Report of the Curator of the Pitt-Rivers Museum for the year 1901

In March the Curator lost the services of Mr Gray, who left in order to take up an appointment as Curator of the Museum at Taunton. The work has been greatly hampered in consequence, as Mr Gray had rendered valuable service during the period in which he acted as assistant. The post has not yet been filled up, partly because of the difficulty of doing so adequately, and partly because the money was required for the purchase of exhibition cases which were very urgently needed, and the only way in which these could be procured was by assigning to this purpose the greater part of the money usually spent in wages. A fair amount of general progress in the Museum has, nevertheless, been effected. The principal piece of work was the erection of the huge totem post, which had previously been carefully treated with various solutions in order to preserve the wood. In order properly to support its weight it was necessary to cut through the cement floor and dig down to the gravel, resting upon which a pedestal was built up through the floor. An elaborate scaffolding also had to be erected to a height above the upper gallery. By this means the post was successfully erected, and it is now very firmly clamped and stayed in position with iron-work. Several large exhibition cases had to be moved during the process of erection. The work was done by Messrs. Symm & Co.

In the Court, a glass case has been added for the exhibition of N. African pottery, and several minor changes have been made.

In the Upper Gallery, a wall-case, purchased second-hand, was erected and fitted out in the south-west corner. This has been used for displaying the fine series of spear-throwers. The specimens were all ticketed by Mr Gray, and have been identified as far as possible. A number of small maps have been prepared, showing the geographical distribution of the different types. The Australian section of this series is now very well represented, thanks largely to the accessions from the Norman Hardy collection presented by Mr R.F. Wilkins in 1900. Arrangements will be made for the accommodation of the other series formerly exhibited upon the screens, which were disturbed when this case was erected. A small series of “half-notch” arrows from India and West Africa has been mounted and exhibited. The labelling of the Bronze series was nearly completed, and the series were arranged.

In the Lower Gallery the changes have been numerous, though of a minor character.

In the list of accessions, the first place must undoubtedly be assigned to the splendid totem post which has been presented by Professor E.B. Tylor, who, further, bore the bulk of the expenses incurred in its erection. The post, as now placed, forms a most conspicuous feature, being well seen from the entrance. In England there is but one other example of a totem post of anything approaching the dimensions of this example. Professor Tylor procured the post through the kind agency of Hudson’s Bay Company. It had to be sawn into two pieces for transit. It may be regarded as a very typical and fine example of a class of symbolic insignia which is rapidly dying out, and the Museum is greatly indebted to Professor Tylor for his generous gift. Noteworthy also are the gifts received from the Egypt Exploration Fund and Egypt Research Account Committees, whereby the Museum has acquired a large number of very interesting specimens from recent excavations, the pre-dynastic and early dynastic periods being especially well represented. The pre-dynastic knife of flint given by Mr MacIver is a very fine specimen. The most interesting collection of N. Italian amulets, presented by Mrs John Addington Symonds, is a very valuable accession to the “Magic” series. Details regarding the use of the individual objects were furnished by Dr. G. Bellucci, who had collected the specimens, and who is well known for his special researches in the subject. The two Maori cloaks given by Mr Alfred Holt are fine examples of very rare and beautiful types.

The attendance of visitors has been at least as large as in former years, and an increasing interest in the Museum is manifest. Several Curators of Museums and students in Ethnology have made use of the collections, and have received information from the Curator. Wherever possible the educational value of the existing series has been augmented, and an endeavour has been made to secure such specimens as are calculated to fill important gaps in continuity.

