Report of the Curator of the Pitt-Rivers Museum, l919.

The year has been largely taken up with the organization of old material, but there has been a very large influx of new specimens. New exhibition cases were erected in the Court of the Museum, one having been built to accommodate a very fine series of Naga shields. Important progress was made in the rearrangement of series in the wall-cases of the upper gallery, and the rearrangement of the series of stone implements was continued. Numerous other minor alterations and improvements were effected in various parts of the Museum. In August, Mr. G.R. Carline took up the duties of Assistant Curator, and has been engaged principally in labelling and cataloguing newly acquired specimens. Miss Blackman has continued the card-catalogue and has completed the series of weighing appliances, mirrors, and combs. She has also continued the cataloguing of the library.

On the occasion of the visit of the Museums Association to Oxford, for the annual meeting, an account of the Museum was given by me and a special demonstration of the Museum was also given.

Mr. H. Ling Roth has made considerable use of the very fine series of Maori cloaks, for his forthcoming monograph on the subject. Assistance and advice was given to several persons engaged in research.

Fourteen students attended my regular courses of lectures for the Diploma in Anthropology, and there were five students attending the course for Sudan Civil Service probationers.

The accessions have been very numerous and important. Mr. J.H. Hutton has most generously given to the Museum practically the whole of the collection acquired by him in the Naga Hills. This is one of the most important additions ever made to the Museum and, ethnologically, it is of first-class importance. Mr. Louis C.G. Clarke, who worked in the Museum for some months, has been a considerable benefactor and has secured and presented a large number of valuable specimens, besides interesting himself in the Museum's welfare in a variety of ways. Accessions of considerable importance have also been donated by Mrs. Sollas, Mr. Oscar Raphael, Rev. H. Hamilton Jackson, Mrs. A.N. Leeds, and others. A complete list of accessions is appended.

Very old harpoon-head of bone and rare calendar-rod of bone for marking the days of the week, Godhavn, Disko Island, W. Greenland; knife of cariboo-horn for squeezing water from skins, Jakobshavn, W. Greenland; bone harpoon- "feather", N. Greenland; bone snow-scraping knife, long-bodkin and netting needle or shuttle, walrus ivory butt of harpoon fore shaft, ivory hand-stop for harpoon and bone marling-spike, perhaps made by European whaler and not by Eskimo, Greenland; double-eyed bone purchase perhaps for sledge-harness, 7 Greenland; tobacco-box of iron dating from the slave days of America; "bressing-stone" a stone plaque apparently worn on the wrist in shooting with the bow, Aboyne, Scotland; early fire-steel, Serbia; 3 late Aztec terra-cotta human heads sent to Col. Dawkins in 1889 by Jeffery Baker, Vice-Consul at Vera Cruz; foot from pottery figure showing native form of sandal, Maya, Coban, Guatemala; greenstone pendant, Mexico; priest's ceremonial fly-whisk and lancet-and-tweezers for extracting thorns with sheath, Abyssinia; brass armlet, Galla, N. Africa; 2 ? Shilluk spears with straightened antelope-horns as points and 2 ? Dinka spears with points of giraffe's leg-bones, White Nile; wooden perforated lever for straightening spear shafts, sling of plaited fibre, sling of rawhide or leather, adze with socketed iron blade and 4 small arrows, Somaliland; 2 iron razors and a surgical knife and probe of iron, Lower Congo River; a 5-stringed harp, musical instrument of sansa type, side. blast wooden trumpet and stringed instrument of zeze type, all Welle R. type, Lower Congo R.; iron-bladed spear, probably Bushongo, Congo State; knife for wood-carving, Monbuttu, C. Africa; large carved wooden lad1e, ? Afiica; very fine ko or Maori wooden spade, New Zealand; rare type of axe with nephrite blade, New Caledonia; stone axe-blade, Cordova Province, Argentina; 3 small soapstone figures buried as charms to promote fertility of herds, La Paz, Bolivia ; gold nose-ornament, Columbia, S. America; long two-edged wooden club and bamboo dagger worn in the hair said to be Botocudo but probably from Yucayali region, S. America; woman's work-basket of rush-work containing torn garment, cloth, II spindles, 2 hanks of wool, &c., Ancient Peruvian; pottery slip-ware vessel, Chimu period style from a burial ground, Valley of Chicama, Truxillo, Peru; 2 arrow-heads of quartz and other stone, 6 fusiform stone sinkers for fishing lines, small stone toggle, 12 copper or bronze needles, bronze bodkin, 3 short copper or