Report of the Pitt Rivers Museum, 1926

In order to eke out the exhibition space in the Galleries, a new type of vertical exhibition case has been introduced and some of these have been erected in the Upper Gallery. Several of these have had series of specimens arranged in them and the effect is very good. It is hoped to extend these cases throughout the two Galleries and this will afford suitable space for the exhibition of important series, hitherto unprovided for. The teaching capabilities of the Museum will greatly gain. The rearrangements have involved a considerable redistribution of material. In the Lower Gallery the gun-metal exhibition-cases, which were purchased second-hand have been brought into use and several series are now adequately displayed in them. Many minor improvements have also been made in this Gallery, as also in the Court. A great amount of labelling and cataloguing of specimens has been done by my Assistant, Mr. E.S. Thomas, in all parts of the Museum.

The repairs to the roof have proved fairly successful, and a comparatively small quantity of rain now penetrates into the Museum. The laying of new hot-water pipes, in connexion with the new heating system, caused a good deal of disturbance, but, fortunately, little damage was done, in spite of serious flooding due to the old pipes failing to stand the new pressure. The warming of the Museum has seriously diminished and it will be absolutely necessary to extend the heating-pipes, in order to maintain a satisfactory temperature. It is hoped that this may be done before the commencement of the cold weather.

The usual courses of lectures to Diploma students were given by me throughout the year. Several researchers have used the material in the Museum collections and have been given assistance. The visits to the Museum by parties of students from Schools and other educational bodies have increased somewhat.

Among numerous accessions may be specially noted the collection of specimens from the S. Pacific, collected during the voyage of H.M.S. Penguin, and presented by Admiral Monro; and some very interesting types of stone implements from S. Africa, given by Mr. J.A. Swan. Also I had the opportunity of purchasing a number of important types of stone implements from the collection of Mr. S.G. Hewlett. Many of these had previously been deposited on loan.

Specimens collected by donor on the "St. George" expedition to the S. Pacific, 1925, viz.: stone adze blade from an old village site, Tokou, Ovalau Island, Fiji; tanged stone adze blade, small stone ditto, and cypraea shell with end truncated (bread-fruit peeler), Raiatea, Society Islands; lure for octopus of cypraea shells, Tahiti, Society Islands; sample of very fine sinnet, Fatu Hiva, Marquesas Islands; white tapa cloth, Marquesas Islands. Specimens collected by donor in India, viz.: 2 section rings of chank shell (Turbinella) (unfinished bangles), 2 ditto engraved and lacquered, worn by middle-class Bengali women, Dinajpur, Bengal; rough cut ditto, with waste pieces from factory, 2 well-carved ditto, worn by ladies, Dacca, Bengal; 4 very small ditto, outer margin serrated, Madura, India; set of 5 ditto for wrist, Santal coolie women, Bengal. Presented by J. Hornell. Samples of copper ores from small mines, Escopilla, Chile; 2 quartz arrow-heads, found under 2-3 metres of guano deposit, Punta Pichalo, Pisagua, Peru. Presented by Rev. P.E. Class. Necklet of rectangular pieces of fresh-water mussel-shell, Gran Chaco, Paraguay; tassels of llama wool, for tying woman's hairplaits, 2 small clay figures, boy and girl, said to be eaten by women desiring children, La Paz, Bolivia. Presented by Mrs. P.E. Class. Locks of natives' hair tightly bound round, Tanna and elsewhere, New Hebrides. Presented by A.W. Fuller. Upper part of bronze figure (cire perdue process) showing core, Ancient Egypt. Presented by E.S. Thomas, M.A. Small ribbed bilobed glass flask silvered inside and