Report of the Curator of the Pitt -Rivers Museum 1907
A valuable extension of the working-room space was effected by the erection of a building to fill the space along the south wall of the Department, between the existing workshop and the Human Anatomy department. A very good room has thus been provided, in which specimens may be unpacked, sorted, and labelled, and in which duplicate and non-exhibited material may be stored. The upper portion of the room has been adapted for use by the addition of a railed platform approached by a flight of steps. This portion will be used mainly as a space for the storage of specimens. In one corner of the room a small fuming and disinfecting room has been built, not communicating with the room but accessible only from the outside. An entrance lobby with wide doors has been arranged between the workshop and the new room. Water-supply, electric-light and an efficient heating-stove have been installed in the new room, which has already proved of the greatest utility. Fittings will be added from time to time.

Two of the ventilator connecting-rods have been fitted with a more efficient mechanism, and by substituting a wheel-action for the levers a mechanical improvement has been effected, combined with an increase of the space available for wall-cases. A new wall-case has been built between these two ventilator-cranks and will be used for exhibiting a portion of the Bow series. Some additional cabinets have been placed in the galleries beneath the table-cases.

A rearrangement of the fine series of feather ornaments was commenced, and a number of the specimens were mounted in frames and labelled. The series illustrating Primitive Surgery was labelled and added to. Several partial rearrangements were made with a view to improving exhibited series and making space for accessions, and a number of labels have been added throughout the Museum.

Students for the Diploma in Anthropology have worked regularly in the Museum and have received courses of instruction from me in the subjects of Prehistoric Archaeology and Comparative Technology. Some material has been added specifically with a view to improving the series for teaching purposes.

In consequence of ill-health, the Professor of Anthropology was unable to lecture during Hilary Term, and I gave a course of lectures upon Early Stages of Art and Knowledge in his stead.

The collections have been used extensively by students and persons engaged in special researches, to whom help has been given as far as possible. Dr. Foy, Director of the new Ethnological Museum in Cologne, made a careful study of the methods adopted in the arrangement of the series here.

During the Summer Vacation I visited S. Africa again, with a view to making investigations into the Antiquity of Man upon the Zambesi, and during three weeks spent at the Victoria Falls, I studied the ancient gravel deposits in the neighbourhood, and collected an extensive series of stone implements of early type. These, in a large number of instances, formed part of the gravels deposited by the river at a remote period, and evidently are referable to the same antiquity as the gravel beds. A full report will be published as soon as I have had time to work over the collection which I propose to add to the Museum. I also spent about a week upon the Kafue River to the North of the Zambesi, and made a brief study of the little-known Mashukulumbwe tribe, from whom I collected some specimens which have been given to the museum. Special facilities were kindly granted me by the Directors of the British South African Company, and I was thus enabled to make full use of the limited time at my disposal.

I have published monographs upon the “Fire-piston” (in the presentation volume to Dr. E.B. Tylor) and upon the “Friction-drum” (Journal of the Anthropological Institute), dealing in both cases with the geographical distribution, varieties, and probable origin of the objects comprised within the two groups.

The accessions to the Museum have been numerous. The following are specially noteworthy : the very fine collection of bows and arrows from various regions given by Mr. C.J. Longman, including amongst other rare types a very early British yew bow, which may date back to the Neolithic Age; the collection from the Kasai district, Congo State, given by Mr. E. Torday ; a fine bronze plaque cast with relief figures by the cire-perdu process, from Benin; the Chittenden collection from Dutch E. Borneo; a series of copper implements from the southern borders of the Congo State. As far as possible, specimens have been sought for specially with a view to filling up gaps in the more educational series, several of which have been much improved. A complete list of accessions is appended.

