Report of the Pitt-Rivers Museum, 1923

The addition of exhibition-cases in the galleries has involved much temporary disarrangement; the rearrangement of some important and extensive series is in hand and the improvement will be very marked. Extra cases and cabinets have also been added in various parts of the Museum for smaller series. The lower gallery has been kept closed during the year, to facilitate the work. A large amount of labelling has been done. Much use has been made of the Museum for teaching purposes both by schools and by associations of school-teachers, and the Curator has given some special lectures and demonstrations in connexion with these. In October 12 students entered for the regular course of lectures for the Diploma in Anthropology.

The accessions have been very important. Specially noteworthy amongst these are the valuable consignments of specimens from the Naga Hills, Assam, sent by Mr. J.H. Hutton and Mr. J.P. Mills; the objects collected during the Buchanan-Rodd expedition to the Aïr Tuaregs of the Southern Sahara, given by Mr Francis Rodd; the large collection of specimens from Sarawak, given by H.H. the Raja; and the very representative collection made for the Museum in the region of the Upper Amazon R., by Major R.H. Thomas, and given by him (this large consignment was very generously shipped free of all charges by the Booth Company, a considerable saving of expense being thus effected). Through the kindness of the Executors of the late Mr. Charles Smith, the latter’s very interesting collection, chiefly of Maori specimens, was purchased for a sum far below its value. A list of the accessions is appended.

Bone bead, "pigmy" flint implement, 2 very small stone scrapers, and several small flakes, excavated from a rock-shelter near Howison's Poort; 5 scrapers from a rock-shelter near Alicedale; and 4 flakes, Port Alfred, Cape Colony. Presented by the Trustees of the Albany Museum, Grahamstown. 4 ancient pipe-bowls, Yawnghwe town, S. Shan States; pottery friction drum, Madras; and bronze pilgrim stamp, Orissa. Presented by T.N. Annandale, M.A., D.Sc., C.I.E. Birch-bark tray embroidered with quill-work, Canadian Indian; Chinese paper mock-money for making offerings to gods, &c.; 2 stone celts, N. India; 8 pottery whistles in bird and animal forms, Florence; jingling horse-whip, Hardanger, Norway; and 2 Moustierian chert implements, Le Moustier, Dordogne, France. Presented by H. Balfour, M.A., F.S.A. Flint celt, Denmark; stone celt, Lees R., and stone axe, Coles R., Rhode Island, U.S.A.; 3 Inca stone axes, and stone mace-head, Cuenca, and copper adze perforated for hafting, Azogues, Ecuador. Presented by Dr. E. A. Barton. Sistrum of pecten shells, Comox, Vancouver Island; and 3 IX cent. bronze spoons, Corea. Presented by H.G. Beasley. Magnalium coin for 200 marks 1923, and million-mark currency-note, Sept. 1923, Germany. Horse-beads worn as amulets against the Evil-eye, Smyrna; bracelet with blue glass bead worn against the Evil-eye, brass token (20 paras) for use on the Bridge and the Tramways now accepted as currency, 6 postage stamps stuck on stout paper for use as small change, and packet of antimony, Stambul, Turkey. Perforated coin (10 lepta) 1912 and modern (1922) white-metal coin of same value, Greece. Presented by Miss B.M. Blackwood, B.Sc., M.A. Piece of Fijian bark-cloth; and 2 photographs of Maoris showing moko. Presented by Mrs. J.E. Blomfield. 32 miniature arrow-heads of iron used as currency, Abajun district, S. Nigeria. Presented by British Museum. Specimens obtained during Prof. Flinders Petrie's excavations at Qau-el-Kebir, 1922-23, viz.: part of a fine flint blade, forked flint blade, 3 flint flakes, part of a granite mace-head, slate palette and pebble for grinding paint, bone ring, potsherd, copper pin, and chalcedony bead, Pre-dynastic; 7 flint flakes, and saw-edged flake, ?Pre-dynastic; valve of bivalve shell perforated near the hinge, Proto-dynastic; flake worked at one end into a " duck-billed " scraper, 2 blades, and 6 flint flakes, ?Proto-dynastic; 2, copper needles, i Dynasty; flint flake, 2 grinding stones, river-mussel shell, 2 copper mirrors, and 2 pottery head-rests, Old Kingdom; copper mirror, ix Dynasty; bronze tweezers, and 4 kohl-pots, xii Dynasty; 2 polishing stones, ? xii Dynasty; 2 kohl- pots, xviii Dynasty; 2 femurs (?ox) cut or sawn as material for manufacture, and l0 objects made or partly made of bone and ivory, xix Dynasty; piece of carved wood, leaf-shaped flint flake, end of a flint blade, and 3 saw-edged sickle flints, undated. Presented by the British School of Archaeology in Egypt. Bamboo street-call whistle, Japan; 2 pieces of bone engraved with early Chinese characters of the Han period, excavated near Peking, set of 4 painted bamboo divining tablets, pair of common chop-sticks, 2 tongue-scrapers, 2 pairs of wooden "hand-balls", and 6 small clay toy models of people, Peking. Presented by L. H. Dudley Buxton, M.A. Flail for threshing from a farm where still used, E. Pyrenees; gilt token for 50 centimes, France; examples of local emergency currency from S. France, viz. 2 Carcassone 1917, 2 Herault, 2 Narbonne, 6 (3 varieties) Perpignan, 3 Haute Garonne, 3 trade tokens circulating as currency, Herault and S. France; and I5 local currency notes Belfort, 2 Avignon, Region Provencale, Cette, Montpellier, Beziers, Narbonne, 3 Perpignan, Aveyron, Carcassone, Toulouse, and Gers. Presented by G. R. Carline. Hoe-blade with ogee-section, Bakiga, L. Bunyonyi, Ruanda, E. Central Africa; and specimens collected in N. Prov. Of Uganda, viz.: wooden side-blast trumpet for scaring elephants, wooden whistle used by Madi carriers when on safari, and woman's lip-ornament, Madi; string of mussel-shell disk-beads worn by women round the waist, E. Madi, Adropi Camp; 2 small baskets into which food is rasped and sometimes placed over babies' heads to protect them from the sun, and basketry head-cover, evidently derived from this, for babies' heads and also worn by women, W. Madi, Laropi Village; iron hoe-blade, and large one of similar form used only for marriage mal or bride-purchase, W. Madi, Metuli Camp; Lugwari man's brass neck torque with jingles; and Acholi man's dance-armlet. Presented by G. D. Hale Carpenter, M.D. Plaster cast of an archer's large carved wooden wrist-guard Nepal. Presented by Ramaprasad Chanda. Antimony flask, Nigeria; 2 glass "eye" amulets against the Evil-eye, Hebron; and samples of "frankincense", "myrrh", and "spikenard", Palestine. Presented by Miss Claridge. Pair of depilating-forceps, ?Tibet or Darjiling; pottery bowl in form of a human head with