Report of the Pitt-Rivers Museum, 1924
The completion of a long range of exhibition wall-cases in the upper gallery has necessitated the rearrangement and re-labelling of a very large series of weapons (spears) and this work has been in progress, but a further extension of the cases will be required to complete this part of the Museum. The important collection of blow-guns has been rearranged with a view to developing its value for scientific study. This has been made possible by deepening the existing wall-case. In the lower gallery series have been arranged for display in the new wall-cases and this work approaches completion. In addition, many minor improvements have been made throughout the Museum and much-needed cabinets have been added. A large amount of re-labelling of the older material and of checking off with lists has been done by my assistants, Mr. Carline and Mr. Thomas, and this is still in progress. The card-catalogues have been brought up to date.

The usual courses of lectures to Diploma Students were given by me throughout the year, and special assistance has been given to research and other students, who have made considerable use of the Museum. Advantage of the teaching capacity afforded by the Museum has been taken by several schools, associations of school-teachers, and other educational bodies. Mr. Robert Kerr, a member of the staff of the Royal Scottish Museum, Edinburgh, was specially sent to Oxford for three week’s study of the collections in the Museum and the methods adopted in its administration and arrangement. I have been engaged in research work upon the very fine collection of Tasmanian stone implements formed by the late Mr. E. Westlake. This is by far the finest collection of its kind in the kingdom and will throw much light upon the status of the Tasmanians among Stone-age peoples.

An extensive list of accessions includes a further valuable series of specimens from the Naga Hills, received from Dr. J.H. Hutton and Mr. J.P. Mills; some important objects from the collection of the late Professor H.N. Moseley; a series of specimens from the Suk tribe, Uganda Protectorate, and from Borneo, collected by the late Mr. W.H. Beech; an interesting collection from the Chucunaque Indians of Panama, made by Lady Richmond Brown and Mr. Mitchell Hedges; an important series from Aua Island, Melanesia, collected by Mr. George Pitt-Rivers, and many other interesting items. A detailed list is appended.

Two pieces of local emergency currency, Region Provencaes, France. Presented by Mrs. Aitken, M.A. Partly-made armlet of brass wire wound round horse-hairs to show the construction, Natal; short paddle with rounded blade, ?N. Brazil; " beating-reed " of goose-quill used in a primitive clarionet, Swedish; 3 Roman bone needles excavated in Rome; 7 bronze needles, and steel bodkin excavated in Lothbury, London; and bone needle excavated in the City of London. Presented by H. Balfour, M.A., F.R.S., F.S.A.  Specimens collected by Mervyn W.H. Beech in Borneo and E. Africa, viz.: spear with iron blade and wooden sheath, Sarawak; bamboo quiver with poisoned blow-gun darts, ?Sea Dayak, Sarawak; 2 parang ilang with carved scabbards, Kenyah, Sarawak; wooden-bladed dagger with carved horn hilt, flat basket, small (?Malay) knife, 2 Malay spears with sheaths for the blades, 4 Bajau krises, and 2 Sulu chopping knives, N. Borneo, 2 Malay krises ?Java. Small 2-legged stool, 2 spears always carried in pairs, and 4-fly-whisks, Suk tribe, Kerio Valley; hide belt worn by women especially when pregnant, and warrior's hide belt, Suk tribe, Kerut R.; 2 wooden bows exclusively used by the agricultural Suk, Elgeyo Escarpment; wicker-work parrying shield, knife with ring. loop for wearing on the finger and used for cutting out an enemy's eye, circular knife for wearing on the wrist and dealing a back-hand blow, and hair head-dress (siolip) worn by men only, Suk tribe, Britlsh East Africa; gourd snuff-flask and 2 gourd jars, all three covered with bead-work, and bead-work ornament with chain, British East Africa. Painted raw hide Nandi shield, 2 Masai spears, and ?Nandi or Masai; chain pendant hung from zinc plate, E. Africa; pedestal food-dish of spiral basketry, and dish-cover of spirally-wound plaited palm-leaf strips, E. Sudan; 2 conical food-covers of spiral basketry, ?E. Sudan; flag-shaped fan, NE. Africa; 2 pairs of "horses" plaited out of palm-leaf strips probably for toys, ?N. Africa; and a seven-stringed lute, N. Africa. Knife-sheath covered with bead-work, N. America; and small deer-skin pouch with bead-work on one side, ?N. America. Presented by Rev. H. Beech, M.A. 3 bows with cane bow-strings, and 18 various arrows, Orissa. Presented by the Government of Bihar and Orissa. 