stoppered, said to contain a "witch", Hove, Sussex. Presented by Miss M.A. Murray. Engraved water-gourd (scenes of Creation and Fall) with carrying strap, Madeira; Albanian baker's wooden bread tally, Podgoritza, Montenegro. Presented by Miss M.E. Durham. Specimens collected by donor in W. Africa, c. 1887-8, viz.: large carved wooden comb, carved and painted paddle, ?Jekri tribe; realistically carved human head of wood, wooden figure of seated woman holding breasts, Boma, L. Congo; wooden female figure erect, hand in snake's mouth, Landana, Kabinda, north of Congo mouth; rough wooden human figure, semi-grotesque wooden female figure, grass-work cap with imitation beard attached, ?S. Nigeria; carved wooden human head with cicatrization marks, Opobo, S. Nigeria; wooden sansa with box resonator, Old Calabar; carved wooden comb, blackened designs, tobacco pipe, brass bowl (cire perdue casting) and long stem with spiral copper and brass overlay, carved wooden club (?) four-flanged head, wooden staff with carved human figure at top. Presented by Dr. D.J. Wylie. Round spiked footfall game-trap with raw-hide snare for log attachment, and 2 small ditto without snares. Presented by G.B. Freeman. Small well-made game-trap, chuga, of above type, with noose and wooden toggle for anchoring, similar trap with horn spikes, spring gin of iron, kurka, for wolves, &c., with toggle anchor, Suratgarh Nizamat, Bikanir State, Rajputana. Presented by H.H. the Maharaja of Bikanir. 5 handles of pottery vessels, ?late Mediaeval, dug up at Boarstal, near Brill, Bucks. Presented by Miss Soulston. Specimens collected by donor from the Gidikshan tribe, Upper Skeena R., B. Columbia, 1925, viz.: large quartzite flake hafted in split handle for softening scraped skins, 2 bone drawshaves and 2 bone serrated scutching tools for preparing skins, goat-horn spoon, 4 cow-horn spoons, 2 wooden spoons imitating above forms, wooden box-cradle with bent-plank sides, 2 boxes for berries, &c., of above make, old birch bark bucket-shaped vessel, patterned surface, modern cedar bark ditto, very large bag of cedar-bark chequer mat work (obsolete technique), 2 old cedar bark bag baskets, chequer technique, 4 old tump lines woven in colour for carrying loads, broader modern ditto, Glenvowell and Kispiox villages, Hazelton, B.C.; broad ditto of the Carrier Indians, Hagwelgat; two coiled ware pottery bowls, showing technique, Pueblo Indians, New Mexico. Presented by Miss Beatrice Blackwood, M.A, B.Sc. Pair of double prick-spurs, Patagonia; Scottish clothes-iron, early type, Tarland, Aberdeenshire; brass-mounted tobacco pipe with thick lacquered stem, Japan; child's snow-shoes, Canadian Indian; 6 iron spear-heads, Naga, Assam; pressure flaking tool of cariboo antler, Eskimo, N. Labrador; 3 aluminium tokens, 1922, Toulouse; 2 ditto, Saint Gaudens, 1920, S. France; 3 runner skates of horse-bone, City Excavations, London; one ditto, Denmark; weaver's wooden " sword ", bone edged, for band weaving, Cairo. Flint implements found by donor at Thebes, Egypt, viz.: rough pointed thick implement and rough ovate "handaxe" both of Chellean type, flat-backed implement with edge worked on both surfaces, wide short flake partly trimmed at edge, 2 natural annular flint nodules with central cores, natural flint resembling a tortoise, all from high ground, Deir el Bahari; flint nodule, one edge hollowed by flaking both sides, discoidal "tortoise-core" with large flake removed, ditto unflaked, flake with edges trimmed all round, natural flint ring formed by thermal detachment from central nodule, all from high ground, Wadi el Ain; small weathered " tortoise core" from which flake has been struck, Pyramid Plateau, Giza; models of Canadian Indian snow-shoes, pin made by casting a type-metal head on to shank, English, 1797. Presented by H. Balfour, M.A., F.R.S., F.S.A. Five rough crescentic flint implements for boring limestone (3rd dynasty), piece of limestone bas-relief