Report of the Curator of the Pitt-Rivers Museum, 1911.

A card-catalogue of the extensive collection of Musical Instruments was commenced and far advanced towards completion. In this work I have had the kind assistance of Mr. M. W. Hilton Simpson, who worked nearly daily in the Museum during more than half the year. When completed, this catalogue will lead to a re-classification of the whole series of musical instruments, which is a very fine one, although the space available for its exhibition is very inadequate. An extension of the Museum to accommodate this instructive series is greatly to be desired, both as a means of adequately displaying this section of the Museum collection, and to enable the general congestion of the Museum to be relieved.

The collection of Algerian pottery has been rearranged and most of the recently acquired material incorporated in the series. The collection of specimens of the hair of various races has been transferred to a cabinet in the lower gallery, and the space which it formerly occupied will be assigned to another series. The collection illustrating Primitive forms of Currency has been extended, rearranged, and to a great extent labelled, two additional cases being given up to this collection, which is now one of the most interesting and instructive. The collection of ancient and modern Votive Offerings has been rearranged in a new table-case fitted with drawers underneath. Several new cabinets have been added in the galleries. A double-fronted exhibition case has been added to the court.
In response to a request from the Mayor, facilities were given for parties of school-children to visit the Museum in charge of responsible teachers. About 150 children in parties of about I2 at a time were thus shown over the Museum.

A large number of specimens of armour and weapons in the Museum have been photographed and described for inclusion in a work upon the " European Arms and Armour in the University of Oxford " (principally in the Ashmolean and Pitt-Rivers Museums), by Mr. Charles ffoulkes, to be published shortly. Mr. R. Poulton was for some time working in the Museum at the important collection of palaeolithic flint implements discovered in Priory Bay, I. of Wight, and presented by Professor E.B. Poulton in 1910.
My own researches have been mainly devoted to the remains of the Stone Age in S. Africa. In addition to my own material collected upon the Zambesi River and its tributaries, I have examined a very large collection of stone implements from S. Africa sent to me from the Museum at Kimberley for diagnosis. I am preparing a report upon these at the request of the Curator, Miss M. Wilman.

 I have given courses of lectures throughout the year to the students for the diploma in Anthropology on Prehistoric Archaeology and Comparative Technology, and to the probationers for the Sudân Civil Service on Comparative Technology. Additional instruction was given to several students engaged in study or research. It is satisfactory to report that several former Diploma students have been engaged in field research work and have been appointed to official posts either for teaching or research or both in Anthropology.

Among the more noteworthy accessions, a full list of which is appended, the following deserve especial mention:—The extensive donations of specimens given by Professor E.B. Tylor; the series of African specimens collected with accurate data and presented by Mr. W. Scoresby Routledge and Mr. Hilton Simpson; a very beautiful Predynastic flint blade from Professor W.F. Petrie's excavations; Mr. F.O. Stohr's African collection; the large and varied series of objects largely of local interest from the collection of Mr. Percy Manning; and an interesting human head trophy from S. America, purchased. Miss B. Freire Marreco generously gave to the Museum the collection made by herself in New Mexico and Arizona, the result of her fieldwork as Research Fellow of Somerville College. In addition, she was kind enough to label and catalogue this collection, with very full data.

