Several greatly needed exhibition cases were added in both Upper and Lower Galleries, and progress was made in arranging series in them. This involved important redistributions of some of the series, for better and more effective exhibition. In the Court the fine collection illustrating the manufacture and geographical distribution of Barkcloth was entirely rearranged and relabelled. Several other series were relabelled and partly rearranged. Mr. E.S. Thomas has continued the work of labelling and making lists of the specimens in their serial groups.

The overcrowding in the Museum is very serious, and unless extension space is forthcoming the congestion will very seriously impair the utility of the Museum, both for teaching and for research.

The heating of the Museum and work-rooms, which formerly was excellent is now very unsatisfactory indeed. It is hoped that some improvement may be made before next winter.

Serious damage was caused by the severe gale on 16 November. A large extent of the glass roof was stripped off, the falling glass damaging some of the exhibition cases in the Upper Gallery; the rain, which followed the gale, doing further harm. A fortnight elapsed before the roof could be repaired. The disaster involved considerable waste of time for the Staff. The ceiling in my research-room in Museum House collapsed, doing a good deal of damage. Fortunately no one was in the room at the time, or the consequences would have been serious.

I gave the usual courses of lectures to students for the Diploma in Anthropology throughout the year. I also gave a special course of lectures to the Tropical African Service students. Assistance was given to various students and researchers in ethnology and prehistoric archaeology. A number of schools and other educational organisations made use of the facilities afforded by the Museum for study.

I continued my research-work upon Tasmanian stone implements, and I hope that this may be completed before very long.

The more noteworthy accessions to the Museum collections were as follows:

The collections made by Miss B. Blackwood during her travels in N. America; collections made by Dr. J.H. Hutton and Mr. J.P. Mills in the Naga Hills and N. Cachar Hills; the series of weapons, &c., from the Congo State, given by Mr. J.P. Armstrong; the interesting series of stone implements from the Kimberley district, S. Africa, given by Mr. J.A. Swan; a valuable selection of stone implements collected by Miss Caton Thompson in the Fayûm, given by the Royal Anthropological Institute; the collection of shadow-play figures from Turkey, given by Prof. R.M. Dawkins; and the selection of specimens from his collection given by Sir A. Evans. My tour in Kenya and Uganda during the Long Vacation enabled me to acquire a considerable number of specimens from those regions.

A full list of accessions is appended.

Two carved wooden funnels, ngutu ta moko, for feeding a chief while being tattooed, Maori. Presented by Mrs. Staples Brown. Bowl, nambili, of pottery for washing rice, with comb-engraved scroll designs inside, Kelaniya, Colombo, Ceylon. Presented by A.M. Hocart, M.A. Early pins (3), with separately made heads, English. Presented by Professor Bowman, D.Sc. Fire-making set (sawing method), with split hearth and rough saw, 2 wooden clubs (one with carved knob), Dalleburra tribe, Quueensland (c. 1885). Presented by Mrs. M.M. Bennett. Small black-topped red ware bowl (C group, c. 2000 B.C.), small buff pottery jar with painted band, Ikkur; both Dakka: small red pottery jar, eighteenth dynasty; all Lower Nubia: small pottery bowl, ? spirally built (Ptolemaic), Esna, Egypt. Presented by E.S. Thomas, M.A. Caltrop of 4 iron spikes set in a copper ball: these were used by General Gordon for defence of Khartum, to lame horses and Dervishes. Presented by Miss E.D. Blunt.  