Very fine wooden "totem post," about 36 feet high, carved throughout with figures of animals, &c.; from the village of Masset, Queen Charlotte Island, N. Pacific. Presented by Prof. E.B. Tylor, F.R.S., Museum House, Oxford. Bone blade for working cedar-bark, British Columbia; bone harpoon-head, Fuegian. Presented by Mrs. J. Crosby Brown. Spindle, Pau, Pyrenees. Presented by Miss E.C. Bell, 30 Egerton Crescent, London, S.W. Rudely constructed palm-leaf oboe, Bulaa, B. New Guinea. Presented by Prof. A.C. Haddon, F.R.S., "Inisfail," Cambridge. Quantity of flint flakes from the caves in the Dordogne district, France (Le Moustiers, La Madeleine, &c.); portion of rubbing stone, La Madeleine; hollow scraper, ib.; worked flake, ib.; flint arrow-head, France; 20 rough flint implements, Janville, Eure-et-Loire; 5 small flint tools, Lake Varese, N Italy; flint implement, Pont-le-Voy, Loir-et-Cher; ditto, Meulan, Seine et Oise; Moorish musket-lock; rough draw- shave for log trimming, Dalarne, Sweden; belemnite, the powder scraped from which was used to cure lip diseases in children, Garsington, Oxon (1899); head of Chinese whistling- arrow; large bone arrow-head, Western Eskimo; double tobacco-pipe, Wa Kaguru, German E. Africa; zither, with gourd resonator, and small javelin, German E. Africa; 2 carved spear-throwers, S. Australia; Corean quiver and arrows; “hollow-scraper," flint flake, Pressigny, France; 2, minute flint implements, Helwan, Egypt; 1 ditto, and small flake, Morahna Pahar cave, Vindhya Hills, India; minute flint tool, from prehistoric cave shelter, Mentone; 2 perforated shells same locality; flint hoe-blade, showing a high vitreous polish from long use, Chariton Co., Missouri, U.S.A. The following collected by Dr. Ansorge in E. and Central Africa: head ring of zebra-mane, Zambesi; 2 bead-work girdles worn by Yao women, Upper Shire R.; 3 bracelets of elephant-hoof, Likoma, L. Nyassa; 2 bracelets of elephant-bristles, German E. Africa; 3 bracelets of buffalo-hide, ib.; hair-tufts from an Atonga man, Upper Shire R.; sheath knife with ivory handle, ib.; native tobacco, Upper Congo; native rope, Uganda; Usoga sheath-knife, Siobay; Uganda razor; reaping-knife, Kavirondo; basket with cover of hide, and 3 agricultural bill-hooks, Kavirondo; chopper and axe, Uganda; wooden food-stirrer, woman's waist-fringes, boar's tusk neck pendant, iron torque necklet, bracelet of iron, armlet of chain with bell, ditto of chain with lion's claw and iron pendants, mourning necklet of hide and cowries, with pendant iron rings and piece of meteoric (?) iron, 4 pombe-sucking tubes, and 2 carrying sticks for holding them, Kavirondo; 2 fly-whisks, L. Victoria Nyanza and Fort Langeburg, Germ. E. Africa. Presented by the Curator, Henry Balfour, Esq., M.A. Wooden pin-filing block, English. Presented by Dr. G.H. Fowler, 58 Bedford Gardens, London, W. Flint flake worked to concave cutting edge, dug up at Broadheath, near Worcester. Presented by F. Sharp, Esq., 22 South Street, Oxford. Carved beaker of rhinoceros horn (believed to detect poisons), China; large wooden kava-bowl, Fiji; 5 Chinese compasses (H.M.S. Challenger expedition). The following from Morocco: pottery cooking brazier, Tangier; horse-shoe and donkey-shoe, ib.; foot-cuff worn by prisoners, Fez; cupping-instrument, Mequinez; nails for studding house-doors, Fez; measuring gauge used in house-building, Tetuan; native doll; pack of Spanish playing-cards, Fez; pot of rouge, Fez; tooth-stick, Tangier; wooden and horn combs, Tangier. Presented by