Thirty-one specimens of native pottery vessels and some potsherds, Zuni and Moki Indians of New Mexico and Arizona; pottery figure of an owl, Zuñi; painted tile, Taos Pueblo, New Mexico; 2 water jars of resined basketry and basketry dish, Wolpi, Arizona; stone-pointed pump-drill, lice-forceps, weaving-sword, archer's wrist-guard, dance head-dress with wool-work imitation of the squash-blossom, and 3 woven sashes, Zuñi; New Mexican God of Thunder with objects placed on shrine; set of three wooden covers used in the " hidden-ball " game, bone awl and wooden tongs, Moki; pair of mocassins, Cheyenne, Fort Sill, Indian Territory; N. Australian spear thrower; W. Australian glass-edged knife; Fijian club and spear; wooden glaive, Niue, S. Pacific; carved bone fan-handle, Marquesas Islands; Ashanti pipe-bowl; Corean pipe; Maori staff club; Bali kris; "kingfisher" kris, Patani, Malay Peninsula; Burmese sword; 5 Japanese swords; Japanese knife and clog-sandals; modern Egyptian sling; 3 fire-drilling sets, Mycoolon tribe, N. W. Central Queensland; fire-drill, Woiworung tribe, Victoria; fire-saw of bamboo, Celebes; leather kohl flask and small mirror, Egyptian Sudan; pair of Lapp reindeer-skin boots, Finmarken; carved chalk human figure, New Ireland; 2 distaves and spindles, Szonta, Hungary; 3 dowsers' or water-finders' hazel wands, Somersetshire; spindle-whorl of pottery, Mexico; S. American woven bag with painted designs; ghirlanda of feathers, bones, hair, &c., used to cause death of a victim by magic, Tuscany; 2 " witches' ladders " of string and feathers, Wellington, Somerset; smock-frock, Horsepath, Oxford; 3 "bull-roarers," Kurnai, Victoria, Australia; 3 palaeolithic implements and 3 flakes, St. Acheul, France; 2 flint implements and flakes, Le Moustier, Dordogne; palaeolithic implement, Brandon, Suffolk; nodular flint implement, N. Stoke, Oxon; 4 rubbing stones, ? Mexico; lump of obsidian, scraper and broken spear-blades of obsidian, Ohio; 2I stone arrow-heads, 3 stone knife-blades, stone scraper, borer, &c., N. America ; stone axe-blade, Australia; Tasmanian pointed implement of agate. Presented by Professor E.B. Tylor, F.R.S., M.A., Hon. D.C.L., Linden, Wellington, Somerset. Specimens of native iron-ore, iron extracted from the ore and iron ingot, Nuba, S. Kordofan; boomerang-shaped club, Hameg tribe, Jebel Gule, White Nile; small carved ivory figure, W. Africa; 2 paintings of animals, &c., by Sitala Wanniya Veddas, Ceylon. Presented by Dr. C.G. Seligmann. Thatching-needle of carved bone, Maori, New Zealand; wooden club, Fiji Islands; bamboo bow, Humboldt Bay, New Guinea; ancient pottery vessel in form of a fish (skate), Peru. Presented by Mrs. H.N. Moseley, 48 Woodstock Road, Oxford. Original bundle of tinder-box matches (sulphured) from an old house in Wantage, Berks; curiously shaped natural flint nodule, Wantage; clip for leading bulls by the nose, Wantage. Presented by F. Williams, Esq., Prior's Hold, Wantage, Berks. Six-pointed fish-spear, 4 war arrows, resin torch, palm-leaf basket, mat-work bag, coconut-shell cup, 2 pendants of cone-shell bases, coix seed necklet and 23 stone adze-blades, San Christoval, Solomon Islands; skein of dyed cane strip, Malaita, Solomon Islands; peculiar nose-ornament set with dolphin teeth, Ugi, Solomon Islands; palm-leaf fan, Torres Islands; 2 turtle-shell fish gorges, shells for scraping yams, decorated woven mat-work, Santa Cruz Islands; trade stick of tobacco, Solomon Islands. Presented by F.H. Drew, Esq., 19 Farndon Road, Oxford. Twenty pieces of household pottery, hand-made; Apache basket; grass broom; wafer-bread; corn-meal; mica used in pottery-making and for house-decoration; haematite, red ochre, yellow ochre, and commercial carmine for face-painting and for decorating pottery; 22 medicines; ring of father's hair worn by baby; cross for blessing wheat-field; obsidian arrow-heads; model arrows; arrows for shooting small game; hunting-bow; model of war-bow; raw-hide tobacco bottle, plant smoked with tobacco, corn-husk for cigarros; two feather ornaments for dancers; parrot's feather tied, to show method of mounting; rasps for dance-music; rattle carried by dancers; tambourine and stick; ceremonial whips; sticks for patole; measuring rod; pottery fragment and stone bead from old site of Santa Clara: from the Pueblo of Santa Clara, New Mexico (Tewa Indians). Decorated water-jar; effigy of deer: from the Pueblo of Tesuque, New Mexico (Tewa Indians). Decorated dish: from the Pueblo of San lldefonso, New Mexico (Tewa Indians). Food bowl: from the Pueblo of Santo Domingo, New Mexico (Queres Indians). Broken