Pair of cane-work armlets with human- and goat-hair fringes, Konyak, Naga Hills, Assam. Presented by T.J. Knolles. Specimens collected in N. America, viz.: Two large painted pottery bowls, ollas spirally made, slab of selenite (window-pane); thin wafer bread of maize-meal, 7 feathered prayer-sticks, Acoma; 22 ancient pottery sherds (some painted), stone-drilled turquoise bead, I8 obsidian, &c., arrow-heads, well made ground ? haematite axe with hafting groove, Apache Creek; black polished pottery saucer with dull black pattern, San Ildefonso; old spiral basketry platter with swastika design, Pima; boy's catapult (European type), Laguna Pueblo; large oblong stone slab for making very thin wafer maize-bread, 2 cobs of black maize, Santa Ana; broken axe-hammer stone with hafting groove; all New Mexico. Crystalline limestone for making "baking-powder" for maize-meal "paper-bread", sample of the "baking-powder", Pueblo, New Mexico, and Arizona. Base of ancient resin-coated basket from a cliff-dwelling, Canon de Chelly; painted shallow pottery bowl probably ancient, rough stone axe with hafting-groove, wooden bull-roarer painted with lightning symbol used in rain-making dance, extensile lattice-work lightning symbol, corn-husk packet of mashed and cooked maize, 2nd Mesa, Mishongnovi: 3 prayer-sticks, Hopi, 2nd Mesa, Chimopoyi: all Arizona. Seed-pods used for weaving black designs into basketry: Apaches, Arizona, &c. Fronds of ferns, the stems used in basket-making, Klamath R., N. California; small round lidded spiral-work basket of very fine technique with bird and boat-designs, from Vancouver Island; spoon of goat-horn with carved handle (human figure), 3 engraved silver bracelets, Gidikshan, Upper Skeena R., B.C. Pipe-bowl of catlinite (facsimile of a rare specimen from a Sioux grave-mound near Pipestone, Minnesota). Presented by Miss Blackwood, B.Sc., M.A. Wooden cattle-bell (kalauk) with external clappers, Shan States, Burma; skin of Dissemurus paradiseus, the tail-feathers used as ornament by Kukis, Nagas, &c., N.E. India. Presented by Radley College. Large ancient flint cone of percussion, Blackheath, Kent; flint scraper re-touched, small used Brandon gun-flint, spindle-whorl of stone or pottery; all found in the Parks, Oxford; rough flint racloir (?), small delicately reworked flint scraper, flint borer with point worked on both margins; St. Edward's School grounds, Oxford. Presented by Bruce M. Goldie, M.A. Specimens from the collection of Mr. H. G. Madan, viz.: Neolithic ground stone celt, co. Antrim; flanged bronze celt, Armagh; flaked obsidian core, Mexico; fragment of long bone (? rhinoceros), Wookey Hole, Somerset; fire-making hand-drill apparatus, Magila, N.N.W. of Zanzibar; pottery whistle in form of animal, dug up in Old Cairo, Egypt. Presented by the late Rev. G.B. Cronshaw.
 Specimens from the Belgian Congo, viz.: carved wooden drinking cup with guilloche design, wooden head-rest, large reed-work elliptical shield, iron-bladed war-axe with copper-sheathed haft, ceremonial curved chopping knife, 3 curved iron chopping swords with triple knobbed pommels, iron warknife with trifid "ogee" blade, leaf-shaped short-sword with peculiar hilt mountings, broad 2-edged dagger, small ditto with perforated blade, 2 broad " ogee "-bladed parade knives, broad " ogee"-bladed war-knife, 99 arrows variously feathered and bladed, carved wooden female figure showing skin keloids in patterns, hide dancing-leglets with nut-shell "jingles", star-shaped wooden frame wound with coloured yarn spider-web fashion. Narrow-bladed iron two-edged short sword, the sheath wound with copper wire; ?Uganda. Presented by J.P. Armstrong (through the British Museum). Pair of large-bore percussion pistols in wooden case complete, necklet, 2 hair-pins and a brooch mounted with the hair of 2 children as a memorial ornament (1867), English. Presented by Mrs. R.F. Wilkins. Two cotton sarongs decorated by batik dyeing process, Java. Presented by Mrs. Hanitsch. Double-toothed, diagonal wooden hay-rake (Welsh type), Brandy Cove, near Swansea; similar rake (Breton type), Llanvallon, Cotes du Nord, France. Presented by Mrs. Hartland. Bone harpoon-head perforated for line (Bronze Age) from a mound, Toszeg, Hungary; piece of burnt clay from a daub-and-wattle structure (? late Neolithic), Herpaly, Hungary- Transylvanian border; small obsidian core, Borsod, Hungary; modern pottery lamp with pinched lip, lamp-stand, and draught-shelter, Cyprus. Presented by L. C. G. Clarke. Pair of leaden native-made earstuds of form of those made of wood, &c., 'Ngoni and Tumbuku, N. Rhodesia; carved wooden female figure, Akamba, Kenya. Presented