Report of the Curator ot the Pitt-Rivers Museum, 1912

A series illustrating the Graphic Art of primitive peoples was brought together for exhibition in the lower gallery, and a number of copies of Late Stone Age paintings in the Cave at Altamira in Spain were framed and displayed, together with copies of Bushman rock-paintings from S. Africa, in order that the art of these two regions and periods may be compared. It is hoped to develop further this important series.
The collection of slings, bolas, and lassoes has been expanded and rearranged in a more effective manner. There has also been a rearrangement and extension of the series of primitive weighing appliances, and I have added a collection of examples of the interesting "bismar" type of weighing-beam from a variety of localities, together with other specimens from my own collection.
New cases were added to contain a portion of the valuable collection of specimens from Borneo, bequeathed by the late Mr. Robert Shelford, whose death has deprived the Museum of a keenly interested benefactor.
Additional cabinets have been erected under the table-cases in the galleries for the storing of non-exhibited material for research students, and a drawer-cabinet has been added to the storeroom. Numerous other improvements have been effected in the various series, but the work of the Department is severely hampered by lack of space and lack of skilled assistance. It is of very great importance that there should be some extension of the building in order that the congestion of the Museum may be relieved, and that full advantage may be taken of the very valuable scientific material which it contains.
Mr. G. Carline has very kindly volunteered to re-draft the lists of accessions, and has for some time been engaged upon this piece of work, which, when completed, will be of great value to the Museum. The Museum is also very much indebted to Miss W. Blackman for her assistance in making card-catalogues of the Fire-making series and some of the groups of Musical Instruments. The extension of the card catalogue is a very important piece of work which was commenced by Miss B. Freire Marreco and Mr. M.W. Hilton Simpson, and it is hoped that means may be found which will enable the catalogue to be continued. A large number of specimens have been photographed for the catalogue for other purposes.
Several specimens were lent to the Oxford Millenary Exhibition held at the Town Hall.
A number of members of the Congress of Americanists held in London visited the Museum by invitation.
I have given the usual courses of lectures to the students for the Diploma in Anthropology and to the Sudan Civil Service students, the subjects being Prehistoric Archaeology and Comparative Technology. Special assistance in the Museum has also been given to students and to those engaged in research, and I have delivered occasional lectures upon special subjects connected with the Museum series.
The accessions have been very numerous and it is worthy of note that the Museum is beginning to profit by the interest taken by present and former Diploma students. The collection of stone implements acquired on the spot by Mr. R.S. Rattray in Ashanti is an instance in point. I have described this collection fully in the Journal of the African Society of London. I have been able to strengthen the collection of Stone Age implements by the acquirement of many rare types, many gaps in the series having been filled; some of the examples are particularly fine. A full list of accessions is appended.