pottery; implement of igneous rock; string of yucca fibre and fur: from ruins in the Cañada de los Frijoles, New Mexico. Boy's bow and arrows; flute; cradle; basket (coiled); basket in course of construction, with materials; small carrying-basket (twined weave); flaking-tool for arrow- heads, with glass models made with it and specimens of suitable stone; antique stone arrow-straightener; 2 stone implements; 5 medicines; buckskin cap trimmed with feathers, rattle, string of shells and mineral beads, bead said to be a " deer-stomach-stone ", shell with medicine attached, shell ring and beads, 3 quartz arrow-heads, bull-roarer, all owned by "doctors" or "dreamers"; children's toy bull-roarers; cocoon called " ghost-mucus": from Mohave-Apache Indians, McDowell, Arizona. Skull deformed by pressure, from ruins above Beaver Creek, Camp Verde, Arizona. Firetongs; arrows; broken throw sword; human jaw-bone: from skull cave, Four Peaks, Arizona. Bone needle: from Kertch, Crimea. Presented by Miss Barbara Freire Marreco, Research Fellow of Somerville College, Oxford. Native decorated bag of woven material, Shan States. Presented by A.W. Comber, Esq., M.B., 7 St. Margaret's Road, Oxford.  Six spatulate clubs of hard wood, some carved, and 4 carved ebony lime-spatulae. Presented by R.S. Grant Thorold, Esq., 5, The Albany, Piccadilly.  Modern French fighting-ring of aluminium, ornamented with grotesque face, Paris. Presented by C. ffoulkes, Esq., 60 Woodstock Road, Oxford. Pair of wooden clog-sandals, Lungano, Italy. Presented by E. Sidney Hartland, Esq., Highgarth, Gloucester. Potsherd drilled with stone drill, Zuñi, New Mexico; 2 small painted hide shields, Sind, India; 3 carved soapstone pipe-bowls, Kaffir, S. Africa; 2 ditto with double bowls; 3 Kaffir ear-ornaments of reed, engraved; bamboo scratch-back, N. China; rattle composed of 5 small pellet-drums mounted together, Peking; sling from ancient Peruvian grave, Ancon; 2 small engraved shields of brass and white metal, India; Old English smock-frock, Charney, Berks; ditto, Oxfordshire; Abrus precatorius seeds used as currency in Burma and S. E. Asia; early sack-bottle dug up in Long Wall, Oxford; 3 carved ebony sticks with human designs, S. E. British New Guinea; flint implement of arrow-head shape but with edges bevelled all round, English; unusual flint blade, very thin, flaked over both surfaces and with bevelled edge, found in river-ballast at Osney Lock, Oxford; fragment of flaked flint made apparent}y from a larger ground implement, Headington, Oxford; small implement of chert, elliptical, flaked all over, Tumba, French Congo; trade machete used as currency in the Philippine Islands and elsewhere. Presented by Henry Balfour, Esq., M.A., Curator of the Museum. Collection of specimens from the A•Kikuyu of Mount Kenia, British E. Africa, viz.: n'guo, woman's goat-skin cloak; munioro, girdle worn by men; bead-work necklet; mareiméli necklet worn by boys before initiation; 2 kiniata, bead-work armlets worn by unmarried girls and boys; cone-shell base pendant, worn by married women; large armlet-shield worn at initiation ceremonies; crescentic wooden armlet, ngozo; kichui, iron-wire finger-ring; 3 n'debe, wooden earrings ; kilingiti-ya-gutu, wooden ear-ornament; 4 luhangi, rings of beads and wire worn round the ear; 2 ruenji, iron razors; kiondo, string-work bag; native-made chain of imported iron-wire; slag from native iron-working. Presented by the collector, W. Scoresby Routledge, Esq., Conservative Club, London, S.W. Sevcn-stringed zither made of parallel reeds, Likoma, British Nyassaland; ula, skin of small mammal used by witch-doctors for detecting culprits, Chizumulu, near Likoma. Presented by G.H. Wilson, M.A., "The Firs," Alfreton. Cast of a stone implement, " coin de foudre," found built into the wall of a house at La Moye, Jersey; 37 stone implements, 2 cores, 2 hammer-stones, 85 flakes and piece of bone from La Cotte, St. Brelade, Jersey, probably belonging to the Moustierian period. Presented by R.R. Marett, Esq., M.A., Exeter College, Oxford Six stone implements and flakes and casts of 12 human teeth from La Cotte, St. Brelade, Jersey. Presented by La Société Jersiaise, Jersey. Pair of flint-lock pistols by Nicoles of Oxford. Presented by F.C. Woodforde, Esq., Market Drayton, Salop. Drum with monitor-skin