bronze rods, 5 small bronze chisels, 5 bronze or copper spatulae, 3 ditto wide-edged knives, 3 ditto fishhooks, several pieces of ditto tweezers, T-shaped bronze knife, 2 bronze spoon-shaped spatulae (one with silver blade), small bronze pellet-bell, copper ladle or skimmer, part of copper vessel, small perforated copper object, several lumps of copper or bronze, miscellaneous copper and bronze objects, fragments of gilded copper, fragments of vessel or ornament of thin silver, 7 pointed instruments of bone perhaps awls, 3 bone spatulae, 6 bone points of fishhooks or harpoon heads, 3 perforated bone objects, haematite probably used for pigment, powdered lime for chewing with coca-leaves, 3 combs, thread-winder of palm-wood, 7 spindles, 106 spindle-whorls of pottery stone and bronze, 2 samples of vicugna thread, piece of woven cloth with painted designs, cross of reed with " spider's web " decoration of coloured threads, large number of beads of stone turquoise pottery shell, &c., 2 necklets of seeds and trade beads, necklet of white shell beads, number of ornamental pendants of shell stone and pottery, I9 pendants of shell slate; stone pottery and bronze, bird-shaped ornament carved in stone, fossil bivalve shell, 2 fossil shark's teeth and 3 quartz crystals (probably charms), imitation maize head of pottery (? a fertility charm) and 2 pottery whistles shaped as birds, &c. excavated from graves in the Necropolis at Ancon, Peru. Presented by Louis C. G. Clarke, M.A. 4 ornaments made from the basal whorls of cone-shells, also used as a currency-medium of high value, Manyema tribe, E. of the Lualaba R., C. Africa. Presented by Sir John Kirk, G.C.M.G., K.C.B., F.R.S. Single-membrane drum, Massim district, New Guinea; double clarinet arghoul and ditto zummarah, Arab, Egypt; small double pottery drum (single membranes) and double baz small twin drums of black pottery, Egypt; reed flageolet, N. Africa; 2 transverse flutes, Japan; Arab reed writing-pen. From the collection of the late Sir John Stainer, Mus. Doc. Presented by J. Stainer, M.A. Helmet of cane-work, Yami tribe, Botel Tobago Island, Formosa. Presented by Shinji Ishii. Composite bow for shooting bullets, hinged at the grip so as to fold up, China. Presented by C.K. Philips. Bridle elaborately made from plaited hide strips of very fine workmanship, made for Mr. Gibbs in 1874 in Jauja Valley, Peru; 3 wooden canoe paddles, Buka Island, Solomon Islands; 2 ditto with cross handles, Solomon Islands; slender wooden paddle, ? Louisiade Archipelago. Presented by H. Martin Gibbs. Child's toy " bull-roarer " of bamboo, Malabar. Presented by V. K. Raman Menon. Old Norwegian powder-flask of ox-horn, Vikingnaes, Hardanger; flax-scutching knife of oak, Oporto, Portugal; flint-lock pistol made without stock and short sabre with counterguard, English; ancient Greek square bronze mirror, Muri Vetere, Taranto, S. Italy; small sheath-knife, Algeria; arrow-quiver, N. India; painted scroll representing archer driving away the evil Fox spirit, Manchuria; pottery figurine, Chencay, Peru; 4 small pottery heads, Ancient Mexican; pair of small pot-covers of coiled basketry, Hausa, Nigeria; rosary, ? Mohammedan; small circular shield and dagger with sheath, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan; painted wooden statuette of a Ka,. Ancient Egyptian; pair of wooden snuff-boxes, Kaffir, Natal; knife with trade iron blade, N. Queensland; small model of carved canoe ornament, S.E. New Guinea, lime-spatula, Normanby Island, New Guinea; 2 short swords made from toothed snouts of sawfish, said to be from Kingsmill Islands; spear-sling, oonep, New Caledonia; Chelleo-Acheulian flint-disk, Warren Hill, Suffolk, I 878; black flint with natural glossy patches on surface, Bramford, near Ipswich, Suffolk; &c. Presented by the Curator, H. Balfour, M.A. 2 flag-shaped fans of plaited palm-leaf, platter of coiled basketry and embroidered cloth purse, Basrah, Persian Gulf; double clarinet of bird's wing-bones, Mosul, Mesopotamia; ornamented leather holster for a pair of pistols, Tripoli, N. Africa. Presented by Capt. R. Campbell Thompson, F.S.A. Wooden box carved in form of a leopard by a Yoruba in Lagos, W. Africa. Presented by Mrs. Minchin. Pebble for crushing haematite, kokotai, used as pigment, Maori, New Zealand. Presented by S.G. Hewlett, M.A. 12 valves of Pleistocene fossil Corbicula. fluminalis, Grays, Essex; 3 complete recent ditto, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan and Gizeh, Egypt. Presented by the Trustees of the British Museum. Chinese steel-yard, Shanghai. Presented by H. Ling Roth. Ancient British currency-bar of iron, probably one of I40 found together in the centre of a "Roman" camp at Bourton-on-the-Water, Gloucestershire. From the