sculpture (an archer shooting), Saqqara, Egypt. Presented by C.M. Firth. Sample of blue frit for glaze making, ancient Egyptian.Presented by A. Lucas. Manchu composite bow and 6 arrows, China. Presented by P.E. Matheson, M.A. Head-dress, kono, of wicker covered with cock hackles, Lango, Uganda. Presented by J.H. Driberg. Large almond-shaped stone implement, point broken (Chellean type), Algoa Bay, S. Africa. Presented by C.G. Bliss. Thin flint armlet, flaked and ground, handle of broken flint knife, Ancient Egyptian; 2 flint saws, 2 serrated flakes, tanged flint arrow-head, 3 long barbs of flint arrow-heads, straight flint drill edge trimmed both surfaces, 6 leaf-shaped blades worked both sides, 2 small triangular flint blades worked on both surfaces, Fayum, Ancient Egypt. Presented by R.G. Gayer-Anderson. Specimens collected by donor in the Naga Hills, Assam, viz.: 48 stone celts, Sema; 3 ditto amulets in cane-work, a curiously shaped natural stone, N. Konyak; bamboo cup with two handles, man's belt of hide- and cane-work with button decoration, man's head-fillet of cane- and bead-work and bristle fringe, woman's ditto with bead-work, 3 men's ornamental hairpins, Konyak; 2 cupping-horns, bleeding-lancet, Lhota; symbolic invitation to dance, Phom; symbolic challenge (gourd full of seeds and notched panji), Kalyo-Kengyu. Presented by C.R. Pawsey. Pair of wooden chopsticks with carved-out terminal link, Ainu, Yezo. Presented by Professor Nenozo Utsurikawa. Small stone implements and flakes collected by donor in Ficksburg district, Orange Free State, viz.: pointed leaf-shaped blade of quartzite flaked on one surface, broken " fabricator "- shaped quartzite implement, small end-scraper, rough pointed flake worked on one edge, 2 ? sidescrapers worked both edges, 5 flakes, one very small with trimmed edge. Presented by Guy Brunton. Objects collected by donor, "Penguin" Expedition, 1894-5, viz.: bamboo scoop with frigate bird designs to attract fish by stirring the water, 12 turtle-shell hooks with pearl-shell lures, 3 bamboo jews-harps, two-stringed musical bow, 2 carved shell-inlaid canoe-prow fetishes (human head and arms), a carved canoe-prow ornament of a figure facing both ways, ditto squatting figure, I ditto figure with frigate bird above, l ditto painted scroll with frigate bird, 6 plain shell armlets, tridacna shell armlet, 2 ditto eringi annular breast-pendants, 2 small ditto unmounted, eringi of cone shell base, round pearl-shell neck pendant with fretted design, 2 tridacna shell breast-pendants, 2 cane-work armlets, large wooden ear-disk red and black with shell inlay, 2 small pearl-shell frigate bird pendants, large tridacna-shell armlet, ditto broken and 2 pendants, from graves, 2 food stirrers, 2 torches of resin in palm leaf, sample of torch resin, 2 frictional fire-making appliances, 2 grooved bark cloth mallets, greenstone axe-blade, New Guinea make, plaited palm-leaf brow shade, 7 serrated shell food scrapers, bone spatula with carved-out ring, New Georgia; prognathous carved head canoe ornament, ? New Georgia; wooden human figure (canoe house post), Ugi Island; bird arrows of palm-leaf rib " feathered " with adhering leaf, San Cristoval; engraved coco-nut shell bowl, ?Ysabel Island; small tanged stone adze-blade, light stone hammer hafted in split cane rod, brow shade of plaited palm-leaf, small wooden food-bowl (?Ugi Island), model of inlaid and decorated war canoe, 3 lime gourds, one with stopper carved in human form, 3 engraved bamboo lime-boxes, 2 small trinket flasks of dwarf coco-nuts (one with carved face), small carved coco-nut bowl for dentrifice earth, small flute made of a perforated gourd, carved frigate bird from a paddle crutch, 4 large ? Queensland beans (two engraved with frigate birds and fish), rough four-pronged composite wooden comb, the head block carved with frigate birds and fish, subtriangular neck pendant of shell with serrated edge, all Solomon Islands.