10 German emergency currency-notes of 1923-4 when the currency was in milliards of marks, 6 currency-notes in "Gold-marks", 1923, Silesia; and a 5 pfennig (gold-currency) stamp mounted as currency and issued by an hotel, Germany. Presented by Miss B.M. Blackwood, M.A., B.Sc. Rare type of reflexed bow of steel and buffalo horn, ? N. India; wooden bow, Tonga; and wooden bow with hide bow-string, 7 Toba, Pilcomayo R., Paraquay. Presented by H. Bompas, M.A. Specimens obtained during Sir Flinders Petrie's excavations in I923-4, viz.: tanged copper "flaying-knife", ii dynasty, Badari; copper axe-blade with 2 copper "ferules" for the shaft, scarab, and carnelian bead, ? xi dynasty, and copper axe-blade, xii dynasty, Qau-el-Kebir, S. of Asyut. Presented by the British School of Archaeology in Egypt. Specimens collected from the Chucunaque tribe, San Blas district, Panama, viz.: 3 palm-wood bows, 4 single-pointed arrows, 2 triple-pointed, 1 four-pointed, and 6 five-pointed arrows, 2 wooden clubs, 2 short broad-bladed and pointed club-daggers, 2 "staves of office" carried by head-men, flanged swizzle-stick for food-mixing, seed vessel used as bowl in place of pottery, carved wooden figure of a " god " in human form, 2 dance-rattles of gourd with bone handles, necklet of bead-work hung with pendent shells, 5 necklets with pendent whistles made from wing-bones of birds or with pendent wing-bones in imitation of whistles, worn in large numbers by " medicine-men " (contoolie), 32 bead necklets with various kinds of teeth, bones, pieces of wood, or shells, &c., II oblongs of European cloth cut with zoomorphic and other designs pro- duced by figures cut out of various coloured cloths stitched to the background, and l 5 women's jackets the back and front of which in each case is made from cloths with applique designs similar to the above. Ancient specimens from Chiriqui province, Central America, viz.: pottery figurine, 2 painted vases, 8 vases with lugs or handles of zoomorphic form, and 5 tripod bowls. Presented by Lady Richmond Brown and F.A. Mitchell-Hedges. Spear-thrower with symmetrical carving, N.W. Australia; 6 arrows, Humboldt Bay, and spear with barbed head lashed on one side of the shaft, New Guinea; wooden whistle from Masasi Tanganyika Territory; wooden bow with hide bow-string and (? boy's) arrow, ?Akamba, E. Central Africa; fragment of painted pottery with lines incised after baking, and obsidian flake, Paestum, S. Italy; and 25-centimes piece issued as local emergency currency, Amiens, France. Presented by G.R. Carline. Flint implements suggesting a link with the Capsian culture of N. Africa, found on the surface of the Desert, Helwan, Egypt, viz.: 97 small flake implements, 38 small cores, 9 core-scrapers, and a scraper of "grattoir" type. Presented by Miss G. Caton-Thompson. Pump-drill for drilling turquoises, and one of a pair of short sticks used in running-races between two teams each side (of 4) kicking its own stick, Zuni, New Mexico; perforated shell, ?used as a hoe-blade, excavated at Goodland Point, Florida; cut cowrie shell from ruins of Petra, Arabia; and 5 ground stone celts (said to be Hittite), Asia Minor. Presented by L.C.G. Clarke, M.A., F.S.A. Carbonized grain found in a pit-dwelling of La Tene I date, at Fyfield Bavant, Wiits. Presented by Dr. R.C.C. Clay. Flint implements collected on the Libyan Desert, W. of Thebes, viz.: 9 discoidal implements, 2 rough (?"Chellean") choppers, 2 small pointed ("Chellean") ovates, 8 "Chellean" pointed core-implements, I core-implement with Chellean facies but possibly Neolithic, 14 pointed ovates of Chelleo-Acheulian types, 4 "tortoise-cores", large heavy flake with facetted butt, and 4 concave scrapers of form peculiar to the Libyan Desert, Palaeolithic; 7 broken lanceolate blades, saw, very wide short flake showing marked bulb and anti-bulb (a type peculiar to the district), and I0 small broad celts, Neolithic; and forgery in imitation of a Chellean pointed ovate made by local natives from an old weathered flint. Presented by Dr. C.T. Currelly. 2 glass models of Sea-horses (formerly amulets), Venice; celluloid imitation of native ornament made from the base of a cone shell for trade with Madagascar; 4 trade imitations (3 of glass, I of celluloid) of W. African cornelian amulet-pendants ?W. Africa; long yellow glass bead for trade in the Congo, trade necklet of white glass beads, large circular trade bead of glass, pecten shell coloured red, and 2 imitation shell ornaments for trade with natives. Presented by A.W. Fuller. Flint implements collected at Helwan, Egypt, viz.: 21 microlithic implements of Tardenoisian type, duck-bill scraper, broken end-scraper, side-scraper, 2 core-scrapers of Tarte types, 4 worked flakes, and 16 untrimmed flakes. Presented by F.Ll. Griffith, M.A. 56 large photographs of Siam (chiefly from Bangkok). Presented by G.H. Grindrod, M.A. Steel "tiger's-claws" (baghanak) for concealing in the hand as a secret weapon, Bombay. Presented by R.W.T. Gunther, M.A. Coral rasp