Report of the Curator of the Pitt-Rivers Museum for the year ending  31 July 1935

The difficulties of administration arising from lack of adequate space have steadily increased and the work is now carried out under the greatest difficulty. Unless something is done immediately to relieve congestion, the functional utility of the Museum for teaching and research will be seriously impaired.

A new upright exhibition case and some under-cases have been added in the Court, and five drawer-cabinets have been added to the Upper Gallery. The table-cases in the Lower Gallery have been fitted with protecting brass flanges to render them more secure. In the Upper Gallery a range of wall-cases was erected above the existing cases. A collection of Ancient Peruvian textiles has been mounted in frames to protect the fabrics and make them available for study. Several important rearrangements have been carried out in various parts of the Museum. Card-cataloguing has been continued by my assistant, Mr. E.S. Thomas, who has also been engaged in making special lists of specimens. Sir Francis Knowles and Miss Powell-Cotton have kindly continued to serve as volunteer workers in the making of card-catalogues.

A few specimens were lent to the Trocadero Museum, Paris, for a special exhibition; and also to the Burlington Fine Arts Club, London, and were duly returned.

A number of distinguished members of the First Congress of Anthropology paid visits to the Museum in August, at the close of the Meeting in London. About 40 special visits from schools and other education bodies were made and many persons engaged in research made use of the collections.

I published a short monograph on the 'Tandu Industry in Northern Nigeria and its Affinities Elsewhere)’.

The following courses of lectures were given by me during the year:
To the students for the Diploma in Anthropology, a three-terms course of three lectures per week on Prehistoric Archaeology and Comparative Technology. The number of students attending these varied from 8 to 12. To the Tropical African Services students, by request of the Colonial Office, I gave a course of eight lectures during Hilary Term to a class of 24, and a similar course to the Malayan Services students, to a class of four.
The accessions have been both numerous and important. The most valuable acquisition has been a very fine Hawaiian feather cloak deposited on permanent loan by the Victoria and Albert Museum.

Major Powell-Cotton, Major T.H. Green, and Mr. J.P. Mills have severally presented large and scientifically valuable collections. The general list of accessions is appended.

Fine facetted ground quartzite celt (13 3/4 in.) found 6 ft. Deep in gravel, Esuboni R., Akim Abuakwa, Gold Coast Colony. Presented by G.R. Nicolaus. Foot-rest of a stilt carved in human form, Marquesas Islands; 3 ring-handled iron daggers, canoe-shaped shuttle for horizontal loom, N. Nigeria; barbed iron harpoon-head tanged in detachable wooden foreshaft, axe with long slender blade tanged through a wooden haft, ? ibid.; 2 broad daggers, katar, with double transverse grips, Rajput, N. India. Presented by Admiral Loder Symonds. Leaf-shaped flint arrow-head, Charlbury, Oxon., 10 tanged and-barbed, and I triangular flint arrow-head, Wallingford, Berks. Presented by Bruce M. Goldie, M.A. Wheat-grains grown from an ear of wheat (containing 144 grains) from a tomb (said to date to 4000-3000 B.C.) Mohenjodaro, Sind, India; girl's spiral brass armlet, Kuki, Manipur; 3 china dolls coated with lime from a mineral spring for sale as 'Greek Gods', no locality; bronze hexagonal incense bowl on 3 feet, China; small incised tinned brass jar, India; ewer of repousse brass, Bida, N. Nigeria; butcher's pole-axe (obsolete), Oxford; tennis racquet (c. 1880), England; 2 watchman’s rattles, Oxfordshire; wayang kulit, figure of goat-skin for shadow plays, Java; carved polar bear of walrus ivory, Eskimo; engraved cast-metal tumbler with floral copper designs hammered in, no locality. Presented by H. Balfour, M.A. Models of an oval winnowing basket, and load-basket with shoulder-loops, Travancore Hills, S. India. Also the following from Assam, viz.: double nose-flute of 2 bamboo tubes cemented together, with lateral voice-holes and 6 finger-stops each, Aka; bamboo nose-flute closed both ends with a hole at each, Dafla, Balipara Frontier Tract; plugged bamboo flageolet with 6 finger-stops, short cane transverse flute with central sound-hole and 2 finger-stops each side, Miri Aka—all N. Assam; cane side-flute with 4 finger-stops, closed above the large mouth-hole, Nzemi Kacha Naga? Tehema; tobacco-pipe of black ware with triple bowl, Kalyo Kengyu, Karami; carved model of a large log-gong with 6 figures beating it, pair of brass ear-pendants of trefoil-shield form, Konyak, Wakching; neck pendant of a gibbon's skull covered with brush-like tufts of coloured hair, worn by a man who has taken heads, Konyak—all Naga Hills. Presented by Dr. J.H. Hutton, C.I.E., D.Sc. Lady's wooden clog-sandals inlaid with mother-of-pearl, Damascus. Presented by G.D. Hornblower, O.B.E., B.A. Sheath-knife with engraved sheath of reindeer antler, Lapp, Finmarken; pouch of reed-stem rods with bead decoration, woman's triple bead-work belt, girl's single ditto, bone snuff-spoon and comb combined, cylindrical bamboo snuff-box covered with bead-work, Kaffir, S. Africa; two broad flakes struck by Edwards of Brandon, 1934; flint core with wide flake struck off by donor; 'tortoise' core with flake struck from it by donor. Presented by Sir F. Knowles, Bart., M.A. Objects collected by donor on the White Nile and in E.C. Africa, viz, from the Dinka tribe: 4 iron-bladed spears; plain wooden club, ditto with bi-conical head, ditto with animal's tail shrunk on it, hoe with short handle and iron blade on long fore-shaft, swizzle-stick with large vertebra for head, twisted hair neck-cord with large bead pendant, penannular armlet of cast brass, Kornuk; slightly curved bow-like ceremonial staff with iron-strip binding, long wooden parrying-shield with carved-out handle, horse-hair bird-snares on a line, powerful bow-trap for antelope, &c., with hide tortion-cord and noose, hide tethering-cord for cattle, with nooses, hide-strip collar for bull, iron cattle-bell, 3-legged head-rest cut from a branch, network calabash-sling, tobacco-flask made of the ulna of a large bird, tobacco box of narrow gourd, man's pleated goat-skin belt with tail-flap, necklet of large wooden beads, man's ditto of ostrich egg-shell beads, ditto of blue beads with ivory pendant, ivory armlet of 2 pieces joined, pair of crescentic tin ear-pendants, crescentic ivory amulet, curved head-scratcher of wire, Fanamweir. Also, from the Nuer tribe, Bentiu: parrying shield with carved-out grip and recess 'pocket'. Also, from the Moru tribe: wooden bow with tapered ends, nocked arrow with tanged iron head, annular bow-puller of hide, brass finger-ring, Azumvuba; large spiked