collection of the late James Parker. Presented by C.J. Parker, M.A. Blade of tatuing instrument, perforated pin (needle or ear-pendant) of sperm whale ivory, bone spatula for detaching paoa shells from rocks, 96 points of fish-hooks, part of large bone fishhook, 4 fragments of worked bone, boar's tusk, &c., Maori, New Zealand. Presented by J. Reid Moir. Part of human calvaria and lower mandible, tooth, 2 obsidian flakes and piece of slate ground at the edges, from ancient Maori kitchen midden, Hokianga R., and 6 ground tone adze-blades found in Hokianga district, N. end of North Island, New Zealand; large basalt adze-blade from old Maori workshop, Farewell Sandspit, N. end of South Island, New Zealand; 2, rare Maori fish-hooks, New Zealand; 7 Ancient Peruvian pottery vessels, bamboo blow-gun quiver and 8 darts, said to have been brought from Java, but probably Borneo; bow, 2 arrows, ceremonial spear and painted staff, Ceylon; &c. Presented by Mrs. A.N. Leeds. 2 decorated black-ware pots, Ancient Peruvian; skin pouch, Peru; small blocks of sample woods collected by the late Herbert Hurst, B.A. Presented by Cyril W. Hurst. Native smoking-pipe of baked clay, Ladysmith division, Cape Colony. Presented by Rev. Dr. Watson. 2 curved two-edged swords, shotel, large sheath-knife, wooden head-rest and 2 baskets, Western Abyssinia. Presented by Charles Singer, D.M. Green cloth braces worn outside waistcoat by men of Meran, Tyrol; brass buckle of leather belt worn by peasants in the Tyrol; busby or shako of the Oxford University Volunteer Rifle Corps, 1880. Presented by Rev. C.V. Goddard, M.A. Cylindrical portion of a belemnite inscribed with runic characters, presumably a magic formula, Cleethorpes, Lincolnshire. Presented by S.O. Addy. Wooden Norwegian calendar-staff, Christiania; bowl for drinking water and pair of leather shoes, Fez, Morocco; ornamental leather pouch or purse, pair of ditto and leathern satchel, Wazan, Morocco; iron-bladed sickle, wooden writing-board, brass-mounted dagger in sheath, 2 pairs of iron cymbals, kard.bib, circular single-membrane drum, bendair, square double-membrane drum, deff, single-membrane drum with painted pottery body, daraboukeh, 2 double daraboukeh drums, 3 end flutes of reed (ney type), flute-a-bec of reed, wooden oboe with cloth case, lute, guenbri, lute with double-membrane body, zither, kanun, with 73 strings, two-stringed fiddle, rabab, and cittern made in Lisbon, Morocco; carved model of a canoe-prow, New Zealand; 9 throwing-spears, Cape York Peninsula, Queensland; 4 Fijian wooden clubs; palm-wood bow, Humboldt Bay, New Guinea; special constable's truncheon carved with head of a Maori, Romsey, Hants; bilobed canteen of painted pottery, Tacoma, New Mexico; 85 mounted photographs of N. American Indians and villages, &c., mostly Arizona and New Mexico; brass-
studded wooden powder-flask. Presented by Mrs. W. J. Sollas. Objects from the Madras Province, S. India. 2 Toda hand-drill fire-making sets, Kaggodu-mand, Nilghiris; Kota fire-drill (hand-drill method), Sholur-Kukal, Nilghiris; Badaga fire-drill (thong-drill method); Irular fire-making apparatuswith steel, quartz and tinder, Kil-satta-Mangalam, N. Arcot; stone cautery for branding the wrists of sick persons, Toda, Kars, Nilghiris; Toda tatuing outfit, and twig of takka mulsht thorns used by Todas as tatuing needles, Nilghiris; steel tatuing needles, Pachakutti Karavais, N. Arcot; set of horse hair bird snares, Kangundi, N. Arcot; toy bullet-bow, Periyan Kuppam, N. Arcot; bullock's collar of bear-skin worn against the evil-eye, Tiruppattur, N. Arcot; imitation buffalo-horns of iron wire presented to the deity of the kudr-pali (dairy) at Kuzhu, Karsol, Nilghiris; bamboo cup for filling with grain, butter, ghi, honey, &c., and burning at the second funeral of a Toda woman; armlet worn on the upper arm by Toda women; similar armlet placed on right upper arm of a female corpse, Toda; ornament tied to right arm of a female corpse prior to cremation, Todas of Kars; cord of red thread, and cord of blue thread, tied to waist of deceased of either sex before removal from the village, Toda; fringe of coloured threads tied to the tadri pole at the second funeral of a male Toda; fringe of glass beads on a band tied to the cot burnt at the second funeral of a Kota, Shulur-Kukal, Nilghiris; decorated box of rattan-work containing trinkets, &c., burnt at the second funeral of a Toda woman; similar object made by Todas and given to Kotas for tying to the cot to be burnt at a second funeral, N. Arcot. Presented by F. J. Richards, I.C.S. 62 samples of pillow-lace, Peniche, Portugal; 26 ditto made by Malays in Malacca; 2 pillow-lace trouser-borders made in Malacca, 2 samples of old pillow-lace, Ceylon; I0 samples of gold-and