Report of tho Curator of the Pitt-Rivers Museum, 1914.

The series illustrating the varieties of technique in Basketry has been completely rearranged, and diagrammatic explanatory models have been added. New exhibition cases have been erected for a part of this important series. A portion of the series illustrating the methods applied to pottery-making has been rearranged in a table-case in the court, adapted for the purpose. Two exhibition cabinets have been added to the very large series of charms and magical appliances. On the staircase several new exhibition wall-cases have been added, it being necessary to requisition this fresh space for special series. A large cabinet with sliding screens has been built in the store-room for the classified arrangement and preservation of a large collection of arrows not exhibited to the general public, and progress has been made with this series An extra table-case in the Lower Gallery has been transferred to the growing collection of primitive medical and surgical appliances. Several small cases have also been added to the display of small series or individual specimens requiring special protection, and many minor rearrangements of material in the Museum have been effected.

The card-catalogue has made excellent progress. Miss W. Blackman has devoted a considerable amount of time to this work, and, in addition to keeping up to date the serial catalogue already made, has completed card-lists of some additional series. At present the following series have been catalogued: Fire-making appliances, Musical Instruments, primitive Food-vessels, &c., Currency, Agricultural Appliances and those used in the Preparation of Food, Magic and Charms, Basketry, Toys and Games, Tattooing appliances, and the series of Artificial Cranial Deformations. The classification of the cards is in progress, and special cabinets are used for this purpose.

A large portion of the valuable collection of stone implements from South Africa, sent by the Museum at Kimberley for examination, has been reported upon by me and returned to Kimberley.

I have published a monograph upon one of the less known methods of frictional fire-making (Journ. Roy. Anthrop. Inst., vol. xliv).

The usual courses of lectures to students have been delivered throughout the year, the subjects being Prehistoric Archaeology and Comparative Technology (Useful and Aesthetic Arts and Industries). During the October Term there were no candidates for the Sudan Civil Service, but candidates for the Diploma in Anthropology attended the courses and, where required, received special instruction during all three University Terms. Many former students are now engaged in field-work or other research, the results of which are very gratifying. Photographs of objects in the Museum have been supplied to various persons engaged in research work.

During the Long Vacation I visited Australia, Java, Singapore, the Malay States, and Ceylon, and in addition to studying the material in all the museums accessible to me, I was able to collect many specimens of interest and to acquire much valuable information on the spot.

Accessions to the Museum have been of considerable importance. Especial mention should be made of the important series of Naga objects collected by Mr. J.H. Hutton in the Naga Hills, and presented by him with full information, the cost of freight having also been defrayed by this generous donor. Many important gaps in the series have been filled through his help. The collection presented by Mr. P. Amaury Talbot also is of considerable extent and scientific value, and has added materially to a number of series. The grants received last year of ten pounds each from the Committee for Anthropology and from Exeter College, for enabling Mr. M. W. Hilton Simpson to collect specimens in Algeria for the Museum, were duly expended. The proceeds of this collecting trip are of great interest, and special reference may be made to the series of primitive surgical appliances brought back by Mr. Simpson from the Aures district. I have gratefully to acknowledge a further grant of £25 from the Committee for Anthropology allotted to Miss Czaplicka for collecting specimens in Siberia on behalf of the Museum. The results of this expedition are not yet to hand. and will be notified later. A detailed list of accessions is appended.

I have to refer to damage wilfully done in the Museum by an attempt, obviously deliberate but fortunately unsuccessful, to force open some of the table-cases in the gallery. Steps have been taken to guard against a repetition of such damage.