wheel-trap for giraffe, Mongalla. Also an ancient coiled basketry hat with hide mountings Lokoya tribe, Mongalla. Also, from the Bari tribe: spear with socketed leaf-shaped blade, axe with small iron blade with hole for haft, elliptical domed wooden stool with hollow hide-covered stem to hold money, &c., purse of animal's scrotum with belt, small ditto decorated with beads, bead-edged hide buttock-cover, twisted iron penannular necklet with scrolled ends, engraved penannular brass finger-ring, spiral iron ditto, Mongalla; small charcoal tongs with slide-collar, girl's fringed apron with belt, woman's string-work buttock-tassel, head-dress of human hair and string-work with cowries, Ngangala; fringe apron with belt, bead-work head-band, Peridi. Also, from the Latuka tribe: spear with socketed, leaf-shaped blade, wooden club with cylindrical flanged iron head, tobacco-pipe with black-ware bowl, long buffalo-hide shield with axial rod forming grip, zebra-skin buttock-cover with bead-fringe and girdle, string waist-belt, woman's penannular necklet of brass wire, broad penannular brass collar, bead necklace with palm-nut pendant, fringed with beads, black cow's-tail tassel with bead-strings worn on the arm, 2 girl's brass wire finger-rings, spinning top with clay whorl, 5 iron pellet-bells on a thong, Navera; long staff with terminal tuft of black feathers, swizzle-stick with cross-bars at the head, wooden stool with single pillar, woman's penannular necklet of twisted iron, necklet of brass and iron beads, ditto of ostrich-egg disks, 2 ditto of hide with large bead pendant, neck-chain with 2 ivory amulet pendants, ivory amulet, pair of ditto on hide band with brass and iron bead pendants, rattle of 2 round fruit-shells containing pellets, joined by a chain, syrinx whistle of antelope-horn with terminal stop, side-blast trumpet of a topi's horn with ditto, Laronyo; necklet of giraffe hairs, Torit. Also, from the Lango tribe: heavy wooden mallet in one piece, Lomuleng; man's dance-apron of white lamb-skin worn behind, plain wooden armlet, glass pendant worn in the lower lip, pair of man's aluminium ear-rings, notched-whistle of bush-buck horn with terminal stop, ditto made of a gourd-neck with lateral and terminal stops, Lokoforok; 2 string-work tobacco-pouches with neck-cords and bead fringes, Lomo, Also, from the Jur tribe: club with tapering ends, ball-headed club, gourd receptacle with burnt designs, necklet of small aromatic sticks and beads, boy's wooden end-whistle with 4 stops and cleaning-feather, Luklun; tobacco-pipe with engraved pottery bowl, genet-skin purse on a hide armlet with bead decoration, pair of hair-ornaments of large ivory beads and red trade beads, notched end-flute of reed-stem with 4 stops and perforated plugging-disk at the end, Kornuk. Also, from the Zande tribe: small bow and I0 nocked arrows, with tanged and barbed poisoned iron heads, small ivory head of bark-cloth mallet, Tambura; wooden bow with miniature xylophone for signalling, and nocked arrow with tanged barbed iron head, combined razor and hair-pin, square twill-work winnowing-tray, potter's outfit comprising lumps of rough and smooth clay, shell for smoothing surface, gourd disk for ditto, 2 wooden spatulae, angular piece of gourd for making patterns, ball of plumbago for blackening outer surface of pot, Lirango; pottery dish with 6 human heads in relief round the edge, jar with well-modelled human head on the top, pottery book-end with human figure in relief, ibid; multi-bladed throwing-knife, socketed iron spear-head, small broad sheath-knife, ditto with hide sheath, carved wooden cigarette-holder, socketed spear-head with long leaf-shaped blade used as 'bride-money', iron spear-head with thick squared tang (same use), conventional tanged sword-blade (ditto), Yambio; bark-cloth mallet made of a small tusk hafted in a split stick, Dingba. Also the following collected by F. G. Merfield:—spatula for stirring with sharp end for peeling bananas, heavy fluted brass penannular neck-ring, woman's heavy deep penannular brass anklet, Menjie Mey tribe, Baturi, Camerun, W. Africa. Presented by Major P.H.G. Powell-Cotton. Suit of string-work completely covering the wearer to represent a spirit, used in ritual dances, &c., complete suit of bark-cloth with head-, neck-, and waist-fringes, worn in dances, and as a disguise for a kind of police, Mama tribe, Plateau Province, N. Nigeria. Presented by G.D.C. Money. Wooden end-flute with 7 finger-stops engraved and coloured red, S. Albania near Berat. Presented by Mrs. M. Hasluck. 67 decorated ear-plugs of spirally-rolled paper made and worn by Coast Suahili women, E. Africa. Presented by Mrs. R.J. Harvey. Objects collected in Assam (c. 1895) viz.: 9 daos with fringes of dyed goats' hair and human hair, ? Konyak; 2 cloth baldricks with red-dyed dogs' hair embroidery and ditto goats' hair fringe, drinking-horn with cane mounting and red hair-fringe, ? Chang; bamboo drinking-vessel with poker-work designs, Konyak; tobacco-pipe with carved human head and monkey designs, ?ibid.; ditto with iron bowl and stem, Ao type; ditto with bowl and long stem of cast brass, ?Kuki—all Naga Hilb. Bamboo quiver with leaf-feathered arrows, dao with wooden scabbard and cowrie-covered belt with piece of leopard's Jaw attached, 2 women's marriage-belts plated with metal disks and bosses, Daphla; dao in half-open scabbard with red brass-mounted grip, ?Mishmi; 2 'tail' ornaments of coiled and bound red cane-strip, Apa Ganang tribe, N. Assam. Also objects collected by donor in Darjeeling, 1905, viz:—Matchlock musket with forked rest, bandolier with powder-flask, powder-horn, &c., for musket, very large powder-horn with repousse-brass mountings, 3 straight single-edged swords, 2 having metal mounted grips and sheaths with inset coral and turquoise studs, 3 single-edged short-swords, copper and brass prayer-wheel, cast-bronze temple-bell with brass dorje handle, teapot of copper and brass very elaborately decorated, red- and black-painted copper demon-mask, oboe with copper tube and wide bell-mouth set with imitation turquoise, elaborately ornamented ewer of copper, brass, and white metal, ditto of brass and white-metal with dragon handle and spout, cow's horn carved with demon, &c., to hold the charmed seeds and pebbles thrown at demons by exorcists, Tibetan. Large drinking-horn (water-buffalo) with brass mountings, round tinned-copper funerary treasure-box, engraved all over, copper 'fire-devil' with steam jet nozzle for blowing up a fire, 2 wooden oboes with 7 stops and wide brass bell-mouths, Darjeeling. Heavy broad curved sabre with relief-figure inlay in brass and 'tulwar' hilt, cast-brass hanging temple-lamp with relief figures of Kali, dragons, &c., 14 feathered reed arrows of which II have iron heads and 3 blunt heads (bird arrows), ? Nepal; kukri with 2 small knives in leather sheath, Nepal. Single-edged S-curved dagger damascened with silver, 2 daggers of