Mrs. H.N. Moseley, St. Margaret's Road, Oxford. Clapper used at feast of Piedigrotta, Naples. Presented by R.W.T. Günther, Esq., M.A., Magdalen College, Oxford. Parrying-shield, Macquarie R., N.S. Wales; small painted shield and boomerang, N. Queensland; boomerangs, Queensland and W. Australia; spear-thrower, Bogan R., N.S.W.; pointed and carved club, ib.; ball-headed club, ? N.S.W.; engraved bamboo case, S. Pacific; model in wood, illustrating the Kayan utong mutilation, B. N. Borneo; ground stone axe, Twofold Bay, N. S.W.; ditto, Jackson's farm, near Gulgong, N. S. W.; large phylactery, Jews of Syria; inscribed parchment scroll in case, ib.; small ditto without case, ib.; Lapp knife, Finmarken; Swedish Lapp spindle and needle- case, Lappmark; silver ring-brooch, Sordavala, Finland; 2 wooden jugs, Albanian shepherds in Attica; carved wooden crook, ib.; bronze camel (a forged " antique "), Tiflis; 2 pairs of woollen socks, Georgian, Caucasus; glove, ib.; 7 pairs of native worked socks, Fair Island, Shetlands; Indian woman's saddle, Manitoba; knife-sheath overlaid with bead-work, and the bead-work of another, ib.; 2, belts with bead-work, ib.; deer-skin pouch with bead-work, ib.; 2 strips of applique bead-work, ib.; small stone celt, Wollishofen lake dwelling,L. Zurich; ditto, in horn socket, ib.; bronze pin, ib.; bronze armlet, Altstortten, L. Zurich; flanged bronze celt, L. Zurich; flint celt, Denmark; perforated stone axe, Denmark; stone-headed club, Blackfoot or Blood Indians, N. America. Presented by the Hon. John Abercromby, 62 Palmerston Place, Edinburgh.  Figure representing a female demon, carved in agalmatolite, China. Presented by Prof. Maxime Kovalevsky. Side flute by Astor & Co., London; "picco pipe," English; side flute, ti-tzu, Chinese. Presented by Mr. T.W. Taphouse, Magdalen Street, Oxford. Early hand-made pin found in an old book. Presented by Prof. F. York Powell, M.A., Christ Church, Oxford. Fine decorated pottery vessel, Santo Island, New Hebrides; 4 fish-hooks of pearl-shell and turtle-shell, Solomon Islands; neck pendant of boars' tusks, locality uncertain; 2 rings and pendant of cone shell bases, from a grave, Simbo Island, Solomon group; carved lime-spatula heavily incrusted, S. E. New Guinea. Presented by Norman H. Hardy, Esq., 29A Oxford Road, Putney. Double-edged bronze axe, Island of Naxos; chisel-shaped bronze tool, Prases, Eastern Crete. Presented by J.L. Myres, Esq., M.A., Christ Church, Oxford. 5 gourds containing native medicinal drugs, the outfit of a native doctor, Masai-land, E. Africa. Presented by Edmund Owen, Esq., F.R.C.S., 64 Great Cumberland Place, London, W. Flint nodule with natural hole, formerly hung with others round the cattle byre at a farmhouse as a charm, Ballyrashane, Co. Antrim; 2 " churns," or last handsful of corn reaped at harvest, cut ceremonially to preserve good the next harvest, Carnlough and Carraff, Co. Antrim. Presented by E.J. McKean, Esq., St. John's College, Oxford. 2 mummified ibises in pottery vessels, excavated at Memphis; adze-blade of basalt, probably Hawaiian. Presented by H.D. Acland, Esq. Mummified hawk, kite and dog, Egypt; wooden tablet painted with hieroglyphs, another with figures, 3 large bricks of sun-dried mud and straw stamped with cartouches, Egypt; incised steles of stone, Abydos; modern Arab reed flute, Egypt; 2 large Kabyle vases, Algeria; large sling-stone, S. Pacific; Hawaiian bowling-stone, maita uru; mould of fragment from the harbour-steps at Utica, with design of a ship. Presented by the family of the late Sir H.W. Acland, Bart. Large model of an Arawak house, British Guiana, complete with models of utensils. Presented by Miss Grace Pelham, Trinity College, Oxford.  