by Col. Oscar Watkins. Specimens collected by donor in Kenya Colony and Uganda, 1928, viz.: obsidian flakes (some pigmy (" lunate ") and 3 rough scrapers, Gamble's Farm, Rift Valley; 2 pottery pipe-bowls, Jaluo; necklet of brass-wound iron, ditto of hide tabs with copper wire and bead ornament, iron armlet, large wooden cylindrical block "ear-plug", 6 hair-pin-shaped copper-wound iron ear-pendants, 2 ear-pendants of lead wound with copper, Nandi; round tin-lid (4 1/8 in. diameter) worn as an ear-plug, iron cattle-bell made by a Kikuyu smith on a stone anvil, cow-horn snuff flask with brass and copper neck-chains, Kikuyu; buffalo-horn armlet with 2 brass-wound "spurs", 2 bird arrows with 5-barbed points, Meru; acacia thorns with bulbous bases whistling in the wind when pierced by insects, Athi Plains: all Kenya Colony. Ball of native soap, 5 bundles of native tobacco, 2 iron native-made needles, sheet of fine brown bark-cloth, 4 pottery fragments with rolled designs made with knotted cords or wooden roller, 2 short cords and wooden roller for pottery designing: all Uganda; rim fragment of a pot decorated like above, Voi, Teita Hills, Kenya Colony. Also a series of 17 weeding hoes of various Naga tribes collected by donor in the Naga Hills (1922) showing the development of the curved iron hoc with Y-shaped handle, from the bamboo loop-hoe with X-shaped hand-grip. Also carved bone elephant chessman, India; small square of folded and stitched bark-cloth painted on both sides with an operculum fixed in the centre of each, ? New Ireland; small core drilled out in perforating a stone axe-head (?Bronze Age), Swiss Lake-Village; negative flint core-of-percussion, made by donor. Presented by H. Balfour, M.A., F.R.S. Small carved ivory man's head, buya, worn as a pendant by men, Bapende, Kasai, Congo State. Presented by Mrs. H. Balfour. Specimens collected by donor in various districts in Kenya Colony and borders, viz.: perforated stone used as a rubber (from a rock shelter), hide shield, broad iron wrist-knife with raw-hide edge-guard, iron finger-knife (weapon and meat-cutter), slender wooden club with flanged head, wooden stool-head-rest with forked pillar, girl's beaded hide apron worn as a "gage" by her lover, Turkana; long spear with iron head and butt-spike, iron head and butt-spike of spear, Suk; short sword made of a trade machete, ?Lumbwa; side-blast war trumpet of horn, 2 grass-work beer-tube straining nozzles, Lumbwa; wooden quiver with 4 arrow-shafts and hanging pouches, Midgan, Juba River; whip of plaited palm rib, Bajun; small round hide shield, broad dagger with sheath and belt, wooden head-rest, carved wooden comb to hold ostrich feather when wearer has "killed" in a raid, Somali; leather pouch with loop for water-gourd, Boni and Somali. Presented by Juxon Barton. Ornamental barrel-shaped soap-stone weight grooved for the ear-lobe (weight 10 1/4 oz.), Nandi, Kenya Colony. Presented by C. Tomkinson. Fir cone-like seed vessel used for " divining " by the rattling of the seeds, Kikuyu, Kenya Colony. Presented by H. Izard. Blades and butt-spikes of 2 trade spears made for Lumbwa by Kikuyu, large ancient pottery jar dug up near Nakuru, Kenya Colony. Presented by Major R. Macdonald. Life-sized human head of wood and wicker covered with ? human skin with real hair and beard, Ogoja Province, S. Nigeria. Presented by M. H. Swabey. Jointed bone necklace protective against tape-worm, Senegal. Presented by A.W. Ord, M.D. Small cast-iron phallic figurine ploughed up at Beckhampton, Wilts. Presented by W.J. Hemp, F.S.A. Collection of 72 painted translucent " marionette " figures of hide. Presented by Prof. R.M. Dawkins, M.A. Three rough ovates worked on both sides, and a rough axe, of quartzite (late Palaeolithic type), Middledrift; smooth domed rubbing stone, the opposite margin used as a hammer, Albert district; 5 flake implements worked on one margin to a point by secondary flaking (Aurignacian facies), ditto with diagonal point worked on one margin, flake with wide notches both margins worked (resembling a "lame etranglee"), 2 unworked flakes, Howisons Poort: all Cape Province, South Africa. Presented by J. T. Hewitt. Collection of stone implements, &c, from South Africa, viz.: 6 stone