silver-thread pillow-lace and needle for embroidering gauze with gold-thread, Sarawak; duplicate lengths of lace, chiefly from Malacca. Presented by Miss F.M. Shelford. Sheath-knife, Spoon, needle-case and pipe of reindeer-horn and model of a cradle, Lapp, Finmarken; 2 Dervish war-coats, raw-hide shield, lo spears, 3 daggers, coconut-fibre sling, axe, 2 sandals, leathern cartridge-belt, ditto flask for liquids, gourd drinking cup, close-woven coiled-work basket with lid, ditto large basket overlaid with leather for holding liquids, flag-shaped fan, Turkish circular mirror, a 5-stringed Iyre, kissar, 2 necklets, leathern charm-case with long roll of inscribed charms, Mohammedan rosary and whip of hippopotamus hide, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan; mummied cat, and foot and hand of mummied children, Egypt; thin glass flask, Larnaka, Cyprus; Norwegian long wooden herdsman's trumpet; club, Solomon Islands; dagger edged with shark's teeth, Gilbert Islands; objects from South Africa collected by Henry Jackson about 1864: ox-hide shield, assegai, 4 stabbing spears, 9 arrows, knob-kerrie and walking-stick of rhinoceros-horn, 2 iron sewing-awls, 3 iron sweat-scrapers, bone ditto, circular wooden bowl, 4 wooden spoons, 5 beer-straining spoons, 3 bone snuff-spoons, 9 snuff-boxes, 6 tobacco-pipes, candle-stick made for European use from green steatite and rhino-horn, fringed apron, 2 sheaths worn on the glans penis, 3 leathern pouches, 16 necklets, 2 circular stiff girdles, 8 women's girdles, dance girdle of cocoons, 34 armlets, 2 ornamental disks of beads on hide, pair of small antelope horn ornaments and small Bushman arrow. Presented by Rev. H. Hamilton Jackson, M.A. 2 Maori ground stone adze-blades, New Zealand. Presented by Mrs. E.A. Hope. 34 brass and copper plaques with repousses designs of Hindu gods, &c, said to be given as pilgrims' badges to certify visits to various shrines or temples, Southern India. Presented by Major J.J. Munro. Objects from the Naga Hills and Assam. Net-work bag, 4 tobacco pipes, 5 hats and necklet of porcupine quills, Phom tribe; spear, two-edged dao, bill-hook for cutting thatch and long grass, successful head-hunter's collar, 3 pairs of ear ornaments and 2 bone-rings worn on penis by adults, Tangkhul tribe; 6 spears, 3 daos, double-bladed dao, 2 hide shields, 2 knives, bamboo mug, 3 baskets, 2 boxes, lime-box, 5 hats, hat worn in wet weather, panji-carrier of buffalo-horn, 2 ornamental tails, necklace of Abrus precatonius and Coix seeds worn by young men, warrior's ear-ornament, 2 ear-ornaments of serow horn, metal armlet, man's armlet, and man's leg ornament, Konyak tribe; native-made gun of European shape, Niamsang village, dao-carrier to carry dao in the Ao way, Aneki village, and ornamented head-gear with fringe worn by "dandies" of position, Zusa, Nokphong and neighbouring villages, Konyak tribe; 4 spears, 2 spears with blades of Rengma pattern and shafts probably Sangtam, dao and dao-carrier, bamboo dish and basket for salted beans and chillies, wooden pot, 6 spoons for rice-beer, cane tube for carrying tobacco-water, 2 wooden faces put up on houses by warriors to commemorate heads taken, 2 wooden cow-bells, wig of bear's and women's hair, "sporan" worn over ' kilt" and 2 sashes worn over shoulder and across chest on ceremonial occasions, warrior's breast ornament, 2 young men's breast ornaments, double-tail and panji- quiver, 2 armlets and pair of cane leggings for ceremonial dress, Angami tribe; dao and large pipe used by men to collect tobacco-water, Eastern Angami; dao-carrier with receptacles for tobacco, &c., and veteran's hat, Memi sub-tribe, pair of ear-ornaments, Chakrama sub-tribe, one-stringed musical instrument used in villages of the Dzuno-Kehena group, 2 rare beads of red jadeite (?), Khonoma village, spear for parade purposes only, Kekrima village, Angami warrior's shield given as a ceremonial present by the head interpreter of Kohima to the head interpreter of the Aos, Mokokchung village, and large basket for carrying gourds of drink, cooked rice, &c., Kigwema village, Angami tribe; 3 spears, 5 dao-carriers, belt for dao-carrier, 2 hide shields, bamboo mug, tinder-box with flint and steel, flint and steel and tinder, 9 pipes of bamboo, wood, pipe-stone, metal, &c., pipe with bamboo receptacle for tobacco-water, bamboo trumpet, 6 hats, 13 lengtas or loin-cloths from various villages, breast ornament worn by warriors, tail and panji-quiver, 3 ear ornaments, double comb, and 21arge wooden figures representing village elder and wife of Mongsemdi village, made by men of neighbouring village of Susu, to be decapitated and so cause death of the man and woman by sympathetic magic, Ao tribe; necklet of boars' tusks, &c., Ao or