Bronze "cutting-out" knife, XVIII dynasty, Egypt. Presented by Prof. W. Flinders Petrie, University College, London. Flint flake from Boar's Hill, Berks; 2 flint scrapers, New Iffley, Oxon; flint scraper, Cowley, Oxon; part of a palaeolithic implement, Iffley, Oxon. Presented by A.M. Bell, Esq., M.A., Rawlinson Road, Oxford. Early iron stand-lamp, Zurich, Switzerland; pewter spout- lamp, Berncastel, Germany; glazed-ware lamp, Treves, R. Mosel, Rhenish Province. Presented by J. King, Esq., Lower Birtley, Whitley, Surrey. Large string-work bag carried by native women, British New Guinea. Presented by Rev. W.G. Lawes, D.D., London Missionary Society. Fisherman's satchel containing line, fibre, and fish-hook shanks, 2 mat-work pillows, patterned mat-work, Mille, Marshall Islands; belt of palm-leaf worn under the waist-fringe, Ellice Islands; woman's waist-fringe of native-made canvas, Rotuma Island; coloured fibres used in weaving sashes, Kusaie, Caroline Islands; 2 sashes woven in colours, Ponape; 1 ditto, Kusaie; woman's waist fringe, Ponape; large sleeping- mat of pandanus leaf, Ponape; armlet of white shell, armlet of turtle shell, Kusaie; hand fishing-net, San Cristoval, Solomon Islands; piece of pearl-shell cut for making ornament, ib.; 4 stone adze-blades, Solomon Islands; I small ditto, S. Cristoval; ground stone side-tool, Solomon Islands; I stone adze-blade, Erromango, New Hebrides; 4 adze-blades of tridacna-shell, Kusaie; 2 pounders of tridacna-shell, Kusaie. Presented by C. F. Wood, Esq., 4 Terlingham Gardens, Folkestone. Specimens from Borneo, viz. Kalabit tobacco-box of bamboo and basket-work, decorated basket, Undup River, Sea Dyaks; pair of bead-work armlets, Sea Dyak; Sea Dyak jew's-harp; Sea Dyak flint-and-steel with tinder; pair of Chinese grass slippers, Sarawak; “parang-pedang," curved sword-like tool, Malays or Milanos. Presented by R. Shelford, Esq., M.A., Sarawak, Borneo. Very fine flint knife showing "ripple"-flaking on one side, and ground on the other side, pre-dynastic, Egypt. Presented by D. Randall-MacIver, Esq., M.A., Worcester College, Oxford. Photograph of stone implements from the High Plateau, Kent; photograph of Alaskan Eskimo ivory carvings; specimens dug up on the Island of Oahu, Hawaiian Islands, viz. 5 large stone adzes, 6 small adzes, 3 poi-pounders, I roughly made pounder, 3 rubbing-stones, circular stone cup, heavy stone plummet (?), 4 stone sinkers for fishing lines, bowl-shaped lamp of lava, disc-shaped mirror of black stone, 3 ulu-maika discs of stone used in a game, 3 sling-stones. Presented by R.D. Darbishire, Esq., Victoria Park, Manchester. Flanged bronze celt dug up at Ganfield Farm, near Pusey, Berks, 1901. Presented by Sir W.R. Anson, Bart., D.C.L., M.P., Warden of All Souls College, Oxford. 2 iron-bladed axes, Dahomey, W. Africa; spear of chief Upitan, Maboro village, Ijo country; 2 brass spears, Cross River, Nigeria; 2 paddles, Artigeri lagoon, between Lagos and Benin; 2 carved paddles, Ijo country; 2 chiefs' sceptres of cast brass in the form of chopping knives, decorated, Abeokuta. Presented by Sir George Denton, K.C.M.G., Government House, Gambia, W. Africa. Very fine Maori cloak of native flax, covered with apteryx feathers, in fine preservation; and chief's loin cloth of native flax trimmed with the much-valued white dog's hair, New Zealand. Presented