implements (ovate and pointed ovate) worked both sides (late Palaeolithic type), Canteen Kopje, Barkly West; small widely perforated globular stone found 50 ft. deep in gravel bed of Vaal River, at Gong-Gong, Cape Province. Pointed ovate of fine technique flaked all over, similar ditto with point broken off, broad flake with 2 margins lightly trimmed to a point, pointed flake one margin trimmed, small grey stone end-scraper, 2 very small ditto, 2 very small side-scrapers, 3 small drills with trimmed points, small flake with ditto, minute triangular implement and a pigmy lunate ditto both of Tardenoisian type, small agate flake with a margin curiously trimmed, several small slightly trimmed flakes, a number of very small unworked flakes, flake with both margins edge-trimmed, 4 small end-scrapers one with a definite dorsal ridge, small ditto laterally notched, ancient ovoid white glass bead, implement like a large " end-scraper " made of a thick flake, very small pointed ovate implement worked both sides and an ovate implement (both like small Chellean types), circular scraper serrated with edge worked all round (? skin-scutcher), 7 end-scrapers with worked lateral margins, combined end- and side-scraper, duck-bill scraper, ovoid scraper with worked edge, 2 triangular end-scrapers with grip-notch, untrimmed flake, part of stone ring with ground surface, 6 end-scrapers, 7 ditto with single lateral notch, small flake end-scraper with straight edge finely worked, leaf-shaped flake with converging lateral margins trimmed to a point (resembling Mousterian type), stem end of steatite tobacco pipe; all Kimberley and environs. Narrow duck-bill scraper, 2 small end-scrapers, small ditto slightly notched each side, untrimmed flake, half of very small 'kwe (digging stick weight), Modder River; sand-eroded flake from desert, S.W. Africa. Broad flake with lateral margin trimmed and faceted butt (suggesting Mousterian technique), small flake suggesting a Mousterian point. Presented by J.A. Swan. Zoqueta shoe-shaped wooden stall for reaper's left hand, Belorado, N. Spain. Presented by Mrs. Aitken. Painted wooden box containing 3 painted Easter eggs from Moravia, Prague. Presented by Mrs. Banks. Bundle of 16 iron currency pieces (conventionalized war knives) given in change in buying rice (1913), Kanre Lahu, Sierra Leone; wooden club with carved head of triangular section, Boni, E. Kenya Colony; II emergency war-stamps of 3 values (1916) printed on locally made paper, Muanza district; 3 coins (20- and 5-heller), emergency war currency (19I6), German E. Africa. Presented by Sir Claud Hollis. Bundle of feathers worn at waist to hold spare knitting needles, Baltasund, Shetland Islands. Presented by A.F. Griffith. Iron-bladed axe with 2 iron collars on haft, Pudukkottai, Madras; large ditto with faceted haft and 2 iron collars, ditto with blade held between haft and a piece of wood clamped with 2 iron collars, Travancore, S. India. Presented by F.J. Richards. Three black-topped red pottery vases, pre-dynastic Egypt. Presented by A.W. Fuller. Trench dagger with "knuckle-duster" grip used in War 1914-18, British. Presented by M. Salomon. A se]ection of flint implements, &c., from Miss G. Caton Thompson's excavations in the Fayum, Egypt, 1927-8, viz.: 8 gypsum blocks roughed out for bowls, &c., 2 rough pointed picks made of flint boulder for roughing gypsum blocks, 26 shield-shaped crescentic flint boring tools for vase drilling, &c., 2 lumps of gypsum waste containing flint-flakes, crescentic borer and potsherd (all c. 2900 B.C.); flint hand-adze with rounded butt and roughly flaked edge, 2 double-ended duck-bill scrapers, double-ended chisel-edged flake (straight edges) (Old Kingdom), narrow flake notched ? for hafting, triangular flake knife with bevelled edges, broken Neolithic ground celt reshaped into double-notched axe blade (Old Kingdom); end of finely worked flint lance-head (pre-dynastic); thin flint adze or hoe blade flaked over, similar tool made from a ground celt, very small flint celt ground over, with straight cutting edge, 4 small leaf-shaped celts of tabular flint flaked over, 5 triangular flint celt-like tools flaked over on one side, cutting edge nearly straight and bevelled, small celt-like tool