 Also wooden club (lotus type), wooden cannibal fork, 2 kava roots, Fiji Islands; dance belt of pandanus-leaf streamers accordion-pleated, Tonga Island; 2 big wooden fish-hooks, round wooden box with lid, Line Island, Micronesia; 3 small turtle-shell fish-hooks with shell and white feather lures, palm-wood club with carved head, ?Line Island; Dusun mouth-organ with bamboo free-reeds, B. N. Borneo; cuttlefish lure of cypraea shells with streamers and rod and line, ? Society Islands. Presented by Admiral Monro. Reapers' finger protector with a leather and a wooden stall for forefinger and others respectively, Castille, Spain; Tabilla del difunto, wax taper wound on wood lit at funeral mass, Duruelo de la Sierra, Soria, Spain; plaited fan of Esparto grass for fanning fire. Guadalaiara, Spain. Presented by Mrs. Aitken. Collection of 117 "horse brasses": crescents, stars, hearts, and other designs. Presented by Miss L. Eckenstein. Primitive form of double clarinet, of cow's horn with double reed pipe, Gorbea, Bilbao, Spain. Presented by AbbĂ© Breuil. Manchu composite bow, China. Presented by D. Gunn. Armlet of wart-hog tusks with hide joint, Didinga, W. Uganda; bone whistle with horse designs, Persia. Presented by L.C.G. Clarke, M.A. Burial outfit only used with Emperor's permission for burial of wide of a second rank official viz.: Elaborate fretwork head-dress, belt of plaques, sceptre bead necklet, 2 pins, 2 hair ornaments, 2 ear-rings, 2 finger-rings, 2 bracelets, all of carved wood, China. Presented by Mrs. C. De Beauvoir Stocks. Seven "pigmy" crescentic stone implements (Tardeoisean Type), 5 small stone scrapers, small flakes and a quartz hammerstone from a painted Bushman rock shelter at Wilton, Cape Province, S. Africa. Iron musical rasp with jangling rings on cross-bars,? Madras, India. Presented by H. Bompas, M.A. Engraved bamboo quiver with blow-gun darts, Malay Peninsula. Presented by Lord Redesdale. Three-ball bolas, the balls encased in hide, Patagonia; ditto of perforated stone balls with metal clamps, S. America; wooden spear-head sheath with painted dragons (? from Tibet), Chinese; archer's deerskin gloves, the right with thumb-notch for drawing string, Japan; fine nutshell jingle on carved handle, ?Belgian Congo. Presented by H.G. Beasley. Silver-mounted narghili pipe with coconut-shell water-holder and pottery bowl, Lahore, India. Presented by Miss Hatchett Jackson. Small pottery ?hunting "call" or whistle-lure, Palikur Brazilian Guiana. Presented by Baron E. Nordenskiold. Ladies shoe for deformed foot, s pairs of figures of actors for shadow plays, silk cap representing cat's head worn by a child against evil eye, Chinese: Chinatown, Vancouver, Canada. Presented by M. Martin Harvey. Ancient pottery bowl with impressed ring-and-line patterns, and bowl of ancient tobacco pipe found in it, I5 feet down in alluvial gold workings near Akrokerri, Ashanti. Presented by Captain R. Wild. 13 minute arrow-like iron currency pieces, Ibo, Awka, S. Nigeria. Presented by H. F. Mathews. 10 pigmy and 5 larger crescentic implements of agate, quartz, &c., Tardenoisean type, 9 pigmy triangular implements, 2 ditto irregular shape, of agate and quartz, 8 very small end-scrapers of agate, &c., 2 small leaf-shaped implements one flaked on both surfaces; Kimberley district, S. Africa. Presented by J.A. Swan. 5 very rough implements of quartzite sandstone, &c., 3 of them Lower Palaeolithic type, small pointed blade, 6 flakes (one embedded in ferricrete) 2 of them slightly trimmed and 1 bevel flaked, a chisel-shaped implement with bevelled cutting edge, 4 coarse pottery sherds, Pietermaritzberg; half of a hemispherical stone like a mushroom with radial lines, stalk mark, and raised margin beneath, Mooi River bed (near village), S. Africa. Presented by C.G. Bliss. 3 wooden ?Kaffir staves with slightly carved heads, Wakkerstroom, Transvaal, 1901. Presented by Col. R.A. Thomas. Fine specimen of lace bark. Presented by Miss Jessop. Model of native bullock cart, girl's leaf-shaped metal pubic ornament, Gampola, Ceylon. Presented by Mrs. Shelton Agar. Cylindrical almond-shaped celt with ground edge, small stone celt, coarsely flaked quartzite, blunt pointed implement of chellean facies, flat-notched pebble ?net-sinker, N . Territory, Gold Coast, W. Africa. Presented by A.W. Cardinal. Specimens collected in Babylonia, viz.: Jawbone-shaped pottery sickle (fragment) (flake teeth missing), 4 fragments of serrated sickle-flints, 2 flint cores and flakes, small burin-like implement with worked edges, Kish region. Presented by the Weld-Blundell, Oxford and Field Museum Expedition. Spear-blade flaked out of opal glass, N. Australia. Presented by Dr. Comber. Fragment of Samian ware found 18 feet deep, Mansion House, London; copper coins. Presented by Mrs. Gillard. Natural stone like a dog's head found at 350 yards depth in coal mine, Yorkshire. Presented by W. Taylor.  