Rice spoon, Japan; 3 Makalanga armlets of wire-work, Mashonaland; 6 glazed ointment pots and 3 glass phials, sixteenth or seventeenth century, dug up in the foundation of the new Forestry Department, Oxford; chair hewn out of solid tree-trunk inset with Ghildren's teeth as a charm against toothache, Telemarken, Norway; flint arrowheads, &c., Mongewell, Oxon.; 2 bone apple-gouges, dug up in London; man-catcher, British New Guinea; bow, Guiana; small bow, probably Japanese; specimens of " friction-drums "from Oxford, N. France, Egypt, S. India, and Japan; 2 baker's tallies, Moutiers, Savoy, and Le Puy, Cevennes; pipe, Corea; 2 early glass phials and 2 ointment pots from excavations at Hertford College, Oxford; ornamental spray of gold leaf with silver nodules (native currency) inserted as berries, Siam; sacred cat mummy, Ancient. Egyptian; neolithic celt found at Headington, Oxford; 5 neolithic scrapers, Wantage, Berks.; iron ore and slag from old native smelting place near Livingstone, Zambesi River; iron slag from ditto, Victoria Falls, Zambesi River; 12 iron-headed throwing-spears, fishing-spear, canoe paddle, 7 mounted tobacco-pipes, 5 pottery pipe-bowls with figure of animals in relief, unmounted large pipe-bowl, 2 iron-bladed axes, 2 gourd receptacles for corn, &c., native bundle of hemp for smoking, porcelain imitation of cone-shell base traded to the natives, collected amongst the Mashuku-lumbwe on the Kafue River, N.W. Rhodesia; 2 large cones of native tobacco, Ba-Toka, north of the Zambesi River; 3 carved bone hair-pins, 2 decorated baskets of different types, unfinished rush-work basket, from the Ba-Rotse of Lealui, Upper Zambesi; wooden pin used for arranging the indunas' head-rings, Swartkop, near Pietermaritzburg, Natal. Presented by the Curator, Henry Balfour, M.A. Pair of wooden ear-plugs, Pilagá tribe, Pilcomayo River, Paraguay; dancing apron of rhea feathers, Chamacoco. Presented by Dr. Paul Radin, Colombia University, U.S.A. Five Magatama (one of jade, four of glass) found in graveyards on Kikai and Miyako Islands, Liukiu group; cast iron model of a tiger placed as a votive offering on a shrine at the top of the Charyong Pass, Korea. Presented by E.S. Hartland, Esq., Highgarth, Gloucester. Six silver charms worn by Burmans under the skin as charm against disease, &c., Ruby Mines, Mogok, Upper Burma. Presented by Frank Atlay, Esq., Mogok, Upper Burma. Two native pens, Malay; padi-reaping knife and model plough, Dusun, Pulatan Valley; tobacco-cutting apparatus with bamboo knives, Tegas Dusun, Upper Tuaran R.; necklet of rotan and grass work, Tegas Dusun; 2 women's belts of spiral brass wire, Dusun, Papar district. The above were collected in British N. Borneo. Presented by G.C. Woolley, Esq., 14 Warwick Road, Upper Clapton, N. Three ex voto figures of silver, Kalamata, Greece; glass eyes and hands used as charms against the evil-eye, Smyrna; evil-eye charm of beads, rock-salt, pepper, &c., Stamboul; horse-collar with charm beads against evil-eye, Smyrna; ditto, Broussa, Asia Minor; string-work head-stall with charm-beads, Broussa; spoon with crescent-and-star, Constantinople. Presented by Miss E.C. Bell, 139 Gloucester Road, London, S.W. Two Sea Dayak jews-harps of brass and wood, Sarawak; large bamboo pigeon-call and noose used in catching pigeons, Murut, Sarawak; 4 carved-wood figures of antu (spirits) in the form of human figures and mythical animals, to which diseases are transferred by incantations, the figures being afterwards exposed, Milano, Sarawak. Presented by R. Shelford, Esq., M.A., 11 Crick Road, Oxford. Fishing-kite of palm-leaf, Marshall Bennet Islands, S.E. New Guinea; bamboo stick cut into shavings at the top, set up as a charm against sickness, Baram River, Sarawak. Presented by Dr. C.G. Seligmann, 15 York Terrace, London, N.W. Two flint arrow-heads from El Oued, 130 miles S.S.E. Of Biskra, Sahara; 2 small pottery