of a flint pebble with cortex preserved the under-side flaked and edge trimmed, 5 knives of tabular flint with part of cortex remaining and edges flaked, 2, pointed flint knives with rounded (original pebble) butts and cutting edges flaked both sides, 2 leaf-shaped knives both surfaces flaked, curved pointed flint knife with rounded butt, the cortex surface on one slde and edge bevelled, crescentic flint blade flaked both sides, 2 flint flakes with 2 edges bevelled some cortex remaining,flake of tabular flint with thermal pitting one side neatly flaked (chisel), ditto with lateral margins flaked both sides converging to a point, the base not worked, long narrow flint blade worked over and pointed one end, crescentic flint implement flaked over (? vase-borer), small lozenge-shaped arrow-head (flake) without surface flaking, finely made tanged arrow-head flaked over, 3 concave-based ditto with long barbs, broad-based tanged drill, 3 flint points with one margin flaked, 6 flint drills with both margins flaked, I ditto triangular section pointed both ends and 3 surfaces flaked, triangular flint with 2 margins flaked (resembling a large Tardenoisian implement), 8 serrated flints flaked over both sides (? sickle teeth), 5 short and very wide flakes the edges variously bevel-flaked to form ? scrapers of sinuous shape owing to pronounced bulb and anti-bulb (peculiar to Fayum and S. Africa), bone rod tapering to a point both ends; all Neolithic. Crescentic knife of thin flake with edges slightly bevelled, long narrow flint knife flaked over the pointed end curved with alternate bevelling along the back, long narrow flake pointed at one end, lateral margins bevelled on alternate faces (? borer), 2 hammers of white-patinated flint with groove for hafting; small partly drilled funerary gypsum vase (eighteenth dynasty), Sakkara. Presented by the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain. Mummy mask of plastered canvas gilt and painted, ancient Egyptian. Anonymous donor. Specimens from the collection of the late Prof. H.N. Moseley, F.R.S., many of them collected on the H.M.S. Challenger expedition, viz.: 4 carved painted wooden figures from house-hold shrines, small writing case with materials, writing brush, piece of glass imitating green jade, 2 horn opium pots, pottery opium-pipe bowl, 2 pewter opium smokers' lamps with covers, stone ware ditto (lamp and wick), China; large Triton-shell war trumpet with lacquered mouthpiece, finely carved lacquered and gilt figure of Buddha, short sword in sheath with knife and toilet instrument, Japan; wooden silver-covered figure of standing Buddha, Burma; native doll, stem of hashish pipe, pair of embroidered leather shoes, Morocco; man's fibre girdle, small perforated sperm-whale tooth, Fiji Islands; leaf-shaped lance-head of obsidian, ? Mexico; 2 necklets of quiina seeds, B. Guiana or W. Indies; reed-stem distaff and spindle, Argeles, Pyrenees; 2, large engraved wooden spoons, large carved ditto, Norway; silver dram-cup with pendants, silver finger-ring, Lapp, Finmark; stone spindle-whorl, Scotland; 13 necklets and rosaries of sacred woods and seeds, 4 Mohammedan rosaries of wooden beads, Morocco; 2 rosaries of wooden beads, Japan; R.C. rosary of ? bone beads with cross and pendants, ? France; 3 large ditto of wooden beads, Lourdes. Presented by Mrs. Ludlow Hewitt. Very large wooden ao dancing paddle, Easter Island, Presented by W. Scoresby Routledge. Nga woman's painted ceremonial wooden shield cut from the solid, the patterns inside recording her husband's prowess, Chuka; magician's staff (ancient), Meru; 2 hand-drill fire-making sets, A-Kamba; all Kenya Colony: iron fishing javelin, the blade leaf-shaped, Gosha, Kismayu, E. Africa. Presented by F.M. Lamb. Two vase-shaped wooden snuff-boxes, Embu; small bead-covered egg-shaped gourd box with strap-loop, Kikuyu, Kenya. Presented by Mrs. F.M. Lamb. Three carved wooden combs, Akrokerri; stone hammer and rubber, 2 pottery crucibles and 2 cuttle-fish "bone" bivalve moulds for casting silver crocodile figurines, 2 crocodiles so cast, Obuasi, Ashanti; 17 stone celts, Gold Coast. Presented by Capt. R.P. Wild. Objects from the collection of the late Sir John Evans, viz.: iron-bladed axe, Aymara