Glass armlet, Bida, Nigeria; tin armlet, Haussa States; club carried by a chief's official buffoon, Haussa States; drum of the Jellam Pagans of N, Nigeria. Presented by Capt. H. Kempthorne. Two cooking-pots of stone, made by Bisharin, E. Nubian Desert. Presented by Dr. C.G. Seligmann. English powder-and shot-flasks, early nineteenth century. Presented by A. C. Coventon, Esq. Seven archers' thumb-rings, Kiang-su, China; sinew-backing of a bow, and swim-bladders of a fish for making glue for L bows, Soochow, China; quiver and darts, poison, &c, for cross-bow trap, Ningpo, China; clay pellets for bullet-bow, Soochow. Presented by H.E. Laver, Esq. Cane-work helmet, Naga, Assam; 2 albums containing original w ater-coiour sketches by the late Colonel R.G. Woodthorpe, and photographs taken in the Naga Hills and Assam. Presented by Dr. E.T. Wilson. Twenty-two stone celts found in the Kwahu district, Ashanti. Presented by G. Macfarlane, Esq. Small loom, leathern pouch, box made from hide-scrapings, snuff-flask, flask for antimony-powder, glass armlets, brass armlet, copper finger-ring, brass ladle, and sheath-knife; collected by Capt. H. Kempthorne in N. Nigeria. Presented by Miss L.M. Badcock. Photograph of a sketch of a mosaic floor made from sheep-bones, discovered at 19 Holywell, Oxford. Presented by H. Minn, Esq. Hieratic inscription on wooden tablet, Sixth dynasty, Meir, Egypt; Demotic inscription on a potsherd, Abydos; 3 basketry platters from Bigeh, Lower Nubia, and wooden comb from Middle Egypt. Presented by A.M. Blackman, Esq., M.A. Pieces of quartz and carnelian, Kappagal, Bellary, India; lead bullets from Hill Fort, Jagadevi-Durgam, Madras Presidency; magnetite ready for smelting by Katti Pariahs of Salem district, Madras; combined clasp-knife and writing stile, and a cautery-iron, Tanjore, Madras. Presented by F.J. Richards, Esq., I.C.S. Distaff and spindle, 3 wooden spindles, Asyut Province, Egypt; wooden needle, Meir, Upper Egypt; nettillg needle and mesh, Illahun, Fayum; netted belt worn as a charm, Illahun; flint-and-steel, Aswan, Upper Egypt; small cake for placing on graves during a festival, Lower Nubia. Presented by A. M. Blackman, Esq., M.A., and Miss W. Blackman. Eighteenth-century surgical forceps, London; early nineteenth-century powder-flask, English; pottery charcoal stove, Tunis; wooden food-plate used by Russian peasants; wooden snuff-flask, old Norwegian; snuff-box made from a cow's hoof, French; carved lime-spatula, D'Entrecasteaux Islands, ditto with betel-nut mortar, Massim, New Guinea; cassowary-bone spatula, New Guinea; old Chinese compass; 2 old silver-mounted sheath-knives, Ceylon; Kaffir necklet of scented clay beads, S. Africa; measuring chain, Norway; Oxford money-token, 1652; native tobacco, Congo State; 2 Ushabti figures, blue-glazed-ware finger-ring and 3 copper arrow-heads, Ancient Egyptian; knife made from a long nail by a S. African native; old English bullet-mould; 5 ear- studs of black-horn, Zulu, Natal; 9 rough copper pieces used as money, N. India; debtors' alms halfpenny of John Howard, inscribed, "Remember the poor debtors in goal"; brass-bladed knife, S. Central Africa; obsolete naval cartridges, c. 1890; miniature friction-drum used as a partridge-call in Norway; early playing-card, ?English; Narrinjeri club, L. Alexandrina, S. Australia; red ochre, Victoria; xanthorrhoea gum, New South Wales; drupes of screw-pines used as paint-brushes in Torres Straits; bone spatula, large nose-bar of tridacna shell, and small stone adze-blade, British New Guinea; basalt adze-blade, Fiji Islands; 5 fountain-pens for drawing patterns in melted wax, Djokja, Java; native leaf-rolled cigarette, Bombay; war-note