mounted in a wooden holder and used for making shell armlets, Port Moresby, New Guinea. Presented by A.C. Haddon, M.A., Sc.D., F.R.S. Specimens collected from the Haida of Queen Charlotte Island, British Columbia, viz.: 2 stone adze-blades (one broken), 2 butts of stone adze and stone axe (?), 2 stone mauls, short flat stone club, 2 natural stones used as hammer, and scraping-stones respectively, circular stone mortar, 2 old halibut-clubs, 2 spoons of mountain-sheep horn, piece of rope of hair-seal hide, opercula of shells used for ornamenting boxes, &c., ancient red-stone labret worn in the lower lip by women who have had several children, and part of human femur showing a badly united fracture. Presented by C. Harrison. Pair of scissors for shearing sheep, Ghoufi village, Rassira valley; wooden implement used in making halfa-grass sandals, a goat's horn similarly used, and locks of 3 little girls' hair, Shawiya, Beni Ferah; and half-plaited fan-"blade", Shawiya, Mechounech, Aures Mountains, Algeria. Presented by M. W. Hilton-Simpson, B.Sc.  Old man-trap, and set of 5 horse-bells of brass for sticking in a horse's collar, Drayton, near Abingdon, Berks. Presented by T.F. Hobson, M.A., F.S.A. Specimens dredged from the Thames in 1924, Viz.: Frontal portions of two skulls of ox, and red-deer antler with bullet-hole at base, Hampton; and early iron axe-blade, and padlock, Oakley Court, near Windsor. Presented by W.J. Holford.  Horse-bit with elaborate reins of dyed leather-work, Joloff tribe, Gambia, W. Africa. Presented by E. Hopkinson. Waste pieces of chank-shells from the site of an abandoned factory of shell armlets at Korkai, S. India. Presented by J. Hornell. Specimens collected mainly in the Naga Hills, Assam, viz.: stone celt from Henema district, wooden dish, dao, and woman's breast-cloth, Kacha Naga; stone celt, dao, shield-plumes, wooden cup; 2 lasts, one for making cane-work ; "gaiters", the other for armlets, "mangle" for exctracting seeds from cotton staple, 3 hornbill feathers mounted for setting on head-dresses, pair of "shields" for protecting hornbill feathers, 2 sashes, young man's breast ornament, wooden dance-tail, and pair of wooden stilts, Angami; 2 daos, a dao-handle, javelin used by boys too young to use a spear, 2 food-dishes, winnowing-fan, baldric, necklet of 2 boars' tusks, large redstone bead, and toy dao, Sema; old dao used ceremonially at mithan sacrifices, food-dish, and piece of cloth woven of wood, Ao Naga; spear, 6 daos, 2 stone celts used as charm stones in a granary at Karami, iron hoe-blade, double tobacco-pipe, ear-pendant, 2 small arrows for spirit of dead man, and brass pellet-bell, Kalyo-Kengyu; string of currency beads of shell, and warrior's embroidered cloth, Yimtsungr (Yachungr); spear, and bone toggle, Rengma; shield of sago palm spathe, 2 daos; (one with Sema handle), 2 belts (one unfinished), and necklet of coix seeds with carved bone toggle, Chang; tobacco-pipe, Chang or Konyak; spear, 3 daos, chiefs dao with double blade, large old dao only used for marriage prices, &c., bamboo box, warrior's basket, embroidered cloth bag, peaked head-band, 2 objects of unknown use obtained as loot from Yungya village, and necklet of beads, Konyak; dish of bamboo spathe, Lhota; large dao, Tangkhul; seed necklace, ?Phom; cane-work shield picked up after a raid, hat of langur skin, and necklet of dyed porcupine quills, Phom; wooden dish, ?Sangtam; 2 quivers with 2I arrows, and tobacco-pipe, Sangtam; Kuki puzzle; 3 bullet-bows, fan, and chiefs hair-ornament of imitation bhim raj tail-feathers, Thado Kuki; Kabui dance-dao; small model of a Khasi basket and rain-shield, Shillong, Khasi Hills; Mishmi knife, Abor knife, and Garo 2-handed sword, Assam; curved Nepalese sword with scabbard; spear, Bhuya (Central Province tribe), from a colony settled in Bakargani district, E. Bengal; and seed necklace, Ceylon. Presented by J.H. Hutton, M.A., D.Sc., C.l.E. Specimens from the Naga Hills, Assam, mainly trans-frontier, viz.: stick kept in the morung for " correcting " small boys, man's cowrie belt, man's embroidered satchel, 9 wooden ornaments worn transversely through the back hair by men, similar ornament made of a number of ekra reed stems, jews' harp with jerking-string, man's lengta or loin-cloth, carved, wooden figure, cane-work hat, and stone nut-crusher, Konyak; pair of bear-skin leggings worn by men of Aoshed, Kalyo-Kengyu; implement for straightening out thatching, Yimtsungr (Yachungr); woman's pair of cloth leggings, and man's head ornament, Sangtam; 2 hoes, fibre made from nettle for weaving cloth, dance-helmet, pair of wristlets of coix seeds, 2 "feathered" javelins, 2 spring snares, pair of covers of palm spathe to put over the horns of a bull's head hung on house front to increase the size of the horns, and stone pestle for pounding chillies and ginger, Chang tribe. Presented