksu and Kashgar, and in September visited Afghan refugee camps in Pakistan.
Dr Helene La Rue attended a CIMCIM Conference in Berlin in April 1988, The Swedish-British Medieval Music Conference in Skara in May, the Museum Ethnographers' Group in Oxford in June, and the Fan Circle international in Oxford in July. Arising from these she prepared the following papers for publication: The Symbolism of the Cymbala (Skara); The Harp that Once (Oxford); and Fans: Folktales and Folklore (Oxford).
Dr Howard Morphy attending the 3rd International Conference on Hunting and Gathering Societies in Darwin in September 1988, where he gave a paper and acted as discussant. While in Australia he worked for a week for Film Australia on Ethnographic films. He remains a representative on O.M.A.C. And Chairman of O.M.P. and various sub-committees. He is a member of the working party looking into the teaching of archaeology and is a Chairman of the working party concerned with the teaching of anthropology.
Dr Derek Roe attended a field meeting at Dunbridge, Hants, to assess the archaeological
potential of a gravel area for English Heritage and other interested bodies in connection with a development application. He also organized a small specialist working group for English Heritage to define criteria for the scheduling of Palaeolithic sites in Britain.
Dr Donald Tayler undertook four weeks of field work in Austurias (Spain) during the summer. This was a continuation of the research which he initiated in 1978 - 79.

Staff News
Ms. Linda Cheetham married David Mowat of August 13th 1987.
Miss Jane Feaver joined the staff as Library and Administrative assistant in September 1987, replacing Ms Marion Cobbold.
During the year, Mr Robert Ainscough, Mr Maurice Barker and Mr Tony Radmore joined us as Museum Attendants.
Dr Peter Mitchell, a former research student, was awarded a British Academy Fellowship from October 1st 1987, and is now attached to the Department.

Friends of the Pitt Rivers Museum (Mrs Sally Owen)
As well as being a favourite topic for school visits, the Inuit people figured largely in the Friends' programme during the winter of 1987-8. Jenny Morris gave an excellent and most memorable talk in November about her like as a nurse for eight years in the Canadian Arctic. Subsequently a party of Friends visited the Museum of Mankind to see the 'Living Arctic' exhibition and were given a special showing of an archive film on Inuit life. Warmer regions figured in two Pitt Rivers Museum archive films shown by Bryan Cranstone at the Christmas meeting, one made in 1936 by Beatrice Blackwood in New Guinea, the other, a modern anthropological film on the Yanomamo Indians who live on the Brazil-Venezuela border.
The Friends had a joint meeting in the spring with the Oxford branch of Survival International to hear Marcus Colchester, a former graduate student of the Department of Ethnology & Prehistory, talk about the problems of indigenous peoples in India. During the summer of 1988 a party of Friends went to Saffron Walden to see the newly opened ethnological galleries in the museum there, and also to pay a visit to Audley End. The volunteer guides invited the Friends to come and learn more about the Museum's Education Service, and to follow one of the trails prepared for schools, after an introductory talk by Annelie Rookwood.
At the AGM in May Professor Kenneth Kirkwood was elected Chairman to succeed Dr Clark Brundin, who, however, remains a member of Council. The Hon. Treasurer, Mr George Wareing, indicated that he would like to relinquish his duties, having served the Friends since its founding days. Miss Christine Wrigley subsequently agreed to take over the office. Mrs Owen remained as Hon. Secretary for another year. Dr Fletcher resigned from the Council and two new members , Mrs Lonsdale and Mrs Bedford, were co-opted. After the business meeting two collections which Friends had helped to purchase for the Museum were on display in the Balfour Building. These were Mexican dance masks and mola textiles from Central America.
The membership remains at a little over 100. We would like more people who are interested in helping and learning more about the Museum to join us. We urgently need volunteers, particularly in the Education Service, and as relief attendants in the Museum.

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