representations of a pair of slings wound round the hair, Nasca, Peru; obsidian arrow-head, U.S.A.; "bull-roarer", and hide sling for throwing stones, Zuni, New Mexico. Presented by L.G.C. Clarke, M.A. 2 blow-guns with 5 darts, Kadar tribe, Anamali Hills and Punachi district, S. India. Presented by C.R. Congreve. Specimens collected in Kaffraria, S. Africa, viz.: 7 women's tobacco-pipes decorated with bead-work, 2 cloth tobacco-bags, 6 snuff-flasks, of hide (I), gourd (3), and small bottle-gourds (2), bottle-gourd as used for making snuff-flasks, horn snuff-spoon, 2 black horn spoons, 2 necklets of unbaked clay beads, 15 bead-work necklets, man's brass wire ring worn above the calf, string-like belt of brass wire worn by men round the waist, woman's cloth belt covered with bead-work worn over the blanket-skirt, man's cotton loin-cloth with bead decoration worn only just before marriage, small wheel-like bead-work ornament, and 2 sheaths for wearing over the glans penis, Ama Mpondumise, Tsolo district; cloth tobacco-bag, Fingo; bead necklet, and waist-belt, BaSuto; large safety-pin with fringe of beads for pinning a man's blanket over the shoulder, 3 necklets and broad collar of bead-work, necklet of bars of sweet-scented wood from Kimberley, cord-like belt of plaited grass made by boys when herding cattle, 2 women's bead-work belts worn under the blanket-skirt, and similar type of belt for a small girl as her only clothing. Presented by F. Corner. Natural celt-like stone, Roxburghshire, Scotland. Presented by O.G.S. Crawford, M.A, F.S.A. Board with a pair of movable foot-pieces used by dancing-and deportment-masters for training young ladies to place their feet in correct positions, early nineteenth century, found in lumber-room, Ditchley, Oxon. Presented by Lord Dillon. 10-centimes piece, local currency, d'Evreux, and postage-stamp mounted as emergency currency in disk with transparent cover, France. Presented by Miss D.L. Douie. Nephrite adze-blade, New Caledonia. Presented by T.D. Dunlop. Blow-gun, Malabar, S. India. Presented by F. Fawcett. Flake, 2 "Moustierian" points, and 9 side-scrapers, all of chert, Le Moustier; 13 side-scrapers, 3 points, burin-like implement, 5 flakes, 2 "discoidals", quartz hammer-stone, fragment of a femur (?ox), and 4 animal teeth, Moustierian Layer, La Ferrassie; 18 various scrapers, 3 burins, and pointed flake, Aurignacian layer, La Ferrassie; 10 various scrapers, combined end-scraper and burin, 15 burins, flaked spall, sandstone hammer, butt of a harpoon of reindeer-antler, base of reindeer-antler with artificial cuts, and fragment of engraved bone, Madelainian, La Madelaine; 3 plaster-casts from carvings in reindeer-antler representing deer, Laugerie Basse, Dordogne; 2 fragments of engraved bone, and large sandstone hammer, Abri la Souquette, Roches de Sergeac. (The above were mostly obtained from Mons. Peyronie of Les Eyzies.) Flake-knife, 10 scrapers, 27 arrow-heads, 5 leaf-shaped blades, 8 worked flakes, thick multi-pointed implement, 15 drills, 11 small double-pointed implements, 2 crescentic implements, 16 very small implements of various shapes, very small core, and 4 flakes showing signs of use, Ghardaia; and 13 "pigmy" implements, Bou Saada, Algeria; 2 worked flakes, and 3 blades, Wargla, Algerian Sahara. 5 core-implements of flint and sandstone of Chelleo-Acheulian, type from Quarternary gravels, Zelles near Gafsa; discoidal implement, 14 end-scrapers, 3 roughly-tanged end-scrapers, 27 worked flakes, 2 flakes more or less used, 1 unworked flake, pointed " tortoise-core ", ovate plano-convex implement, combined end-scraper and burin, 5 burins, 4 " Tardenoisian " implements, and 2 drills, various localities, Gafsa district, Tunisia. Presented by Miss D. Garrod. Flake, scraper, number of early potsherds (? Bronze Age and later), and portions of 3 rods of white pottery, excavated in the Playing-fields, St. Edward's School; and scraper (?) of pitch-stone, Marston Ferry Road, Oxford; and flaked flint, Black Heath, near Albury. Presented by B.M. Goldie. A pair of, and 2 single, long wax candles for church and ordinary use, Abyssinia. Presented by J.W. Grabham. Basketry bowl, Arizona, U.S.A.; wooden haft for stone axe, NW. America; wooden vessel used in making caste-marks, and 16 sacred knotted cords sanctified by Brahmans, Benares, India; 5 fragments of blue and white tiles from the Blue Mosque, Tabriz, Persia; coat of arms in relief from a "Belarmine" stoneware jug dug up in Magdalen College, Oxford; English shot-pouch with charge-measure ; brass hand amulet against the Evil-eye for fixing to the saddle of a cab-horse's harness, Naples; and strombus-shell trumpet, wooden clappers, and pottery friction-drum used at the Feast of Piedigrotta, Naples. Presented by R.T. Gunther, M.A. Stick of trade tobacco used as currency in New Guinea and the S. Pacific. Presented by A.C. Haddon, D.Sc., F.R.S. String of 184 nephrite beads with tassel of pteropus-hair string, made in New Caledonia and obtained in Loyalty Islands, Presented by Mrs. Hadfield. Neolithic flint celt, Horton-cum-Studley, Oxon. Presented by Turner Henderson. Specimens collected in Algeria, chiefly in the Aures Mountains, in 1922-23, viz.: 2 pair of fire-sticks, 2 wooden spoons for kuskus, 2 carved wooden powder-flasks, stick for applying kohl to the eyelids, pebble for burnishing sun-dried pots before firing, 2 potsherds of baked tein clay, sun-dried vessel of tein clay not yet baked, spouted pottery bowl finished with varnish, trumpet of Barbary sheep's horn used for summoning the people, "water" tobacco-pipe, and basketry dish, Mechounech; flint and steel with tinder of Artemisia flower, bee-skep of halfa grass, Oud-el-Habel; 2 wooden needles used in stitching halfa grass baskets, wooden plough for a pair of donkeys, and thorns used in an operation on the penis, Oum-el-Habel; stick for fire-making by rubbing on a stone-slab, Teniet-el-Abel; grey clay (tein) for making pottery, Oulache; wooden compasses used by makers of wooden dishes, Maafa; wood used for dye-making for dyeing leather red, brass pricker and double-ended iron lancet for eye operations, and bunch of ears of corn hung up in a house to bring luck, Menaa; similar bunch which hung in a house for six years, Ghoufi, Aures; 6 cauteries, bone-saw, double-ended scalping knife used in trepalming, double dental pinchers of iron, splint with perforated wooden plate and tourniquet, nose-splint, leathern disk used in circumcision, tin cupping instrument, bamboo medicine measure, leathern bag used by several generations of a famous family of doctors, and a number of powders, &c., used as