Hafted stone axe, unhafted ditto, 2 groin-guards of shell, 5 bamboo sheaths worn by men, 2 pairs of boars' tusks worn by men through the nasal septum, from the coastal natives of the Lower Mimika R., Dutch New Guinea; 2 gourd sheaths worn by men, Tapiro pigmies of the Upper Mimika R. Presented by A.F.E. Wollaston, Esq., member of the B.O.U.expedition to Dutch New Guinea. Tanged stone adze-blade, Cochin China. Presented by Prof. W. Sollas, M.A., F.R.S., University Museum, Oxford. Rod of native-smelted tin, Bauchi, N. Nigeria. Presented by Sir John Kirk, G.C.M.G., M.D., LL.D., Wavertree, Sevenoaks, Kent. Wooden doll, Bu-Shongo, Kasai; iron razor, Ba-Tetela-Sungu, Kasai. Presented by M.W. Hilton-Simpson, Esq., Woodstock Road, Oxford. Copper coin struck by the Khalifa at Omdurman and issued as a forced currency. Presented by H.S. Wellcome, Esq. Noka, ball used in a game, Dakhla Oasis, Lybian Desert. Presented by W.J. Harding King, Esq. Japanese bowstring, Indo-Chinese crossbow, and Turkish bow in unfinished state bound up so as to impart the reflex curve. Presented by Ingo Simon, Esq., 13 Cavendish Road, London, N.W. Circular disk of flint from gravels, Christchurch, Hants; pins of early type from the well in the keep at Carisbrooke Castle, I. of Wight, evidently votive offerings. Presented by O.G.S. Crawford, Esq., B.A. Two Bronze manillas, Cross R., S. Nigeria. Presented by T.St. Clair Harrison, Esq., Inge Va, Mayfield Road, Tunbridge Wells. Two flint implements found near Tregeseal Stone Circle, St. Just, Cornwall. Presented by Rev. T. Taylor, M.A., St. Just, Cornwall. Fighting-rings made in 1807 from copper half-pence, Abingdon, Berks.; leaden fighting-ring, Derbyshire; powder-flask, Kachin, N. Shan States; basket-work sheath worn by men, S. Africa; thorn-extractor, Zulu, Natal; 2 copper tokens of Roscoe Place Works, Sheffield, 1812; 1 ditto, Hull Lead Works, 1812; copper bank-token, Canada, 1837; 16 forgeries of flint arrow-heads, 3 ditto of spear-heads, Brandon, Suffolk; forgeries of flint arrow-heads, N. Ireland; cross-shaped flint forgery, N. Italy; primitive coffee-mill, Norway; similar form of coffee-mill, Aberdeenshire; 4 horn-spoons, Iceland; bone used for smoothing linen web on the loom, Monikie, Fifeshire; 3 Scotch " slickstones " for smoothing linen; amber bead used as a charm, Brittany; old glass linen-smoother, Scotland; rosary of glass beads, India; 2 bird-snares, haengedoner, Lervik-i-Sogn, Norway; 2, wooden cricket-tallies for keeping the score, Charney Bassett, Berks.; 5 terebratula fossils used as " Knuckle-bones ", Somersetshire; Lapp bone netting-needle, Karesuando, Finmarken; flint ball, discoida implement, and bevelled flake, Grimm's Bank, Wallingford Berks.; 6 rough flint scrapers, 4 nodules, 4 cores, concave scraper, pointed scraper and flakes, N. Stoke, Oxon.; flake disk of Pressigny flint, Preuilly, Indre-et-Loire; 3 Russian lacquered spoons; 10 flint implements, N. Stoke, Oxon. 2, flint scrapers, S. Stoke; core and flake, Grimm's Bank, Wallingford; scraper, Mongewell, Oxon.; 2, ditto, The Moors, S.E. Oxon.; flint flake with bevelled edge, Mousterian, S. France; 2 palaeoliths, S. France; flint scraper, Solutre, Dordogne; ditto, Central France; flint borer, Foulangues, Oise; core, Auvergne; 2 rude flint implements (?) found below the Red Crag, near Ipswich: 8 stone arrow-heads, Comanche, Colorado; Mexican stone celt; part of a dancing paddle Louisiade Archipelago; 18 small human and animal heads and human figure in pottery, human head carved in very hard stone, 2 pottery stamps, 3 pottery disks, 8 large stone beads and piece of carved shell, Mexico; 9 Roman bronze coins facsimile of a primitive skate of wood and iron, early nineteenth century, Sognesand, Norway; Eskimo harpoon shaft witl ivory mounts, 3 light sealing harpoons with ivory mounts ivory harpoon head, reindeer-horn ditto, long bone rod an portion of a sledge, Nunivak Island and mainland of Alaska a collection of weighing appliances comprising (a) weighing beams of bismar type, Madras (I), Norway (4), Sweden (8), Denmark (I), Finland (1), Russia (I), Orkney Islands (4), Shetland Islands (I), Norfolk (I); (b) small modern for with fixed weight, fixed fulcrum and sliding clip for letter Stockholm; (c) steelyards, Brittany (2), India (I), China (I) (d) beam-balance, Brittany. Time-measuring appliances comprising: Early sand-glass, Kennington, Oxon.; old Italian sand-glass; modern English sand-glass with bell; 3 pewter clock-lamps for measuring time by the consumption of oil, eighteenth century, Flemish (2), Switzerland (I); 2 native candles of strung nut kernels, perhaps also used as time-measurers, Papuan Gulf, New Guinea; 2 " oven-clocks" or "dick-stones", quartzite pebbles set in the walls of cottage ovens to indicate when the heat is sufficient for baking, Stanton Harcourt and Bicester, Oxon. Presented by the Curator, Henry Balfour, Esq., M.A. Six sling-bullets of baked and unbaked clay from the Lake Village near Glastonbury, late Celtic. Presented by the Glastonbury Antiquarian Society. Three spear-heads of bone, Tierra del Fuego; Maori bone mere (forgery); necklet of jaguar teeth, S. America; Zulu assegai and digging implement, S. Africa; gourd powder-flask, Niger R.; Maori hani, New Zealand; Nandi sword, British E. Africa; African dagger; Fijian throwing-club; lace-bark, W. Indies; model snow-shoe, Canada; Modern Egyptian charm necklet; 2 Ancient Egyptian ushabtiu; 3 figures of dancers, the upper parts of which are made from the head and thorax of insects, Brazil. Presented by Mrs. R.F. Wilkins, 4 Linton Road, Oxford.  Series of models of early types of defensive armour; 2 Spanish rowel-spurs; Hispano-Mauresque prick-spur. Presented by C.J. ffoulkes, Esq., B.Litt., 60 Woodstock Road, Oxford. Three syrinx musical instruments, Solomon Islands, New Hebrides, and Banks Islands; 2 stringed kalove or musical- bow, Florida, Solomon Islands; 2 bamboo knives and bivalve shell used for depilating, Banks Islands; fish-hook of shell and turtle-shell, frame upon which armlets are made, and palm-wood comb, Solomon Islands; tridacna-shell adze-blade, Meralaba, New Hebrides; 2 wooden bull-roarers, Chichester, Sussex. Presented by Rev. R.H. Codrington, D.D., The Cloisters, Chichester. Object of deer-bones used in a game resembling "cup and-ball", Shihan Indians, Montana. Presented by G.H. Grosvenor, Esq., M.A., New College, Oxford. Bamboo sliver used for severing the umbilical cord, Java; stag-beetle's horn worn as a charm, Portugal; shells and opercula from a kitchen-midden, Brown's R., Tasmania; pieces of moa and albatross bone sawn through with stone, S. Island, New Zealand; gun-flint pouch, Sussex. Presented by S.G. Hewlett, Esq., Windlesham House, Brighton. Palaeolithic implement of flint (Acheulian) with long, thin point, from gravels, Shirley Warren, Southampton. Presented by W. Dale, Esq., The Lawn, Archer's Road, Southampton. Stalagmite from a cave in Victoria, Australia; flint cone-of-percussion, Boncelles; flake struck from a ground stone celt, Shotover Hill, Oxon.; sand-blown quartzite pebble Aberdeenshire; lump of copper found at Begbroke, 0xford: naturally polished pebble, Portland Bill, Dorset; cardium shell used as a dram-cup, N. Scotland; several neolithic implements and flakes, Iffley, Oxon. Presented by A.J.M. Bell, Esq., M.A., Balliol College, Oxford. Carved wooden lime-spatula, S.E. New Guinea. Presented by F. Davenport, Esq., Non-Collegiate, Oxford. Small neolithic celt mounted in silver as a charm by A of Jerablus (the ancient Carchemish); 4 roughly made dolls which are hung up in fields as fertility charms, Jerablus. Presented by D. G. Hogarth, Esq., M.A., Ashmolean Museum ,Oxford. Ground stone axe found buried in the Perixil shell-mound at Laguna, Santa Catharina, Brazil. Presented by Don A.C. Simoens da Silva, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Two W. Australian boomerangs and a spear-thrower. Presented by E.A. Barton, Esq. Copy of Bushman