amphorae, dug up at Carthage, Tunis; primitive bone pipe and hemp for smoking, Wargla, Desert of S. Algeria. Presented by M.W. Hilton Simpson, Esq., M.A. Valuable collection of 59 shooting-bows, including 2 ancient Egyptian, a very ancient yew bow found deep in the peat near Cambridge in 1885, several composite bows from India and China, and bows from Japan, India, Siberia (Samoyede), Andaman Islands, S. America, the S. Pacific and Africa; 2 wooden crossbows, Assam (?); "prod" crossbow, seventeenth century, European; nineteenth century English crossbow; a large and varied collection of arrows (over 300 in number) from various localities; old English ceremonial halberd; 2 assegais, Shiré River, Nyassaland; 2 assegais, S. Africa; spear, Africa; 9 decorated spears, Solomon Islands. Presented by C.J. Longman, Esq., M.A., 27 Norfolk Square, London, W. Two ornamental horse-combs, one being purely conventional, 2 large harness-buckles and 2 disc-ornaments of brass for attaching to horses' harness, Meran, Tyrol; large iron blade of breast-plough for turf-cutting, Teffont, Wilts, 1860. Presented by Rev. C.V. Goddard, Baverstock Rectory, Salisbury. Two early glass phials dug up near East Gate, Oxford. Presentcd by C.F.C. Beeson, Esq., 1 St. John's Road, Oxford. Flat support for archer's "arrow-groove," Turkish. Presented by Sir R. Payne Gallwey, Bart., Thirkleby, Thirsk. Series of stone implements and animal bones from Cave-period deposits in the Dordogne district, France. Presented by the Trustees of the Christy Fund, British Museum. Nine very small stone scrapers and a "pigmy" flake worked to a point, Taailbosch Spruit, S.W. of Vereeniging, Transvaal. Presented by J.P. Johnson, Esq., Johannesburg. Miniature shield and assegai carried by Swazi girls when dancing. Presented by the Rev. H.R. Woodroofe, M.A. Grahamstown, S. Africa. Elaborate pottery vessel with grotesques in relief, dug up at the mouth of the Santiago River, N. Ecuador; hat of leaves and palm-ribs made by negroes of Playa de Oro, Santiago R., Ecuador; shawl woven with figures of animals, Cayapa Indians, Ecuador. Presented by H.S. Gordon, Esq., 9 St. Germain's Place, Blackheath. Operculum of trochus shell mounted as a charm, occhio di S. Lucia, silver-mounted eagle's claw and marmot teeth worn as charms, Partenkirchen, Bavaria. Presented by Mrs. J. Addington Symonds, Colway Lodge, Lyme Regis. Two pieces of flint showing highly glazed surfaces, Winterbourne Bassett, Swindon. Presented by the Rev. H.G.D. Kendall, M.A., The Rectory, Winterbourne Bassett. Wooden head-rest, 5 snuff-flasks and charm of duiker horns and zebra skin, Mambwe country, Nyassa-Tanganyika Plateau, E. Africa; rattle of fruit-shells, Zambesia; sheath-knife, Wa-Lala country, Loangwa R., Zambesia; 2 spindles for cotton-spinning, Senga, near Zumbo, Zambesia; human skull from a cave near Serenje, S.W. of Lake Bangweolo; 2 specimens of Awemba bark-cloth, N. of Lake Moero, E. Central Africa. Presented by F.O. Stoehr, Esq., M.A. Specimens collected in the Kwilu R. district, Kasai, Congo State, viz., carved wooden head-rest, carved wood human figure, wicker rat-trap, grass work bag which when filled with salt forms a currency medium, tin imitation of antelope horn worn as a pendant, grass cloth, 3 bows, 17 arrows, Northern Ba-Mbala; native-made clay pipe, native forgery of iron mwena bracelet (the emblem of the Muri caste), Ba-Mbala; 2 small basket purses for shell-money, iron plate, kimburi, used as currency, brass hair-pin, grass-cloth, bow and 12 arrows, Southern Ba-Mbala; carved wooden pipe, 2 knives, Ba-Kuba; small basket purse, carved wood figure of bird, Ba-Yaka; grass-cloth, Ba-Pindi; 3 ditto, chopping-knife, 13 arrows, Ba-Yansi; grass-cloth, loom with "sword," bow and 15 arrows, Ba-Huana; sword, Ba-Bunda; elaborate axe with handle overlaid with copper, Zappo-Zap; axe with carved handle, Ba-Mpende. Presented by Mons. Emil Torday. Seven