drugs, Tilatou, W. Aures (the above are all Shawiya). Iron-bladed adze, 3 pair of fire sticks, bowdrill used by carpenters and armourers, corn-trophy hung up in a house for luck, wooden single-donkey plough, and 3 water-clocks which sink in water in a given time used for timing irrigation, Arab, El Kantara; a similar water-clock, Ourial, near Biskra; and iron share for wooden plough, Arab and Shawiya. Presented by M.W. Hilton-Simpson, B.Sc. Dress equipment worn by newly-circumcised boys during seclusion following the initiatory operation, Soninki Mandingos of Niumi, Gambia, W. Africa, viz.: 2 open-work "shirts" of bark cord, 2 pairs of cotton fringes worn on the thighs, 2 head-dresses with black fringe of bast to represent a woman's hair, and basketry shield to cover the face in the presence of adult men. Presented by E. Hopkinson. Blow-gun (and harpoon-dart) for fishing, S. Malabar and Cochin; blunt-headed bird arrow, Wynaad, Malabar; fishing cross-bow and long harpoon-arrow, Travancore and S. Malabar; 2 curved wooden throwing-clubs, Mandapam village, Ramnad district, obtained at Rameswaram Island, Gulf of Manar; and model of hide-covered coracle used on the Cauvery River, Madras Presidency. Presented by James Hornell. 3 "black-magic" dolls, one in a basket and one in a bowl, for sympathetic magic against 3 people, and "amulet" made by Dr. Hunt to "protect" one of the "victims" from the effects, Lallaguda, Hyderabad, India. Presented by Dr. E.S. Hunt. Specimens collected in Assam, chiefly in the Naga Hills, viz.: 2 stone celts from Sirhima, a deserted Chakroma Angami village; carved wooden human head with fringed collar of hair for suspending round the neck of a man who has taken a head, Tengima Angami; 3 clay pellets for bullet-bow, bow with 3 bamboo-bladed arrows for shooting at a "popinjay" set on a pole during the Sekrengi genna, cane strips showing the process of dyeing, bull-roarer used by boys as a toy, E. Angami man's cane necklet, and large gourd cup for drinking rice beer, Angami Naga; woven belt for a dao-carrier, Ao Naga; bull-roarer used by boys for scaring birds from crops, 2 bull-roarer derivatives painted and hung up in the doorway of a house to avert evil spirits, and notched bamboo tally which was brought as evidence in a dispute, Sema; cane-work hat, Chang type; another, Yachungrr type; 2 basketry quivers for panjis or bamboo laming spikes, Tukomi Sangtam; woman's head band and petticoat belt, Phom; small tanged celt, Kacha Nagas, 2 double-bowled tobacco-pipes, transverse flute, 2, flageolets, 2 pottery bowls, pair of "gaiters", 2, "umbrella" puzzles, and miniature objects for dead man's memorial as wooden daos, bamboo spear, reed shield, cross-bow, "horned" helmet, pottery imitation conch-shell ornament, basket, liquor-jar, cooking-pot, &c., Kalyo-Kengyu; horn , panji-carrier with bundle of cane panjis, wooden panji-carrier in imitation of a horn one, 2 carved wooden dao-carriers with cane-work and bark belts, 2, belts, 3 hats, 2, cross-bow arrows, 2 monkey skulls painted to illustrate the decoration of a man's skull prior to placing in cist in village cemetery, 2 pairs of ear-ornaments of dyed goats' hair, another pair made of fish-bone, an emblem hung from the morung at the sowing festival, gourd receptacle for carrying oddments, small bamboo cap to keep the twisted ends of leaves together in which food is wrapt, [sic] 3 spring traps for catching wild cat, and number of mounted trophy skulls, Konyak; woman's loin cloth embroidered with red (dyed) dogs' hair, Naga Hills. Mikir sleeveless jacket embroidered in coloured threads, Mikir Hills, Assam; Mishmi bear-skin pouch, NE. Assam; nose-flute, and double nose-flute, Aka, N. Assam; 3 blow-guns and 3 darts for shooting rats, and trophy skull, Thado Kuki, NW. Manipur. Padded fighting hat, Oraon; and 2, stone celts, Chota Nagpur, Bengal. Presented by J.H. Hutton, M.A., C.I.E. Specimens collected in the Konyak country, Naga Hills, viz.: old iron spear-head, 3 throwing darts, 3 iron-bladed hoes smith's stone hammer, pottery cup, automatic bird-scarer, man's circlet of beads worn below the knee, luck-stones in a canework bag, fire-making implements("flexible saw" method), boy's toy hat and basket, bone lime-box with iron spatula, wooden head hung in the morung for an enemy who has been wounded but not killed, 2 canework ornaments of conventionalized human figures hung in a house at Longmien, stone brought back from boundary of Jakphange land by successful raiders and mounted in canework and hung in the morung at Yaktu ensuring further successful raids, and 2 large carved wooden memorial figures (man and woman) erected at Angfang in memory of the deceased. Presented by J.H. Hutton, M.A., C.I.E., and J.P. Mills, M.A., I.C.S. Pearl-shell breast-ornament inlaid with sperm-whale ivory, sperm-whale's tooth mounted as used for making presents, 6 bone needles used in stitching canoe-sails, Fiji; and stone ball. Presented by Sir Everard im Thurn, K.C.M.G. Specimens collected by Miss Beatrice Ingram chiefly in the Naga Hills, Assami, viz.: model of a man to show dress, &c., 2 loin-cloths, pair of sashes, " sporran " for dances, ceremonial "tail", 2 pairs of ear-pendants, 4 tail-feathers of the Great Hornbill with hair fringes for wearing as head-plumes and 4 pieces of wood upon which these feathers are set, Angami; necklet of white shell beads, ? Angami; narrow lengta or loin-cloth, Sema; embroidered and fringed "baldrick", probably Sema; 2 carved.dao-carriers with belts, Ao type; lengta with flap painted with human figures, &c., Ao; head of the Great Hornbill worn between the shoulders for dances by Lhota men; and, panji-quiver of horn with bamboopanjis, Konyak, Naga Hills. Sleeveless jacket woven on a hand loom in Manipur; embroidered cloth bag, probably made by Kachins in N. Burma; and Ghoorka kukrc; Presented by E.W.B. Ingram, O.B.E. Kayan figure of a Rhinoceros Hornbill for setting up at ceremonies, Sarawak. Presented by Capt. H. Jacques. 2 flint flakes of ? late Bronze Age culture, Lavington, Wiltshire. Presented by Rev. H.G.O. Kendall, M.A. Stone-age specimens collected in Mesopotamia, viz.: flint, 3 flakes, 2 flint saws, and part of obsidian flake, Ur; 3 flint saws, Abu Sokheir and Tell Obeid, near Ur; and obsidian flake, Abu Shahrein. Presented by A.W. Lawrence. 