membrane, W. shore of L. Tanganyika; 2 musical instruments of sansa type, bar of wood suspended over a gourd resonator and used as a xylophone, being sounded after the killing of a hippopotamus, musical bow, two-stringed instrument of zeze type, six-stringed zither of parallel reeds and ten-stringed zither with wooden resonator from the Awemba and Wabisa tribes, Mpiko district, N. E. Rhodesia; 6 skulls of men of the Walala tribe from a battle-field in the Mpika district. Presented by F.H. Melland, Esq. Weighing-balance for weighing broken silver used as currency, interior of China. Presented by P.E. O'Brien Butler, Esq., British Consulate General, Yunnanfu, W. China. Tibetan child's reading-book, W. Tibet; memorandum tablets with writing in fine dust spread over the surfaces, W. Tibet; small votive plaque of pottery with figure of Buddha under the Bodhi tree, from a Buddhist shrine, W. Tibet. Collected by Captain A.A. Smith, Indian Army. Presented by Vincent A. Smith, Esq., M.A., 116 Banbury Road, Oxford. Kaffir wooden head-rest, S. Africa. Presented by Miss Gouzée, 34 Avenue Charlotte, Antwerp, Belgium. Fourteen sets of native teeth exhibiting various forms of fashionable deformation by filing and chipping, Central East Africa (Mozambique, Quilimane, Nyassa, &c.); 2 white-metal earrings, Mozambique; set of 4 incisor teeth stained with mangrove bark, copper sulphate and lemon juice, Mozambique; cashew nuts used in producing permanent marks upon the skin, Lake Nyassa. Presented by Dr. G.A. Turner, M.B., B.Ph., Medical Officer, Native Labour Association, Johannesburg, S. Africa. Tibetan prayer-flag and bunch of votive rags from the spot where Bengal, Bhutan, and Sikkim meet; printed prayer-flags, Sikkim; Tibetan printed prayers with design of a horse, from the Teesta Bridge, Kalimpong, Bengal; native hand-made paper, Bhutan. Presented by Miss H.M. Smith, 6 Museum Road, Oxford. Seven ancient pottery vessels from Chiriqui, Central America. Presented by D.F.S. Filliter, Esq., H.B.M. Vice-Consul, Panama; East Lulworth Vicarage, Wareham. Ancient Peruvian black-ware jug with bird designs. Presented by W, Deane, Esq., Fernleigh, Cardington Road, Bedford. Cup made from a small gourd, painted, Miranha Indians, Jurua R., Brazil. Presented by R.W.T. Gunther, Esq., M.A., Magdalen College, Oxford. English brass horse-pendant. Presented by G. Kettle, Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford. Shell of Venus mercenaria used in making purple wampum beads. Presented by A. Robinson, University Museum, Oxford.  Flint flake struck from a polished celt, Limpsfield, Surrey; 3 large palaeolithic flakes, Milton Street, Swanscombe, Kent; 21 Tasmanian implements and flakes. Presented by A.M. Bell, Esq., M.A., Rawlinson Road, Oxford. Cloth woven in human and animal designs by Sea Dayak women, Banting, Batang Lupar, Sarawak. Presented by H.H. The Ranee of Sarawak, "Greyfriars," Ascot.  Specimens collected during Mr. Emil Torday's expedition to the Belgian Congo, viz.:—Carved wooden snuff-box, Southern Ba-Mbala, Kwilu R.; open-work embroidered cloth, Bu-Shongo-Ba.Mbala, Kasai; carved wooden clyster, Bu- Shongo; 2 arrows, Southern Ba-Mbala; toy pop-gun, Ba Pinji, Upper Kwilu R.; basket-sieve for manioc, S. Ba-Mbala; Batwa arrow with leaf " feather ", Sankuru R.; string of shell discs used as currency, Northern Ba-Tetela, Kasai; small carved human head of bone, Ba-Pende, Kasai; basket, S. Ba-Mbala; carved wooden human figure, S. Ba-Mbala; carved wooden portrait of a European, Ba-Bunda, Kasai; 5 pieces and a narrow band of raphia fibre cloth with plush-work embroidery, Ba-Bunda; band of raphia cloth with coloured embroidery, Ba-Bunda; 2 pieces of ornamental patch-work bark-cloth, Ba•Bunda; 2 roughed-out wooden hoe-blades, N. Ba-Tetela; carved-wood hilt for ceremonial sword, Bu Shongo-Ba-Mbala. Also a modern English hunting-horn and coach-horn. Presented by M.W. Hilton Simpson, Esq., 133 Woodstock Road, Oxford. Very fine knife of chert, beautifully flaked over one surface and ground on the other, large trimmed chert flake, 3 very small scrapers of chert and a flake trimmed to a point, from a Predynastic cemetery, Gerseh, S. of Cairo; 2 gold tongue-covers from mummies af the Roman Age, Hawara, Egypt. Presented by the Committee of the British School of Archaeology in Egypt, University College, London.