Palaeolithic flint implements and a used flake, from the gravel quarry at Biddenham, Bedford. Presented by F.H.S. Knowles, Esq., B.A., Oriel College, Oxford. Mani stone taken from a manis wall near Leh, Ladakh. Presented by F. Anderson, Esq., The Dale House, Hassocks. Iron fat-lamp, Graubünden, Switzerland. Presented by J. King, Esq., M.A., Sandhouse, Witley, Surrey. Wood-turner's bow-lathe, cotton-cleaning bow, India; bullet- bow, Ramnagar, India; spiked wooden cylinder of unknown use, Nagpur, India; blowgun of Bornean make imported into S. India, used by the Lubbais of Kilakarai, Madura. Presented by Nelson Annandale, Esq., M.A., Government Museum, Calcutta. Obsolete hay-band twister, White Roothing, Essex; 2 bullock-shoes, Saddlescombe, Sussex. Presented by Miller Christy, Esq. Bamboo water-pipe for smoking, strip of leopard skin with fore-feet attached, worn as a charm against internal complaints, fore-arm guard of bamboo beads worn when reaping rice, Akka Shans, Upper Mekong River, near the frontier of Yunnan; cast of polished axe-blade of haematite, Niam Niam country, Central Africa; stone blade used in curing skins, Florence, Italy. Presented by Professor E.H. Giglioli, Museo Zoologico, Florence. Moorish " snaphaunce " musket; pair of Moorish shoes; old brass lamp, Dutch; Moorish water-vessel of copper and brass. Presented by Dr. J.C.R. Freeborn, M.A., Broad Street, Oxford. Shell plaque worn by native men, Beagle Bay, W. Australia. Presented by G.S. Shuffrey, Esq., Freemantle, W. Australia. Seventeen Russian spoons of lacquered wood showing series of variations upon a leaf pattern and a representation of the city of Moscow. Presented by The Somerville College Antiquarian Society, Oxford. Specimens from N.E. British New Guinea, viz.: fine stone-bladed adze, Gaggara tribe, Mount Albert Edward; ditto Lopiko Valley; 2, stone-headed clubs, Lopiko Valley; ditto, Gira River; ditto, Uaria River. Presented by the Hon. J.H.P. Murray, Acting Administrator, Port Moresby, British New Guinea. Skull of wild boar, E. Borneo; 2 skins of a species of ray, used for making files for woodwork, E. Borneo; 2 ironwood tree seeds, Kotei, E. Borneo; jaws of a large shark, Aden; sword with etched blade, 3 flint-lock pistols, 2 blunderbusses, 2 Moorish daggers, brought from the Soudan. Presented by H.L. Chittenden, Esq., Croydon. Three N'Derobo arrows with poisoned heads, Mount Kenia, British E. Africa. Presented by E. Hutchins, Esq., Nairobi. Three wooden tallies used by hop-pickers at Much Cowarne Court, Herefordshire. Presented by Professor G.C. Bourne, M.A., University Museum, Oxford. Rain-coat of reed leaves, inscribed pillow-case, and man's half-mourning hat, Korea. Presented by Mrs. S. Wakefield.  Three flint arrow-heads, 3 scrapers, borer, core, and 2 flakes from polished celts, Ogmore Sandhills, Glamorganshire. Presented by W.F. Evans, Esq., The School, Cowbridge, S. Wales. Small chisel-shaped stone adze-blade from the Ruby Mines, Mogok, Burma; small adze-blade of basalt, Honolulu, Hawaii. Presented by Donald Gunn, Esq., Arts Club, Dover Street, London, W. Two specimens of apparatus used on the west coast of Ireland for fishing along the weed-infested coast. The hook is protected from becoming entangled by a bell-shaped cover of crab's carapace. Presented by H.C. Collyer, Esq., Oliver Lodge, South Norwood, S.E. Jar of painted pottery from the Kabyle mountains, between Phillippeville and Constantine, N. Africa. Presented by Mrs. Eustace Smith, High Coxlease, Lyndhurst, Hants. Magic cord of black and white tapes, knotted and stuck with pins, found imbedded in a mattress, Valetta, Malta; fishing-line with a number of thorn hooks, Leigh, Essex. Presented hy Prof. W.C.F. Anderson, M.A., Hermit's Hill. Burchfield, Berks.  “Bull-roarer” or whizzing-blade of the Nandi tribe, N.E. Of the Victoria Nyanza. Presented by A.C. Hollis, Esq., M. A. Nairobi, British E Africa.