10 rejects from a factory of Kimmeridge shale armlets, Kimmeridge, Dorset. Presented by H.N. Lipscombe. Specimens from the Gold Coast, viz.: 6 wooden stamps for printing designs on the skin especially when winning a lawsuit, Fanti; 5 leopards' teeth and 3 birds' claws worn as protection against drowning by " Kru-boys "; figure of a man on horse-back, 27 gold-weights, and 2 small spoons for gold-dust, all of cast brass. Presented by R.W. Macan, M.A., D.Litt. Collection of flint implements and bones of Moustierian period excavated at La Quina, Charente, France, viz.: 42 "racloirs" or side-scrapers, 3 "racloir" like implements, point, worked flake, 3 used flakes, 2 knife-like flakes, "limace", "grattoir", end-scraper, rough "discoidal", "moustierian points", multi-pointed scarifier, "racloir-grattoir", flake with striae on the cortex, 2 hammer-stones, a roughly-made stone sphere; 16 animal bones showing scored marks due probably to the bones having been used as "anvils" in working flint 15 animal bones and 2 bases of reindeer antlers all showing signs of cuts and scratches with stone implements, and bone showing tooth-marks from gnawing, La Quina. Bison bone and 3 fragments gnawed by hyaenas (?), Trou du Cluzeau (Aurignacian), Dordogne. Presented by Dr. Henri Martin. Eskimo woman's copper knife from an old grave, Southampton Island, Hudson Bay. Presented by Capt. H.T. Munn. Gazelle-trap with wooden spikes pointing inwards, Ababdeh, Upper Egypt. Presented by G.W. Murray. Shirt of string-work, 2 bags of wool-work and one of bead-work for tobacco, clarinet of cow's horn, and wooden whistle, Mataco Indians, Pilcomayo R., and reed whistle of flute-a-bec type, Chiriguano, N. Argentine. Presented by C.J. Olivier. Bone model of a fish formerly used as a fishing mascot by fishermen, Yarmouth, Norfolk. Presented by H.H. Peach. Chert flakes from the Plain of Gennesareth, Palestine. Presented by F. Turville-Petre Tobacco-bag of string-work decorated with otter-skin, Ba-Tutsi, Ruanda, E.C. Africa. Presented by Mrs. Philipps. Specimens collected in S. India, viz.: bird arrow and 5 iron-bladed arrows, Rampa, and 3 cattle-branding irons, Godavari district; Chenchu bow and 2 arrows, Nallarnalai Hills, Kurnool district. Warp-setting instrument, Panapakkam; 4 cock-spurs, Chandragiri, Chittoor; painted pumpkirl, and wooden cradle hung up by women as ex votos in a temple, Tiruttani; conventionalized hand carried in Muharram procession, Vellore; wooden mould for making clay bricks, Yerikutti, Gudiyattam Taluk; bamboo slats in an iron frame for removing sand from the bed of river channels for irrigation, Palar R.; … arrow, Wandiwash; pellet-bow, cart-bullock's leathern collar with brass bells, bunch of barbed hooks, and brass spoon, N. Arcot. Spindle with heavy wooden whorl, wooden cone for keeping the strands separate in rope-twisting, and 2 conical hats, used by Pattanavans (fishermen); small model of a 5-log catamaran, boy's toy catamaran, confetti of "swastikas" and "horseshoes" used at an Indian Christian wedding, Madras; and collection of specimens seized in various opium and ganja dens in Madras City, viz.: 5 opium-pipes, 8 chita pipes (6 with cooling-chamber of coco-nut and 2 of palmyra nut), 5 ganja (stemless) pipes of earthenware, box of prepared sticks of charcoal for burning chita pellets, horn-box for storing opium-mixture, and 3 opium-smokers' small oil lamps. Engraved iron boomerang, and 2, pellet-bows, Tanjore; 3 old wooden sacred boomerangs, Pudukkottai; combined vegetable cutter and scraper, Madura; 4 cattle-branding irons, Madura, Ramnad and Tinnevelly districts; Kadar pellet-bow, Anairnalai Hills, Coimbatore dist.; Toda flute, pottery money box bought in the bazaar at Ootacamund, Kadar sickle, steel adze-blade, and 2 knives, Nilgiri district; Kurichi harpoon, Wynaad, and 2 S-shaped knives, Malabar; Izhavan (toddy-tapper's) knife in wooden sheath with belt, Kunnankulam, Cochin; knife of a steel file set in a long wooden handle, S. India. Bill-hook with S-shaped blade, ?Gond, Central Provinces; and 2, Buddhist pottery lamps, Anuradhapura, Ceylon. Presented by F.J. Richards, M.A., I.C.S. Specimens collected during the Buchanan-Rodd Expedition of 1922 in N. Nigeria and Air, viz.: Fulani bead necklet, Fulani girl's black cord necklet with glass pendants, Bush Hausa and Fulani tinder-pouch, and dagger with sheath to which a tinder-pouch is attached, Dankaba; and Hausa and Fulani sistrum of calabash disks, N. Nigeria. The following specimens are all Tuareg from Damergu and Air, French W. Africa: "star" trap and raw-hide noose for catching giraffe, Zurawa, S. Damergu; 3 similar traps of smaller size and 4 nooses for large gazelles, Kalillua, C. Damergu; toy camel of rag, and leathern bag-purse, Damergu. Pottery mouse- and rat-trap, Air and Damergu. Cross-hilted sword with sheath, 2 daggers in sheaths, 2 food-receptacles of moulded hide, 2 ornamental leathern bags, leathern cushion, camel's bridle, pendant of repousse tin plate worn by women, and 2 worn on the head by "noble" men, pendent cruciform metal ornament ("Agades" cross) worn by women, 5 specimens illustrating processes in the making of stone armlets, 4 completed stone armlets, 2 silver armlets, leathern wallet for holding charms, and 3 for needles, &c., Agades; serrated sickle for cutting grass for camel-fodder, wooden spoon, bag of plaited palm fronds, leathern bag for food, &c., glass finger-ring worn suspended from the neck by men and women, and 2 green glass beads worn by a child as amulets, Auderas; 2 wooden spoons and wooden ladle made by the Enad of Timia; large wooden key-hole from a house, Assode; open-work muzzle for a camel, small cooking pot, iron house-key, knife (or spoon) similar in shape to the surgical knife from Tintaghoda, 2, small " star " traps for small gazelles, nut-shell used as a grease-pot, written charm for wearing round the head over the veil by men, collection of 24 written charms in leathern cases, bundle of inscribed charm papers, piece of wood inscribed all over in Arabic (probably magical), and dried head of vulture with inscribed paper charms encased in leathern cover and used as an amulet, Assarara; basket-bowl (7 Sudan work) with leathern cover, skin used as a receptacle for herbs and small articles, small pottery bowl and large nut-shell used as ink-pots, small pottery bowl used for ink, grease, medicines, &c., snuff-box made from 2 cartridge-cases, pith-like bark ? used as tinder, ground stone celt, wooden chisel, charm of an inscribed paper and a rib-bone in a piece of cloth, and 2 seeding-heads of " Rose of Jericho " probably for medicinal or magical use, T'intellust; small pottery saucer, Faodet; iron surgical knife for operations on boys and girls, Tintaghoda; short sword with sheath for wearing on the left arm, 2 black wooden bowls, 2 strings of twisted black leather, 4 pendants worn as amulets, 2 necklets of black twisted leather for pendants, black veil worn by