Konyak; 2 spears, dao made by Sheshoshe of Emilomi, a renowned Sema smith, dao made by a Sema in France while working with the Naga Labour Corps in 1917, the blade bought from Konyaks, two-edged dao, 4 dao-carriers, cane-work shield, rake, pot with handle for cooking small quantities on ceremonial occasions, wooden meat dish, bamboo drinking vessel, basket for carrying rice, bamboo tobacco-pipe, 2 pipes with vessels for tobacco-water, basket for carrying smoking appliances, peg-top, child's toy shield of ekra grass, bamboo head of child's spear, model of a Sema warrior made by an Angami, dress, &c, made and put on by a Sema, Sema-made model of a Sema bride showing dress, 3 chaplets of bear's hair, lengta or loin-cloth, akecheka nimi, 2 warrior's lengtas, lapuchoh worn over the preceding, 2 sashes worn over shoulder, ornament worn by warriors of renown, 4 panji-baskets, 2 tails with panti-quivers, I ditto, Dayang valley, double cooking pot for cooking rice and meat at the same time, Tokikehimi village, and warrior's gauntlet, Sema tribe; 3 daos, 4 bamboo drinking vessels, 4 tobacco-pipes of bamboo, 3 jews'-harps, 2 native-made models one of a Chang warrior the other of Chang woman made by Kaolum of Hukpong showing native dress, 12 hats, 3 warrior's lengtas or loin-cloths, sash worn on full dress occasions over shoulder and double comb, Chang tribe; hat of Phom type worn by a chief of Tuengsang, the principal Chang village; pair of warrior's cane-work " cuffs " and pair of cane-work leggings worn by Chang tribe but probably made by Kalyo-Kengyu tribe; cane drinking vessel, ? Chang; Chang dao cut short by Konyaks for their own use and fitted with a Konyak handle; 2 cane drinking vessels and bamboo pipe, Chang or Konyak tribe; dao, belt with Sema dao-carrier or one copied from Sema type, helmet of cane, gourd for carrying nicotine and man's necklace, Lhota tribe; lengta or loin-cloth, Ndreng Lhota; lengta worn by Northern Lhotas of Liye division; spear, Lhota or Rengma; dao, dao-carrier and chaplet of bear's hair, Rengma; dao-carrier and wooden meat dish, Temimi village, and dao-sheath for holding Kalyo-Kengyu-made daos, Naked Rengma tribe; spear, dao-sheath, whetstone in rattan case, 3 tobacco pipes of pipe-stone, 3 double tobacco-pipes used for gauging time spent working in the fields and 3 hats, Kalyo-Kengyu tribe; Kalyo-Kengyu or Konyak pot from Tobu village; Kalyo-Kengyu pot or Konyak or Chang pot of similar design; 2 spears with Kalyo-Kengyu blades and shafts probably Sangtam or Sema; 2 Kalyo-Kengyu axe-headed daos made by " Slated House-Dwellers" between Assam and Burma; Kalyo-Kengyu dao- sheath or South Sangtam imitation; wooden meat-dish, gourd cup, symbolic message of declaration of war left by a war party on the land of a Sema village and tassel worn at corner of cloth to show which corner is worn over the back, Sangtam tribe; dao-sheath derived or obtained from the Kalyo-Kengyu and 6 tobacco pipes, South Sangtam; necklace with pendant of tiger's canine teeth and necklace with pendant of ivory imitation ditto, Phoza-Nagwemi village, South Sangtam; 2 pairs of brass ear-ornaments worn by Tukomi Sangtams and Naked Rengmas; 2 iron hoe-blades, 2 wooden clubs kept for use in village riots, basket-work dish, wooden spoon for food and chaplet of pig's bristles, Yachumi (Yachungr) tribe; pair of ear-ornaments worn by girls for dancing, Kacha Naga tribe; pair of brass armlets for the upper arm ornamented with curved swastika in dots made by the Manipuri of Assam and worn by Angamis and also by Kabui Nagas of Manipur; very small iron hoe made by Manipuris and sold to Nagas for hoeing cotton fields; bundle of war-panjis used by Nagas to defend themselves against Kukis in Kuki rebellion of 1917; wooden model spinning-wheel, Henima, Naga Hills; Manipuri double-comb, Assam; iron share of plough used by Manipuris and Tangkhuls;spear and dao in sheath, Mishmi tribe; cane-helmet, Mishmi-Singpho; dao in sheath and cane helmet, Abor; dao and bill-hool;, Khasia; hat, Lushi; iron ramrod for cleaning guns,iron percussion-cap as substitute for trade ones, poisoned javelin-or arrow-head for shooting from a gun, 6 clay-bullets for bullet-bow; powder " cartouche" of bamboo, small adze-shaped hoe, 2 pebbles as charms for protection of grain against mice, grip for line to centre of circular casting fishing net, 2 bird-snares, iron head of implement for making holes in the ground for stepping the posts of a house, &c., a double cylinder bellows, set of weaving implements, model of loom for weaving cotton-wool rug, hand-made pottery jar, wooden platter, 2 wooden stools, tinder-box with flint and steel, 2 large women's tobacco-pipes with vessels for tobacco-water, brass " pricker " for cleaning a woman's pipe, tooth