by Alfred Holt, Esq., M.A., Oaklands, Kenilworth Road, Leamington. Miniature bow and arrow instrument used for blood-letting, Bulaa, British New Guinea. Presented by C.G. Seligmann, Esq. Pair of long boots with applique patterns, worn by Kirghiz women, Orenburg Government; pair of child's shoes, Canton, China. Presented by Oliver Wardrop, Esq., Queen Anne's Mansions, London, S.W. Cap with symbolic designs worn by men in Montenegro. Presented by Rev. L. Goodenough, Kineton Vicarage, Warwickshire. Native guitar and fragment of red pottery, Morocco. Presented by F. F. Tuckett, Esq., Carved paddle, Jekkri tribe, Forcados, mouth of R. Niger; photograph of ju ju shrine in Jekkri village, W. Africa. Presented by C.J.M. Gordon, Esq., 12 Montagu Street, Glasgow. A very fine suit of old Japanese armour, complete in all details, with pennant, baton; also with native case adapted for carrying the whole outfit. Presented by H. Martin Gibbs, Esq., Barrow Court, Flax Bourton, near Bristol. Box of Japanese card games with complete fittings. Presented by Lady Peek, Rousdon, Lyme Regis.  Specimens obtained in the Crimea, at the time of the Crimean War, viz. iron padlock from the Monastery of St. George; stone cross with modern Greek inscription and date, from the Malakoff Tower; small brass cross given to Mr. Kempton in camp near Sebastopol, when peace was proclaimed. Presented by Mr. H. Kempton, 58 Sparsholt Road, Crouch End, London. Series of Italian amulets from the collection of Sig. Giuseppe Bellucci, viz. 4 silver- mounted flint arrow-heads, charms against lightning, Aquila, Assisi, &c.; bag containing 2 flint arrow-heads for wearing round the neck, Aquila; 2 small neolithic celts, perforated, charms against lightning, Perugia; silver-mounted "pietra gravida," Aquila; silver-mounted, shaped piece of madreporite, charm against witches, Aquila; 2 pieces of serpentine (one mounted in copper), against snake- bite, Spoleto and Gubbio; silver-mounted crystal, against
evil eye," &c., Aquila; 2, beads of milky quartz, " palla lattea" Perugia; chalcedony bead with eye-like markings, against "evil eye," Perugia; red jasper bead, against haemorrhage, Perugia; blue glaze bead, against " evil eye," Foligno; coral bead, against " evil eye," &c., Perugia; coral-branch, the same, Perugia; boar's tusk, the same, Perugia; wolf's tooth, silver- mounted, the same, Perugia; silver-mounted tip of crab's claw, against “evil eye," Perugia; silver-mounted piece of badger skin, the same, Perugia; bone pendant, the same, Perugia; dentalium shell, against toothache, &c., Perugia; double almond, for good luck, Bari; lucky double walnut, Perugia; heart in bone, against heart complaints, Aquila; closed hand in bone and one in silver, against "jettatura," Aquila; silver death's head, against " evil eye," Aquila; silver key, against infantile disorders, Perugia; silver frog and crescent, against witchcraft, Aquila; bronze crescent and star, a horse charm, Perugia; bronze pendant, St. Anthony, to protect cattle, Aquila; bronze pendant of St. Andrea Avellino, against apoplectic strokes, Aquila; ditto, St. Anastasius, against witchcraft, &c., Perugia; ditto, St. Benedict, to protect trees from hail, thieves, &c., Nocera Umbra; coin of the Vacant See of 1758 A. D., against infantile disorders, Perugia; " moneta dello Spirito Santo," against infantile convulsions, Perugia; coin of Clement X, with figure of S. Venanzo, protects children, Perugia. Presented by Mrs. John Addington Symonds, Am Hof, Davos Platz, Switzerland. Old