men over the mouth and nose, man's cotton overall, flask made from moulded hide-scrapings by Hausas and use-:7 by Tuaregs, leathern "bucket" (W. Sudan type) used for drawing water from a well, wooden pack-saddle with saddle-pads for a camel, high-peaked saddle for a riding-camel, 2 camel-hobbles, head-gear with bit for horse, 2 leather-work saddle-cushions, leathern cord placed on a camel's neck to support the rider's foot, and barbed spear entirely of iron, Air. Presented by F. Rodd. 2 whistles, Majorca. Presented by Miss E.S. Rohde. Specimens formerly exhibited in the Chesterton House Museum, Cirencester, chiefly from Sarawak, viz.: 3 wind instruments for calling wild pigeons, Murut; cast-brass model of a European cannon valued as property, Brunei; 2 painted wooden shields, Tabekang, and Miliken; basket, Uma Kebop; ear-pendant of white metal, Kalabit, Baram district; carved wooden mask, Barawan (Central Klemantan), Baram district; 2 warriors' skin capes, ? Kenyah; 6 hooks of boars' tusks set in carved wooden holders for suspending parangs in houses;2 warriors' goat-skin capes, 10 wooden shields elaborately painted and with hair fringes, model of a boat, 2, sleeveless cloth jackets covered with beadwork, and large mat with upper surface similarly covered, Kenyah; 3 large cloths, Kenyah and Iban; 3 basket-work skull-caps, Kenyah and Land Dayak; similar hat fitted hl flat sun-hat and worn by Madang (Kenyah) women; 5 baskets, and flageolet, Tanjong; basket, Pisau (Long Glat), Mahakam R.; 5 octagonal boxes, and 2 baskets, Kanowit; 2, sets of apparatus for artificially deforming the heads of children, Milanau; 2 wooden ladles 7 wooden spoons, engraved gourd receptacle, and 2 baskets, ? Kayan; spear, 2 bamboo quivers, 3 warriors' cane-work caps, model of a boat, iron gouge for gouging rubber-trees, 2 wooden food-dishes, 2 pairs of bamboo boxes for flint, steel and tinder, and tobacco, 4 heavy copper rings worn by women in the ear-lobe, pair of canine teeth of the Clouded Tiger mounted and worn by men through the upper margin of the ear, pair of similar teeth perforated for hanging on war caps, base of cone-shell worn on war cap, tatuing [sic] needles, wooden mallet, and double pigment-holder for tatuing, 7 bamboo tobacco-boxes, 2-stringed lute, and wooden model of a burial cist, Kayan; 246 wooden pattern-blocks for impressing on the skin the patterns to be tatued in, Kayan, Iban, Kenyah, &c.: wooden shield, Kuran, Upper Sadong R.; model of a boat, bamboo lime-box, 3 pieces of bark-cloth, 4 wooden armlets, several thin anklet rings of fibre, pair of sets of women's brass armlets graduated to fit the lower arm and wrist mounted in bamboo clips, Dayak; 2 shields, 8 basket-work sitting mats, 2 large Chinese vases kept as valuable property, and 2 nose-flutes, ? Iban (Sea Dayak); large unfinished cloth, 3 cloths for making women's skirts, 9 skirts, 2 wearing cloths, sleeved jacket, 2 women's "corsets" of numbers of cane rings, frame on which the warp is laid for dyeing by the "tie-and-dye" process, 2 carved wooden armlets, pair of large ear-pendants, 6 baskets, bamboo tobacco-box, 2 tall Chinese earthenware jars, old Chinese shallow bowl, and very old Chinese celadon bowl, all 4 treasured as valuable property, 4 engraved bamboo staves, 4 drums, 2 bamboo jews' harps, 22-stringed fiddles, and a harp-like musical instrument, Iban (Sea Dayak); working model of a loom with partly-woven cloth and with wooden model of a woman, small basket, and calved wooden panel, Iban, Saribas district; piece of bark which is burnt to frighten away evil spirits by Ibans and Malays of Sarawak; shield, and 3 baskets, ? Land Dayak; shield, basket, 3 small baskets containing betel-nut and lime tubes and boxes, 3 decorated bamboo lime-boxes, and 5 engraved bamboo tobacco-boxes, Land Dayak; scale of 9 bronze gongs, Malay, Sarawak; 13 human skull trophies, 4 spears, 4 blow-guns, bamboo quiver, 7 shields, roller and wooden palette for preparing poison for blow-gun darts, paddle, 7 small models of paddles, small: models of a pair of steering-oars, 3 iron-bladed axes, 2 sago-adzes, long staff that rattles when used as a digging-stick; small wooden model of a rice-pounding mortar, 2 bamboo tongs, brass hanging lamp, 2 pottery jars impressed on outside with imitation basketry design (probably Dayak manufacture), sun-hat heavily decorated with bead-work, 2 gutta-percha armlets, boar's tusk for suspending as an ornament, imitation of European watch-chain made from the hair of a Chinese pig-tail, iron betel-nut slicer, 2 pairs of brass boxes for containing betel-nut and lime, cast bronze or brass betel-nut box, large bowl cut out of steatite, steel cock-spur, old vase valued as property, and flageolet, Sarawak; hexagonal basket plaited in ayam gila technique by Malays and probably imported into Sarawak from the Malay Peninsula. Piece of coarse bark-cloth, Java. Presented by H.H. The Raja of Sarawak. Specimens from Assam and Burma, viz.: girl's petticoat, man's cast brass or bronze cruciform plaque suspended from the neck, and satchel with carrying-sling, Abor, Dihong R., Sadiya district; girl's petticoat, and 2 pairs of hair-pins (bone and brass), Digaru Mishmi, E. of Sadiya dist., Upper Assam; 3 cloths worn by girls, man's bracelet of cast brass, man's gala ear-stud, and wooden food dish, Angami Naga; large penannular ring of thick brass rod worn by women through the upper palt of the ear, Eastern Angami; girl's breast-apron, and brass armlets, Kacha Naga, S. Barail Range; carved Chang tobacco-pipe, E. of Dikhu R.; necklet of boar's tusks, Ao and trans-Dikhu Nagas; girl's gala petticoat, man's cloth belt, and pair of warrior's gauntlets, Rengma, W. Naga Hills; porcupine quill worn in the ear-lobe by Konyak women of Tamlu, N. Naga Hills; marriage bed-spread woven by girls prior to marriage, girl's gala petticoat and "stole" of cloth with fringes of beads, Kwemi tribe, NW. Arakwan; man's cloth, girl's skirt, girl's bodice, and man's comb, Lakher tribe, S. of Lushai Hills; cotton-cloth satchel, Laie and Lakher tribe, S. of Lushai Hills; Lushai satchel, Lushai Hills; Wernho man's cloth, Tyao R., E. border of the Lushai Hills, S. of Manipur; pair of wooden ear-plugs, and bone ring worn on the foreskin, Tangkhul, Manipur; patterned cloth used as shawl and as bed-spread, wooden food-plate, and brass cup, Meithei, Manipur; Kabui Naga cloth, between Manipur valley and the Silchar border; pair of wooden disks used in a throwing game, lmphal, and pair of cast brass models of the two stone dragons which stood before the Palace at Imphal, Manipur; cloth probably woven by the Manipuris for the