Objects found in excavations at Stone Circle, Avebury, Wilts., 1908-20, viz.: flint saw with finely serrated edge, scapula of ruminant used as shovel, 4 red deer antler-picks. Presented by the Council of the British Association. Old wooden powder-flask of one hollowed block, Shawia, Aures Mountains; native-made iron goat-shears, Biskra; all Algeria. Presented by Capt. Hilton Simpson. Large iron man-trap, spring gun with post, ?Oxfordshire. Presented by T. Dodds. Series illustrating early varieties of domestic pins, viz.: examples with wire heads on plain and on shouldered shanks, ball-headed ditto, ditto with heads of sealing-wax, &c., circa eighteenth century, advertisement cards illustrating pin- and needle-making, English. Presented by H.B. Gray. 2 tulwar sabres with hilts, round hide shield, with brass bosses, India; bronze gong, Burma; close-woven bag of rush and string, Zulu, S. Africa. Presented by Mrs. Giles. Maori adze with wire-bound iron blade, Rotorua; basket of Phormium tenax fibre in chequer and twill mat work, Taupo; bag of ditto covered with kiwi feathers, Whakarewarewa; bag of ditto and wool in wrapped technique with designs, Rotorua; all New Zealand. Presented by Mrs. Staples Blown. Series of l I graduated storne cannon balls dug up at Kar-Ghuli, Assam. Presented by Prof. S. K. Bhuyan. Large carved wooden tobacco-pipe bowl, L. Nyasa; tobacco-pipe of gourd with curved stem (bowl missing), Nyasaland, C. Africa. Presented by G. Carline. 2 chalk blocks with antler-pick marks from ancient Stone Age flint - mining pits, Harrow Hill, Angmering, Sussex. Presented by Dr. E. Curwen, M.B., F.S.A. Pottery excavated by donor from Iron Age cist graves, viz.: lidded bowl of black-topped ware, 2 fragments of large pot of same ware, round-based flared pot of red slip ware, all with engraved "pot marks", Raigir, Haidarabad, India. Presented by Dr. E.S. Hunt. Specimens collected in the Naga Hills, Assam, viz.: Wooden model of stone-hauling sled, pottery cup to support spindle in spinning, Tofima village; 2 wooden " bull roarers " hung in doorways to avert sickness, youth's love-token ornaments (comprising cotton tassel for the waist, 2 plaited grass armlets, 2 ditto wristlets, 2 ear-studs with abrus seeds and feather tufts), all Angami; a pair of women's cloth leggings, Sangtam; black river pebble for making spindle-whorls, Lhota, Dayang River; wooden jews' harp ulsed by men, Sema; large sheet of bark cloth, simphak, in layers stitched together, grooved mallet for making above, Garo; zither of reed stalks, strings on both sides split off the surfaces, both sets of strings sounded, Khasi; 2 monochord instruments with long bamboo necks and membrane-covered gourd resonators, Angami; model of a carved stone cist with lateral recess for the skull of a male relative, Wakching (Konyak). Also a piece of blue cotton-cloth embroidered with much conventionalized human figures, Manipur. Presented by Dr. J.H. Hutton.

Several lengths of fibre-string plaited with pteropus fur for decoration and currency, cone-shell armlet, New Caledonia; shell-inlaid wooden comb, Solomon Islands; breast-disk of tridacna shell, Santa Cruz Islands; bark cloth band for dancing with nutshell jingles, New Guinea; carved wooden spoon, Somaliland; ditto, Africa; ornamented leather sachel, E. Sudan; hide shield, Sudan; fringed leather skirt, rahat, overlaid with bead and cowrie network, ?Nubia; 2, necklets of beads and cowries, and one of oliva shells with gold thread pendant, short spear with barbed iron head and 2 bands of crocodile skin, small leather pouch containing a dried paste, ?Anglo-Egyplian Sudan; closely woven basketry milk vessel with foot, decorated with strung shells with ostrich egg-shell stopper, ?Somaliland; club with double-pointed stone head and leather-covered handle, Sioux, Dacota, U.S.A.; Sperm whale tooth tambua drilled for cord, almost circular boar's tusk with palm-leaf fringe, woman's fringed skirt, liku, Fiji Islands; 3 stone axe-blades shaped for hafting, natural pebble of axe-blade shape with signs of use as such, St. Vincent, W. Indies; 2 ceremonial flat staves carved with figures, &c., Buka, Solomon Islands; weaving comb for native loom, carved wooden female figure with ?horn on head and abrus seed eyes, W. Africa; small hard-wood snuff-flask, S. Africa; model of cassava strainer matapie, pointed cap of palm-spathe, British Guiana; 3 steel quoits, chakra, Sikh, N. India; pair of calfskin shoes (rivlin type), pair of rawhide shoes with hide running-thong, horn shuttle of European type. (J. T. Hooper.)