kutter type with double transverse grip and spring blade, cast-brass libation vessel with Vishnu-figure handle, peacocks, &c., 4 heavy cast-brass armlets, woman's pair of heavy oval cast-metal anklets, ditto of brass, penannular, ditto of cast-metal, N. India; decorated rice-measure bowl of tinned cast-brass, Bengal; spherical chunam-box with hinged lid, monochord with gourd resonator, lac as deposited on branches of Ficus religiosa by an insect, and lac dye as extracted from it leaving shellac, India. Cross-hilted sabre with damascened blade, horn-grip, and brass-mounted scabbard, flintlock musket inlaid with mother-of-pearl and wire with silver mounts, Turkish. Sheath-knife with handle and branching sheath of reindeer antler, Lapp, Finmarken. Presented by Mrs. G.A. Fitz-Adam Ormiston. Elaborately bead-decorated kuletang (long-tailed jacket) of clipped cariboo-skin with large hood, pair of dolls male and female in seal- and cariboo-skin garments, Eskimo, Cumberland Gulf, c. 1920; strong white-whale hide harpoon-line used with toggle-harpoon for walrus at 'blow-holes' in the ice, Eskimo, Ponds Inlet, Baffin Land. Presented by Capt. H. Toke Munn. Woman's dance-belt of Achatina shell disk-beads with coloured trade-beads (8 strings with spacers), Fur, ? Necklet of 3 strings of yellow beads with spacers, E. Fasher; 9 pendants of long brass, stone, glass and garnet beads with crescentic carnelian and metal terminals, worn by women, Darfur. Presented by Anthony J. Arkell. Small grotesque seated stone figure picked up on beach at Eccles, Norfolk; probably from C. America (? Costa Rica). Presented by R. Gurney. 5 small ground stone celts, Bibiani, Sefwi, Gold Coast, 2 kete-reed notched end-flutes with 3 stops, Lome, French Togoland; hollow brass rattle of seeds from the Buda fetish, near Akrokerri, Ashanti; larval case of a Psychid moth (model for 'gold weights'), Nsuta; 3 long narrow stone celts, Sefwhi district; native bead-maker's outfit comprising 2 flat clay moulds with circular depressions each with a small central stick in it, in which glass beads are cast, and samples of ground-up glass and old beads used, Dunkwa, Gold Coast; chief's elaborately decorated pottery tobacco-pipe with female figure in relief, 4-rayed lid and long stem, 6 decorated pipe-bowls (one double-bowled), Akim, Agogo, Ashanti; iron 'spider' candlestick to stick in a wall, found in the reopened shaft of Old Tarquah mine (1934); all W. Africa. Presented by Capt. R.P. Wild. Figure of an antelope moulded of membrane on a clay core (tandu process), covered with hair-bearing cuticle, Nigeria. Presented by A. Hunt Cooke. Man's finely embroidered skull cap, ?Zanzibar. Presented by Lady Burrows. Three figures of camel, bird, and seated man made by the tandu process, covered with hair-bearing cuticle in various colours, Bakori, S. Katsina Emirate; leather-covered oboe with 5 stops and tin mouthpiece, and longjointed tin trumpet in a leather sheath, both used ceremonially before a chief, Hausa, Katsina; zither of reed with split-off strings, Katab tribe, S. Zaria Province, N. Nigeria. Presented by J. Cornes. Hand-adze with trade axe-blade on a wooden loop-handle for making dishes, &c., spoon of mountain sheep's horn, wooden spoon, 4 long wooden needles for mat-making, grooved wooden tool for preparing bark and rushes for mat-making, 'Siwash', Vancouver Island; 3 ancient facetted carnelian beads from a skeleton found in a barrow, Yorkshire. Presented by Rev. J. D. de Vitre'. Sovereign purse with pockets for coins. Presented by Professor Sir E.B. Poulton, D.Sc., F.R.S. Sakania, iron currency-unit of hoe-blade shape, Sara-Kabba-Jinge, E. of Shari R., L. Chad district; cake of raw native rubber, BaLali, French Congo; pair of malformed small elephant-tusks, Upper Ubangi, French C. Africa. Parisian Metropolitan railway-ticket, issued to soldiers during the War. Presented by R. Hottot. Numori, grotesque soapstone human figure dug up in the Mendi country, Pujehun District, S. Province, Sierra Leone, and rare type of ditto comprising 4 figures from Timne District, N. Province. Presented by S.M. Despicht. Objects collected by the late R. Shelford, chiefly in Sarawak, viz.: Spear with leaf-shaped tanged blade, 2-stringed lute with coconut-shell body, lizard-skin membrane, and carved neck; spear with flat triangular-sectioned tanged blade, 2 bamboo lime- and tobacco-boxes, Kalabit; spear with broad decorated tanged blade and carved shaft-butt, woman's sun hat of palm spathe and coloured wicker-work, ? Milano; spear with barbed head and ornamental tang in brass-mounted socket and ditto butt, woman's paddle of black wood with crutch grip and loom inlaid with bone rings, carved wooden figure, antu, to cure lumbago, ditto for ophthalmia, figure of a water antu causing dysentery, carved figure of an antu on a ray-fish whose light frightens fishermen and causes fits (the image is floated out to sea), ditto of poisonous water-snake causing disease, which is transferred to the figure, ditto of a ? crocodile antu of disease used as above, Milano; spear with tanged decorated blade, 2 large painted hair-fringed shields, Lepu-Tau-Kenyah; spear with flamboyant blade and carved shaft, ? Malay; fish-spear with long shaft and trident head, Malay; blow-gun, sumpitan, with drilled bore and tanged spear-head bound to the muzzle, hand fire-drill with bark-cloth tinder, black hard-wood spindle used with spinning-wheel, 2 men's carved wooden armlets, elaborately carved bone ?hairpin, Iban; long wooden loom-sword with carved head, ?ibid.; canoe-paddle of heavy black wood with carved loom and crutch grip, knife with decorated iron blade and carved ?deer-antler handle, bamboo lime- and tobacco-box with carved lid, Kayan; lenticulat wooden dish with carved ends, ibid. or Kenyah; bamboo tinder-box carved and coloured red with cap-lid and bead-cords, carved and red-dyed box with lid made of a flattened bamboo, Land Dyak; small cylindrical hasket with fine elaborately patterned wicker-work on the outer side, bamboo lime-and tobacco-box with carved lid, ?ibid.; bamboo tobacco-box with cap-lid and belt-pin, large bamboo flute for decoying wild pigeon, Murut; woman's pair of heavy brass ear-pendants,?Bakatan; ditto of spiralled brass rod, Tanjong, Klemantan group; wooden ladle carved with animal and human heads at the top, Longkiput; carved wooden spoon with carved bone inset in handle, Berawan—all Sarawak: broad flat bone hair pin with engraved lead-foil mounting, Tagal-Murut, British N. Borneo. Also the following: Brown glazed pot, broad clasp-knife with brass, bone, and horn handle, ?locality; percussion musical instrument (2 swinging bamboos on a frame), W. Java; miniature kris, ? Malay; 6 ribbed gourd-shaped pottery vessels with (2) silver stoppers, 2 wide pottery jars with ribbed and stamped ornament, Kuala Kangsa, Perak; 2 decorated iron sword-guards, 2 small knives with decorated bronze handles for fitting in sword-scabbards, 6 