Indians, Bolivia; ditto, Gaboon, W. Africa; stone-bladed adze, New Caledonia; ditto, Society Islands; stone-headed hammer, Sioux Indians, U.S.A.; stone axe-hammer, W. Australia. Stone implements including— club head, New Guinea; adze blade, Solomon Islands; ditto, New Caledonia; ditto, New Zealand; axe-blade, ? Brazil; ditto, British Guiana; ditto, Mexico; 2 ditto, U.S.A.; spear blade, Atacama, Bolivia; axe blade with hafting notches, Ecuador; ditto, Guiana; 2 ditto, B. Guiana; 2 ditto, St.Vincent, W. Indies; celt, ?N. America; ditto, Mexico; 10 ditto, U.S.A.; 4 scrapers, chisel, 18 lance- and knife-blades, 108 lance- and arrow-blades, 6 arrow-heads, 3 borers, discoidal, 7 anvil stones, pounder, palette, grain-rubber, arrow-smoother, ?net sinker, piece of a vessel, all U.S.A.; lance-blade, ?obsidian knife-blade, grain-rubber, perforated slate bow-string twister, N. America; fluted core, 10 small cores, India; tanged arrow-head, W. Eskimo; ground stone pestle, Vancouver; partly sawn boulder of nephrite, grooved stone maul carved into a head, B. Columbia; 8 stone arrow- and lance-heads, stone drill point, Santa Cruz, Patagonia; 15 stone implements (ovates, &c.) of lower Palaeolithic type, knife with curved bevel-flaked edge and squared back, Il variously leaf-shaped flat and pointed flakes, 8 scrapers, core scraper (Tarte type), 5 leaf-shaped blades, 4 flaked nodules, 22 scrapers of black stone made of outside flakes of pebbles, 2 celt-like pieces of weathered quartzite, 14 flakes trimmed and untrimmed, 11 mullers and fragments, piece of anvil stone, ditto grind-stone, 6 pebbles with battered pits (? anvil stones), 2 perforated stones, 2 fragments of 'kwe, 2 'kwe, elliptical slate palette, breccia containing flakes, all S. Africa; 3 chert blades, Congo; 6 ground celts, W, Africa; hammer stone, Nubia; ground celt, Penrith; flake with bevel-flaked edge, Herts.; 2 pygmy implements, ancient flint cone of percussion (not located), modern gun-flint maker's core, Brandon; pick of red-deer antler, Grimes Caves, Suffolk. Objects from an ancient midden including—5 stone mullers, flaked nodules, parts of 'kwes, flake knives, potsherds, celt-like piece of weathered quartzite, S. Africa; 12 fragments of plain and decorated pottery, two having tubular holes for cords, S. Africa; sling-stone pouch and 3 sling-stones, New Caledonia; sling-stone, Hawaiian Islands; ovoid hand missile, Niue; cuttle-fish lure sinker, Tonga Island; turtle-shell plate and spoon, Pelew Islands; 4 bone gouges, bone awl, lance-head and chisel of antler, 2 perforated bivalve shells, 4 pottery sherds, U.S.A.; wooden haft for stone adzes, New Caledonia; 2 ditto, New Guinea; antler scutching-adze haft, Sioux, U.S.A.; 3 camel-skin food boxes, Tuareg; brass plaque and beads from an Indian mound, Florida; grooved leaden bullet, U.S.A.; black bead, clay seal and pottery disks (2), head and ball from Buddhist ruins, N.W.P., India; 2 fossil shark teeth, Malta; toy whistle of pottery in animal form, Italy; lacquered round tinder-box with flint and steel and candle holder on lid (eighteenth century), English. Presented by Sir A. Evans. Objects collected in the Naga Hills, Assam, and N.E. India, viz.: curved iron weeding hoe with Y-shaped haft, Sangtam; smith's stone hammer with cane handle, Konyak or Chang; conical basket with brow-sling, bamboo tobacco-pipe with "poker-work " designs, carved wooden ditto carved with a face and figures, 2 round ear-ornaments of conch shell and dark centres of snail opercula, carved human head from a morung figure's neck, basket cone with wooden " hornbill-feather " pendants hung up as sign of mithan-sacrifice performed, 2 models of stone skull-cists, lidded box of wood and spathe with engraved linear designs, piece of growing bamboo tied to restrict growth locally for a drinking vessel, chisel and mortar for crushing areca-nut for chewing by the toothless, bent bamboo scraper to clean chewing lime, pendant of pangolin claws, sentry's alarm gong of bamboo closed by nodes, Konyak; necklet of ? hornet heads, rib-bone hair-pin with engraved lizards, head-taker's ditto of carved wood with red and black hair fringes, wooden carving of a captured head with neck-ring, ? Konyak; bamboo cup with side-loops and cord, Konyak or