paintings on a rock near Harrismith. Presented by Dr. E.P. Wilson, Harrismith, S. Africa. Two wooden tumbler-locks and keys, Cyclades, Greek Islands; wooden water-carrying pot and reaper's protecting glove, Taurus Mountains, Asia Minor; pair of wooden spoons used by dancers as castanets, Cappadocia. Presented by W.R. Halliday, Esq., M.A., Glenthorne, Brendon, N. Devon. Two Waeyang kulit puppets of hide, Malay, N. Perak; 7-wick brass lamp, Malay, Perak. Presented by R.O. Winstedt. Esq. Several ivory microscope slides of early date, England. Presented by D.H. Nagel, Esq., M.A., Trinity College, Oxford. Fifty-two " Eoliths " from the High Plateau of Kent, near Ightham, collected by Mr. B. Harrison; hair from an Akka pigmy of Central Africa; hair from a S. African Bushman girl. Presented by Professor E.B. Tylor, M.A., Hon. D.C.L., F.R.S., Wellington, Somerset. Malay golok sabre, Murut pakayun sabre, Sea Dayak niabor sword, Sea Dayak jimpul,, langai tinggang, tilang kamaran, bayu,, and parang ilang, 2 Kayan parang ilang, Land Dayak pandat and buko, Malay agricultural latok, sheath knife with angular handle, all from Sarawak; 3 Sulu krises; Brunei Malay sword, N. Borneo; Kadayan parang, N. Borneo; Bugis sword-dagger, Celebes; pair of swords in one sheath, China; 4 Malay spears, 4 Kayan spears, Malay harpoon-head, Sea Dayak carved pommel of a parang, Kenyah carved horn knife-handle, Sarawak; Milano cock-spur with sheath, Long Kiput spoon, Sea Dayak thread-spool, Murut bone hair-pin and another of boar's tusk, Ukit tatu pattern block, 9 Murut carved bamboo tobacco-pipes, 5 Land Dayak ditto, 3 Kayan carved tobacco-boxes of bamboo, 2 Sea Dayak ditto, Sea Dayak(?) tobacco-box ornamented with applique work;, 24 Sea Dayak carved bamboo tubes with named designs, 5 squares of Sea Dayak mat-work with named designs, Sarawak; Chinese opium and tobacco pipes, steelyard and flute, Sarawak; Sinhalese betel-nut slicer; rosary of beads of compressed earth; 2 carved wooden lime spatulae, S.E. New Guinea; adze-blade of basalt, Hawaiian Islands; stone adze-blade, N. New Guinea. Bequeathed by the late R. Shelford, Esq. Specimens excavated by Professor W. Flinders Petrie in a cemetery at Tarkhan near Kafr Ammar, Egypt, viz. Flint knife with tang, flint armlet with ground surface, base of a wooden head-rest (IIIrd-IVth dynasty), wooden head-rest of block form (IVth-Vth dynasty), wooden head-rest with tenoned joints (XIth dynasty). Presented by the Committee of the British School of Archaeology in Egypt, University College, London. Collection of 87 ground stone axes, stone muller, flat rubbing-stone, and 5 fragments of objects of soft sandstone of unknown use, excavated during road-making operations between Mampon and Ejura, Ashanti. Described in the Journal of the African Society, 1912. Presented by R.S. Rattray Esq., Political Officer, Ashanti. Three quivers full of arrows, charm-pendant of hair, cowries, &c., 2 wooden whistles, Phraphra tribe, Zouaragu, Gold Coast, W. Africa. Presented by Lieut. C. Henry, Worcestershire Regiment, Lingwell, Putney Heath, S.W. Two costume dolls representing a N. American Indian chief and a Caughnawaga Indian of Quebec, 2 pairs of mocassins and examples of quill-work decoration on birch-bark, Canada. Presented by F. C. Woodforde, Esq., B.A.Two sets of enamelled toe-rings, worn by Mohammedan and Hindu women in Sind, India. Presented by Miss M. A. Murray, University College, London. Two perforated leg-bones of sheep, having served, perhaps, as weaving-bobbins, from the Lake Village near Glastonbury, Wilts. Presented by H.St.G. Gray, Esq., The Museum, Taunton. Human head of painted clay, made to represent a deceased relative and kept in the "ghost-house " of a village, Astrolabe Bay, German New Guinea. Presented by A. H. Coltart, Esq., 9 Keble Road, Oxford. Nine flint and chert