 3 serrated spear heads of stone (2) and glass, fixed with gum to painted shafts, 2 rough stone flakes with gum hand-grips, model of a seven-log raft, long narrow painted wooden churinga, large engraved wooden churinga of boomerang type, engraved wooden bull-roarer, medicine man's necklet of human hair with dugong teeth pendants, belt of a thick roll of human hair with engraved meleagrina shell pendants, Pidungu tribe, Kimberley, NW. Australia; pair of kurdaicha shoes of felted feathers and human hair for revenge expeditions, Roper R. tribe, Carpentaria Gulf; initiation belt of human hair with kangaroo and opossum fur pendants for youths after circumcision, &c., Yamandil tribe; stick for removing incisor teeth at initiation ceremony and incisor so extracted, pearl-shell chisel in painted wooden handle, Laverton tribe, near Derby; all N. Australia. (E. Clement.) Large round plate of black stone elaborately carved with figures and inlaid with bone, Haida, Q. Charlotte Island; 4 bone snuff-spoon combs, combined comb and strigil, Kaffir, Natal; spinner's wooden distaff, Spezzia, Italy; round plated metal box for ointment for ordination in the Roman Catholic Church, glass distaff-mug for water to moisten spinner's fingers, Bavaria; copper bowl with collar for distaff (same purpose), Nuremberg; large Jewish phylactery with written scroll; lacquered stirrups inlaid with gold and silver, Japan; large carved ceremonial wooden scoop, Hervey Island; axe of obsidian flake socketed on club-handle carved with crocodiles, Admiralty Islands; flint side-scraper of Mousterian type, Abri de Laussel, Dordogne; bone with cutting marks, 3 bovine teeth, part of jaw and teeth (? reindeer), 4 horse teeth, flint nucleus and 2 flakes, I slightly trimmed, Grotte de Tarte, Hte. Garonne; 4 rough-worked implements and flake, pieces of breccia, long bones, &c. (Stevens.) Broad thin subtriangular flake, one surface flaked all over Fayum; long curved knife of pale flint with edge- and ripple-flaking on opposite faces, predynastic, Thebes, Egypt; curved flint knife with edge and back flake-trimmed, Gau el Kebir; smaller ditto with back flaked and edge trimmed near point, predynastic; both Ancient Egypt. (R.H. Blanchard.) Ripple-flaked knire (broken) showing grinding before flaking (predynastic), unusual flake ground all over, with one serrated edge, ?predynastic, both Kusan, Coptos; 3 predynastic stone hammers, ditto ivory armlet, Gebel Ain; copper drill in wooden haft, ? lXth dynasty; 2 flat doll figures of women, IXth dynasty; 11 small pottery moulds for faience amulets, Thebes; all Egypt. (M. Todrous.) Faience figure of a sow, the head influenced by crocodile form, pre-Roman, Mendes; 2 bronze socketed arrow-heads, all Ancient Egyptian. (Cairo Museum.) Broad thin subtriangular flint flake, anti-bulb surface flaked over, Fayum; long curved flint knife ripple flaked one side and edge flaking the other, Predynastic Thebes; both Egypt. (Gayer-Anderson.) Small nephrite hei tiki, New Zealand; set of 4 wooden dolasses for divining, Mashonaland, S. Africa. (Godfrey.) Sinew-back bow, deer-skin bow-case, quiver and arrows, California; whistling arrow with head of deer antler, China. (S. Fenton.) 9 woollen men's shoulder blankets woven in colour, 12 ditto ponchos slit for neck, 50 woollen belts ornamentally woven, 4 women's rhea plume dance-girdles and tassels of same, 3 wooden bows, I2 wooden-and 8 iron-bladed arrows, 15 knob-ended arrows, Lengua, Gran Chaco, Paraguay; 7 wooden bows, 9 long bone-tipped arrows, and I ditto bamboo-bladed. Chiquitos, Matto Grosso, Brazil. (Juan Hamerly.) 2 Masai hide shields. (John Masefield.) Early brass wire-headcd pins found 12 feet deep, Calne, Wilts. (F. Heath.) 