by J.H. Hutton, M.A., D.Sc., C.I.E. and J.P. Mills, M.A, I.C.S. Milano fish-trap used in shallow water, Matu village, Delta of Rejang R., Sarawak. Presented by Captain H. Jacques. Dug-out canoe made from stem of Palmyra palm, Colair Lake, Madras; catamaran with mast, sail, narrow boards used as paddles, and anchor of wood and stone, Coromandel Coast, Madras; float of two coco-nut husks connected by coir rope and placed under the chest of a boy learning to swim, Calicut, Madras; young chank-shell made to form a baby's feeding-spout (chank being supposed to have rnedicinal qualities), and amulet made from a young chank-shell tied round the neck of a milch-cow or a calf as protection from the Evil-eye, Madras; and small dug-out canoe for a single man fishing with a handline, Beypore R., Malabar. Presented by the Governrnent of Madras. Spear-head of white quartz, from an old Eskimo grave, Cape Chidley, Hudson s Straits; very rare ivory figurine of a man, and small ivory figure of a steatopygous, pregnant woman, from an ancient Eskimo grave of the extinct Sead-ler-miut tribe, Southampton Island, Hudson's Bay. Presented by Capt. H. Toke Munn. 2 samples of coarse rush mat-work still made by the peasantry, and bundle of rushes (mor-hesg) used for the purpose, Newborough, S. Anglesey, Wales. Presented by H. Owen. Full-sized outrigger-canoe used in shark-fishing, bailer, 5 paddles, old shark-fishing spike, 12 barbed spears used for parade purposes, 4I small fighting-spears elaborately barbed, wooden dagger tipped with sting-ray spine, 2 knives edged with sharks' teeth, 5 parade staves, axe with turtle-bone blade, steel-bladed adze, 10 hafted tridacna-shell axes and adzes, 3 taro-knives of turtle-shell, wooden grass-cutting sword, wooden saddle-shaped hod for shifting earth, 12 shark-hooks, 3 shell- and 3 turtle-shell spoons, 3 wooden dishes, flat dish for scraped coco-nut, 4 shell-bladed coco-nut scrapers, 2 shrivelled coco-nuts used for making revolving collars for coco-nut scrapers, wooden wedge used in splitting trees for planks, 3 wooden hooks for hanging up baskets, 3 baskets, rainproof hood, war-hat, and woman's cap, all three made of pandanus leaf, collected on Aua Island (Durour), N. of New Guinea, near to Matty Island, whose culture is very similar. Malay knife found on Aua Island. The blade shape resembles that of the Aua wooden grass-cutters. Wooden bark-cloth mallet with facing of palate of a Pseudoscarus, ? Anchorite Island; 6 baskets, Anchorite Island; 2 obsidian-bladed spears, and 2 carved spears double-pointed with Trigon spines, Manus, and 3 baskets, Ninigo, Admiralty Islands; 4 carved spears, St. Matthias Island, New Britain Archipelago; " king's " spear covered with patterned mat-work, and stone-bladed adze, Buka, Solomon Islands. The following specimens collected in New Guinea, viz.: 2 fighting-staves, 3 stone-headed clubs, bow, I9 arrows, carved parade stick, and 4 dance-plumes, Mekeo; multi-pointed fish-spear, and lime-spatula, Motu; 7 bark-cloth garments, and 3 grass skirts, Motu and Papuan Gulf; 2 maps of N. New Guinea and of Aua; plan of villages of Tarre and Porrei, Aua; and 16 photographs taken on Aua Island. Presented by Capt. George Pitt-Rivers. Mohave fishing rod and line with a cactus-thorn hook warped to the right curvature, Arizona. Presented by W. Radcliffe. Child's ribbon-buzzer with double palm-leaf "ribbon" which hums when the instrument is whirled in the air by a cord, Madras Presidency; 5 rosaries of coloured floss-silk, Brahman, Srirangam, Trichinopoli; I0 beads and other objects of chank-shell excavated from ancient Iron-age graves in stone-circles near Adugattur, N. Arcot; and toy bull-roarer, Calcutta. Presented by F.A. Richards, M.A., I.C.S. Tuareg hide shield, Air, S. Sahara. Presented by F. Rodd. Specimens collected in the S. Pacific, viz.: tanged adze-blade of basalt, Mehetia Island, Society Group; stool with coco-nut-scraper attached, Avera Bay, Rurutu Island, Austral Group; side-blast trumpet of Triton shell, Rikitea village, paddle of an obsolete type, native-made model of single-outrigger canoe, also of an obsolete raft-like vessel fitted with decks, mast, and sail, basket plaited from palm-leaflets still attached to the midrib, basket of spiral structure with knotted tie-work, and 3 models of palm-leaf-strip hats, Mangareva, Gambier Group. Presented by W. Scoresby Routledge, M.A. Costume worn by small Chinese girls, Singapore. Presented by Mrs. Simmonds. Specimens collected from the Todas of the Nilgiri Hills, S. India, viz.: woman's armlet of black and red string-work, 2 women's armlets of brass cast by the cire perdue method, 2 loin-cloths (? for men) of trade cotton-cloth embroidered by Toda women, bamboo vessel in which butter-milk is distributed to the people of-the village, 2 cane churning sticks for making "butter", large wooden club now obsolete as a weapon