Nagas; Shan satchel with carrying-sling, Upper Burma. Presented by Col. L.W. Shakespeare, C.B. Pair of Maori ear-pendants of shark's teeth, Waikato dist., N. Island, New Zealand. Presented by Mrs. Staples-Browne. Mosaic fragments from the roof of St. Sophia, Constantinople; specimens excavated in 1855 by Surgeon-General D. McPherson at Panticapaeum (Kertch), Crimea, viz.: Small Greek red-and-black pottery vase, a number of beads of polychrome glass, amber, &c., and glass lachrymatory; and " The Antiquities of Kertch ", by Dr. D. McPherson, 1857. Presented by Mrs. W.D. Sturrock. European (probably Portuguese) rapier of xvi-xvii century, from Benin, S. Nigeria. Presented by P. Amaury Talbot. "Aggry" bead used in W. Africa for purchase of slaves and in Madagascar for ornament; and 152 polychrome trade beads, W. Africa. Presented by Sir Richard Temple, Bart. Specimens collected among upper Amazon tribes of N. Peru and S. Colombia, viz.: 4 blow-guns, 4 quivers for blow-gun darts with gourd carriers for cotton, 3 blow-gun darts with cotton butts, 3 spears, large paddle, candle of copal wrapped in a leaf, 2 seats, masato colander, basket with covering lid, red paint made from resin and used for water-proofing pots, 2 drinking-bowls, drum, tontoy or hollow-log gong with fibre-covered striker, feather head-ornament, hair-comb, necklace of jingling seeds, 2 women's circlets of beads for dances, 4 jingling waist-ornaments, 7 necklaces of seeds, 2 breart ornaments of bunches of seeds, &c., and 2 dance armlets, Aguaruna tribe, Santiago R.; 2 seats, and 2 gourds for water, Aguaruna and Huambisa tribes: horn powder-horn with measure of bird's beak for old shot guns, 4 spears, 3 long fishing spears, primitive loom, 2 bundles of wild cotton in strips of leaf and with 6 spinning gadgets, spindle with bone whorl, steel with piece of quartzite for fire-making, calabash drinking cup, string bag, man's "vanity"-bag of monkey-skin, monkey-skin bag for powder and caps, 16 pottery bowls of various types and sizes, 2 small reed tubes for snuff, &c., small wind instrument for imitating the call of animals, wind instrument of 2 notes for giving alarm or calling people, syrinx, notched flute of jaguar bone, 6 bamboo flutes, large sheet of bark-cloth, man's sole garment (pampanilla), 2 bamboo paint-holders containing red paint, one for body and the other for face decoration, 2 head-ornaments for dances, 3 toucan feathers for head decoration, very special hair ornament for masato dance of bird-bones seeds and small birds, 8 hair ornaments of bands of woven material (one of plaited fibre) ornamented with feathers &c., 16 hair combs, 7 necklaces of seeds and beads, bead bracelet, 6 bracelets of iguana skin, woman's bangle ornament, II breast ornaments of bunches of seeds &c., 18 ear-pendants (4 of strings of green elytra of beetles and I4 of beads and seeds), 4 pairs of feather ear-pendants, one in bamboo carrying-tube another similar tube, 8 pairs and 3 single ear-ornaments of cane, and I0 reed ornaments worn by women in the lower lip, Huambisa tribe, Santiago R.; very large dug-out canoe, 5 pottery bowls, 7 coronets of quill feathers, 2 chaplets of parrot feathers worn round the bases of feather coronets, chaplet of parrot-feathers on a wooden base, parrot-tail used as material for making head-dresses and worn stuck into a chaplet until a head-dress or coronet is made, jingling necklace, 22 necklets (Il of feathers, 4 of bird-bones and feathers, and 7 of beads with pendant feathers and small birds), very highly-valued neck-ornament of rows of bird-bones with fringe of teeth and feathers and human hair worn hanging down the back, 2 birds and 2 vanilla-pods fastened together and worn attached to a necklet hanging down the back, string of feathers used as an ornament, and shrunken human head, Jivaros tribe, Upper Santiago R.; 2 war-clubs, chiers wand, large sack-like garment worn by men, small "punishment" knife, 3 pan-pipes, bead bracelet, and silver nose-ornament, Campas tribe, Upper Ucayali R.; pot containing curare poison for darts, made by Campas Indians and traded to the Jivaros tribe; fine necklace of jaguar teeth, Andoke and Okaina tribes, Putumayo R.; counting string in which each knot represents 10, mirror of copal in a shallow dish, coronet of leaf with blue feathers gummed on one side, pair of wooden ear-ornaments representing jaguar eyes, dance wand with rattle at one end, flute, and 6 pan-pipes, Huitoto tribe, Putumayo R.; flute made from bone of turkey-buzzard, Napo tribe, Napo R.; 24 pots with geometric patterns, Iquitos tribe; II large pots with polychrome designs, Yurimaguas and Iquitos tribes; blow-gun, quiver with roll of darts and string bag for silk, bottle of poison for blow-gun darts, curtain of open-work rosettes, fibre fringe dresses and parts of dresses worn by women, Yaguas tribe, near Pebas, NE. Peru; rope-twisting machine with single and triple cranks, San Regis, and paddle, Maranon R., N. Peru, large shallow dish for general household use, Maranon area, N. Peru; turtle bow and arrow, used by Cholos at Teffe, R. Amazon. Basket, hammock, 3 string-work bags, 2 gourd vessels for tobacco-juice &c., gourd vessel for yahe, 2 pottery stands for yahe gourds, cane flute, bone flute, syrinx, comb, II ear-ornaments of cane tubes or wood and parrot-feathers feather ornament worn attached to bead necklace hanging down the back, and wooden nose ornament, Cofane tribe, San Miguel River; hammock, spear with large cane blade, and 2 short throwing spears of similar make, Teteye Indians, San Miguel R.; syrinx of condor quills, and condor claw for necklace, Inca Indians, Mocoa; 2 necklaces, one of jaguar teeth and the other of jaguar and pig teeth, Sione Indians, Puerto Asis; 2 carnival head-dresses of cane and feathers, waist-band with pattern in red wool, 5 cane flutes, and 4 pan-pipes, Cocha Indians, valley of Sibundoy; a sack-like garment (kusma) of blue wool, Cocha Indian, headwaters of the Putumayo R.; stone celt dug up at the headwaters of the Putumayo R. (Cofane region), Colombia; and light native hammock of usual type for all tribes, Putumayo R., Peru, and Colombia. Presented by Major R.H. Thomas, B.A., M.C. Curved Club, Victoria, and large boomerang, ?Victoria, Australia. Presented by the Misses P. and S.E. Wells. Stone hammer, 8 stone celts, and Hausa sword, Obuasi, Ashanti; 3 stone celts and stone hone (?), Pusupusu, Asiakwa, and unfinished antimony flask. Gold Coast: Fulani spear, and Moshi 2-stringed "guitar", W. Africa. Presented by Capt. R. P. Wild. 14 flint implements, St. Ouen's Bay ("Neolithic" site), Jersey. Presented by Colonel Norman Young.