of muntjac for removing blacks from the eye, woman's neck ornament of conch shell, child's small necklace, I3 old blue glass beads given as dowry to bride, boy's armlet of boar's tusks and 2 flag-shaped fans, Kuki, Assam; 62 Hindu temple pice till recently current in the Manipur bazaar and doubtless obtained there by the Kuki in whose house they were found; Kuki-made model of a cotton-gin used by Kukis, Dulin, Manipur State; ear-bead sent by Lunipal, Kuki chief of Senting, to summon the Khonoma Angamis to a conference; symbolic message sent by Chengjapao, the head of the Thado Kukis, to rouse the Angamis to rebellion. Temple conch, Nangelband, E. Bengal; man's hat, Magh, Sunderban, Bengal. Presented by J. H. Hutton, M.A., I.C.S. Small stone axe-blade, Australia; stone mace-head, ? New Guinea; 3 stone adze-blades, New Zealand; greenstone axe-blade, S.E. New Guinea (said to be Taurus Island); stone adze-blade and celt, Ruby Mines, Mogok, Burma; flint chisel and 2 arrow-heads, Denmark; flint knife, Jutland; saw-edged flint flake, near Copenhagen; Chelleo-Acheulian and 2 other flint implements, Touraine, France: celt of Pressigny flint, Chaumussay, Touraine; hammer of limestone, 2 "pointes Mousteriennes", 9 flakes and elephant's vertebra, Barma~Grande Cave near Mentone; 2 bronze armlets, Rhone Valley; bone chisel, 2 pottery disks, pottery spindle-whorl, bronze knife, bronze chisel, sandstone univalve mould for casting bronze sickles and 22 specimens dredged up in building embankment at Zurich, 1884-6, viz.: 9 pins, 2 celts, sickle, knife, 3 armlets, 2 pendants, ring and fish-hook all of bronze, and 2 pottery urns, Lake Zurich; bronze celt and armlet, Corcellettes, L. Neuchatel; bronze celt, Canton Grisons, bronze celt, Switzerland; 2 bronze fibulae, 2 terminals of ditto, bronze ring, parts of bronze-wire rings, 4 amber beads and fragments of iron objects, Giubiasco, near Bellinzona, S. Switzerland; 7 Chelleo-Acheulian flint implements and I flake from gravels near Bournemouth, Woodroffe Collection; 5 Acheulian flint implements and forgery of Chellean implement, Norfolk; large perforated axe-hammer, near Middleton Moor, Wharfedale, Yorkshire; 3 flint implements, Fen District, E. Anglia; flint blade ? Solutrean, Bottisham Lode; amber and glass beads and Anglo-Saxon bronze fibula, found together at Foxton, bronze fibula, Haslingfield, and round plano-convex flint implement, Cambridgeshire; ditto, Lakenheath; 2 small ?Roman pots, silvered-bronze mirror, bronze plaque and part of human calvaria, found together near Saxon cemetery at Herringswell, Suffolk; 2 neolithic celts, England; 3 forgeries of flint implements and forgery of combined mortar and hammer of stone, Co. Antrim; bronze spear-head. Presented by Oscar Raphael, F.S.A. Tridacna-shell hinge in process of being ground for a nose-bar and 4 nose ornaments of short rods of coral, Tube, and 2 perforated valves of red shell for making ornaments, Hulaa, British New Guinea; imitation of palm-leaf message sent by a Vedda to others engaged in honey-gathering, Ceylon. Presented by Professor C.G. Seligman, M.D., F.R.S. German " sniper's " camouflaged helmet, N.E. France. Presented by Mrs. R.F. Wilkins. German " egg "-bomb used during the war, 1917. Presented by Professor S.E. Whitnall, D M. natural stones found together and closely resembling a metate and rubbing stone, valued by woman who found them as a charm, and natural cup shaped stone similarly kept as a charm, Tewa of Santa Clara, New Mexico; 2 small sticks for straining cloth for embroidery, Tewa of Hano, Arizona; obsidian " core ", Mexico; pair of Mohammedan leather charm cases, 1860, Bida, Niger R.; goat's-hair bag, Fez, Morocco; blue glazed-ware "almond" and "rosette" worn by boys against the evil-eye, Van, Armenia; pottery pellet-bell of type worn by horse-teams until recently, Brittany; one pfennig currency note, German prisoners-of-war camps, C. 1916; nickel I0 pfennig token, ditto, Schneidemuhl, Germany, c. I9I6; wooden toy waggon and horses, N. Russia; 2 painted dolls made from chopped firewood, near Moscow: l4 toy whistle figurines of pottery sold in the fair at Poltava, S. Russia; pottery figure of man on horseback, early iron age, Cyprus, for comparison with one of the whistle figurines from Poltava. Presented by Miss B. Freire-Marreco. Gambling or divining instrument of 4 dice threaded or a wire, Lake Nyassa. Presented by Donald Gunn, M.B. Elaborate tobacco-pipe of turned wood and man's cloth skull-cap, Madeira. Presented by Rev. E.H. Goddard, M.A. Obsolete turf-cutting spade, Happy Valley, near Aberdovey, N. Wales; 7 women's armlets of chank-shell, N. India coin struck in Berlin, 1916, after German occupation of Baltic Provinces; 25-penni provisional currency note, Finland, 1918.