 Four Palaeolithic implements from gravels 300 yards from the River Test, Kimbridge, Hants; rough (?Neolithic) flint implement from a chalk-hole near Shoreham, Kent. Presented by Roger Gregory, Esq., 31 Bryanston Square, London, W. Carved wooden painted mask and raphia-fibre iacket worn at circumcision ceremonies, Ba-Pindi, Kwilu R., Belgian Congo. Presented by Emil Torday, Esq., 40 Lansdowne Crescent, London, S.W. Shirt of chain-mail, damascened helmet, arm-guard and shield, short sword, and head of steel bident-spear, Tiflis, Caucasus; small steel shield, N. W. P., India; damascened sword-blade, Albania; rapier-blade dug up on site of Jesus College new buildings, Oxford; English brass-barrelled blunder-buss; English midshipman's dirk, old pattern; hide-covered (?processional) wooden shield with painted eagle emblem; carved ebony walking-stick inlaid with ivory, Ceylon; 2 spinning-wheels, Great Tew, Oxon; small lady's spinning-wheel for wearing in the belt; 2 lace-bobbin winders, Launton, Oxon, and Orlingbury, Northants; well-made ditto formerly belonging to the Verney family, Claydon, Bucks; lace-maker's "horse" and pillow, Launton, Oxon: lace-maker's "horse" Orlingbury; lace-maker's candle-and lens-stand, Aylesbury, Bucks; wooden socket for lace-maker's lens with water-lens, Marsh Gibbon ; 4 old candle-sticks of iron, Oxfordshire; candlestick for clipping on to church pews, old Headington church, Oxford; candle-box, c. 1825, Iffley, Oxon; rush-light candle, Wheatley, Oxon; rush-light candle, or "function", Winchester College; rush-light holder, Burford, Oxon; 2 old horn lanterns,Headington, Oxon, and Bartlemas Farm; wooden tinder-box, Oxford, 1805; tinder-box matches, St. Lawrence's, Thanet; iron rack-candlestick, Taston, Wychwood Forest, Oxon; iron pot-hanger, Long Crendon, Bucks; old iron kettle-tilter, Oxford; oat-cake toaster of iron, Derbyshire; pair of iron fire dogs, Wheatley, Oxon; "dick-pot" used by lace-makers for warming themselves, Long Crendon; " dick"-stone, quartzite pebble used to indicate the degree of heat in baker's oven, Chislehampton; brass straining ladle, Oxford; brass skimmer, Long Crendon; reaping-sickle, Littlemore, Oxon; “fagging-hook" and "fagging-stick", Cowley, Oxon; old leather bottle, Burford, Oxon; 2 threshing-flails, Littlemore; digging-tool made from an old bayonet, Hensington; old-fashioned box-iron, Great Haseley, Oxon; perforated stone weight, dredged up in Pot Stream, Hinksey, Oxford; 3 pewter syringes, c. 1700, All Souls College, Oxford; carved stone pipe-bowl, said to have been found on the site of the old Angel Hotel, Oxford; iron pipe-bowl, Oxford; old pair of compasses dug up in site of old city ditch, Oxford; brass compasses, Weston-on-the-Green; early English nut-crackers; carved ivory pounce-box; whalebone "life-preserver", English; board, pegs, and stones for game of "merry-peg " or "nine-men's-morrice", Baldon, Oxon; 5 early shoe-buckles, Shotover, Oxon; bronze buckle, N. Hinksey, Oxford; spherical horse-bell, Bampton; hand-bell used by the Wallingford town-crier, Berks; 2 circular iron tinder-boxes, Burford and Oxford; stone anvil, cutting-hammer, "peck," knee-pad, and hand-guards, used by Stonesfield slate-workers, Oxon; wooden "baby-runner", Long Crendon; Whitby ammonite, partly carved, Yorkshire; 6 glazed ointment pots, dug up in All Souls and Queen's Colleges, Oxford; 2 stoneware "grey-beard " jugs, Oxford; stoneware jug dug up in Lincoh College, Oxford; 7 early horseshoes, Oxon; early plated snaffle-bit, Headington; wooden "mether", Co. Kerry, Ireland; old wine-bottle embossed with stamp, I.C.C., Jesus College, Oxford. Presented by Percy Manning, Esq., M.A., New College, Oxford. Specimens collected by Mr. F.O. Stohr, chiefly in the Luba country between the Lualaba and Luapula rivers, Central Africa, viz.: double iron gong, Kungwa Vanse; Luba hollow wooden signal-gong; native toy telephone, made from two miniature drums connected by a string, Luba; notched musical bow, Mwenda, Chikoma; 2 carved wooden human figures, Chivanda; similar figure, Chibanda; ditto, Kalonga; Luba wooden bowl, carved to represeht a woman's head; circular wooden bowl, Chivanda; decorated pottery vessel, used for ceremonial beer-drinking in honour of the dead, Luba; 2 ceremonial spears of copper for offering in the spirit-houses of ancestors, Lualaba; carved wooden pick, bird-headed, Kambone; 2, Luba bows and 11 arrows; very large wooden pump-drill, Lualaba; fibre for string-making, Lualaba; 2 penannular copper armlets, Lualaba; 2, combs, Muvumbi; 2, baskets, Lualaba; belt of strips of elephant's foot skin, Lubudi; sweet-smelling wood, which is powdered and used as a cosmetic, gourd containing powder from this wood, antelope horn containing "medicine", 3 small duiker horns and 3 goats' horns containing " medicine " against thieves, seed of mbafu used as a top, game-board with 28