Iron-bladed axe, Lake Nyassa. Presented by P.T. Miller, Esq., Resident Engineer, Kafue River, N. W. Rhodesia. Several small neolithic implements and flakes from Pudlicote and Wychwood Farms, Chilson and Wychwood Forest ; rough flint flake from gravels, Ditchford, Northants ; 10 early horse and donkey shoes, Oxfordshire. Presented by Mr. A.E. Bruerton. Bundle of very long incense sticks, roll of coloured cloth of wool, letter with presentation handkerchief sent with it, and padlock, Tibet ; Lepcha short sword, native cloak, and stand and cover for teacup, Sikkim ; large woven sash of Bhutanese make. Presented by Rajkumar Sidkong Tulku, Pembroke College, Oxford. Nine experimantal pottery vessels made by Mr. H. C. Mercer, in imitation of predynastic Egyptian pottery, to discover the process of manufacture. Presented by D. Randall-MacIver, Esq., M.A., D.Sc. Seven columnar stones, some of which are engraved, use at present unknown, but serving some ceremonial purpose, Darling River, New South Wales. Presented by Andrew Lang, Esq., M. A. Stone-headed arrow, ? California ; arrow with open-work iron blade, N. India ; shell trumpet, Naples. Presented by R. T. Günther, Esq., M. A., Magdalen College, Oxford. Pin-fire shot-gun, English. Presented by C. A. Coventon, Esq., 111 Woodstock Road, Oxford. Twenty-four arrow-heads, celts, &c., of obsidian and other stones, Northern Japan. Presented by Prof. Basil Hall Chamberlain, Tokyo, Japan. Small palaeolith and point of a finer one, New Iffley gravel beds, Oxford ; scraper and flakes of flint and early pottery fragments from neolithic deposits at New Iffley ; flint scraper crackled by heat, Limpsfield, Sussex; piece of glass worked into a scraper, New Iffley. Presented by A. M. Bell, Esq., M.A., Rawlinson Road, Oxford. Two carved bone hair-pins, 2 tobacco-pipes with water-holders of roan antelope horns, and decorated pottery-jar, Ba-Rotse, Upper Zambesi River; Mashukulumbwe axe, Kafue River, N.W. Rhodesia. Presented by P.M. Clark, Esq., Victoria Falls, Zambesi River.      Iron-bladed spear, Lake Tanganyika. Presented by Mr. H. Adams, Kafue River, N.W. Rhodesia. Pair of iron "dibbers" used for planting corn in Essex. Presented by J. Edge Partington, Esq. Four blow-gun darts, S. America. Presented by H. S. Harrison, Esq., D.Sc., Horniman Museum, Forest Hill, S.E. Objects, including native iron-work, pottery and beads, and foreign porcelain and beads, excavated at the "Webster" ruin, M'Shangaan country, Southern Rhodesia. Presented by Captain E.M. Andrews, Umtali, Mashonaland.