fashioned "horse-bend" from the Shetland Islands, consisting of paniers of straw-work, with straw-net slings, horned saddle, "tailgirt," straw-mat, whip, "kaper" or horse-gag, &c. Presented by E.M. Nelson, Esq., 66 West End Lane, London, N.W. The remaining items are all from the excavations in Egypt carried out for the Egypt Exploration Fund and the Egypt Research Account, 1900-1 season. A. Specimens discovered by Mr. D. Randall-MacIver in two pre-dynastic cemeteries at El Amrah, viz.:— Ivory comb, carved; carved end of ivory tusk; ivory model axe (?) blade; 3 natural flints of peculiar forms; small copper " cutting-out-knife "; 9 slate palettes for grinding paint upon; 5 smooth pebbles used as rubbers; pieces of malachite for paint-making; pendant of slate shaped like one of the palettes; beads of carnelian, lapis lazuli, steatite, &c.; small perforated white shells; group of objects from one grave (2 small slate palettes, 2 grooved and pointed stone pendants, 2 small ivory tusks, 8 flat ivory pendants (?) marked with grooves); 13 urns of black-topped red-ware; 4 large and 3 small vessels of red slip-ware; I flat-bottomed pot; 3 open bowls with inside slip; I ditto of thin red-ware; I ditto of thick red-ware; 2 small ditto red outside and black within; elyptical bowl of red slip-ware; 1 ditto larger; red-ware bowl with side ridges resembling the stone forms; 8 ditto with burnt-in painted designs; 3 vessels in red slip-ware with painting not burnt-in; 2 amphora shaped vases; l bowl and 4 vases of coarse red- ware containing straw; I ditto with numerous potters' (?) marks; 3 large lipped urns with side flanges; large pottery urn with bones of a child; pottery rattle; circular bowl with design of cattle caught in nooses; 2 very small clay bowls; 2 rude clay models of cattle; ditto frog and other clay objects; ivory armlet and comb; 2 fine "ripple-flaked " curved flint knives, bevelled flint flake, rough flake, circular pounding stone; chisel ended arrow-head with cement setting (XII-XV dyn.); bronze spring forceps (XII-XV dyn.); several flint implements of palaeolithic type and flakes, worked flakes, " scrapers," &c., from the surface of the Low Desert at El Amrah; flint implements, flakes, saw, scraper from the fillings of graves, and associated groups of flint implements, &c., from two graves, and a number of other flints found with interments in various graves in the two cemeteries. The following also from graves at El Amrah: 4 potsherds drilled with stone drills, bitumen, red pigment, leather and animal skin, remains of small basket containing malachite, 4 samples of basketry and mat work, reedwork fragments, wattle and daub pieces, string fragments, reeded wood-work, specimens of wood, &c. Presented by the Committee of the Egypt Exploration Fund. B. Specimens discovered during Professor W. Flinders Petrie's excavations at Abydos, viz.:— From the Tomb of KA: portion of cylindrical pottery vessel, inscribed. Tomb of MENA: 3 finely made arrow-heads of flint, 2 pointed flint flakes, and ivory inscribed model of similar flake. Tomb of ZER: 3 flint flakes worked to a point, 11 rounded double-ended "scrapers," 1 saw of flint, one crystal arrow-head, arrow-head-shaped blade of flint (? for blood-letting or tattooing), portion of a fine flint knife ground on one side, miscellaneous flakes and fragments, piece of a wand of highly polished flint, fragment of polished chalcedony and another of grey stone, dark grey rubbing stone, piece of chalcedony armlet, 5 fragments of polished flint