Report of the Curator of the Pitt Rivers Museum for the year 1900

Considerable progress was effected during the year 1900 in the work upon the existing collections and upon the new material acquired by donation and purchase. In this work I have been very ably supported by Mr. H.St.G. Gray, whose skilled assistance has been most valuable, the Museum having greatly benefited thereby. The following is an outline of the chief work accomplished:

In the Ground-floor Court a range of screens was erected over the wall-cases containing the series of shields and body-armour, and upon these the series of parrying shields has been displayed in order to relieve the overcrowding in the case below. The whole of the collection of shields and of body-armour has been gone over, each specimen identified so far as possible, ticketed in a permanent fashion with the essential available data, and for the most part rearranged. It is hoped to transfer the circular shields to a separate case, and they have not yet been arranged. Four large glass cases have been added to the Court; one of these will be devoted to the exhibition of pottery, another will supplement the case of ceremonial masks, while two others have as yet not been finally assigned to series. Some primitive weaving-looms have been mounted so as to show their construction and the use of the several parts. A series illustrating the development of a decorative pattern upon spears from Bougainville Straits, Solomon Islands, has been mounted and substituted for the older and less complete series. Two portraits of the late General Pitt-Rivers have been fixed to the wall at the entrance, on either side of the door.

In the Lower Gallery a drawer-cabinet has been added to supplement the space allotted to series illustrating games, etc. Two glass cases have been erected against the wall for exhibiting a portion of the complete series of Javanese Wayang Kulit shadow figures presented by Mr. H.N. Ridley, of Singapore.

In the Upper Gallery, to which portion of the Museum most of the attention has been given during the year, the work begun in the previous year upon the large series of bows, cross-bows, blow-guns and quivers has been completed. Each specimen has been permanently ticketed and also furnished with a printed label for the public. With the exception of some of the bows (which cannot yet be placed under glass for want of the necessary cases), the whole of these series is now arranged in the new wall-cases erected in the N.W. corner of the Gallery. The reserve non-exhibited specimens are stored behind the double-backs fitted to these cases for the purpose, and it is now hoped that these important series, in addition to being more satisfactorily exhibited, may, now that they are at last placed under glass, be preserved from the sources of injury and decay to which the other specimens still exhibited upon screens are inevitably exposed. Scores of valuable specimens are deteriorating for want of the protection which glass cases would afford.

The fine series of specimens illustrating the forms, development, etc., of implements of the Bronze Age was taken in hand, and the permanent ticketing of every specimen in white oil-paint commenced and nearly completed, a card catalogue being at the same time prepared. Exact descriptions with size and weight of each specimen is recorded upon the cards, and all known details regarding it added or referred to. A small but interesting series illustrating the Ancient Egyptian (Prehistoric Period) method of making armlets from flint or chert was mounted in a frame-case erected on the Gallery railing. The specimens were procured by Mr. H. Seaton-Karr.

Throughout the Museum a number of minor arrangements, additions, and improvements were made, and numerous labels, sketches etc., have been added.

On July 7 a specially arranged visit was made to the Museum by Fellows of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland.
The list of accessions is an exceptionally long one, and at the same time comprises a number of specimens of great rarity and interest. Particular mention should be made of the extensive and valuable collection of objects from the islands of the South Pacific and Australia, formed by Mr. Norman Hardy during his travels. The entire collection, of which a detailed list will be found below, was, with great generosity, purchased and presented by Mr. R.F. Wilkins. As this collection was made with much care and discretion it has considerably enriched the Museum. Amongst the specimens are many of great rarity which could not have been otherwise acquired. Mr. Hardy has taken much pains to supply all available information regarding the specimens.
Special reference may also be made to the number of specimens of interest with which Mr. T.N. Annandale has followed up his gifts in former years, the results of his own travels; to the collection, chiefly of South American objects, presented by Mr. H. Martyn Gibbs; to the collection of specimens obtained by Mr. D. Randall MacIver amongst the Kabyle and Chawia people of Algeria, including an extensive series of characteristic pottery.
A special, if melancholy and pathetic, interest attaches to the collection of West African objects formed by the late Miss Mary Kingsley, through whose untimely death the Museum has lost a sincere friend. It was the wish of this gifted and courageous traveller that her West African specimens should eventually come to Oxford, and her brother, Mr Charles G. Kingsley, to whom the specimens were bequeathed in the first instance, most kindly transferred them at once to the Museum. Amongst them will be noticed several specimens of the now extinct artistic bronze-work of Benin, which has created so much stir of recent years, since the punitive expedition first brought these forgotten treasures to light; also a fetish figure, which is probably the finest of its kind in any Museum.
Among the purchases is a collection of objects obtained from the Ainu of Yezo. These were collected on the spot for the Museum by Father J. Rousseau of the French Mission de Hakodate, whose great kindness in collecting the objects and furnishing information regarding them I acknowledge with gratitude. The Museum is further indebted to Professor B.H. Chamberlain of Tokyo, who was kindly instrumental in enlisting Father Rousseau's interest. The complete list of accessions is appended.