but burnt at funerals, model of a house and of a dairy-temple, and bamboo end-flute. Presented by Miss Clare Skurray. Shark's tooth mounted as an amulet, S. Italy; and 7 silver amulets (2 "sea-horses", a syren, 2 cimarute, crescent moon, and mano-in-fico), Naples. Presented by Miss Payne Smith. Sandstone implement of Chellean type, Embusini, S. Rhodesia; 35 palaeolithic implements (Chellean facies) and flakes of sandstone mostly unfinished, Wellington, Cape Colony; and Bushman digging-stick weight recently used as a grinding-stone, Graaf Reinet, Cape Colony. Presented by Miss F.M. Snell. Specimens collected by the late Prof. H.N. Moseley, chiefly during the Expedition of H.M.S. "Challenger", viz.: pendant of 2 boar's tusks, Cape York, Queensland; engraved trochus-shell armlet, Humboldt Bay, New Guinea; obsidian-bladed dagger, and turtle-shell ear-ring, Admiralty Islands; fish-hook of Solomon Island type, said to have been obtained in the Admiralty Islands; turtle-shell ear-ring, and spiral armlet of wood, Api Island, New Hebrides; 4 large patterned sheets of bark-cloth, and wooden cannibal fork, Fiji; finely carved model of a canoe-stern ornament, Maori, New Zealand; bamboo jews’ harp obtained from a Moro boy, Zamboangan, Mindanao, and steel cock-fighting spur, Manila, Philippine Islands; necklet of shells, and necklet of bone beads with pendent limpet-shells, Tierra del Fuego; pair of pendants of clusters of wing-cases of beetles, S, America; 2 obsidian lance-blades, Oregon, U.S.A.; small models of 2 Canadian sledges, of a pair of snow-shoes and lacrosse-racquets, Montreal, Canada; brass shovel and spoon for gold dust, 8 gold-weights of cast brass, and tobacco-pipe bowl of engraved red pottery, Ashanti; pottery pipkin with spout and lid, said to be from Bagdad; ivory netsuke, carved ivory figure of a flute-player, an inro or drug-box, and 6 small lacquer shrines containing figures of deities, Japan; small gun-metal casting of a figure of a deity, ? Japan; small group of 3 grotesque human figures in repousse silver, Chinese; 4 metal cases containing figures of Notre Dame de Lourdes for carrying as amulets, Lourdes, France; and small model of a spinning-wheel, Norway. Shell pendant picked up on the sea-shore near Cherbourg, Normandy. Presented by Mrs. W.J. Sollas. 2 engraved stone churingas, Arunta tribe, Central Australia, 4 flint flakes from a midden at Altona Bay, 4 flint spalls from a midden at Wilson's Promontory, and 3 rough flakes, core and scraper, all of chert from a midden at Cape Wollamai, Victoria, Australia. Presented by Sir W. Baldwin Spencer, K.C.M.G., M.A., F.R.S. Camel-stick covered with leather and used in parts of the Delta and Sinai by the Bedawi for retrieving the camel-rope, and gilt pendant given to visitors by the Coptic Patriarch, Egypt. Presented by E.S. Thomas, M.A. Artificially-shrunken head of an enemy with hair cut short, Jivaro tribe, Zamora K., Ecuador; head of a sloth similarly treated, Jivaro tribe, Upper Santiago R., Ecuador; condor quill (containing some gold dust) used for measuring and carrying gold dust by Canelos, E. Ecuador; 2 stuffed skins of Trogon, and 2 of Cock-of-the-Rock, ? Ecuador. Presented by Major R.H. Thomas, M.A., M.C. 4 Portuguese currency-notes of low value owing to the depreciation of the rate of exchange. Presented by A.C. Tiddy. Flint axe-blade from Neolithic lake-dwelling, Lake Maribo, Laaland, Denmark. Presented by E.W. Ainley Walker, P.M., D.Sc. A "slick-stone" (?), Monikie, Forfar. Presented by O.H. Wild, M.A. Beeswax model of a bird made by a boy, pebble found on the sea-shore by his grandfather and used as a touchstone by a goldsmith, and 8 stone celts, Obuasi; 2 stone celts and 3 hammer stones, Akrokerri; 39 stone celts, Offin R.; stone celt, Peki near Bekwai; 2 gold-weights of brass, Bekwai; and I from Mansu Nkwanga village, Ashanti. Stone celt, Offin R., Dunkwa ; I Akoko Mine; 2 Abbontiakun ; 3 Tarquah; 3 Dixcove; and I New Awudua, near Prestea; 3 perforated quattz pebbles, Anyinam; I3 beads of bauxite, Kwahu Plateau; 2 spurious gold-weights of brass, Denkera; Yendi native-spun cotton-yarn, and Moshi fiddle and bow, N. Territory, Gold Coast. Glass bead from an old grave in the N. of N. Territory, French Sudan. Presented by Capt. R.P. Wild. Specimens collected by the late Col. R.G. Woodthorpe, viz.: hookah water-bowl, ? Kashmir; 2 ewers (one brass, the other ?pewter), ? N. India; sacrificial chopping-knife, ?Cachar; bamboo drinking-vessel, Chang or Konyak, Naga Hills, Assam; silk-embroidered satchel of blue cotton cloth, and sleeveless jacket ?Kachin or Shan, Burma; 3 embroidered sashes or scarves, ?Burma; silk-embroidered skirt, and silk and cotton skirt woven in colours, ?Siam or Burma; inner and outer short trousers, and elaborately embroidered silk and velvet skirt, Siam; and another less elaborate skirt, ?Siam. Presented by J.D. Woodthorpe.