handles of ditto, smoking-set comprising a small metal-mounted pipe in carved wooden holder and wooden tobacco-box with carved mask lid, cast-metal ink- and brush-case, Japan; sheath knife with figures of whales, &c., inlaid in metal, Faroe Group. Presented by Mrs. R. Shelford. Two parcels of small keyed slips of wood with cut-out floral overlay (c. I900), Baoning, Yangtse Valley, W. China; pair of skier and skiing pole, Bodo, Norway; copper water-bucket, Rapallo, Liguria, Italy. Presented by Miss E. Bubb. Specimens collected by donor in British New Guinea, viz.: Adze with hoop-iron blade hafted native fashion, double-pointed sling-stone, perforated round 'mill' stone for grinding sling-stones into shape, Kada oval chest-ornament of Melo shell with flap decorated with shell-disks, held in the teeth when fighting, wooden lime-spatula with curved handle, carved and painted wooden fish, dwarf coconut-shell whistle, Wedau; old spatulate palm-wood club, Mukawa, boar's-tusk face-ornament; Collingwood Bay. Long flat narrow club for dances, cone-shell armlet, Wamira; Kada of wood overlaid with abrus and coix seeds, Magarara; belt of plaited black ?fucus strings, man's string-work bag with rattles of nutshells to scare evil spirits; tridacna shell armlet, black ebony lime-spatula with carved handle, Bartle Bay; Goodenough Bay. Small syrinx with 7 reed-tubes, Dimadima tribe, 2 reed end-flutes blown across the end with 2 lateral and one terminal stop, Gadovisu, Owen Stanley Range. Presented by Rev. J. D. Bodger. Fine example of a Seychelles coconut (coco de mer). Presented by the late Professor Arthur Thomson, M.A. Hon D.Sc. Elaborate composite weapon: percussion-musket with hinged bayonet, mace and small shield, stiletto and knife, brass ink-holder, pounce-box, and pen, Bombay Presidency (before 1860). Presented by Lt.-Col. A.G. Shortt. Body and 2 heads of mummied cats, Ancient Egypt. Presented by Miss White. Four shells for making fish-hook shanks, Petats, Buka; carved and painted figure of a woman on a long pole, carried before bride at a 'wedding' to ensure early pregnancy and birth of a girl, carved figure of a woman kept in the men's house for use during marriage rites, Lontis Coast, N. Buka; Solomon Islands. Presented by Miss B. Blackwood, B.Sc., M.A. Five phials of thin blown glass, small piece of mosaic pavement, small moulded pottery dog-shaped lamp, from the site of ancient Tyre, Palestine; ovoid saucer-lamp of ?granite with lip found in the remains of a 'prehistoric' dwelling, St. Agnes, Scilly Islands; large fish- or albatross-hook with barbed bone point, Maori, New Zealand. Also a collection of stone implements, &c., viz.: Small steep scraper of pebble cortex-flake, bevelled flint flake, minute concave scraper, alenette with worked margin, ?fabricator of pebble cortex-flake, miscellaneous cones, flakes, &c., Baggy Point; small side-scraper, Spracomb, N. Devon; miscellaneous flakes, High Peak (Otterton), Yelland, and Westward Ho, Devon; 6 arrow heads, 5 rough scrapers, flakes and fragments, Rendcomb, Cirencester; narrow small lanceolate blade, flaked both sides, Stow-on-the-Wold, Glos.; rough scraper, Wadhurst, Sussex; end-scraper, side-scraper, 2 concave-scrapers, sub-rectangular flake with edges worked on both surfaces apparently cracked by fire, Pembury, Kent; finely worked end-scraper, Burn Fen, Cambs.; tanged and barbed arrow-head, Icklingham; thin leaf-shaped arrow-head, single-barbed skew ditto, Warren Hill, Suffolk; large leaf-shaped ditto, Barton Hill; 2 tanged and barbed flint arrow-heads, 18 end-scrapers, 11 small ditto of pebble-cortex flakes, double-ended end-scraper, flake with bevelled margin, small concave-scraper, sub-circular flake with short worked point, 4 flakes with both margins worked, 7 small flake-drills with one worked margin, 2 triangular pygmy flakes of Tardenoisian type, 13 small cores, a number of flakes used and unused, globular hammer-stone, rough scraper, alenette with worked margin, side- and end-scraper, cone and flakes, scraper of pebble-cortex flake, Manorbier; 4 leaf-shaped arrow-heads, 13 scrapers, racloir with regular marginal flaking, 2 small-pointed flakes with a worked margin, used and unused flakes, Stackpole Warren; tanged and barbed arrow-head, 5 leaf-shaped ditto, 10 end-scrapers, 5 ditto of cortex-flakes, triangular pigmy flake (Tardenoisian type), various flakes, Brownslade Burrows; bevelled edge of broken scraper, rough racloir, 2 pointed flakes with a worked margin, cone and flakes, Linney Burrows; pointed flake with a worked margin, Broomhill Burrows; 2 end-scrapers, pointed flake with worked margins, Kilpaison Burrows; 3 rough end-scrapers, ?part of a racloir, rough broad borer with worked point, nodule flaked all over, Hill Farm; ?unfinished arrow-head, rough racloir, hammer-stone, nodules and cones, flake struck from a ground celt, various flakes, used gun-flint, 3 rough scrapers, very small grattoir carene (?), 2 sub-circular scrapers, St. Davids; 3 rough end-scrapers, various flakes, Freshwater East, Pembrokeshire. Used gunflint, Glenala, S. Wales; rough scraper, or ? gun-flint made of pebble-cortex flake, Alderney; piece of bone shaped like a large concave-based arrow-head, found under peaty soil above the Boulder Clay near Vagon Bay, Guernsey; 5 end-scrapers, flakes and miscellaneous flints, 2 used Brandon gun-flints, gun-flint with worked lateral margins, irregular flint strike-a-light, St. Agnes; 3 potsherds and bones from an ancient midden, Annet, Scilly Islands. Concave-based arrow-head, flake of ditto form without trimming, tanged arrow-head flaked over convex side, ditto trimmed to form the tang, pointed flake with a worked margin, pointed flake worked on convex side, narrow small blade pointed both ends flaked on both faces, Brest, Brittany. Presented by E.F. Bosanquet, M.A. Percussion-cap revolver in case with accessories (in use I86I). Presented by the Misses S. and D. Wood. Tubular money-belt of plaited agave leaves, tump-line of agave fibre for carrying loads from the forehead, Oaxaca, Mexico. Presented by Dr. L.H. Dudley Buxton, M.A., D.Sc. Single-tube syrinx of wild turkey bone, used as a call when hunting the bird, Santa Clara, New Mexico; cigarette-holder of bone and ?vulcanite, Montenegro. Presented by Mrs. Aitken. Toy bird-whistle of painted pottery, Tangier, Morocco. Presented by Miss E. Canziani. Three percussion Tower muskets (dated 1856, 1858, 1862), English. Presented by Professor J.L. Myres, O.B.E., M.A. Bowl of 17th-century clay pipe dug up in a garden, Oxford. Presented by Dr. R.H. Makgill. Blade of slatey stone with rounded lateral projection one end, perhaps a natural form but said to be a Maori adze. New Zealand. Presented by Mrs. Rowley. Specimens collected by donor in W. Greenland, I934, viz.: semicircular seal-hide satchel decorated with applique hide ornament and blue paint to hold dog-harness, &c., hung on a sledge, ulu, woman's knife with iron 'cheese-knife' blade