armlets,6 fragments of stone vases, bronze or copper needle, copper harpoon-head, ivory arrow-heads and portions of shafts, pieces of horn bows, ivory bowl of a spoon, piece of ivory bracelet, oblong pieces of ivory, fragment of gaming-reed of ivory, barbed wooden point, small ivory rods, 2 pottery objects perforated lengthwise, 4 samples of human hair showing plaiting, &c., elaborately made hair fringe, pieces of carved wood-work, rush fibre in hanks, animal skin and fine leather (sewn), pieces of resin, piece of copper slag, red and yellow pigments, piece of red woven fabric. Tomb of ZET: square ended flint scraper, 4 ivory arrow-heads. Tomb of DEN: miscellaneous flint implements and flakes, 2 double-ended flint "scrapers," "hollow-scraper" flake, piece of grooved wood-work, ivory carving representing wicker work, 2 pieces of spiral basketry, human hair, dried sycamore figs, fragments of a horn bow, 5 long ivory arrow-heads and reed shaft fragments, 2 model granaries of mud, dried grapes. Tomb of MERNEIT: carved fragment (leg of bull). Tomb of MERSEKHA: 4 ivory and wooden arrow-heads, clay model of granary. Tomb of QA-SEN: small dried grapes. Tomb of PERABSEN: flint flakes, copper fish-hook. Tomb of KHASEKHEMUI: piece of very fine flint knife, piece of narrow, curved flint knife, gun-flint shaped scraper, 2 trimmed flakes, piece of flint knife-blade, 8 bronze objects, small square of rush work on cross-frame. ROYAL TOMBS (unspecified): metal slag, carnelian bead, greenish glazed beads, fragments of carved ivory furniture. OSIRIS SHRINE (in tomb of ZER): blue glazed beads, 4 bronze nails, small bronze models of hoe and adze, lotus shaped bronze vase handle. ABYDOS, XVIII dynasty: bronze knife for cutting papyrus (?), copper or bronze model basket, 6 leaden net sinkers. Presented by the Committee of the Egypt Exploration Fund.  C. Specimens excavated by Mr. J. Garstang at El Mehesna, North of Abydos, viz.:— From two pre-dynastic settlements: a number of curiously shaped natural flints, flint flakes (worked and unworked), implements of palaeolithic type, scrapers, rough flint spear- head, flint " fabricators," saw-edged flakes, arrow-head, pointed " drift "-type implement, flint cores, triangular flint tools and miscellaneous flint implements and flakes; 10 crescent-shaped flint objects (desert surface), 1 ditto from tomb of Neter-Khet; 8 flint tools of palaeolithic shape, dumb-bell shaped " scraper," flakes, &c., from the Lower Desert, Bet Khallaf. Discs of flint broken in making armlets, 2 flint arrow-heads, crescent bladed arrow- or chisel-head, from Settlement 1. Broken armlet disc, curved flint knife, ditto with serrated edge, fine forked lance-head of flint, part of flint hoe, perforated mace head of granite (?), Settlement II. l0 small slate palettes, rubbing stones and pieces, portion of steatite cylinder perforated longitudinally, broken ivory comb, small white marble pendant in form of a bull's head, long cylindrical blue beads, 7 small pottery models of urns, 13 spindle-whorls of pottery and stone, clay model of corn-cob (?), sting-ray spine, grinding stone, block of stone partly worked and broken; large amphora-shaped vase with design of giraffe engraved, 4 potsherds with incised marks (? date). Copper pieces and small tools from tomb of Neterkhet (III dynasty), Bet Khallaf; small copper tools from tomb of Hen-nekht (III dynasty), ib.; pottery vase with painted lines, (XVIII dynasty), found by Mr. Garstang in I899. Presented by the Committee of the Egypt Research Account.