for 1 franc issued by the city of Marseilles, 1914; 2 Kafffir bone hair-pins decorated with horse-hair; bone bodkin dug up in London. Presented by H. Balfour, Esq., M.A. Pair of high boots with yak-skin soles, Tibet. Presented by Mrs. H. Balfour. Neolithic flint scraper, Santon, Suffolk; flint scraper, Cranwich, Norfolk; steel "flourish" used by lace-makers in N. Bedfordshire for procuring new-fire annually on December 6; lace maker's lens made from a flask filled with water, N. Bedfordshire; 2 end-flutes, Arab, Cairo; 2 leathern love-charms, Cairo. Presented by Miss W. Blackman. "Pigmy” implement of chalcedony, 2 stone scrapers, 2 small cores of agate and jasper, 5 core-like stone implements and a quartzite scraper, Kimberley district, S. Africa. Presented by J.A. Swan, Esq. Series of specimens collected by Mr. J. H. Hutton in the Naga Hills, Assam, viz.:—cane-work helmet, Chang tribe; pair of shell ear-ornaments, Chang; ditto, Yingurr ; pipe with pottery bowl, Ao tribe; 2 bamboo jews'-harps, Ao; model of Chag and Angami smiths' bellows; leaves of a tree the fruit of which is used for poisoning fish, Mokokchung; wooden fire-making appliance, Naga; 2 Sema and 2 Angami jews'-harps; 3 Sema transverse flutes; 12 Naga spears; decorated pipe, Ao; 2 Angami coloured cloths, native woven; woven sash fringed with dogs' hair, Ao, Sema, &c.; 2 bamboo trumpets made by Angami of Chimakedima village; buffalo-horn trumpet, Angami; Kuki mouth-organ; Kuki double membrane drum; Konyak basket decorated with a monkey's skull and piece of bear skin; 2 Angami breast ornaments with hair fringes; 2 Angami fringed armlets; pair of Angami ear-ornaments of boars' tusks; Angami ornamental panji- basket, worn at the back; pair of horns with hair fringes, worn by Angami warriors who have led an attack; Angami warrior's wooden "tail"; head ornament of black bear's fur, Naga; Sema waist-string with cloth flap worn in front; complete Ao loom; Angami rain-coat; Angami rain-hat; Lhota drinking horn; board carved with human heads, set up as a record of the number of heads captured; small iron-bladed hoe, Konyak; Angami axe-adze blade with interchangeable hafts; bamboo rake, Angami; basket made by Kukis and imported by Angami; large gourd flask for house use, Angami; Bosorr crossbow and arrows; Angami dao; Sema dao, Ao and Angami dao-carriers; elephant-hide shield; cane-work shield covered with bear-skin; Konyak hide shield; 4 Ao flints-and-steels with tinder; very small stone celt bought from an Angami woman; Konyak carved wooden pipe; stones used by Ao for boring spindle-whorls, &c.; string of shell beads used as currency, Yingurr; pair of shell ear-ornaments, Konyak; necklet of boars' tusks, Sema; set of Ao tattooing appliances. Presented by J. H. Hutton, Esq., I.C.S. Specimens collected by Mr. A.M. Hocart in the South Pacific, viz.:—Natavea chief's staff, Vitu Levu; Noiemalu ditto; 2 fish-traps, Ovalau, Fiji; bone fish-lure, Rotuma; stencil-plates of banana skin and paper stars for decorating bark cloth, Eastern Fiji group; Tongan fish-bone needle; 2 tattooing needles, Sala-ilona, Fiji; 4 palm-leaf fans, Rotuma; shell believed to contain the otua of the Ata family, Kolovai, Tongatabu; 2 Tongan stone adzes; shell adze, Rotuma; sample of sinnet house-binding, Lakemba Island, Fiji group; ceremonial palm-leaf mat, Wallis Island; ceremonial belt of plaited fibre, Kolovai, Tonga Islands; netting instruments, Kolovai; painted bark cloth, Futuna Island; Samoan bark cloth; 3 pieces of bark cloth, Viti Levu; red ochre used with pigment in bark-cloth making, Lau, Fiji; bark-cloth showing samples of stencil patterns, Vuna, Taveuni, Fiji; Samoan kava-root; 2 tridacna-shell