Specimens collected in NW. Australia, viz.: head of a barbed fighting-spear, and 2 spear-throwers, Desert Myall tribe, S. of Kimberley; head of fighting-spear, spear-thrower, 2 short sticks with burnt designs for summoning to circumcision ceremonies; 2 rings of grass wound round with human hair (one fitted with radial sticks connected by human-hair strings) worn during circumcision rites, 2 carved wooden bull-roarers, and 2 wooden "churinga", Ingibandi tribe, N. Of Hamersley Range; chaplet of grass and human hair worn by youths during circumcision rites, Inawonga tribe, Hamersley Range; 3 large glass-bladed spear-heads, nose-stick, "medicine"-stick and 2 cowrie shells fitted with spinifex-gum used by "medicine-men", short stick for summoning people to circumcision ceremonies, and necklet of seeds worn by girls, Gnalluma tribe, Sherlock R.; 2 "churinga" of pearl-shell perforated like bull-roarers, Pidungu tribe, Fitzroy R., Broome district; and glass-headed spear, Kimberley-Broome district. (E. Clement.) 27 celts of basalt in various stages of completion and 4 hammer-stones, from Neolithic factory sites near Cushendall, Co. Antrim; ground stone celt, near Antrim; and well-ground stone celt found between Coleraine and Portrush, Co. Londonderry. From the W.J. Knowles Collection. (Fenton.) Hafted stone adze, Fiji; chert flake mounted with gum handle and with bark sheath, near Boulia, N. Queensland; 2 flint daggers, flint blade, and barbed flint arrowhead, Denmark; narrow chisel or chisel-like celt, Pig Dean, and 3 flint arrow-heads (I, Willingdon Hill, and 2, Beachy Head), Sussex; and sheep bone ground to a point, Burwell Fen, Cambridgeshire. (S.G. Hewlett.) Series of Capsian and Mousterian flint implements from various sites near Gafsa, Tunisia, viz.: hammer-stone, 12 scrapers, duck-bill scraper, 19 flakes worked along one margin, 1 similar flake also worked at the point, long thin flake trimmed to a point, 3 roughly trimmed flakes, long thin flake slightly used, large leaf-shaped flake, rough serrated flake, 7 burins, 21 drills and "magdalenian" points, 3 "chatelperron" points, 4 "tortoise-cores", 4 trapezoidal "pigmy" implements, 5 angle-ended "pigmies", 3 "pigmy" implements with one margin worked (one also worked at the point), 2 "pigmies", and a few duplicate specimens. (M.M. Latapie. 100 concave scrapers of flint (20 with serrated edges), Antrim, &c., N. of Ireland. From the W.J. Knowles Collection. (Lawrence.) Rare type of club, ?Fiji; and Maori tiki. (Powell.) Fine large flint blade, g small chisel-like flint celts, 9 leaf-shaped flint blades, and 7 flint scrapers, Egypt. From the W.J. Knowles Collection. (Sotheby.) Barbed bronze fish-hook, Bronze Age, L. Neuchatel, Switzerland; another, Roman, London; apparatus with stone sinker and crab's carapace to protect the hook used in line-fishing for wrasse, W. Coast of Ireland; fishing line with a number of thorn hooks attached to snoods for flounder-fishing on the Essex Coast; similar set with bent pins instead of thorn-hooks, Lancashire Coast; fish-hook with imitation fish on the shank as lure, English, Redditch; grapnel for retrieving fishing-lines, and fish-hook with spring barb, English; native-made model of a 3-pointed Eskimo fish-spear, Alaska; 2 halibut hooks, Haida, NW. America; 4 wooden fish-hooks with iron points, set of 3 iron fish-hooks with snoods attached to a cord, and large iron fish-hook with snood, Maori, New Zealand; 2 wooden fish-hooks, Gilbert Islands; 5 arrows, Solomon Islands; dance-club, Santa Cruz Islands; spear-thrower, N. New Guinea; Australian boomerang, ?New South Wales; 3 Dayak harpoon-blades, and fine Sea Dayak sabre with carved deer-antler pommel, Sarawak; 2 Malay krises; throwing-club picked up on the Desert near Biskra, Algeria; two-bladed dagger with sheaths of crocodile skin, Sudan; sword with sheath of crocodile skin, ?Sudan; dagger and short sword both with sheaths, ?Gaboon, W. Africa; carved measuring-stick dated 1794, Holland; dagger, and iron-bladed axe, ?locality. (Stevens.)  Wooden figure of a woman, MaKonde tribe, 4 transverse flutes, and 6 tops, WaMakua tribe, Lulindi; wooden shield, WaYao or WaMakua, Masasi; carpenter's pump-drill, carpenter's bow-drill, and piece of bark-cloth, WaYao, Lulindi; and wooden top, Masasi, Tanganyika Territory. Rectangular rattle of grass-stems containing seeds, used in dances, &c., Chilikwa, N. Rhodesia; and primitive clarinet, Zanzibar, said to be of Baluchi origin. (Universities Mission to Central Africa.) Collection of German emergency and local currency issued after the War (1914-18), viz.: 20 pieces of porcelain currency, Saxony and Schleiz; 55 paper currency-notes in 9 sets commemorating Schiller, Goethe, Luther, &c., from Weimar, Tiefurt, Rudolstadt, Eisenach, Artern, Wittenberg, and Halle; 3 of leather from Osterwieck and Possneck; and 5 of silk and linen (one edged with black lace), Bielefeld. (Wiedemann.)