implements, hammer-stone and flakes, probably of Mousterian period, from La Cotte, St. Brelade, Jersey. Presented by R.R. Marett, Esq., M.A., Exeter College, Oxford. Glaze-ware dish, Saffi, Morocco, and ordinary Moorish leathern purse. Presented by G.V. Forrest, Esq., Iffley Turn, Oxford. Pair of deer-skin mocassins, Blackfoot Indians, N. America Presented by F. Sanderson, Esq. Ceremonial cap of paper, worn by Jews during the saying of grace at meals, so that the head may be covered, England Presented by Prof. E.B. Poulton, M.A., F.R.S., University Museum, Oxford. Woman's flask for buchu powder used as a cosmetic, Bushman, Kyky, Kalahari Desert, S. Africa. Presented by Miss Wilman, Alexander McGregor Museum, Kimberley, S. Africa. A large number of samples of hair from the Ainu of Yezo, hair from Japanese man, Eurasian child, and Puyallup boys in the United States. Presented by J. Dallas, Esq., 15 Walton Well Road, Oxford. Quartzite boulder used as a hammer-stone, Laurence Weston, near Bristol; 6 rough disks of stone from-various sites near Bristol. Presented by S.G. Perceval, Esq., 18 Royal York Crescent, Clifton. Ornament made of cash strung together, China. Presented by P. Manning, Esq., M.A., New College, Oxford. Ten examples of grotesque painted wood-carvings from figures burnt at funerals in the Island of Bali, Malayan Archipelago. Such specimens are extremely rare in Museums. Presented by H.N. Ridley, Esq., Singapore. Stone-bladed adze, Lake Santani, Dutch New Guinea; carved slate-stone pipe, Haida, British Columbia; spear-head made from a telegraph-insulator by natives of N.W. Australia; "dragon" tile from the Ming tombs, near Peking, China. Collection of obsolete British appliances, comprising: "turfing-iron " and turf-cutter, wooden ram-yoke, malt-shovel, butter-scales, roller for crushing oat-cake, wooden porringer, wooden dish, iron fat-bowl for making rush-lights, begging-bowl used by pauper rush light makers, grit-flask of cow-horn, cow-horn funnel used for administering doses to sick cattle, wooden oven-" peel ", N. Wales; pair of " dibbling-irons " for planting corn, reaping-hooks, various agricultural implements, oven- "peel", butter-scales, and set of objects used in the home-brewing of beer, &c., Suffolk; portions of wooden cog-wheel gear and malt-shovels used formerly in beer-making at The Kiln House, Greywell, Hants; small wooden keg used by farm labourers, Greywell; 3 lanterns made from bottles by gipsies in Hampshire; iron trivet, Sussex; various lighting appliances of iron, and other objects from different localities. Presented by J. Edge-Partington, Esq., The Kiln House, Greywell, Hants.

Discoidal stone implement, Florida, U.S.A.; 5 stone arrowheads, U.S.A.; flint-blade, Suffolk; 2 scrapers and trimmed flakes of flint, Grimes Graves, Suffolk; 3 spindle-whorls of pottery, Co. Antrim and Folkestone; I steatite spindle-whorl, Smyrna; 3 neolithic scrapers, Suffolk; ovate palaeolith, Brandon; pointed ditto, Brandon Fields; large plano-convex ditto, Santon Downham; discoidal ditto, Mildenhall; ovate palaeolith and flake, High Lodge Hill, Mildenhall; ovate palaeolith and trimmed flake, Westley, Suffolk; 3 palaeoliths, Warren Hill; 4 ditto, Grindle Pit, Bury St. Edmunds; large stone axe-blade, British New Guinea; much-used stone sago-axe, ib.; string-work bag, ib.; 3 heads of hornbills (R. plicatus), ib.; ivory bark-cloth mallet, Belgian Congo; long iron lance, W. Africa (?); 2 harpoons and engraved iron spear, Belgian Congo; necklet of brass beads and sheath-knife, S. Africa; flask of palm-leaf with seeds for mancala game, S. Africa; lime gourd, Santa Cruz Islands; 2 wooden hair-combs, New Guinea; knife for carving wood, Kayan, Sarawak; photographs of antiquities from Ecuador and Peru. (Stevens.) Frontal ornament of tridacna shell and fretted turtle-shell, S. Cristoval, Solomon