Two quartzite implements of palaeolithic type, Cuddapah, Madras; 2 Lengua digging-sticks, Paraguay; hoop-iron saw, Lengua; saw with reversed teeth, Rajputana; ditto, Burma; iron lance-head, Cordillera Central, Nueva Granada; beak of hornbill (Rhytidoceros plicatus) worn as ornament, British New Guinea; star-boomerang, Queensland, Australia; knife edged with quartz flakes, W. Australia; broad-bladed knife, Congo State; finely-made bone- pointed arrow, New Hebrides; 2 sickles, 2 pruning-hooks, hoe, ploughshare, and small, curved knife, Rajputana; carved human figure, Solomon Islands; small carved human figure in chalk, New Ireland; iron-bladed axe, Congo; 3 spears (two having hooks for the spear-thrower), German New Guinea; bow and 15 long arrows and 4 arrows with three prongs, German New Guinea; very short blow-gun, S. America. (Oldman.) Axe with elaborately forged iron blade, Zappo Zap, Kasai, Congo State; axe with copper blade with faces in relief, Kasai; drum, Aru Islands; 3 carved coconut-shell spoons, Papuan Gulf, New Guinea; 4 armlets of shell bored with barnboo cylinder-drill, Gilbert Island, German New Guinea; 6 trochus shell armlets, German New Guinea; 3 necklets of kangaroo incisors, German New Guinea; carved canoe-prow ornament, Walkenaer Bay, German New Guinea; sleeveless jacket of gnetum fibre, woman's full-dress jacket, woman's half-skirt, coloured sash, mat-work satchel, 4 sirih pouches, 2 small covered pouches and lime-box made from seed of Hodgsonia macrocarpa, Island of Nias, Sumatra; jade-bladed sago-adze, N. German New Guinea. (Stevens.) Military pioneer's sword, English; Oxfordshire yeomanry sword; strongly-curved sabre, English; heavy flint-lock musket, flint-lock carbine, and ditto converted to percussion system. (Jones.) Palaeolithic flint implement from a gravel-pit, Handborough, Oxon. (Hutt.) Very fine plaque of bronze cast by the cire-perdu process with figures in high relief, City of Benin, W. Africa. (F. Embury, Esq.) Fourteen casts of palaeolithic stone implements and 5 casts of carvings and engravings, Cave Period, Dordogne, France. (Damon.) Old carving in wood with grotesque heads, New Zealand. (Bickmore.) Wicker rattle, Mendi, Sherbro district, Sierra Leone. (Dukes.) Pitt-Rivers, A.H.L.F. 1892. Excavations in Bokerley Dyke and Wansdyke, Dorset and Wilts, 1888–91. Volume III of Excavation in Cranborne Chase. Privately printed. Coracle and paddle, &c., River Towey, Carmarthen, Wales. (E. Lovett, Esq.) Sieve of wood and skin, iron ploughshare, horseshoe, corn-sheaf trophy, peculiar draw-shave knife, leather-cutting knife, primitive dental forceps, fishing spear or leister, set of gut nooses for catching wildfowl, 2 wooden spindles and wooden whistle, Montenegro. (From the Montenegrin Section, Balkan Exhibition, London, 1907.) Nine Roman pottery vessels dug up in a brickfield at Faversham, near the Roman road. (Luckhurst ) Two coronets of bright feathers from bush natives of British Guiana. (Miss Kirke.) Fine, short, flat club, Solomon Islands; mandau with carved bone handle and bronze grip, Borneo. (Godfrey.) Carved ivory piece for the game of tingminjang, "bullroarer " of baleen, carved ivory pendant in form of a fish, ivory comb, pendant made from molar tooth of an ox, 2 pairs of snow-goggles in wood and baleen, sinews for thread-making, cut piece of walrus tusk, unfinished ivory mounting, ivory eye for mounting on a thong, snow-knife of whale's bone, knife of cariboo horn, awl of cariboo horn, small ivory rod, arrow-head of cariboo horn, ivory harpoon-head, model harpoon, model three-pronged gaffing-spear, and pair of ivory points for gaffing-spear, from the Central Eskimo; iron head of harpoon-arrow, Guiana, S. America; lime spatula, S.E. British New Guinea; necklet of oliva shells, New Guinea; ditto of small white shells, New Guinea; ditto of seeds; necklet of ground- down sperm-whale teeth, Mbau, Viti Levu, Fiji Islands; ancient Egyptian stone palette, painted wooden plaque, carved wooden hand, small carved wood face, from