69 cast-bronze gold-weights of human and other designs, Ashanti; 2 small ground-stone celts from an old mining site, E. Wassau district, Gold Coast; hand-woven cloth with coloured stripes and patterned border, woman's ivory armlet dot-and-circle decoration, flat gold disk with central boss for paying troops for heads in rebellion, Portuguese Timor, Sunda Archipelago; scroll of cotton cloth decorated with wayang puppet figures, &c., in batik work, Java. (A.S. Wheler.) Bone harpoon-head, aoya, of whale jaw, Yahgan, Tierra del Fuego. (Rev. C.V. Goddard.) 2 part-ground stone axe-blades, Waraya, Beni R.; T-shaped ground ditto, Aymara, La Paz; T-shaped copper axe-blade, Inca, L. Titicaca; all Ancient Bolivia. (A.J. Chivers.) Flint hand-axe with very thin blade (? Chelleo-Acheulian), narrow bi-convex chisel ground both sides, small thin sub-triangular chisel bevelled lateral margins, flint wedge flaked all over, East Dean; small hog-backed flint chisel worked over convex side, wide concave scraper, Litlington; narrow plano-convex chisel worked all over, double-ended flint wedge one end flaked to an edge, flint scraper with spur worked on bevelled edge, flint reamer polished by use, Willington Hill; narrow straight bi-convex chisel worked over and not ground; flint wedge flaked all over, ditto made from a ground celt, flint scraper with pronounced point, small ditto with slight spur, large ditto with curved spur, ditto with several low points on bevelled edge, double-ended ditto, notched flaked used as concave scraper, keeled scraper with rounded projections on one edge, flake with short point on one margin, ancient white patinated flint with natural perforation shaped to oval (probably a sinker), discoidal flint ?side scraper with edges partly bevelled and ground, blunt-pointed reamer polished by use, flake with a serrated edge, Beachy Head; narrow straight bi-convex chisel worked over with trace of grinding at edge, unusual double-ended " wedge " two edges almost at right angles, Birling Gap; rare concave flint scraper or rubber with handle, neolithic ground stone celt with squared edges, Lakenheath; part of ground flint celt reworked to diagonal point (? reamer), Exceat; flake with boring-point, the edges alternately bevelled, Alfriston, Sussex; very small pointed implement of Chellean type worked all over, Swanscombe; triangular flint with two concave hollows on one side forming three points, Undley; small flake with curved point at one end, fossil echinus used as hammer stone, modern lobster-pot sinker of naturally perforated flintstone, Sussex; 2 forgeries, viz. tanged flint arrow-head and cruciform drill-like flint implement, N. Italy; also, from Wembley Exhibition, " bull roarer" of palm midrib used in Oro ceremony, Joruba, Oya; wooden ditto with hide thong, N. Nigeria; rough pottery mould for silver ingots, Nigeria. (S.G. Hewlett.) Rei-miro woman's crescentic symbolic wooden breast-ornament with human head carved each end, Easter Island; curved end-blown flute of whale tooth with 4 stops, Maori, New Zealand. (E. Little.) Wooden nose-clip used by Arab pearl divers, Tuticorin; 4 lines of pteroceras shell on coir cord for catching cuttle-fish, Tirupalakudi; 2 fine bag-net fish-traps for murrel (ophiocephalus) set at roots of water-plants, Chingleput district; 2 model round coracles of wicker and hide, Cauveri and other rivers. (Government Fisheries Department, Madras.)

Wooden weaving shuttle of canoe shape, Mandingo, W.Africa. (G. Carline.)

Bronze banana-shaped object with surface scroll-ornament and ring for suspension, cast by cire perdue process: from a juju shrine, Ekoi, S. Nigeria. (P. Amaury Talbot.)


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