pits and seeds for playing game resembling mancala, mat-work and raphia fibre cloth, Lualaba; carved Luba stool with human figure; Luba sword and sheath; ceremonial adze or hoe, Lualaba; Mashukulumbwe pipe, Kafue River, N. Rhodesia. Presented by F.O. Stohr, Esq., M.A., B.M. Five rough flint implements and concave-scraper, Ballard Down, Swanage. Presented by D. Jenness, Esq., B.A., Balliol College, Oxford. Thraw-crook, for twisting straw-rope, Argyllshire. Presented by A. Graham, Esq., New College, Oxford  Carved soapstone grotesque human figure, Kissi district,Mendiland, Sierra Leone. Presented by Major Newstead. Pair of Kalmuck boots and pair of shoes, Orenburg Province, Russia; 2 small Kurdish shields, Ararat region; 9 Roumanian decorated Easter eggs, with named patterns. Presented by Oliver Wardrop, Esq., Belmont, Sevenoaks  Thirteen Eolithic flint implements, Kentish Plateau at South Ash; rough implement of quartz, Arkonam, Madras. Presented by F. Fawcett, Esq., Penn, Bucks. Specimens collected in N. Borneo, viz.: skull of young female orang, Simta satyrus; Dayak head-hunter's skull-trophy; skull of Chinaman; 3 palm-leaf hats; goat-skin war jacket, decorated with hornbill feathers, Saribas Dayak type; circular cane-work shield; Kenniah painted wooden shield; wooden canoe-paddle; 3 blow-guns of solid wood; 11 steel-bladed spears; bambu bow and arrows (? locality). Presented by L.P. Beaufort, Esq., 14 Belmont Hill, Lewisham, London, S.E. Specimens collected by Mr. W.J. Newman in W. Africa, chiefly in Southern Nigeria, viz.: elaborately decorated pottery vessel, with figures of guinea-fowls, probably from Nupe; bow, 2 quivers and 29 poisoned arrows, carved staff, 2 carved paddles, 2 sets of three carved and linked blades cut from solid wood, ring-handled dagger, 2 sheath-daggers, whip of rhinoceros hide, fly-whisk, 2, grass-work fans, wool-work fan, 2, leather pouches, long narrow bullet-bag of leather, 3 wooden spoons and gourd ladle, 2 flasks, 2 antimony flasks, and 2 toy imitation guns made by moulding skin-scrapings, wooden armlet inlaid with wire, 8 anklets of elephant ivory, 5 combs of carved bone, necklet of leather cord, necklet of leopards' claws, necklet of snakes' vertebrae; 3 necklets of strung shell discs, probably Muntshi; rosary of wooden beads, razor, 2 brass spoons, horse-bit, 2 ewers of repoussé brass, 2, long ornamental girdles of wool-work, pair of red leather boots, loose-sleeved robe and trousers, native-made cotton-and-grass cloth, 2 caps of native cotton, carrying-bag of cotton net-work, ditto of grass-work, 5 spirally-made basketry plates, drum with hourglass-shaped body. Presented by Sir R. C. Temple, Bart., "The Nash," Worcester  String-work shirt from an old grave near Colcha, Bolivia. Presented by A. A. Fergusson Leeds, Esq., Bahia, Brazil  Ornamental summer head-dress, imitation chignon and high-soled shoes, worn by Manchu ladies, N. China; ornamental net placed over the heads of oxen to keep away flies, Pau, Basses Pyrenees, France. Presented by Miss E.C. Bell, 139 Gloucester Road, London, S.W. Apparatus for making fire by friction with a split stick and flexible cane saw, Tapiro pigmy tribe, Upper Mimika R., S.W. Dutch New Guinea. Presented by A.F.E. Wollaston, Esq.; Douglas Mansions, Cromwell Road, London, S. W  "Trompette de Hal", toy musical instrument used at the time of the "Kermesse Communale" at Hal, near Brussels. Presented by Mons. Victor Mahillon, director of the Conservatoire de Musique, Brussels.  Garment of buck-skin studded with brass and weighted with heavy brass beads, and tail of ox worn as an ornament, from Dinizulu's kraal, Natal. Presented by F. H. S. Knowles, Esq., M.A., Human Anatomy Department, University Museum.  Five pottery forgeries of ancient Egyptian objects made at the village of Shekh Abd el Kurnah, Thebes, Egypt. Presented by Norman H. Hardy, Esq., 29 Flanders Road, Bedford Park, London. Three small ground stone celts, found in making a road between Coomassie and Ejura, Ashanti, W. Africa. Presented by R.W. Rattray, Esq., Ejura, Ashanti