and musk-ox horn handle, boy's small bone toggle-harpoon head with bone blade, bow-drill of seal's rib with seal-hide cord with bone socket to hold in the teeth and drill of wood and iron, Eskimo, Devil's Thumb Island, Melville Bay, W. Greenland; elliptical toy stone cooking pot, Eskimo, Block Island, ibid. Presented by Dr. T.G. Longstaff. Perforated elliptical steatite shuttle said to be used for making baleen-strip seal-nets, small curved trough-shaped wooden object, and a small wooden blade, from a pre-Danish Eskimo grave, Sermiarmiut, nr. Jakobshavn, W. Greenland. Presented by Governor Aage Knudsen. Implements of stone of 'Wilton' culture collected by donor in Cape Colony, S. Africa, viz.: 12 very small scrapers of Bushman type, 2 pointed flakes with worked margins, 3 pygmy crescents of Tardenoisian form, sundry used and unused flakes, cores, &c., from sites near Carnarvondale, Bushman R. Presented by Miss P. Ward,  Pigmy stone implements mostly of Tardenoisian facies from sites in Victoria and S. Australia, viz.: 5 crescentic with worked backs, 6 triangular with 2 worked margins, 4 trapezoid with worked backs, 3 small and sub-crescentic with worked backs, drill(?) with a worked margin, 6 small end-scrapers. Presented by the South Australian Museum (per B.G. Maegraith, M.A., D.Phil.). Automatic lighter for igniting wick-holding patches on a revolving disk; of bronze, shaped like a Roman lamp. English (19th century.) Presented by F.W. Robins. Sharp-edged paddle-shaped club, Solomon Islands; paddle with leaf-shaped blade, W. Africa; palm-wood loom-sword, Benin, S. Nigeria; S-shaped boomerang, Australia; black wooden lime-spatula with human form design on handle, Massim dist., S.E. New Guinea. Presented by A.G.C. Somerhough. Canine tooth of a lion in red and white bead-work for ceremonial presentation, Kabarole, Toro, Uganda. Presented by H.K. Nyabongo. Wooden box-bellows with pistol and 3 valves, Tibetan, Chinese Border (Sir A. Hosie coll. 1908). Presented by Lady Hosie. Long robe of fine brown bark-cloth, Biwa, Tanganyika Territory. Presented by Captain Tracy Philipps. Peasant's necklet of imitation gold pendants on black velvet (19th cent.), ?Bulgaria; axe with curved iron blade hafted in a club-like brass-studded handle, Africa. Presented by Mrs. R.L. Poole. Five pigeon-whistles made of light gourds and bamboo, Chinese (c. 1860). Presented by Mrs. Drogo Montagu. Short-bladed iron knife with ornamental handle, Roman; dug up at Middle Barton, Oxon. Presented by W.F. Lloyd James. Six sherds of ancient Mexican pottery engraved after firing, sherd engraved before firing, and a painted sherd. Presented by Dr. G.C. Vaillant. Implement (coup de poing) of Chellean type made by percussion with a boxwood hammer (modern). Presented by Professor A.S. Barnes. Collection of objects from Burma, viz.: Spear with long narrow tanged blade and bamboo shaft, ditto with long lozenge-shaped socketed blade and cane shaft with long butt-spike, woman's fringe skirt of grass, rain-coat of bark-strip, with fringe skirt, Ngoru Chin, Chin Hills; bamboo fire-saw with accessories, bow of stout bamboo strip with ?bark-strip cord and 8 bamboo arrows with notched barbs, feathered with spathe, S. Chin, 10 similar poisoned arrows, Chin, An Hills; 2 long bamboo blow-guns each with a long dart with 'pad' of brown feathers, spear with leaf-shaped blade socketed on a palm-wood shaft, similar spear with long-pointed blade, long-bladed iron ceremonial spear expanding to a cusped point with 2 rings at base of blade and twisted iron shaft, formerly used as currency, and still as part of bride-payment—also as a demonifuge at a birth, 2 single-edged iron daos (dah) used in bride-payment and ceremonial gifts, wooden yoke for burdens (cut to fit the neck) with a cane-twist rope, oblong carrying-bag of white cloth with multicoloured worked designs of animals and men, Hkaku Kachin, Upper Burma; fire-piston with leather-covered bamboo tube and large knob handle, Gauri Kachin, north of N. Shan States; small pellet-bow with cloth grip and cane-strip cord, 2 straight-topped bamboo weeding-hoes with cross-handles, 3 ditto more slender, 3 iron ditto with straight topped stirrup-shaped blades and wooden handles (derived from bamboo form), similar hoe with curved blade of hoop-iron tanged and bound in a wooden handle, 3 L-shaped iron hoes tanged into wooden (2) and bamboo handles, narrow chisel-bladed adze-hoe, socketed on a wooden fore-shaft pegged through a bamboo handle and lashed, Kachin, N. Shan States; long bamboo blow-gun with 3 darts padded with a tuft of cotton-wool, bamboo pellet-bow with red cotton-string cords, ditto of palm-wood with wooden grip carved into a crocodile, cross-bow with cane bow, fibre cord and wooden stock and trigger, ditto with red-wood bow and slender stock, conical fish-trap of split bamboo lined with calamus thorn, ditto made of calamus thorn stems, Sgaw Karen, Lower Burma; yoke made of 2 pieces of bamboo root shaped to the shoulders with cane-twist rope and band (tump-line), ditto, tump-line missing, Brek Hill Karen, ibid.; large cross-bow with wooden bow, fibre cord, and bone trigger, Pwo Karen, ibid.; dah with square-topped expanded blade in curved open wooden sheath with cane ring-belt, similar larger dah with wider blade, the belt wrapped with black and red cane-strip with a feline jaw amulet attached, oval basket of fine 3-ply cane-work used by ladies for thread, spindles, &c., small oblong basket (semicircular cross-section) of square-meshed stiff network of sago-palm fibre covered in front with a long hair-like fringe of the fibre, with cane-work sling, cylindrical bamboo tobacco-box with rim of fine plaited cane-work inlaid, bamboo lime-box with engraved band, ditto with finely engraved patterns and 2 red cane bands inlaid, brown cane free-reed instrument closed by a node at the top and shaved off to a mouthpiece with brass vibrating-tongue inset laterally, 5 finger-stops, lateral stop near the bottom, and engraved and blackened serpent winding between the stops, small cylindrical bamboo ear-plug also used as a lime-box, hempen blanket with hukkabuk surface on the underside decorated with spots and bands in several colours with deep red (?dyed dog's hair) woven ends and white fringes (a valuable object), hempen skirt worn by both sexes with red woven ends and embroidered lines in 5 colours, hempen cloth with fret, &c., patterns embroidered at the ends, oblong hempen bag with a band worked in 5 colours across it, Nung, Nmai Valley, Upper Burma; small cross-bow with red palm-wood bow, hemp cord and bone trigger, large oblong bag 'netted' with small square mesh with twisted cane-strip tump-line and brow-band, Black Lisu; small well-made red-wood cross-bow with curved bow, slender stock, and bone trigger, similar bow less strongly bent, ?Lisu, Upper Burma; oval conical basket with small base, of fine 3-ply cane-work, very scarce type of jacket with sleeves of indigo