rings used as currency, Rubiana, Solomon Islands; stone gouge-adze and basalt adze, Lakemba, Fiji; bowl of resined pottery, Rewa R., Viti Levu; very old ditto, Tongananggavoka; set of pottery-making tools, Viti Levu; pandanus-leaf basket, Lakemba; fishing-basket, Taveuni; ditto, Wallis Island; palm-leaf food tray, Mbau; palm-leaf boat flag, Lau; 2 models of hair-combs worn by men who have killed an enemy, Vanua Levu, Fiji; 2 samples of sinnet house binding, Lakemba; weight for cuttle-fish-lure, Lakemba; palm-leaf fan, Tonga Islands; bark cloth, Eddystone Island, Solomon Islands; ditto,Wallis Island; ditto, Samoa; 3 piecesof bark-cloth, Taveuni; I ditto, Ngamea; 9 pieces of bark-cloth, Lakemba. Presented by A. M. Hocart, Esq., B.A. Three Japanese votive coins, temple of Kikosan, Kyoto, Japan; charm in form of a miniature shrine, Ise, Japan; 8tamped plaque brought by pilgrims from the temple of Kinkosan; wooden rubber which is rubbed against the image of Binzuru, temple of Daibutsu, Nara, and then rubbed against a patient to cure a complaint, Japan. Presented by A.H. Coltart, Esq., M.A. Flake of glass used as a razor by a Fellah, Upper Egypt. Presented by G.A. Wainwright, Esq, M.A. Large sheet of bark-cloth, Uganda. Presented by Mrs. F.Ll. Griffith. Five Burmese women's cigarettes. Presented by A. Rost, Esq. Water-skin made from a cat's skin, Piedmont; doll which is burnt at the end of Lent, Abruzzi, Italy;- corona of sugar-balls used ceremonially, Abruzzi; tassel of horse-hair hung upon horses as a charm, Abruzzi; miniature key and bunch of dyed feathers used as charms against the evil eye, Abruzzi; broken ox-shoe used as evil-eye charm, Abruzzi; 3 pendant metal horns for preserving horses against the evil eye, Salmona; St. Anthony printed charm, Abruzzi; wooden mask worn during Carnival, Abruzzi; 13 silver ex voto figures from churches in Southern France. Presented by Miss E. Canziani. Stringed musical instrument made of reeds, used by Saoras, Ganjam Hills, Madras. Presented by F. Fawcett, Esq., I.C.S. Mahomedan circumcision instrument, Ferosepore, near Lahore, India. Presented by Major S.H. Lee Abbott, I.M.S. Specimens collected by Mr. P. Amaury Talbot in West Africa, viz.: From Southern Nigeria -5 gourds, wooden totemistic head-dress and wooden sword, all inscribed with nsibidi (secret writing) signs, Ekoi, Oban district; dress with wooden crocodile's head, worn in the Akpambe Society's ceremonies, Ibibio, Eket district; 3 wooden heads covered with skin and 3 carved wooden heads, worn in ceremonial dances, Ekoi; 2 wooden masks and 2 miniature ditto worn in secret ceremonies, Ibibio; painted wooden mask, Ogoni, Opobo district; wooden mask, Ibo, Cross River; 2 string-work masks of the War Society, Ekoi; mask of hide of the Ekkpo Njawhaw Society, Ibibio; life-sized wooden image of Eka Ekkpo Njawhaw, chief deity of the Society, Ibibio; 7 carved wooden fetishes of the same Society, Ibibio; wooden ancestor image, Oron Ibibio; 5 wooden fetishes, Ekoi; I ditto, Sobo, Sapele district; wooden marionette used in secret Akan plays, Ibibio; several magical objects of the Ibibio; ox-horn used for administering the ordeal drinks, Ibibio; 2 staves hung with wooden bells, &c., used by the Ekkpo Njawhaw Society, Ibibio; 2 pottery bowls for offerings to ghosts of ancestors, Ekoi; 2 pottery vessels for holding "medicine", Ibibio: model canoe representing the boat in which dead men cross the "Great River", Ibibio; fringe-skirt from a fetish figure, Ibibio; 2 jars in which feathers of totem birds are placed in funeral ceremonies, Ibibio; 2 carved animal figures, Ekoi; 3 pottery vessels, Ibibio; 3 ditto, Ekoi; 2 pieces of bark cloth, Ekoi; Ibibio market