Specimens collected in Melanesia by the late Rev. George Brown, viz.: fishing-net, ? Trobriand Islands; sago-stirrer, and 2 engraved lime-gourds, Kiriwina, Trobriand Islands; native maker's string of 25 bamboo combs, New Guinea; two-handed glaive, Matty Island; spear with cassowary's leg-bone at butt and diwarra shell decoration, 2 string-work fishing bags used by women, 3 baskets, and cycas nut mounted on strings which are twisted and then pulled to make the nut spin reciprocally and emit a note, New Britain; string-work bag, Baining tribe, New Britain; heavy spear with cassowary bone at butt and decorated with strings of diwarra shell, 2 spears barbed with fish-spines, and bundle of unperforated diwarra shells for use as currency, Nakanai, NE. New Britain; spear with human humerus at butt, said to be New Ireland but ? New Britain; spear with palm-wood point, and 2 clubs, New Ireland; 3 dance-masks, N. New Ireland; 2 baskets, Shortland Island, Solomon Islands; 6 arrows, Solomon Islands; basket, sheet of white calico painted with black designs to suit native taste, and 2 hair combs, Samoa. (The Trustees of the Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle.)  3 small spear-heads of native copper hammered into shape, Wisconsin, U.S.A. (Beloit Museum, Wisconsin.)

Specimens from various tribes in the Naga Hills, Assam,viz.: man's cloth, and 3 cannons of rolled hide, Kuki; box Containing small Manipuri coins, and 4 cloths, Thado Kuki; Kabui girl's shawl; cloth, and woman's loin-cloth, ? Yimtsungr (Yachungr); woman's loin-cloth, 5 cloths, and 2 hats, Yimtsungr (Yachungr); 2 cloths, Yimtsungr or Kalyo-Kengyu; lengta, or man's loin-cloth, ?Kalyo-Kengyu; whet-stone, cowrie apron, pair of cane-work leggings, woman's loin-cloth, man's baldric, and 2 hats, Kalyo-Kengyu; cloth, and woman's loin-cloth or petticoat, ?Kacha Naga; iron staff, food-dish, mithan-horn drinking-horn with cane-work stand, basket with 4 wooden feet, necklet of banana-seed beads worn also by Angamis and Lhotas, shuttle, white cloth, 2 women's breast-cloths, and girl's loin-cloth, Kacha Naga; food-dish, and pair of feather ear-ornaments, Kacha Naga or Angami; large veteran's shield with plume, fringes, &c, food-dish, zu-cup, hair-wig, bear's hair chaplet, " sporran ", waist ropes of white cotton, belt of cotton ropes, embroidered belt, 2 pairs of leggings, number of bamboo circlets (pissoh) worn above the knee, 2 leglets worn above the pissoh, 4 pairs of armlets, 4 necklets, neck-string given by a young man to his sweetheart, neck-ornament of large piece of conch-shell, veteran's head-ornament of cane with hair-fringe, head-ornament of feathers on fan-shaped framework with cotton ropes to go round the front, worn by warriors who have taken heads, 3 warriors' breast-ornaments, a circular one for young men, 3 pairs of ear-ornaments, wooden representation of a human head, 2 sashes worn by men over the left shoulder and across the chest, woman's breast-cloth, 7 women's loin-cloths, 3 women's cloths, cloth of nettle-fibre, 3 cloths, embroidered genna-cloth made in Manipur, and warrior's loin-cloth with rows of cowries,- Angami; dao carrier, chabili-currency, hat, woman's loin-cloth, 2 women's cloths, 2 cloths mainly used by men, 3 cloths worn by rich men, and a very valuable cloth worn only by a man whose father, grandfather, and himself have all three completed the necessary ceremonies, Ao Naga; woman's cloth, Ao or Lhota; ancient spear and spear-head, cloth bag, cowrie "apron ", 4 cloths (one used by a Sema man), and 6 women's loin-cloths, Lhota; man's cloth, Lhota or Sema; 2 brass and I bell-metal gongs for attaching to cowrie "aprons" or hats, ? Sema; dao-handle,panji-basket, spear-shaft in form that it is presented to a superior, wig, 7 baldrics, neeklet of conch-shell beads, warrior's collar of boar's tusks, 2, dance-tails with panji-baskets, pair of cowrie-covered gauntlets, 2 women's loin-cloths, and 6 cloths, Sema; 3 cloths, Rengma or Sema; cross-bow, old quiver with 8 arrows, 2 dao-carriers, helmet, carved bamboo drink-carrier, tobacco-pipe, 3 baldrics, necklet of part of the rim of a tin plate and boar's tusk, woman's loin-cloth, man's lengta or loin-cloth, 3 cloths, 6 hats, and brass gong for cowrie "apron" or hat, Chang; woman's loin-cloth, ? Konyak; cross-bow, 2 spears (one with 2 points), bead necklet with small carved wooden human head, similar carved head, warrior's basket, collection of baetylic stones, tobacco-pipe, cloth bag, mithan-horn trumpet, 2 cane belts, brass breast-ornament, 2 cloths, 4 hats, young