Specimens, chiefly Maori, collected by the late Charles Smith of Wanganui, North Island, viz.: 2 old staves carried by warriors of distinction and by orators, 2 long-handled clubs, rare club made from the lower jaw-bone of a whale, 2 war-axes with trade iron axe-blades, short two-edged wooden club of mere type, fine old short club of same type made from basaltic rock, cartouche-case, fragment of an exploded shell from the Maori War of 1860-69, canoe figure-head, 3 canoe-bailers, 12 paddles, 2 stone adzes hafted in wooden handles, stone adzes (I found at Urenui, 3 on Tunuhaere Hill, and Wanganui R.), portions of 2 basalt adzes and rough stone ? borer from Kai Iwi, point of a nephrite carving tool, large obsidian flake, number of flakes and worked fragments of black obsidian from Kitchen-middens at Waitotara, piece of fossilized wood used as a rubbing stone, nephrite pebble, pieces of nephrite showing cutting and grinding, very old stone patu for pounding fern-root, 4 sets of fire-making sticks("stick-and-groove" method), torch of vegetable-fibre, 2 leg-rings for decoy parrots, perch with running-noose snare for catching parrots, 2 baskets for lampreys and eels, 2 specimens of stems of climbing plants used for making eel-baskets, 46 fish-hooks, fish-hook fitted with flax cord for wearing round the neck as an heirloom ornament, haliotis-shell of two kinds used for making lures for fish-hooks, unmounted lure for fish-hook, stone sinker for fishing line, 3 gourd vessels, carved wooden neck for fitting in the orifice of a large calabash in which preserved pigeons &c. were kept for food, 17 bags of matwork and canvas (decorated and undecorated), a double bag made like saddle-bags, 3 floor-mats, 2, carrying straps of "flax", 2 belts of plaited undressed "flax", 5 dress-mats of finely-dressed "flax", 2 shoulder-mats, 2 skirts of leaf-strips, 2 bands of close-woven taniko work made for saddle-girths, samples of "lace-bark" strips, string and whip-lashes made of white "flax" fibre, samples of dressed "flax" dyedand undyed, wooden pounder for beating out "flax” fibre, pair of sandals of plaited leaves, native tobacco, very old carved wooden slab from a whare, pumice-stone box containing ball of black tatuing pigment, 2 balls of similar pigment, one of very superior quality, pieces of resin of different qualities for making tatuing pigment, &c., 10 specimens of the "vegetable caterpillar" used for making tatuing pigment, plaster cast from a small Maori carving of human head showing tatuing designs, old comb, pin made from a boar's tusk, 6 ear-pendants of sharks' teeth, 2 very large ear-pendants of sperm-whale teeth, inlaid bone ear-pendant, 15 greenstone pendants and ear-pendants, 5 plaster casts of greenstone and whale-bone tikis, and 7 balls (2 varieties) swung rhythmically during the poi dances, North Island, New Zealand. Parson bird, 3 Huia birds, Owl-parrot, Little Grey Kiwi, and Long-tailed Cuckoo, North Island, Orange-wattled Crow, Large Grey Kiwi, and Mountain Parrot, South Island, some set up, the feathers of which birds were variously used for decoration by the Maoris; a number of red central tail-feathers of the Red-tailed Tropic bird much prized as head-plumes, North Island; Feathers of a Kiwi, tuft of hair of the now extinct Maori white dog, thin paper form for sending messages by Pigeon Mail and 2 triangular postage stamps (6d. and Is.), "Great Barrier Islands, Pigeon-gram", Auckland, and box made from specimens of New Zealand woods, New Zealand. Photographs, &c., illustrating New Zealand natives, scenery, &c., and 2 books. Silver dollar of King of Hawaii, 1883; 3 shell chaplets, Paumotu Islands, and large wooden fish-hook, Anaa Island, Paumotu group; very old ear-ornament of carved sperm-whale ivory, Atuana, and plaster-cast of carved stone figure in human form, Marquesas Islands; 2 shell trumpets, and necklet of small shells, Penrhyn Island; 3 lure fish-hooks, Rakahanga Island, NNW. of Manihiki; another, Manihiki, and another, ?Manihiki; double-ended whale-bone chisel for scooping out copra, 2 bone needles, candle-nuts and extracted kernels which are strung together to make candles, and 3 necklets of seeds and shells, Mangaia, and basalt adze-blade, Raratonga, Hervey Group; long mat-work belt worn next the skin and long cord worn round the belt by wrestlers to give a grip to the opponent, and 3 lure fish-hooks, Pukapuka, Danger Islands; basket, Niue, and 2, fans of Samoan type; 5 currency notes issued by a firm of merchants, Vavau, silver memorial medal of Queen Victoria and 2, nickel coins of Chile used as money, and shell armlet, Tonga Islands; large lure fish-hook, C. Polynesia; 2 dried "sea-horses", Polynesia; tail of Sting-ray, S. Pacific; 4 pieces of bark-cloth, and pieces of kava root, Fiji Islands; currency-strings of shell, &c., Torres Island, New Hebrides; 2 woven mats, and 3 shell food-scrapers, Santa Cruz Islands; 5 lure fish-hooks, Solomon Islands; white shell bead currency, ?Solomon Islands; sinnet rope, Majuro, Marshall Group. Skin of a bird of paradise worn as a head ornament by a woman, New Guinea, 4 recent necklets, Tasmania; glass spear-head, NW. of Kimberley, N. Australia; and string made from a native woman's hair, Australia. Necklet of small shells, St. Vincent, Cape Verde Islands; 4 rough stone spear- and arrow-heads, Indiana, U.S.A.; 3 glass armlets, and glass phial of native scent, China; chain necklet of turtle-shell, Ceylon; fan, ? Ceylon; 2 tobacco-pouches of the skin of albatross-feet; small Greek vase, from the Baths of Nero, Baia; neolithic celt, Blackbarton, Berks.; and 2 clay tobacco-pipes, seventeenth century, English. (Mr. A.T. Collier.) Pottery cooking-vessel, pendant with pearl-shell ornaments wrapped in a cover, and 7 stones of peculiar shapes used as agricultural, fishing and war amulets, New Caledonia; ceremonial club made in New Caledonia and obtained in the Loyalty Islands; 2 fish-hooks, plume of black feathers worn in war-time by the bravest warrior, and 2 shell armlets, E Loyalty Islands, and pearl-shell fish-hook. (Mrs. Hadfield.) Copper bowl-shaped water-clock for sinking in water) Uva Province, Ceylon. (A.M. Hocart, M.A.) 28 flint "knives" or " chisels") and 36 flint arrow-heads, Berwickshire and Roxburgh. (Mrs. E.A.F. Hope.)  3 tobacco-pipes, 2 bamboo tobacco-boxes, Paluan Murutbasketry knapsack, woman's body-belt of brass rings, string of shell-beads formerly used as currency, and Dusun satchel of basket work, British North Borneo. (H.M. Lomas.) Rare basalt axe and 7 adzes dug up near Hamilton, Waikato district; and 2 pounders for "flax" and fern-root, L. Rotuma, North Island, New Zealand. (Mrs. Staples-Browne.) Chinese bronze war-drum; bow and 3 arrows, NE. New Guinea; and sword-club set with sharks' teeth, Kingsmill Islands. Specimens collected by Capt. G.T.F. Pike, R.N., viz.: 3 adze-blades and unfinished implement all of basalt, Pitcairn Islands; fishing-net, 2 halibut-hooks, bone barb for fish-hook, head of a fishing harpoon, 8 slate spear- and arrow-heads, schist arrow-head, 3 bone arrow-heads, stone "arrow-head" (doubtfully artificial), slate blade, 2 slate instruments (?awls), 4 ground stone celts, knife of deer-antler, 3 bone knives, and bone needle, various localities, Vancouver Island; woman's bone knife, Knight's Inlet, British Columbia; paint brush, 2 stone pendants from a medicine-man's necklet from his grave at Skidegate, and 3 large wooden fish-hooks, various localities, Queen Charlotte Island; and 3 schist spear-heads, Fanny Bay, Baynes Sound. (Stevens.) Stone axe-blade, Queensland; ground stone chisel, Six Nations Reserve, Canada; 4 arrow-heads, worked blade, and knife, all of flint, Arbor Low, Derbyshire; and 2 flint arrow-heads, Tuxford and Mansfield, Nottinghamshire. (Tyrrell. Large archer's arm-guard of bone, Damaraland, SW. Africa, small ditto, S. Africa; and 4 Fuegian arrows. (Webster.)