Rangpang; patlani H-shaped thread winder, Thado Kuki; Shumkon, bamboo trumpet made in sections, cocoons worn as cure for internal worms, Thado; 2 mats of creeper fibre, wooden 4-footed bowl cut from the solid, double wooden xylophone gong for scaring birds, Kacha; bamboo drinking vessel with "poker-work" designs, ditto with artificially constricted "waist", ?Chang; curved wooden spoon with conical bowl, Angami; carved wooden tobacco-pipe imitating a pipe seen in France (1917), Phom; shell of snail the operculum used as a decorative ' shell " and as counters and toggles; wooden peg painted and carved (mithan head) for hanging up skulls of sacrificed cattle, Ao; flint, quartz, and palm-scurf tinder for fire-making, Apa Taneng, Balipara Frontier Tract. Also ancient cylindrical agate bead from a prehistoric grave, Nepal; clay ball, bones, pottery figurine, &c., excavated at Harappa, Punjab. Presented by Dr. J.H. Hutton, C.I.E. Objects collected in the Naga Hills and N.E. India, viz.: archer's wooden penannular wrist-guard, iron-bladed feathered arrow, bamboo fire-making set (sawing method), man's ditto (flexible cane saw), cotton-cleaning bow and plectrum, basket-work tea-strainer, bamboo turmeric grater, old wooden powder measure, Kuki; archer's wooden penannular wrist-guard, ivory ditto, necked gourd dipper, white metal imitation of ditto, ditto fluted, woman's bamboo fire-making set with saw, wooden beater for pottery-making, stone used with the beater held behind the clay, 2 cane hoop-gauges for pottery, cotton-cleaning bow and plectrum, rice-beer syphon with bamboo U joint, ditto with carved wood U-joint, engraved bamboo tube for nicotine juice, boy's T-shaped reed top, cotton-bound composite bamboo comb, 6-stopped bamboo flageolet, Rhangkol Tippera; small round wooden dance-shield (imitating hide shield), ancient iron (ceremonial) dao, pair of young man's earlobe studs of wood, ditto of bone engraved, bamboo 7-stopped side-flute, Mikir; bamboo bow with ditto string and 2 wooden bird arrows, Chiru; man's bamboo fire-making set with flexible saw, woman's ditto with bamboo saw, mat-work loom belt with wooden ends, ditto with cylinder over which it is being made, Alam Tippera; weaving shuttle with fork ends, bamboo flageolet with 4-stops, single-stringed gourd fiddle spathe covered, with wooden neck on which several bamboo bar-strips are tied, Nzemi; unmarried girl's white dance skirt embroidered and banded in colours, Nzemi Kacha; very long 6-stop oboe with tube in 3 parts and wooden bell mouth, Kherangtebong double zither of 32 reed stems the strings split away from the reeds on both sides and strained with bridges woman's coloured skirt embroidered with figures of men, animals, and trees, woman's white cloth similarly embroidered, Dimasa Kachari; 13 ancient square pottery tiles with moulded designs in relief, Old Cachari, Cachar, and Cachar Hills; bamboo flageolet with 6 stops and fipple mouth-piece, double ditto with central tube as mouth-piece, obtained from a Koili of Nasik, Bombay, in Kachar. Bamboo weaving-shuttle with forked ends, curved wooden horn-shaped stoppered flask also used for bleeding, cane-work protector for a sore toe, Kuki; cylindrical bamboo weaving shuttle with spool, gourd mouth-organ with 6 bamboo sounding- pipes topped with gourds, Chiru; small skin-covered single-stringed gourd fiddle with wooden neck, Maring, Manipur State; three-pronged wooden thatching-comb, open-work wooden spatula (rice-beer strainer), cotton-cleaning bow, Rengma; spathe-lined basket with stopper for white ants (fishing-bait), two-pronged thatching-comb, woman's red- embroidered blue cotton skirt, ditto with red and blue bands and lines and embroidery, rich woman's red cotton body-cloth with light and dark blue stripes, Ao; 2 embroidered white cotton baldricks, Angami; patlani, wooden cotton-thread winder, Thado Kuki; wooden vessel with four feet cut from the solid, Kacha; young man's ear-studs of cane and abrus seeds, warrior's hip ornament of wood carved with horns and human heads with coloured hair fringes, Konyak; woman's dark blue skirt with pale blue band, Liye Lhoya; ditto red with dark and pale blue bands, Chang, Naga Hills; eleven stone celts some shouldered, Cachar and Naga Hills.