Koorneh; bronze mace-head, Etruscan, Italy; 2 bronze mirrors and small perforated bronze disc, Italy; heavy bronze spiral armlet, Capri; spiral bronze armlet with pendant, 2 bronze striigils and small bronze spoon-bowl, Italy; 5 krises, 3 steel-bladed spears, and a 3-pronged spear, Sulu, Malay Archipelago; Illanun sword, Borneo; long, bevel-edged knife, ? Malayan; single-edged long knife, ?Moorish; rough dagger, Soudan; knife-sheath of ray-skin, Ashanti; palm-wood bow and 5 arrows with peculiarly shaped steel blades, Eastern Malay Archipelago; long, carved sword-club, S.E. British New Guinea; two-edged club, Solomon Islands. (Rev. C.V. Goddard.) Collection of specimens from Dutch E. Borneo, comprising, 6 mandau, Upper Mahakkam R.; 2 mandau, Balloengan R.; Sulu knife, Balik Pappan; parang made in Negara; fine silver-mounted spear belonging to the father of the Sultan of Kotei; smaller silver-mounted spear, Upper Mahakkam R.; 2 blow-guns; 2 dart-cases with darts (some tipped with sharks' teeth); plain shield; 3 painted shields; cane-work war-cap decorated with head and feathers of hornbill, Balloengan R.; ditto with feathers of hornbill and argus pheasant, and another with argus pheasant feathers only, Balloengan R.; war-jacket of bark-cloth, protective jacket of bark-cloth to protect thc shoulders in a game resembling quarter-staff, woman's sarong of cloth, sitting-mat worn behind, palm-leaf hat, wooden rice-dish carved with the mandau and small knife, travelling basket with sleeping-mat and rain-cloak, rattan-work rice-baskct, large rice-basket, 2 covered baskets with carrying-loops, 3 painted grotesque masks used in cere- monial dances, 2 musical mouth-organs, Upper Mahakkam R.; 2-stringed zither, Buginese, Balik Pappan; Malay 6-stringed guitar, Upper Mahakkam R. Four Makassar krises and a dagger, 2 finely-woven caps, 2 babirusa skulls; sirih-basket, Bali; mountaineer's hat, Lombok; basket and small box made of cloves, Amboyna; short sword made at Tjikamaru, Java; European hunting knife. (H.L. Chittenden, Esq.) Collection of specimens from Korea, comprising, padlock of iron inlaid with silver, ancient bronze vessel from a tomb, 2 small bowls of crackle-glaze ware from a tomb near Seoul, tobacco pipe, engraved brass spittoon, rosary from Sakwang-sa Monastery near Wansan, pair of crystal spectacles mounted in horn, 2 wooden begging bowls used by priests, imitation jade box, jade ornament, pair of amber wedding-rings, 2 trinkets of silver and enamel, very small sheath-knife worn by women, mouth-organ of Chinese form, small food table, man's complete costume, woman's complete costume, types of foot-gear, lady's winter hat, symbolic cap worn by courtiers at audiences, ceremonial head-dress of horsehair worn by scholars and courtiers, coolie's hat of felt. (S. Wakefield, Esq.) Devil-dancer's carved-wood mask and string-work jacket Portuguese W. Africa (S.W. of Lealui). (P.M. Clark, Esq.) Hoe blade, imitation hoe, 4 axes, and 5 daggers (used as a currency medium), all made by the natives of Kakanda Village, Congo State, from copper smelted by themselves from malachite. Maltese-cross-shaped ingot of copper used as a currency medium, Congo State, obtained on the Upper Zambesi. (E.P. Carlisle, Esq.) Box with carved lid containing complete outfit of a native tattooer, made by a Kayan on the Baloi River, Sarawak. (C. Hose, Esq.) 2 silver receptacles containing lingam-yoni emblems, worn by natives of Dharwar district, Bombay Presidency. (F. Anderson, Esq.)

Musical instrument (sansa type), Lower Congo R.; 3 ditto, Ba-Rotse, Belgian Congo and Mashonaland; Chinese and Japanese whistling arrows; pan-pipes of the Uanema, Rio Branco, N.E. Brazil; ditto of the Uapixana, Rio Branco; 2 Uapixana dancing-rattles; Uapixana hollow rattle; single musical pipe (free-reed) and a mouth-organ, Akka Shan, Upper Mekong R., Burma; " friction-drum," namalua, of gourd, Mashukulumbwe, Kafue R., N.W. Rhodesia. (Lent by H. Balfour, Esq.)


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