cloth, the lower part of red-dyed dog's hair on blue warp, with woven and embroidered bands of ornament, Maru, Nmai Valley, Upper Burma; reaping sickle tanged into a brown wooden handle, Manbat, N. Shan States; spear with small socketed pennate blade with lateral basal points and shaft decorated with clipped areas of red-dyed, black and white hair, spear with similar blade and shaft ornamented with red and black hair and long red hair fringe, Naga, Upper Chindwin R., Upper Burma; small cross-bow of dark wood with bone trigger, bamboo quiver with 20 arrows feathered (12) with bamboo strip, Lahu; small oblong bag netted with large knots, lady's bamboo tobacco-pipe finely engraved with reddened lines, small checker-work basket with sling-rings, cross-bow of wood with bone trigger and tuft of fur of first game shot, Kaw; fire-piston of horn with conical body and handle (base to base), Shan, Kengtung State, S. Shan States. Fire-piston with bottle-shaped horn body, Shan, Yawnghwe, S. Shan States; long bamboo blow-gun for shooting frogs and fish, Karen-Burmese; cross-bow of brown wood with flax-rope cord and ? ebony trigger and ditto with fibre-cord and bone trigger, Burmese rebels, Tharrawaddy, Lower Burma; pair of iron pack-bullock bells with copper tops, Shan; 2 fire-pistons with horn tubes, Manbat, Kachin Hills, N. Shan States. Presented by Major J.H. Green. Flint, &c., implements collected by donor in Egypt, viz.: rough sand-blown ovate of Chellean facies, small ditto (quartz), 11 'Moustierian points', racloir, 7 small 'tortoise-cores', broad flake from a ?'tortoise-core', 7 rough nuclei, 3 trimmed flakes, 2 broad pointed flakes, flake with serrated edge, end scraper with short central point, flake worked to a point, pointed blade worked all over both sides, broken 'wide-winged' flake worked along upper margin, broken implements and various flakes, S.W. Kharga Oasis; small thin knife-blade of ripple-flaked pre-dynastic type, 2 leaf-shaped blades flaked on both sides, narrow curved blade flaked all over, 3 roughly made knives with tang handles, leaf-shaped lance-blade, rough ditto (or ?arrow-head), ditto lance-blade with lateral notch at base, 5 long-barbed hollow-based arrow-heads, 3 long barbs of ditto, tanged arrow-head, 2 straight based leaf-shaped blades (?chisels), 2 flake chisels with flake-bevelled cutting edges, 2 ?drills of wide flakes trimmed to a point, 2 rough end-scrapers, rough racloir made of a pebble-cortex flake, scraper of carinate type, long narrow racloir with alternate bevelling along margins, racloir of half-pear shape with straight and convex margins bevelled on alternate surfaces, II thin wide flake-knives with one or both edges bevelled, 14 narrow flakes with ditto, 2 flakes with one serrated edge, pointed square-butted blade flaked all over, with a serrated edge, rough cortex-flake with one endworked to an obtuse point and the other diagonally bevelled, large sub-circular cortex-flake with alveolar flaking on under side and with part of a margin flaked to a chopping edge, similar implement of tabular flint with roughly flaked cutting-edge, spheroidal hammer-stone, flake with pointed end, fine tanged arrow-head made of a sharp flake, 2 concave-based arrow-heads, flake with a margin steeply bevelled, saw-edged flake, 3 slightly curved flakes with a bevelled edge, used and unused flakes, Qasr el Sagha region; concave-based arrow-head, knife of tabular flint with a margin flaked both sides, wide flake worked to a wide-angled shouldered point, short sub-oval blade with straight bevelled chisel-like edge and rudimentary tang, flaked all over and edged all round, broken blades, flakes, &c., Gebel Qatrani region; ? tortoise core, racloir with a point, sand-worn small triangular blade flaked over upper surface, Southern Dungul, Fayum. Presented by Dr. E.E. Evans-Pritchard, M.A., Ph.D. Stone implements, &c., excavated by donor in caves and rock-shelters in Pachmari, Mahadeo Hills, C.P., India, viz.; 6 very small quartz, &c., crescents, 8 ditto triangular implements, 5 ditto and trapezoidal implements, and 18 drills or alenettes, all of Tardenoisian type, 2 pygmy concave-scrapers, 2 small flakes delicately trimmed, 10 burin-like implements, 6 pigmy cores, a quantity of flakes, blue and yellow glass beads found with a skeleton and Tardenoisian implements 18 inches deep, from a shelter with rock paintings facing Jambudip Valley; 7 drills or alenettes, 3 ditto and a trimmed flake, 6 small cores, various flakes, Dorothy Deep cave. Presented by C.R. Hunter. 19 arrow- and lance-heads of quartz, &c., found at Punta Pichalo, Pisagua, Chile, S. America. Presented by Albert Slee Hicks. Camel rope plaited from the inner bark fibre of acacia, in various stages of preparation, ditto of wild sisal fibre, ogi wood used for burning to disinfect wooden milk-pots with the smoke, giving the milk afterwards a nutty flavour, Esa tribe, Rahale, French Somaliland. Presented by the British Museum. Objects collected by donor in Assam, viz.: 10 obsolescent currency-units each of 10 strings of threaded cane and conchshell fragments (value one rupee per unit), toy necklace of stiff fibre with vetch-like pod rattles, S. Sangtam; 2 carved wooden male heads with real hair, coloured wool ear ornaments, and eyes and mouth of green beetle elytra, and 2 similar female heads, carried ceremonially by one who has killed an enemy, woman's blue cloth with red selvages, specimens of white bone ash, red ochre, charcoal, and indigo in a bamboo tube, all used as pigments, head-dress made of a cane loop covered with long and clipped black hair, pair of red and yellow woven cane-strip gaiters, partly made gaiter on a wooden last, head-hunter's very long ceremonial tail with 2 carved faces at the end and cowrie ornament with red dyed hair and long black hair fringes, E. Angami; boy's toy box of lashed wood-slips, woman's black body-cloth with white lines, girl's toy armlet of plaited stalks, copy of a warrior's conical bear-skin hat with 'horns' cut from horn-bill mandible and streamers of red-dyed and black hair, 'tail' of wood of bifurcated buffalo-horn form edged with coloured paper and red and black hair fringes, Rengma; white skirt with fine red and blue lined central band of a woman whose husband has given no feast of merit, carved wooden model of the house-front of one who has done mithan (buffalo) sacrifice, oblong wooden dao-carrier with cane-strip 'grid' and woven sling, bamboo water-tube with branch handle for washing before meals, large buttock-plate of spathe to protect skirt when carrying water, pointed rain-hat of spathe and cane-work, obsolete currency-dao with bamboo handle used also as dao, pair of woman's coiled brass wire ear-rim ornaments, Naked Rengma; man's white doth sling-bag decorated with red-dyed dog's hair and black designs, man's narrow oblong open dao-carrier with short red hair-fringe and coix-plated belt, man's tobacco-pipe with double black-ware engraved