Fine flint pointed-ovate implement (late Acheulian type), Wolvercote (Warmington). Four miniature canoe-padd]es, Haida; stone axe-blade with ground edge, Australia; boomerang with incised designs, Queensland; engraved leg-bone chisel for bread fruit, 2 coco-nut-shell scrapers, boar's tusk armlet, long curved wooden bow, New Hebrides; small 2-stop bamboo flute, ?ibid.; 2 engraved bamboo ear-rods, Banks Islands; turtle-shaped pottery vessel, root-headed ula club, large perforated sperm-whale tooth, Fiji Islands; hafted stone adze, Solomon Islands; 13 obsidian-bladed daggers with carved grips, Admiralty Islands; pearl-shell breast ornament with human hair cords, ? Society Islands; carved top of ceremonial paddle, Hervey Islands; long double-edged glaive-club, Niue; long narrow fibre fringe-skirt, large wooden double-ring, New Caledonia; bamboo cylinder with engraved figures, ?ibid.; iron trade hooked machete locally hafted, Samoa; carved ebony lime-spatula, long decorated reed arrow with barbed wooden head, ditto bamboo head, New Guinea; small harpoon-arrow, Andaman Islands; carved spear-shaft the top containing 2 pellet bells. Land Dayak; tanged iron-bladed barbed spear with brass-ferruled shaft, Borneo; long palm-wood weaving-sword, ?ibid.; cane-work hat with red bead—and brass disk ornaments, Naga Hills; conch-shell temple-trumpet, fruit-shell musical instrument with 3 sounding reeds and cotton-reel mouthpiece, iron spear with blade-sheath, 2 fibre fans with wooden centres, India; ornamental cast-brass ceremonial dagger, repousse brass ceremonial trumpet, Tibet; curved steel-bladed glaive with lacquered shaft, Japan; charm necklet of strung leather cases with shell-ring pendants, ? Nigeria; 2 decorated leather sandals with feather fringes, Haussa; double-tanged iron axe, ?Togoland; wooden arm-ring, Shilluk; oryx-horn staff-weapon with wooden handle, ?Sudan; curved incised iron-bladed chopping knife, Ba-Ngala; large shield of reeds, Aruwimi R., Congo: 2 carved wooden snuff-flask stoppers (antelope heads), Tanganyika Territory; green stone pipe bowl brass-mounted, steatite pipe, witch doctor's claw-necklet, ditto of incisor teeth and wood, S. Africa; broad rounded snow-shoe, Ungava, Labrador; small red-patterned pottery vase, British Guiana (Hooper). Specimens collected in Chile, S. America, viz: asymmetrical leaf-shaped chalcedony blade, 12 leaf-shaped stone lance-and arrow-heads, 15 triangular ditto, 21 concave-based ditto, bronze fish-hook, 4 bone points of fish-hooks?, 3 flat pointed bone tools, II rod-like ditto pointed at each end, bone spoon, bone spatula, 2 bone tubes, part of shaped bone rod, 24 drilled stone beads, 2 univalve shells perforated for suspension (Mrs. Laversuch). Two empalang ornaments, Skarang Sea Dyaks, Sarawak (Down). Miniature bird's-head club, New Caledonia; strongly curved 2-edged kris with wooden sheath, Java; carved and hinged laundry beater (or distaff) Russia, small bronze swivel cannon, Malay Archipelago (Whitaker). Pandat angular sword with carved sheath, carved and painted horn-bill figure for spirit to occupy at festivals, Dyak, Sarawak (Godfrey). Large rough crystalline rock "currency" (fei) disk with central hole for carrying on a pole, made in the Pelew Islands for use in Yap Island, 2 turtle-carapace-bone adzes curiously hafted on "skew" handles, Caroline Islands (Umlauff). Basalt adze-blade of Maori origin found at Stonehenge (Lacey). Three iron-bladed javelins with leather amenta, ?W. Africa; carved wooden globular gong, mu-yu, China (Stevens). Pack of 52, playing cards of old design, Germany (Burdon). Pair of candle-shaped dark amber ear-lobe studs, Burms (Miss I. Wilson).

Two steel dies with which emergency coins were struck (1916) by Germans in German E. Africa. Lent by Sir Claud Hollis. The insignia of a Lau Nuer wizard, U. Nile Province, viz.: Basketry head-dress covered with lion's mane and black ostrich feathers, 1 hide-handled fly-whisk or fan of ditto feathers, staff wound with iron, brass, and copper strip with brass ring jingles at both ends. Walking stick carved at the top with woman's figure, Azande. Lent by C.A. Willis.


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