Carved wooden head-rest, British New Guinea; pillow of lacquered cane-work, Cochin China; suit of scale and plate armour, Tibet; Kachin fire-piston, Namboke, W. Yunnan; Dafla bow, N. Assam; Tibetan bell used as currency in N.Lakhimpur, Assam; mouth-organ, spring trap, and metal disk worn from the girdle by girls and women, Abor, Komsing, Mikir Hills, NE. frontier of India; piece of Garo bark cloth, Garo Hills, Assam; Lhota apron, Naga Hills, Assam; 2 rings (bone and horn) worn behind the glans-penis by Tankhul Nagas of Manipur; fish-trap set inside with thorns, Akyab, Burma; 2 double pipes with gourd air-chamber used by snake-charmers (one Panjab), N. India; and hooked stick for catching crabs, Andaman Islands. (Indian Museum, Calcutta.) Sling, British New Guinea. (School Museum, Charterhouse.)

Large wooden memorial figure of a woman, Konyak Naga, Naga Hills. Lent by J.H. Hutton, M.A., C.I.E. Specimens collected in the Naga Hills, Assam, viz.: 2 stone celts, 4 cloths, 8 women's " skirts ", 3 belts worn above narrow "skirts", man's loin cloth, 2 hats, head-dress, woman's ear-ornament, boy's ditto, woman's tobacco-pipe, fishing spear, 2 fish-drags of thorny palm midribs, cranium and 4 portions of skulls taken as trophies, ancient dao forming part of a rich girl's marriage-price, 2 daos, finishing tool for making daos, horn panji-holder and panjis, another with baldrick, black-smith's bamboo tongs, stone hammer, set of 4 pottery-making implements, long-necked pot, bamboo ring for fastening leaf-parcels, warrior's basket, 2 sets of tatuing needles and bamboo tube for carrying them, and modern copy of a carved wooden head hung up by a man who has wounded but failed to kill an enemy, Konyak; man's bone hair-ornament, ceremonial hair-cutting "hammer ", and necklet of teeth &c., Phom; 2 cloths, and "baldrick", Eastern Chang; woman's skirt, man's cloth, pair of cane leggings and armlets, German helmet brought by Chang warriors from France for a dance-hat, pieces of bark for making into weaving thread, ball of same shredded and twisted together, bark ready for spinning, and cloth made from the thread, bark-fibre bag, dance "tail ", 2 fish-traps, war shield, and 3 bamboo drinking-vessels, Chang; 2 daos, Yachungrr, 9 panjis or bamboo laming-spikes, Halangba Sangtam; 4 snares for jungle fowl, and bird-trap, Tonye Sangtam; dao, cloth, and bamboo drinking vessel, Southern Sangtam; 2 fish-traps, rain-shield,skirt, and old woman's pair of "puttees", Sangtam; dao, ?Kalyo-Kengyu; carved bamboo drinking-vessel which belonged to a Kalyo-Kengyu man living in a Chang village, pair of cane leggings and armlets, cane-work wristlet, and woman's work-basket with spindle and whorl, Kalyo-Kengyu; 2 white cloths, and man's cowrie apron, Rengma; 2 skirts, 3 cloths, 3 Tukomi Sangtam cloths as worn by Semas, 2 spears, 2 daos, double-edged dao, shield, 18 stone celts, 2 bull-roarers for scaring birds from crops, pair of "male" and "female" luck-stones, "dead" "female" luck- stone, branch with gourds &c. used for sympathetic magic, badger's tooth amulet and stone celt with basket in which to keep them so as to grow rich, fringe for corner of a cloth, "baldrick", 2 chaplets of bears' hair, unmarried girl's head-band, double "tail" and panji-basket, and armlet of elephant tusk, Sema; sash with dyed goats' hair fringe, Sema or Ao; 9 cloths, 6 skirts, old woman's pair of " puttees ", man's loin-cloth, Konyak brass head ornament worn by wives and daughters of rich (Ao) men at Yacham village, pair of plumes of a boy's cane hat, 2 bear-skin hats, man's wig of human hair, comb, boy's neck-ornament of brass wire, 4 brushes for cleaning ornaments, 2, wooden dishes, boy's toy bow and shield, 2 old spear-heads, 6 ancient daos, dao-carrier worn by small boy, 2 dao-carriers (one with belt), 5 hoes, 3 stone celts, fish-traps, bird-snare, bird-lime sticks, bird-snarer's bait-basket, 4 pottery making implements, objects connected with making stone bowls of tobacco-pipes, piece of iron cut ready to make a pipe, 2 boys' pop-guns, rain-shield, 3 ear-ornaments, and 2 tigers' teeth on which oaths have been taken, Ao; 16 cloths, 7 skirts, loin-cloth, pair of ear-ornaments, bull-roarer, multi-pointed spear for frogs and rats, 2 quivers, one with 68, the other with 9 cross-bow arrows, 5 stone celts, cloth for carrying a child, and chest or shoulder ornament of a man who has taken a head, Lhota; pair of cane-work leggings and armlets, and wooden cup, Angami; cannon of hide over a bamboo bore, dao, knife, head-ornament, and head-plume, Kuki. Lent by J.P. Mills. MA., I.C.S.

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