Three ancient pottery vessels dug up at Conchucas, Peru (Miss B. A. Waterfield.) Old English spring-gun of very small size; native sword, Belgian Congo (probably Upper Kwilu R.). (A. Graham.) Noose for catching sharks, fishing-lines, trimmer with gorge for fishing, bark-cloth and mallet, 3 slings for carrying coconuts, 4 reef-sandals, 2 blunt-headed arrows, lime-gourd, tavau, long band of bark overlaid with red feathers, used as a form of currency, 12 shell armlets, trade bundle of 10 shell armlets, 2 disc-shaped pendants of tridacna-shell overlaid with frigate bird designs in turtle-shell, girdle of shell beads, 5 nose-pendants of turtle-shell and 5 turtle-shell earrings, from the Santa Cruz Group, Melanesia; string of shell money, knife of turtle-shell and palm-leaf basket, from the Banks Islands; hafted stone adze, arrows made from midribs of sago-palm, 2 trade axe- blades mounted on inlaid hafts, serrated stone celt (imitating shell scrapers), 3 strings of shell-bead money, tridacna-shell nose ornament, 6 engraved shell armlets, tridacna-shell armlet, forehead ornament made of cone-shell base with engraving, strung bases of cone-shells, 11 very small fish-hooks of pearl shell, larger ditto, 4 fish-hooks of pearl-shell and turtle-shell and 7 fish-hook lures of various sizes, from San Cristoval, Solomon Islands; 2 pearl-shell fish-hooks from Ulawa, Solomon Islands; 2 ear ornaments of wood covered with fine mat-work and large turtle-shell earring, from Malaita, Solomon Islands; small stone-headed club, 2 wooden clubs, 6 bone pointed arrows, 3 bone-pointed spears, heavy wooden staff, wooden comb and 2 bags of fine mat-work, from Bellona, Solomon Islands. (Rev. F.H. Drew.) Twelve casts of stone implements from a cave, St. Brelade, Jersey; cast of implement from a cave, St. Ouen, Jersey. J. Sinel.) Club with disc-shaped head of quartz, carved pump-drill, lime-spatula carved in human form, 6 lime-spatulae variously carved wooden mortar and pestle for crushing betel-nut, from the Massim district, British' New Guinea. The following also from British New Guinea—large carved body-belt of bark and "bull-roarer" from Orokolo; lime-spatula carved in form of a crocodile, necklets of wallaby teeth and dogs' teeth, 3 blunt-headed arrows and 9 long arrows from the Fly River; 2 bamboo knives and sling for carrying heads, used by head-hunters, from Anti Village, Kiwai Island; pubic-guard of shell from Aird Delta; hafted stone axe, from Goaribari. 2 archers' thumb-rings of glass, jade finger-ring and armlet, 2, pairs of native-made spectacles, ancient carved jade bead and rock-crystal ball, from China. Five arrows with "feathers" of hide, East Central Equatorial Forest, Africa. (London Missionary Society.) Archer's thumb-ring of horn, quiver and arrows, 2 separate arrows and small iron cannon with inscription, from Corea. (Glendinning.) Stamped silver slab, cho-gin used as money, 4 mame, or "bean-silver" pieces, from Japan; lump of sycee silver and small “shoe" of sycee silver, from China; bronze lat used as money, Northern Shan States: silver " fish-hook " money, Ceylon; 2 copper " toweelah" of bent wire used as money, Hassa, Persian Gulf. (Baldwin.) Early triple spring trap, Wantage, Berks. (F. Williams, Esq ) Hoe-blade of native-smelted iron and pottery bowl, L. Tanganyika, Africa; 5 early double combs, dug up in London; Greco-Egyptian pottery lamp; Roman pottery lamp; iron money blade of conventional form, Mongala, Belgian Congo; damascened sword, Baroda, India; Chinese artist's cabinet with colours, brushes, &c.; 20 carved and painted spears, Matthias Island, New Britain Archipelago; 36 obsidian daggers and 35 obsidian-bladed spears, Admiralty Islands; ivory bark-cloth mallet, Aruwimi R., Congo; carved fetish figure in human form, Stanley Pool district, Congo; a number of armlets of copper, brass, and iron, 6 ivory combs, bamboo comb, brass comb, ivory hair-pin, a number of knives, daggers and lancets, 4 copper-bound spears, deformed hippopotamus tusk and carved staff, from the Belgian Congo. Necklet of ostrich-egg-shell beads and human teeth, ? S. Africa. (Stevens). Reversible axe-adze with blade made from an old ship's bolt of iron, and a woman's cap of plaited bark strips, from Goaribari, Fly River, New Guinea. (W. Arnold Riley, Esq.) Four feathered arrows with iron blades, 5 ditto with leaf "feathers", 2 small iron knives, surgical knife and iron razor, Belgian Congo. (Bought in Antwerp Engraved copper-bladed dagger, Stanley Falls, Bclgian Congo. (Exsteens.) Execution-knife