basket; Ibibio basket with cover; Ekoi pack-carrier; Ekoi mat and small satchel; Ekoi weaving-sword; Ibibio wooden chest; Ekoi iron lamp; Ekoi wooden tally-stick; brass rods, wires, and "manillas" used as currency, Ibibio; wooden fish-carrier, Ibibio; Ekoi rat-trap; bow; 2 small bows used by Ibibio boys; Ekoi cross-bow; Ibibio percussion-gun; 2 sets of powder-and shot-holders, Ibibio; Ekoi shield and war-cap; wooden sword used in children's Agara Club, Nchofan; 3 Ibibio iron gongs; bronze gong, Eket district; 5 wooden bells, Ibibio; cluster of wooden bells, Ekoi; Ibibio wicker rattle; pellet-rattles made from pods, worn by children of the Agara Club, Nchofan; 2 "bull-roarers", Ekoi; carved and plain hollow wooden gongs, S. Nigeria. From Northern Nigeria - wooden whistle, Gurkava, Murchison Range; 3 rods of native-smelted tin, Bauchi; 2 pottery lamps, Kano; jar made from hide-scrapings, Hausa, Ibi; 5 Hausa spindles; 2 Hausa weaving-reeds; magician's mask, Jarava, Bauchi; brass armlet, Hausa; horn trumpet, Fika, Bornu; wooden door-lock, Gabai, S. Bornu; fly-whisk, Bornu; basketry jar, Bornu; cuirass of iron plates, Fika, Bornu. From French Central Africa—Bagirimi ceremonial fly-whisk and double wooden axe, Tchekna; primitive harp, Fort Lamy; nut-shell rattle, Arab, Fort Lamy; 2 fly-whisks, wooden hoe, rush-work bag, and bag of rushes and leather upori the preservation of which a woman's life and welfare depend, Ba-Nana, Logone R.; 2 women's lip-studs, fibre-work helmet, hide cuirass, padded leg-armour and shield, Ba-Nana, Musgum; sack used byArabs for loading transport oxen. From Northern Kamerun—Wadama whistle, Tuburi Lakes; 2 Fulani oboes, Lere. From Lake Chad—wicker basket, decorated basket, iron harpoon-head with ambatch float, and set of snares for wild-fowl, Buduma. From N. W. Liberia—wooden snuff-box and wooden war-horn, Kissi district., From E. Sierra Leone—iron currency-bar, and sheath-knife, Konno. Presented by P. Amaury Talbot, Esq., M.A. Stone celt, Pitcairn Island, S. Pacific; 2 stools and carved wooden bowl, Omdurman, Sudan; 2 padded caps worn by the Khalifa's cavalry, Eastern Sudan. Presented by Donald Gunn, Esq., M.B. Specimens collected in the Gran Chaco, Paraguay, viz.: charm against thunder, reed call and spinning-top, Sanapana tribe; fish-trap, fiddle, cane flute, wooden comb, pottery vessel of obsolete type, and miniature bow used by boys. Presented by Andrew Pride, Esq. Wooden flageolet, Livno, S. Bosnia. Presented by P.P.H. Hasluck, Esq. Three stone adze-blades, obsidian flake and pig's skull, collected in New Zealand by Mr. W.A. Neale. Presented by Mrs. E.A.F. Hope. Five boomerangs, Victoria, Australia, Presented by Dr. Sutton. Small fish-trap, New Britain; samples of sinnet cord from Fiji, Samoa, and Ontong Java. Presented by the Rev. George Brown, D.D. Stone axe-blade, Queensland; club, Cooper's Creek, Queensland; 4 boomerangs, Queensland. Presented by T.H. Brown,Esq. Two very old clubs dug up on the St. George-Bolton Road, S. Queensland. Presented by George Cole, Esq. Circular stone axe-blade, Kilmore, Victoria; gum-handled knife of glass, Central South Australia. Presented by Prof. W. Baldwin Spencer, C.B., F.R.S. Specimens collected by Mr. H. K. Fry, in Melville and Bathurst Islands, North Australia, viz. bone awl, notched wooden tally of deaths, 2 opium pipes (Chinese). Presented by H.K. Fry, Esq., M.B. Chinese head-rest of porcelain, Malay States; Chinese bronze flat-iron, Selangor; Battak comb, Sumatra. Presented by I.H.N. Evans, Esq, Kayan lime-box of bamboo, Sarawak; sireh-box and cigarette-cases of decorated basketry, and necklet worn by girls, Korinchi Mountain, Sumatra. Presented by C. Boden Kloss, Esq.