Four-barrelled revolving pistol, French. (Lambourne.) Bronze dagger-blade, Hebron; 2 bronze arm-rings, 8 bronze pellet-bells, Benin, W. Africa. (Lawrence.)  Stone celt mounted in bronze-work, believed to be a thunder- bolt and sacrificed to by the natives Benin; weight (?) of solid bronze, Benin; 3 straining tubes, 2 black pottery cups, 7 pottery tobacco pipes, bark cloth, iron spear-head, 3 rough knives, Uganda; 2 bows and 4 arrows, Pigmy tribe of the Congo forest; old Japanese sword, 6 wooden ear-studs, Solomon Islands; large Maori " bull-roarer," New Zealand; 2 whistling arrow-heads of ivory, China. (Stevens' auction rooms.) Two small bronze imitations of stone celts, engraved, Benin. (Webster.) Two carved pigment-boxes, 2 tear-rings of gorgonia stem. Purari Delta, New Guinea; bronze socketed celt, Hungary. (Cutter.) Specimen illustrating the "micka" operation, Gnamo tribe, Oakover River; netting-needle, ib.; net-bag partly finished, with netting-needle, Nicol River; large bustard net, Sherlock River; bone surgical probe, Gnamo tribe; medical healing stick, ib.; wooden passport, Maratunia tribe; wooden hair pin, Gnalluma tribe; 4 pearl-shell plaques worn as pendants, Marahlnia tribe; head-plume for corrobory, Gnamo tribe; ornaments of hair and fur, ib.; 3 chisel-blades of stone; stone flake-knife; 3 carved " bull-roarers," Maratunia tribe; 1 well- carved ditto, Gnamo tribe. The above all from Western Australia. (E. Clement, Esq.)  Photograph from drawing of Maori canoes. (General Robley.) Haida sheath-knife, Queen Charlotte Island; dancing belt of cocoons, S. Africa. (Bickmore.)  Stuffed apteryx, New Zealand; wheel-fan bellows, Oxford. (Bateman.) Pair of Eskimo summer boots of seal and cariboo skin, Alaska. (Bought in Tromsö.) Specimens from Collingwood Bay, New Guinea, viz. Stone-headed axe-adze, pump-drill with cocoanut fly-wheel, shell cutting-tool, 2 kangaroo jaws used as carving chisels, boar's tusk plane, rasp of shark-skin, 2 wooden hoes, 2 pteropus bone needles, 2 bark-cloth mallets, 2 wooden netting-needles, 3 netting-meshes, hooks for holding nets, 6 lime spatulae, bamboo flute, obsidian hair cutter, 3 ornamental hair combs, shell money-string, brow ornament of shells and gorgonia stems, necklet of cone-shell bases, necklet of pearl-shell discs, fighting ornament of boars' tusks, 9 ornaments worn during mourning, 13 stone implements from near Tumba, French Congo. (Gerrard.) Flint implements from the Thames Valley, viz. 9 flakes and cores, Grim's Bank, Wallingford; I9 scrapers, cores, &c., North Stoke, Oxon; flakes and scrapers, Cowley, Oxon. (Carter.) German dulcimer, sixteenth century ; Chinese dulcimer; French cittern; early French vielle; French trumpet, eighteenth century; flageolet, eighteenth century. (Puttick & Simpson.) Two Japanese bows with stand and quiver. (Goode & Co.)

Carter's notched stick recording number of loads carted, Worcestershire; knotted bark cord recording work done by labourers on coffee-plantations, Blantyre, Lake Nyassa, E. Central Africa. (From E. Lovett, Esq.) Three arrows with whistling heads, Punjab, India. (From the Museum, York.)

Two casts of bronze celts taken from a syenite mould found at Bulford, Wilts. (From H.St.G. Gray, Esq.) Collection of 11 krises with their sheaths, from various districts in the Malay Peninsula. (From T.N. Annandale, Esq.) Collection of 20 native swords, daggers, krises and choppers, from various parts of Borneo, Celebes and Sulu Islands. (From R. Shelford, Esq.)


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