bowl and red cane-strip binding, Kalyo-Kengyu; cloth of a man who has taken a head but has not sacrificed mithan, of red, black, and sparse blue stripes, woman's black skirt with red lines and 2 blue embroidered bands, ditto with 7 blue worked stripes, rich woman's plaid-like skirt of red, black, and blue, woman's blue skirt with red lines and worked oblong central designs, oblong wooden dao-carrier with carved human heads and striped web sling, rare obsolete rich woman's neck-chain of brass links, man's black and red striped white satchel, Ao; toy telephone of membrane-covered bamboo tubes with long fine twisted cord, boy's white-lined black cloth worked with red-dyed dog's hair, Chang; large red cloth of a man who has sacrificed mithan with white bands elaborately worked in red and black, white satchel of a man who has taken heads embroidered with 2 rows of human figures in red and black between red and blue bands, oblong red satchel of the Ang (chief) of Mon, edged with bells, elaborately embroidered with designs including Konyaks on foot and (2) on elephants, small red-striped satchel of a man who has sacrificed mithan worked in red and black, forked conch-shell shaped brass neck-pendant on a beaded cord, similar ornament of ?bell-metal with a row of 4 heads worn by a man who has taken a head, carved wooden head (face) pendant, worn by ditto, ditto ditto of red wood, ditto with blue bead eyes and red cloth and bead ear-ornaments, ditto of grey wood with blackened hair and ear tassels of shavings, and more elaborate ditto with brass plaque ear-ornaments, very old ditto of an oval piece of blackened wood with blue bead eyes and black hair ear-tassels, twin-head ditto of brass, semi-ovoid, with features in relief and with red wool and bead ear-tassels in outer ears, rare type of ditto made of the skull of a macaque ornamented with close-set tufts of black, white, red, and yellow bristles, ditto of the skull of a gibbon with the black skin over the cranium but face bare, on a coloured ball-bead cord (obtained from the wearer), carved red wooden figure of a man holding a skull, with bead necklets, and red cloth and bead ear-tassels worn as above and as neck-pendant, large ditto of white wood stained pink, with skull and dao, similarly worn, carved wooden basket-ornament of a man with ear-tassels of shavings and black painted hair and necklace, 2 female dolls of pointed-ovoid flat-based form, of clay and wood respectively, wrapped at the top with green, red, and yellow wool representing necklaces with 2 quills inset for ear-quills, 2 ditto ditto with shaped 'breasts', small toy cooking-pot, 2 small clarinets (boys') of green reed closed by a node with slit vibrating-tongue below it and 2 finger-stops, boy's necklet of coix seeds and black seeds, man's ear-tassels of red and yellow striped goats'-hair on wood covered with clipped overlapping layers of red, white, and black hair, pair of ear-ornaments of conch-shell disks with black centres of mollusc operculum and central double tassels of red and black hair on green bead-strings, boy's wristlet of spathe covered with stripes of coix seeds and coloured beads, girl's armlet of plaited thin strips of the cortex of a flowering reed, woman's head-band of cane-strip patterned in yellow and red, similar ditto with 2 cowrie quadrefoils, man's head-dress of twill-woven cane-strip ornamented with red and yellow, shaped like a (soleless) clog, man's head-band of spathe with raised concave-sided plate at the back with black and red ornament, small cylindrical bamboo cup with 'poker-work' ornament given by a girl to her lover, 2 wooden pendant house-ornaments representing daos, house-ornament of 'bull-roarers' hung to rattle in the wind, double-ended bamboo side-flute without stops, 2 small (girls') bamboo jews'-harps with tassel, man's hollow oblong hair-ornament of bamboo barred with fire, man's dumb-bell shaped ditto of iron band with punched zigzag ornament, man's oblong ditto of varnished wood with red-barred hair-tuft at one end and an inlaid brass figure at both ends, 2 caned wooden human figures for decorating baskets (fringes wanting), man's drinking (mithan) horn with cane handle and bark-strip tassels, and wooden 'side-horns' at the end, basket of a man who has taken a head, ornamented with small caned and 'tattooed' human figure, leaf-strip tassels, &c., man's temporary , basket of green palm-leaf on cane-work with panji-horn and hair-plume ornament, Konyak; young man's conical spathe wrist (forearm) omament covered with red cane-strip rings, and basketry and bead ditto, worn in a year when village has taken a head, hair-pin of red wood with 3 ?skulls carved at one end, coat worn by infant sons of great men, of woven bark-thread with red, white, and blue thread tufts, SW. Konyak, Choha; woman's indigo cloth with worked blue panel and pink edge-stripes, indigo cloth of a man who has sacrificed mithan with red stripes and blue lines worked in red and yellow, young man's black cloth with scarlet edge-stripes and panel worked in black and red, woman's black skirt with red bands delicately worked in red and yellow patterns along one side, Sema; large rice-beer jug of green bamboo carved in high relief with men and mithan heads, ditto carved with tigers, fighting monsters, and men with mzthan-head tattoo, oblong wooden dao-carrier carved with 'heads' with blue glass eyes, with striped sling, Phom; woman's necklet of tubular beads in 5 strings with spacers and conch-shell pendant with long wire-bound black wool cord and end-tassel, Ao; warrior's hip-ornament of wood carved into a human face with serow horns behind and red and long black hair fringes below, ditto carved at the top into a head with brass-slip eyes and similar hair ornament, man's pipe with bowl carved as a face with 6 standing figures on the stem, similar pipe with 2 rows of 6 figures back to back, SE. Konyak; pipe with similar bowl and 2 figures back to back holding knees on stem, Phom; double-ended cane side-flute closed by a node each end, without stops, Naked Rengma; spear with very large heavy leaf-shaped blade with cusped basal points, kept highly polished 'to repel invaders by its flash', Zemi Naga, 2 ?clarinets with wooden trumpets and 6 stops reeds missing), Mikir, Diyang Valley, cane pump-drill for boring beads, W. Angami: all Naga Hills. Bone penis-ring, currency unit in form of a bifurcated 2-edged dao-blade, obsolete but valued as property and a medium of exchange, Tangkhul; trap and snare of a stout bow with spring of twisted thong, and noose to lay round baited release-pegs (used in open country devoid of natural springs), Manipuri Moslems, Manipur; 2 side-flutes of bamboo closed by a node at the top, with 7 stops, used by men at funerals, Khasi, Assam. Also large ancient ? tin armlet hollow-cast in 6-pointed star form (brought to Assam by trade), similar small ditto, ? S. Konyak, Lunghao, Burma. Presented by J.P. Mills, C.I.E., M.A.