Two cast-brass vases, Federated Malay States. Presented by H. C. Robinson, Esq. Four stone adze-blades, Tembeling R., Pahang; Malay woman's knife, Patani; 2 Malay knives, Negri Sembilan; sling, Negri Sembilan; 2 Malay bamboo knives for severing the umbilical cord, Pahang; Malay circumcision knife, Perak; wooden clip used in circumcision, Pekan, Pahang; turtle-shell weaving shuttle and set of turtle-shell perforated plates used in "card-weaving ", Malay, Pahang; 5 wood-blocks for stamping patterns on cloth, Selangor; piece of cloth dyed by the tie-and-dye process, Banka Island; ditto, Perak; flute a-bec, Pahang; 3 tin coins (Portuguese, sixteenth century) dredged up in the Malacca R.; 2 frictional fire-making sets, Besisi of Tamboh, Selangor; leaves of Denia sarmentosa used as sand-paper, Besisi, Selangor; 2 fish-traps of calamus ribs, Perak R., Malay States; berthan thorns used by Sakai as tattooing-needles, Ulu Telentoh, Malay States. Presented by H.C. Robinson, Esq., on behalf of the Perak Museum, Taiping, and Selangor Museum, Kuala Lumpur. Large, painted bark receptacle, Melville Island, N. Australia. Collected by Dr. Houson. Presented by Sir Edward Schafer, F.R.S. Five painted spears, Melville Island, and 3 spears, Roper River, N. Australia. Collected by Dr. Houson. Presented by Dr. F.A. Dixey, D.M., F.R.S. Sample of Tasmanian aboriginal hair. Presented by Dr. F. von Luschan. Burmese manuscript on palm leaf; decorated brass collyrium vessel, India; yoni-shaped copper libation vessel, Hindu, India; 10 figures of Hindu gods in cast brass, India; small figure, of Buddha, Mathura; 3 Burmese figures of Buddha. Presented by W. Benett, Esq. Print of the first edition of John Carey's map of Oxfordshire, I787. Presented by J.E. Pritchard, Esq. Large hand-made pottery jar, primitive cotton-gin, 2 weeding-hoes, leaf-shaped iron razor and sheath-dagger, from Abgylili, near Sennaar, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. Presented by O.G.S. Crawford, Esq., B.A. Flint scraper uscd by tlle Apache of New Mexico for scraping skins. Prcsented by A.J. de Havilland Bushnell, Esq.
Twenty-one stone celts, &c., from the Bauchi district, N. Nigeria. Presented by E.A. Langlow Cock, Esq. Accurate working model of an early railway locomotive of the L. & N.W. Railway. Presented by A.C. Madan, Esq., M.A. Specimens collected by Mr. H. L. Dudley Buxton in the Island of Cyprus, viz. reed whistle, Lapethos; 2 reed flageolets, Enkomi and Karabas; 4 primitive clarinets, Karabas and Akanthou; 5 wooden " bull-roarers", Akanthou, Lapethos, Enkomi, and Karabas; friction-drum, Famagusta; sheep-bell, Enkomi; top made of walnut-shells, Lapethos; toy bow and spring-gun, Akanthou; beam of balance, Famagusta; leather and string used in pottery-making, Lapethos; spindle, Lapethos; 2 shuttle-quills Leukoniko; 2, loom-treadles and weaving "temple", Karabas; woven garter and bag-purse, Turkish, Nicosia. Presented by H.L. Dudley Buxton, Esq., B.A. Pouch for hashish, Saffi, Morocco; 9 vegetable drugs and skin of hedgehog used medicinally, Mogador; 4 vegetable drugs, Las Palmas, Canary Islands. Presented by Miss B. Freire Marreco. Four palaeolithic flint implernents (Acheulian), Priory Bay, I. of Wight. Presented by Prof. E.B. Poulton, D.Sc., F.R.S. Sprigs of "saffron" used medicinally and magically in Oxford, 1914. Presented by M.W. Hilton Simpson, Esq. Specimens collected by Mr. H.F. Matthews in Northern Nigeria, viz. 3 stone celts, perforated stone weight, and part of stone ring, Ninkada R., Jemaa district; tail-like ornament worn by Kagoro women, Jemaa n' Daroro; chief's staff of office, Egbira tribe, Okeli; I7 arrows, Ninzam tribe, Chesu; ring-handled dagger, Jemaa; peculiar thrusting-weapon, Munshi tribe; Kagoro head-hunter's skull trophy, Jemaa n' Daroro; 5 iron wands carried in the Bori dances of the Hausa, Jemaa; drum and 2, gourd rattles, Ninzam tribe; trumpet of water-buck horn, Chesu; Kagoro horn trumpet and end-flute, Jemaa; zither of reeds, Kagoro, Jemaa n' Daroro. Presented by H.F. Mathews, Esq., B.A.