Presented by Miss W. S. Blackman. Carved wooden model of a cariboo, Eskimo, Labrador, carved armlet of horn, Nootka Sound, Vancouver's Island. Presented by J. Ritchie, junior. 19th century musical instruments. "Bell-zither", "Violina-zither" 1879, wooden flute, piccolo flute, 2 wooden flageolets, wooden double-flageolet, wooden oboe, wooden clarinet and viola, English; small treble flute-a-bec, French. Presented by the Y.M.C.A. (Music Section). 10 specimens of frictional fire-making apparatus (flexible sawing method) from various districts of British New Guinea, fishing-kites of palm leaf, Marshall Bennet Islands, Brit.New Guinea. Presented by H.E. the Hon. J.H.P. Murray, Lieut.-Governor of New Guinea. Band to pass round the forehead to carry load on the back and pair of pads to tie on sheep-skin shoes under the instep to prevent slipping on ice, &c., Faroe Islands. Presented by Miss Elizabeth Taylor. Piece of brown bark cloth made by the Shom Pen of Great Nicobar. Presented by Sir R.C. Temple. Bart.. K.C.I;E. Flint core and 2 flakes, Sind, Bombay Presidency. Presented by T.H. Vines, M.A. Necklet of disks of ostrich-egg-shell, made by an Ovambo woman, S.W. Africa. Presented by Mrs. Sibyl Bowker. 2 partly ground flint adzes, small flint dagger, handle of larger ditto, portion of flint dagger blade and flint blade, Denmark. Presented by Rev. V.A. Demant.
 Paper wrapper used to contain biscuits given to a mourner at the funeral of Mrs. Oliver, 7th Nov. 1828, Cleveland District, Yorkshire. Presented by T.G. Barnett. 2 dance-shields and 3 painted wooden slabs, Cairns District Queensland. Presented by Rev. E.A. Dawson, M.A. Pair of slippers, cup-and-ball-game, a fan throwing game and small model "wig" showing method of woman's hair-dressing, Japanese. Presented by G.R. Carline. 2 barbed iron harpoon-heads, 2 three-pointed fish spear-heads, 2 iron spikes,for spear-butts, iron tongs, 3 iron drills, 2 iron razors, 2 brass tweezers for hair and thorn extraction, small wooden mask for dances, wooden dancing head-piece, painted wooden carving, Ibo, Lower Niger; stone pounder, Bonny, S. Nigeria. Presented by P. Amaury Talbot. Objects from the Massim District, New Guinea. Banana leaf loin-cloth worn by men, 2 women's fringe skirts, mat of palm-leaves as protection against sun, ditto against rain, 2 necklaces, 16 split ear-rings of coconut-shell, 3 turtle-shell ear-pendants, 8 finger rings of plaited strips of mokula leaves worn by girls, 2 nose-bars of shell, a man's and a woman's conus-shell armlet, 4 armlets of mokula leaf, 2 armlets of trochus shell worn only by women, 7 armlets of coconut-shell worn only by women and girls, leg ornament of Cypraea shell, 3 ornamental hair-combs, cup or spoon of nautilus shell, 5 coconut cups, 5 knives of valves of Meleagrina shell for peeling vegetables, coconut-shell water-bottle, wooden food bowl, wooden stick for stirring vegetables, broom of coconut spines, basket and model basket for garden produce, 2 string bags for ditto used mainly by men, netting needle, net and mesh gauge, 2 padded rings used by women for carrying loads on the head, stone-bladed adze, 10 ground stone adze-blades,1 ditto from Wifala, Bwaidoga District, 2 pump drills, hank of Pandanus string, flat board and 2 wooden spatulae for pot-making, Kwaiboga, 3 slings, 3 clubs, small hand-net for prawns, 5 fish-hooks of spurred legjoint of male phasmid, fish trap, large fishing net, 3 single-membrane drums, pan-pipes, jews'-harp, tobacco-pipe of bamboo, wooden pestle and mortar for betel-nut, gourd lime-flask, 8 lime spatulae mostly obtained in trade with the Trobriand Islanders, mask cut out of a sheet of palm sheathing bast, 2 carved wooden canoe prow ornaments, Goodenough Island; 2 fishing kites and bamboo frame for collecting spiders' web for garfish lures, Dobu; necklace of ground shell disks and small pot, Panaieti, Misima; wooden dance club, ditto shield, carved stick (Trobriand type), and 2 unfinished baskets showing method of manufacture, Kiriwina. Presented by D. Jenness, B.A. Written charm from a dead German soldier, Flanders, 1918; white metal charm worn by a German soldier, 1916; 5 French and Belgian locally-issued currency notes; 2 ordinary German notes issued Aug. 12, 1914. Presented by Capt. L.H. Dudley Buxton, M.A. 2 notes introduced by the Germans in Lithuanian Republic, Government of Kovno, 1915; 5-mark note, Russian Poland, 1917; 20-mark note, Poland, after the Armistice; Polish 1-korone note, Cracow; 2 ordinary German 5 mark notes; 1 ordinary Austrian 2-kronen note; German 10-pfennig.piece, 1917, and Polish 10-fenigow piece imitated from the German coin. Presented by Miss M.A. Czaplicka.