and large dagger, Mongala, Belgian Congo; piece of cloth embroidered with plush-work in raphia fibre, Ba.Kuba-bu-Shongo, Kasai, Belgian Congo. (Bought in Brussels.) Eskimo doll, Disco Island, Greenland; 4 small crescentic flint implements of "pigmy" type, Egypt; ovate blade of chert, N. America. (Webster.) Old English finger-and wrist-stocks used on the pillory; small Japanese bow of baleen; 2 Central African spears; broken bayonet blade fitted with bone handle as a dagger. (Parker.) Model of sheep's heart stuck with pins used in S. Devon as a charm; ash twigs in bag, worn as a cure for fits, S. Devon; "cramp-nut" (Doldinia concentrica), Sussex; belemnite pre-served as a " thunderbolt " charm, Dorset; " shcpherd's crown", a fossil echinus, a charm against the Devil, Sussex; fossil shark's tooth in lime concretion, a cure for cramp, Kent; " hag-stone", a naturally perforated stone attached to a latch-key as a charm, S. Devon; iron-pyrites mounted as a pendant and sold as a "thunderbolt", Folkestone; amber carried as cure for rheumatism, Suffolk; veined pebble carried as cure for toothache, S. Devon; stone for rubbing on warts to cure them, S. Devon; astragal of sheep carried as cure for rheumatism, Suffolk; eel-skin similarly used, Carlisle; dried frog worn by children to cure fits, S. Devon; dried mole in bag (model), a former charm for luck, S. Devon; fore-feet of moles carried as cures for toothache and cramp, Norfolk and Sussex. (E. Lovett, Esq.) Obsolete 4-barrelled spring-gull with two flint-locks, for shooting bears, Lervik i Sogn, Norway. (Knut Wolf.) Head of an enemy artificially shrunk and preserved as a trophy, Jivaro Indians, Maranon R., Peru. (Mrs. Sanders.) Instrument for splitting straws in the straw-plaiting industry, Kidlington, Oxon. (Godfrey.) Painted and carved model of Haida canoe, N. W. America: iron clip-candlestick, Warminster, Wilts; obsolete meat-clip for use with bottlejack, mantle-shelf clip for holding bottle-jack, small clock-work roasting-jack, larger ditto and smoke spit for roasting, Wiltshire; obsolete iron-toasting rack, Bournemouth. (Rev. C.V. Goddard.) Collection of flint implements collected by Messrs. T. H. Powell and W. R. Davis—including I3 palaeolithic implements from Rumbold's Pit and Goldsgrove, Ewelme, Oxon; 4 broken neolithic celts, Ewelme; hammer-stone, Beggar's Bush Hill, Oxon; scraper, Wallingford; broken neolithic celt, 5 thick discoidal implements, I ditto made from a polished celt, worked flakes, 2, flakes showing traces of polishing (? made from a celt), flake with end polished (? by use), 4 scrapers, 3 concave-scrapers, 5 arrow-heads, small thin oval blade worked on both surfaces, portion of a finely-worked narrow blade with rounded end and parallel sides, 3 "fabricators ", &c., from North Stoke, Oxon; hammer-stone, heat-cracked nodules, 3 scrapers, concave-scraper, notched scraper, and other worked flints, from Grimm's Dyke, Wallingford.
(Ashmolean Museum.) A large number of palaeolithic flint implements, including coup-de-poing, ovate, discoidal, and other Chellean and Acheulean types, some implements of Moustierian type and a quantity of unfinished implements and flakes from the gravel quarry at Biddenham, near Bedford. Also a neolithic flake-saw with very finely serrated edge from the surface deposits at the same spot. (F.H.S. Knowles, Esq., M.A.)

"Instantaneous-light-box" with sulphuric-acid bottle and matches, English. (Lent by the Ashmolean Museum.) Reindeer lasso, Mountain Lapps of Karesuando, Finmarken; Patagonian bolas; musical instrument of raphia palm midrib with strings split from the surface, Gaboon R., W. Africa. Lent by the Curator.) Collection of native jewelry, gold and other ornaments, &c., from the Nayars of Malabar; 2 sheath-knives (one gold mounted and the other with silver mounts and writing stile), Nayar; silver ring mounted with elephant's hairs, worn for luck, Malabar; engraved carnelian beads from stone cists under tumuli, Malabar; silver chatelaine ornament of Mappila women, Malabar; replica of gold ornament worn at marriage ceremony by Kondayan Kottai Marawars, S. India; steatite carving of Trandayudu pani Swami, Madura, Madras Presidency; 2 Buddhist votive tablets of clay, Prayan, Burma. (Lent by F. Fawcett, Esq.) Kagi, stone amulet and turkey-call made from the wing-bone of a wild turkey, Pueblo of Santa Clara, New Mexico. (Lent by Miss B. Freire Marreco, Somerville College, Oxford.)


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