Neolithic stone celt dredged up in Hinksey Stream, Oxford. (Corbey.) Potter's wheel, Haifa, Palestine. (Miss K. Reynolds.) Broad leaf-shaped flint dagger of rare type, Thetford, Suffolk. (S.G. Hewlett, Esq.) Small fish-trap, Santa Cruz Islands; man's wooden sheath, S. Africa. (Mrs. Webster.) Collection of ancient stone implements, &c., found in the Southern Algerian Sahara on various sites, comprising implements of early palaeolithic types, neolithic types, and other forms, and including many fine specimens, also pieces of ostrich egg-shell perforated for making into beads. (R.J. Fromholz.) Rope of horse-hair with sheep-horn purchase-rings and fishing-net with bone strikers, Laxamyri, Iceland. (J. Sigur-jonsson). Two sets of "card-weaving" apparatus, Reykjavik, Iceland. (Mrs. B. Asmundsson.) Two wicker shields, Treasury Island, Solomon Islands; 2 clubs, Solomon Islands; club, Fijian Islands; shell-bladed axe, Admiralty Islands: 2 mouth-organs, Miao-tze, Eastern Asia. (Stevens.) Symbolic object of carved wood, elaborate bead-work apron, decorated bark-cloth apron and dagger with double sting-ray spines, Admiralty Islands; long band of feather currency, Santa Cruz Islands; 2 incised shell plaques, 2 pendants of pearl-shell, inlaid handle of small ceremonial club and a complete though inferior specimen, Solomon Islands; long shuttle, 2 carved lime-spatulae, betel-nut mortar and pestle, Massim district, New Guinea; carved comb, Vailala, Papuan Gulf, New Guinea; carved wooden bird-headed human figure, German New Guinea; 2 fishing-lines with hooks, 2 throwing-clubs used in a game, and ornament of kangaroo teeth, Queensland. (Sheppard.) Bamboo spear-thrower, German New Guinea; woman's knife of chert, Macdonnell Ranges, Central Australia. (Bought in Melbourne.) Small ceremonial club with inlaid handle and head of iron pyrites, Royalist Harbour, Malaita, Solomon Islands. (Tost & Rohu.) Pottery ewer decorated with bosses, Phyne, Cyprus; loom-reed and needles, piece of native-woven silk, and 8 decorated cloths, Leukoniko, Cyprus; native-woven garter and woven purse, Nicosia, Cyprus. (L.H. Dudley Buxton, Esq.) Specimens collected in Labrador, viz.: wooden snow-shovel and bow, Nascapee Indians; complete harpoon with line and drag, harpoon shaft, 2 elabarate raw-hide dog-whips, costume of caribou skin and seal skin, and stone cooking-pot, Eskimo, N.E. district; jacket of smoked caribou skin made for an Indian or European. (Rev. S.W. Woodward.) Series af palaealithic objects in flint and hone from various strata in the Grotte du Placard, Charente, France, comprising: implements and flakes of flint from the Moustierian layer, the lower and upper Solutrean layers, and the lower Madelainean layer; also pieces of worked bone, broken bone needles from the upper Solutrean and Madelainean layers. (Prof. W.J. Sollas, F.R.S.) Skull, part of skeleton, bronze key, coin, fibulae, and other objects found in a burial of Roman period at Dorchester, Oxon. (Kirby.) Specimens collected by Mr. M.W. Hilton-Simpson in Algeria and the Aures with funds granted by the Committee for Anthropology and Exeter College, viz. 5 musical instruments, native toys, pipes of bone and wood, snuff-taking appliances, kohl-tubes and pencils, cane pens, ink-horn, carved powder-flasks, gun-flint maker's outfit, gun-flint flakers, flint-lock gun, daggers, sabre, prick-spurs, flesh-hook, adzes, wooden winnowing-shovel, wooden pitch fork, sickle, stone quern, balance-scales, pebbles and shells used for polishing pottery, basketry and woven materials, carding-comb, loom-clips, and other domestic objects; a number of charms and magic appliances and objects used in divination; also a very interesting collection of native surgical instruments, including a set of trepanning instruments, a skull apparently showing the effects of trepanning, and pieces of bone removed by native surgeons. (M.W. Hilton-Simpson, Esq.)

Six very fine decorated shields for ceremonial use, and a very large war-drum, Angami tribe Naga Hills, Assam. (Lent by J.H. Hutton, Esq., I.C.S.) Four silver ex voto figures, Granada, Spain, and 8 imitations of palaeolithic flint implements. (Lent by the Curator.)


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