2 fine chert blades from graves at mouth of the Rio Loa, Chili. (Webster.) 5 slings from ? Somaliland, ? India, ? New Hebrides, Java, and Lokoja, N. Nigeria; arrow with whistling nut, ? British Guiana; 2 composite bows, Seoul, Corea. (Oldman.) Witch-finder's outfit, E. coast of Lake Nyassa; coral-stone block with sandal-wood rubber for crushing leaves for making small cakes to rub on bride at wedding ceremonies, also the crushed leaves, powder and the cakes, Chake-chake, Pemba, Zanzibar; 2 bead-work caps worn by women in dances, rattle used in dances, 5 pellet-bells worn on legs during devil-dances, cake of earth mixed with bhang, and scapula of a camel used in the Koran schools for writing on with a reed pen, Zanzibar; doll carried like a baby by a woman in the hope that it would bring her a family, Suaheli, Mgombani village, Zanzibar; fly-switch waved in devil-dances, Wahadimu tribe, Bweleo village, S.E. Zanzibar; 2 pieces of bark cloth, Chipili, N. Rhodesia.(Univ. Mission to C. Africa.) Spanish throwing knife obtained in the Philippines. 2 pair of sheep-skin shoes, pair of child's clogs, pair of garters, wooden spindle for thread-making, and 2 elaborate costume dolls, Faroe Islands. (Miss Elizabeth Taylor.) 74 flint and chert implements from Berwickshire, Roxburgh, &c., Scotland. (Mrs. E. Hope.) Temple trumpet of copper and brass for Lamaistic ceremonies, Tibet. (J.H. Worthington.) Modern Egyptian foot-rasp; dao, Naga (Chang type), Naga Hills; club, Solomon Islands. (Rev. C.V. Goddard, M.A.)

Objects from the Naga Hills and Assam. 3 stone celts, Seromi, and black pebble kept as charm against mice in the granary, Sema tribe, Seromi; 30 cloths from various tribes in the Naga Hills, Assam; basket quiver with 13 arrows, man's lengta, or loin-cloth, Lhoshyepu-Nagami, and blacksmith's stone hammer, Sema tribe; neck ornament representing enemy's head, 2 women's staves, ornament worn in the back hair by young men, old ear-stud, Nokpong village, and pendant of tiger's claws, Konyak tribe; dao in sheath, Maring tribe; dao with dao-carrier, woman's staff and man's lengta, Phom tribe; warrior's dao-sheath and woman's staff, Chang tribe; wooden club for village riots, ceremonial lengta and pair of ear-ornaments of dyed goat's hair on long brass chain, Lhota tribe; woman's necklace of conch shell, Ao tribe; quiver with bundle of war-panjis and woman's staff, Angami tribe; pair of brass gauntlets, Kalyo-Kengyu tribe; bamboo bow and 4 arrows, used for hunting, and 5 blunt arrows for shooting at butts, Khasia Hills; 2 spear heads, bamboo box with 4 poisoned spear or javelin heads, 14 poisoned arrows, cannon of strips of hide 1917-18, obsolete ivory " bracer " worn on wrist of arm holding the bow, probably Thado clan, powder flasks.of serow horn, flask of ditto for caps for muzzle-loading gun, 2 pouches imitated from those issued to the Frontier Police, woman's staff, loom-belt, wooden dish, warrior's head-ornament and feather plume worn by chiefs and brass pot made by the cire perdue process, Kuki tribe, Assam. Lent by J.H. Hutton, M.A., I.C.S.


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