Islands. (Rev. F.H. Drew.) Witch-doctor's mask, Ibo, S. Nigeria; carved musical instrument of sansa type, Anambra Creek, S. Nigeria; 2 wooden writing-boards inscribed in Arabic; ? charm tablet of wood, N. Africa; model of Tongan canoe; 2, wooden clog-sandals, N.W.P., India; box of rouge buried with a dead woman, India; 4 old Chinese anatomical charts; Burmese band for tying a religious book. (Newport Museum, Isle of Wight.) Decorated gourd drinking-flask; obsolete lancet, Stratford, 4 goffering-irons, iron key, horse's brass pendant, Worcestershire. (G. Herbert.) Engraved steel skate, Denmark; cupping instrument of carved cow-horn of Indian design, obtained at Tel-el-Kebir Egypt. (Newman.) Shepherd's wooden crook, Argyllshire. (McLellan.) Marling spike of sperm whalebone. (Bought in Ipswich.) Four thin leaf-shaped flint blades, neolithic, Norfolk, Mildenhall, Beachy Head, and Hammersmith; almond-shaped polished celt, Barnham, Norfolk; very rare type of flint celt, neolithic, W. Harling, Norfolk; very rare thin elliptical flint blade, Santon Downham; partly ground circular disk of flint, Eastbourne; 4 ditto, Eastbourne, Litlington, Thetford Warren, and Lakenheath; 5 discoidal flint blades more or less ground, Pig Dean, Beachy Head, Eastbourne, Suffolk, and Mildenhall; sub-rectangular ground flint blade, Thames at Woolwich; flint flake with ground edge, S. Downs; partly ground flint flake, Thames at Twickenham; ditto, Mildenhall; partly ground flake struck from a neolithic celt, Willingdon Hill, Sussex; partly ground scraper, S. Downs; ditto, Birling Gap; ditto, Beachy Head; ground flint chisel, lcklingham; triangular flake beautifully flaked over one surface, Thames at Bray; delicate flint borer, Eriswell; flint borer and concave-scraper combined, Pig Dean; 2, flint "fabricators", Beachy Head and Eriswell; rough double-ended borer, New Barn, Sussex; socketed-and-barbed lance- head of iron, Brandon; implement of stone with ground edge, Marpha; slab of polished jade partly sawn through, New Zealand; 6 stone blades for sawing jade, flake of jade, small adze-like stone implement, stone used for polishing jade, flake of quartzite with serrated edge, and 3 borers of stone, New Zealand; 2, perforated dogs' teeth, Broadstairs, Kent, and Florida, Solomon Islands; Tamil book on palm-leaf, Madras Presidency; ancient perforated stone bead, W. Stow, Suffolk; pigmy flint implement, Willingdon Hili; flint flake with ground edge, Thetford Warren; narrow flint celt, Croxton, Norfolk; small flint celt, Isleham, Cambridgeshire; flint scraper, Beachy Head; circular flint disk, S. Downs; 2 flakes from the same block trimmed to form scrapers, Willingdon Hill ; Tasmanian stone implement; fish-lure of iridescent shell, Geneva; flint saw, Icklingham; chisel-ended flint blade, Thetford Warren; flint arrow-head, Icklingham; 2 rough hammer-stones, Batheaston, Somerset; obsidian implement, Easter Island; natural pebbles used for grinding paint, 11 stone blades used for sawing jade, 8 stones for polishing jade, 4 stone files for shaping jade, 9 pieces of jade showing marks of sawing, finely ground edge of a stone adze, and 16 stone adzes, New Zealand. (S. G. Hewlett.) Elaborately made iron war-axe with copper-sheathed haft Zappo Zap, Kasai. (Bateman.) Specimens from the Belgian Congo, viz. "native iron" currency, Ndobo tribe; 2 native razors, ivory bark-cloth mallet, small wooden stool for use of persons to whom it is tabu to sit on the ground, and pair of seed rattles, Boloki (Ba-Ngala), Upper Congo; basket-work rattle, Kasai; musical instrument of sansa type, Lower Congo; 4-stringed instrument used by the Ndembo secret society, Ngombe Lutete, Upper Congo; bamboo flute, Ngombe Lutete. (Rev. J.Weeks.) Constable's truncheon, City of London, 1864. (J.P. Philbey.) Two primitive lamps and a modern derivative, broad-bladed