Decorated iron crusie lamp with hinged lid, plain ditto, ? miner's ditto, old spiral iron candlestick, France; crusie with double pan and lid, old wooden quaich (whisky-cup), Scotland; iron tripod clip-candlestick, Wales; iron extinguisher and stand, hinged steel ember-tongs with spring and 2 pipe-stoppers, hinged iron ditto from Kent (?Dutch); double brass wheels to make patterns on pastry, obsolete grater of tin and wood, English; iron clip and socket candlestick, porcelain cuckoo-whistle, well-made candle extinguisher, wimble, iron hand-crank to twist hay-bands for thatching, Sussex; ditto of wood (rare), 2 cow-horn mugs with engraved scenes, &c., old painted wooden dice-box, ?ditto of open-work stone ware, turned wooden pounce-box, notched tally of barrels delivered to an inn (c. 1830), Surrey; old metal tobacco-pipe dug up at Brandon, Suffolk; bone awl (fibula), Suffolk; chip-carved wooden apple-core gouge with loose pellet in handle (1740), Worcestershire. Two glass ?counters, Pompeii; pottery saucer-lamp with nozzle, Palestine; leather tinder-pouch with fixed steel, Tibet; pottery saucer-lamp with wick-lip from a Buddhist temple, Ceylon; cast iron animal figure, Corea; sheath-knife with carved handle and sheath, Ainu. Damascened match-lock pistol, pair of brass pricket candlesticks, one folding ditto, one ditto with separate parts, wooden libation-bowl lacquered red inside and black outside with floral designs and gilt crest of the Tokugawas, carved lacquered and gilt demon-mask worn in No dance-plays, 2 old wooden miniature masks, small modern horned-demon mask, toy double-membrane drum on a gilt stand with Daimio Aki crest, brass double-saucer hanging-lamp, ditto black-japanned with floral designs, collapsible paper lantern with brass ends, Japan; steel spring ember-tongs with sliding collar, ? Persian; carved dwarf coconut (pig's head) in string bag, New Guinea; comb with fine coloured grass-work binding, Solomon Islands; 2 combs decorated with minute trade-beads, curved bone pin with 'eye', Maori; 4 large modern polychrome glass beads, Gold Coast; round cast-brass funerary box for treasures, 4 small brass gold-dust boxes, 2 brass ditto spoons, 14 brass fancy gold-weights, Ashanti; 6 stone implements, Tasmania; small pointed Chellean ditto, Kent; 2 ditto ditto, rough implement of Eolithic type, round pointed core implement, neolithic flint, awl, narrow flaked neolithic blade, flint reamer, neolithic scraper with an edge worked at a later date, small neolithic racloir, barbed flint arrow-head, worked ? Eolithic natural flake, rectangular flint used as a strike-a-light, Sussex; neolithic scraper, scraper showing triple patination, Suffolk; scraper from a cave, Mentone, France; stone knife in a semicircular stone handle, Eskimo. (S.G. Hewlett.) Wooden bow, Tonga Islands; wooden head-rest, ?Fijian; wooden tripod dish with large handle, Fiji Islands; old carved canoe ornament, Trobriand Islands; carved and painted wooden hornbill head for dances, New Ireland; carved wooden sword-club, New Guinea; rare carved wooden dagger with blade representing a trigon spine, Admiralty Islands. Paddle with frigate bird blade ornament, cone-shell tobacco-pipe, shell-bead strings spun with the hands to make them fly out, Solomon Islands; coconut flask with carved eyes and nose, ? ibid., very large glaive-club with sub-triangular flag-like blade, Savage Islands; carved scabbard with bead-work overlay, Kayan, Sarawak; incised and red-stained bamboo tube, Sea Dyak; cane-work war-cap, N. Assam; juggler's small double drum with ball striker on a cord, N. India; ju-ju rattle of bead-covered antelope's horn, Cameroons; decorated globular gourd with star-shaped lid, W. Africa; 4 brass funerary treasure-boxes, decorated brass bowl, small oblong brass gold-dust box, 7 brass boxes for gold-weights, 3 brass spoons, 5 fancifully shaped pottery pipe-bowls, 4-thonged hide whip, wooden arm-ring with brass and copper-wire inlay, Ashanti. (Hooper.) Long-bladed weighted spear to drop on elephants from trees, ?E.C. Africa; small adze hafted with elephant's hide, Africa; ball-headed throwing club, ?Zulu; small lute with horse-hair strings, Hausa; pair of leather sandals, ibid.; sheath dagger with silver-mounted ebony grip and arm-loop, Arab; curved dagger with crocodile-hide sheath and grip, Hadendoa; curved sheath-dagger with bone hilt, Kurdish; dao with copper-inlaid blade, Philippine Islands; carved wooden spear, Solomon Islands; small knobbed club, New Caledonia; carved paddle, Hervey Islands; 2 carved paddle-shaped clubs, Tonga Islands; 3 grooved bark-cloth mallets, Polynesia; 2 fine old boomerangs and a pick-shaped club, Queensland; large Queensland bean pod (rattle), New Guinea; hardwood marlinspike, English; 2 bird-bolas of ivory and sinew, W. Eskimo; bone ? Needle-case with cowrie ornament, ?locality; 3 jade thumb-rings (archers'), shell of carved ivory with carved figures inside, fishing-rod with telescoping joints, China; cutlass with carved grip and brass-bound sheath, ? Sumatra; hatchet-ended boomerang, Australia; leather-covered powder-horn, ?Mandingo; long-bladed painted paddle, Brazil. (Stevens.) A quantity of ancient Peruvian textiles. (Puttick and Simpson.) Objects collected by the late F. W. Ensor (c. I900), viz.: 79 brass gold-weights, satchel for ditto, 4 brass gold-dust boxes, 2 brass spoons and a scoop for gold-dust, pair of scales to weigh ditto, Ashanti. (Mrs. Ensor.) Old wooden churn, 2 ditto corn-measures, 2 small sickles, Jersey; large iron 'crane' for cooking-pot, baker's wooden 'peel' for moving loaves in the oven, oven ember-rake, old wooden bowl, Gloucestershire. (Alan Gray.)

Very long blow-gun (c. 16 ft.) of jointed bamboo with 2 long feathered darts, New Britain, Melanesia. (Dr. F. Speifer.)

Woman's dress of patterned bark-cloth, large cloak of open fibre-work covered with red and yellow feathers, Hawaiian Islands. (Trustees, Victoria and Albert Museum.) Two elephant spears with detachable poisoned heads and a shaft without head, N'Dorobo, Kenya Colony (1903) (W. Scoresby Routledge.) Maer, last handful of corn reaped at harvest by thrown sickles, decorated with plaited straw and hung up with mistletoe and the sickles all wrapped in straw, until next harvest, Eaton Hennor, Herefordshire. (Mrs. M. E. Francis)


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