man's head-band, and 3 head-hunters' trophies from Yungya, Konyak; 3 cloths made by Aos for Phom market, and spear,Phom; man's cloth, Sangtam; and cross-bow, Southern Sangtam. Lent by J.H. Hutton, M.A., D.Sc.,C.I.E. Specimens from various tribes in the Naga Hills, viz.: Kabui dance dao, Manipur; poisoned head of gun-arrow for elephants, 3 bamboo blow-guns, woman's seed-basket, small loom, shuttle, syphon for zu or rice-beer, wooden vessel with lid, boy's spinning-top, bull-roarer, man's cloth, 2 blankets faced with cotton-wool, and specimens showing the casting of brass armlets by the cire perdue process, Thado Kuki; 2 cloths, Yimtsungr (Yachungr); ancient dao, wooden model of ancient dao for dances, panjis in cane-work holder, wooden implement for weeding millet, ceremonial fire-making appliances (flexible-saw method), cane-work matting, 2 wooden dishes, wooden drinking-vessel carved to resemble one of mithan-horn with stirrer, rice-beer spoon, 3 wooden spoons (one with holes for straining), wooden vessel with lid, salt in leaf, mirror, girl's dance coronet, boy's hair-ornament, 2 pairs of ear-ornaments, 2 girls' breast-cloths, and 4 girls' loin-cloths, Kacha Naga; razor for shaving the sides of the head, rain "coat" of pandanus leaf, tobacco-pipe, and man's baldric, Kalyo-Kengyu; club formerly for clan riots, model of leaf rain " coat " partly plaited and woven on wooden frame, basket-work vessel for condiments, bunch of leaves put up in a field to bewitch a man and his crop, 2 men's cloths, and woman's loin-cloth, Angami; war-shield, 8 wooden models of daos for graves, 6 pottery models of pots, 2 flutes, winnowing-fan, 6 men's cloths, very valuable cloth only worn by a man whose father and grandfather as well as himself have all three done mithan sacrifices, rich woman's cloth, 2 poor women's loin-cloths, and woman's head-fillet, Ao Naga; 8 stone celts, Sema Country; riding-switch made by a Sema, shield, 3 men's cloths, woman's cloth, 2 women's loin-cloths, cane fillet worn by engaged girls, and man's chaplet of pig's bristles, Sema; rich woman's cloth, woman's loin-cloth, and 3 love amulets of small feathers, Lhota; dao-holder, 5 bird snares, 3 pottcry-making tools, rice-beer spoon, 3 men's cloths, 3 women's cloths, 3 women's loin-cloths, Rengma; war-shield, quiver for cross-bow darts, man's cowrie-belt and dao-carrier, rich man's cowrie " apron ", brass chain necklet with pair of ivory "tiger's teeth" (real tiger's teeth being genna to Changs), and 2 men's cloths, Chang; hide shield, boy's cane-work shield, ancient spear, harpoon, 3 panji-quivers, old iron staff, 4 bamboo knives for peeling taro, 2 netting-needles with coarse string, enemy's hat hung up as a trophy and cane thong for suspending it, skull trophy, wooden ornament worn on the hips by man who has taken a head, breast-pendant of parrot beaks, brass imitation of conch-shell breast-ornament, 3 men's necklets, girl's necklet with jews' harp attached, woman's necklet, necklet given by a Konyak girl to a Chang man for taking the head of a joint enemy, hair-cutting mallet, man's cane work chaplet, brass armlet, 2 ivory armlets, 14 small carved wooden heads worn by men as chest ornaments, 3 breast-pendants (one a conventionalized face of ? silver, the second a brass head, and the third in imitation of the Turbinella shell ornament with relief of human face), carved wooden ornament representing a man's head for a man's basket, basket of a man who has taken a head, 3 satchels, baldric, 2 men's cloths, rich woman's loin-cloth, 2 pairs of mithan-horns clapped rogether by women when mourning, shrimping basket, rat-trap set with thorny mid-ribs of the Calamus palm, cloth band for carrying baskets, rain-cloak of leaf-strips, human-hair thread worn by women round the waist and into which the loin-cloth is tucked, 2 hats, "letter" of knotted cane demanding tribute, double flute played by two men at once, 2, flutes, flageolet, and 4 bull-roarers, Konyak; hide shield, and wooden tobacco-pipe, Phom; cross-bow, quiver with cross-bow darts, snare for jungle-fowl, man's lengta or loin cloth, fiddle and bow made after an Ao model, rich woman's skirt or loin-cloth, boy's necklet, cane-work wristlet, scoop set with thorny midribs of Calamus palm for scooping up and catching fish semi-stupified by poisoning the water, wooden spoon, wooden block most of which is beaten into fibre to hang in the house for wiping the hands on, and man's ear-ornament, Sangtam. Lent by J.P. Mills, M.A., I.C.S.

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