knife, 2 wooden paste markers, brass paste-cutter and pottery bell, Rapallo, Italy; feather fan for fire-blowing, Faenza, Italy; pounder of walrus ivory, Eskimo; 3 carved wooden head-rests, S. Africa. (Rev. C.V. Goddard.) Cup-shaped stone lamp dug up in Brasenose College, 1887 (A.J.M. Bell, Esq.) Inlaid flint-lock gun, ? Albania; percussion revolver by Dowling, Dublin. (R. Downing, Esq.) Handle of flint dagger with very fine zigzag ornamentation half of a spear-head of flint very finely flaked, complete dagger of flint, leaf-shaped flint blade and narrow, pointed flint dagger; Jutland, Denmark. (Hammer.) Tobacco-pipe of cane root, Hankow, China. (Graham.) Arab silver charm engraved with magic squares. Christian silver pendant engraved with figure of the Madonna and ex voto ear in silver from a Christian Church, Syria. (Miss Reynolds.) Carved wooden fetish in human form and sacrificial sword found in a ju-ju hut of the Qua Ibo tribe, Azumini, S. Nigeria; 3 "prince" manillas used as currency to the E. of the Delta; 2 perforated modern aluminium coins, Nigeria.(E. Watts, Esq.) Two very thin flint arrow-blades, Yorkshire and Scotland; 4 small stone arrow-heads, Bolivia. (Webster.) Two stone adze-blades, Nelson District, New Zealand. (Cookson.) Swedish copper plate-money, 1735; copper rectangular I ore piece, 1625, Sweden; piece of strip-money, temp. Charles I, England; Roman aes rude, Naples; Spanish dollars cut into 1/2 and 1/4 pieces for small change, W. Indies; silver dollar cut into 1/4 piece, Curacao; 3 pieces of copper bar-money, Java; "hat" money, Pahang, Lower Siam; silver larin money, Persian Gulf. (Baldwin.) W. African quiver; 2 arquebus bullets of copper from the walls of the Temple of the Sun, Cuzco, Peru; wooden pigment- box and bone harpoon-head from Inca graves, Pisagua, Chili; shirt of bark cloth, Gran Chaco, Paraguay. (Brown.)  Eight pottery vessels, Ecuador. (R.F. Bromage, Esq.) Set of 24 brass instruments used for splitting straws in the straw-plaiting industry, Bedfordshire. (F. Williams, Esq.) Specimens excavated at Faras, Nubia, during I9II-12, by Mr. F. Ll. Griffith, viz. Implement of hyaline quartz of Chellean type found near Sheikh Gebel; a number of flint implements and flakes, potsherd, pieces of a shell armlet, engraved steatite cylinder and bronze kohl-stick, from the site of an early village; 2 palettes of quartz, 5 polishing pebbles, bronze awl and awl with part of handle, from a Proto-dynastic cemetery; 4 pottery bowls and various beads from a cemetery, XII-XVII1 dynasties; bronze knife, curved iron knife, and ivory comb, from the Hathor temple; iron sickle-blade and iron bar, from a Meroitic house, I-III century A. D.; 17 pottery vessels, some painted or with stamped designs, 2 pottery feeding-beakers, coarse pottery jug, ground stone celt, 2 stone mullers, stone mace-head, 2 broken stone whorls, pair of heavy engraved bronze armlets, 6 bronze arrow-heads, tongs, spoon, feeding-beaker, saucer with spout, awl, 2 case-mirrors, circular mirror and 3 kohl-spoons, all of bronze, ivory kohl- stick, portions of two wooden kohl-tubes, a number of iron arrow-heads, iron knife-blades, iron axe-blade, forceps, ring, door-lock and fragments of iron, pair of silver ear-rings, a large assortment of beads and pendants of various materials, glazed-ware figurines and sacred eyes in glazed ware, from a Meroitic cemetery, I-III century A. D.; three pottery lamps of the Christian period. (F.Ll. Griffith, Esq.)

Two hundred and ninety-nine silver and 16 gold ex voto figures from churches in Peru, Bolivia (Spanish American); 17 silver ex voto figures from Belgium. (Lent by the Curator, H. Balfour, Esq., M.A. Three clay figures of animals from burials of the Hang Tang dynasties, China. (Lent by A.H. Coltart, Esq.)


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