Three packs of small palm leaf playing cards, 2 musical instruments of sansa type with bambu tongues, and 2 models of native river gun-boats, Benin, W. Africa; fire making sticks (ploughing method), British New Guinea; 1 pack of 60 and 2 packs of 40 playing cards, Seoul, Corea, procured by Mr. J. H. Gubbins and the Rev. J. S. Gale; flint, steel, and tinder, Seoul, Corea, obtained by Mr. Gale. Presented by Sir C.E. Peek, Bart., Rousdon, Lyme Regis. Turned dish of sycamore wood used for skimming milk, Welshpool, Montgomeryshire; 2 neolithic flint scrapers, found on the left bank of the Thames between Iffley and "Th¢ Gut," Oxford; 4 small flint scrapers, an angular scraper and a used flint flake, New Iffley, Oxford, 1900; potsherds of very early type, hand made, slightly ornamented, Limpsfield, Kent, 1900. Presented by A.M. Bell, Esq., M.A., "Limpsfield," Rawlinson Road, Oxford. North American bow and 4 blunt ended bird arrows; 2 Roman leaden sling-stones, glandes, with raised inscriptions, Sicily; open arrow-quiver, India; leather powder flask Krumir, Interior of Tunis; natural flint resembling monkey's head, picked up at Marston, near Oxford, 1900; bronze knuckle-bone (astragal), Roman, Italy; charm sword made up of coins (bronze "cash") for hanging up as charm against evil, China; iron "tiger-claw "hand weapon, "bagh-nakh," Gwalior, India; old fashioned Dalecarlian peasant's shoe, with birch bark sole, 1 large and 1 smaller wooden spindles with wooden whorls, Mora, Dalarne, Sweden; 2 primitive horse-bits of wood, wooden weaving-heald, Lima, Dalarne; "skakttra," wooden sword for scutching flax, Oster-Gotland, Sweden; flask made of strips of birch-bark for holding salt, Wermland, Sweden; old fashioned clarinet with reed tied to mouthpiece, Sweden; old wooden milk-strainer (dated 1657), Dalarne; old Swedish wooden snuff-mill; early Swedish two-pronged fork of iron with brass overlay; old wooden hand mangle, “mangeltrae" (dated 1687), Meldalen, Throndhjem, Norway; Norwegian wooden clothes-beater, " banketrae "; long curved perforated bead of red and white shell. Number of objects made at the glass-works of Messrs. Sachse, Austria, for sending out as " trade" to various countries, viz.: Imitation coral “mano in fica" or phallic hand, of reddened glass, for Egypt, Soudan, &c.; imitation human teeth perforated for stringing on necklet, for the Belgian Congo; imitation " tiger” tooth, for West Coast of Africa; imitation ring of cone-shell base, glass, worn in hair by Foullah of Bissao, W. Africa; imitation of shell ornament with dotted ornamentation, worn by Senegambian brides; 2 glass pendants imitating fruit, for Fench Congo; 2 large glass pendants, for trade to the Haussa, W. Africa; glass fish (plaice) pendant, for trade Celebes; imitation stone pendant with bogus inscription, N. Africa; 3 pendants of blue, yellow, and green glass, for trade to Singapore, for Borneo, &c.; 2 red cylindrical and globular gold glass beads, for trading to the French Congo; long curved glass beads, for trade to Ashanti; thin stamped brass pendant-charm, and white metal disc-charm with figures Hindu deities in relief, for trade to E. Indies; 3 coloured glass bracelets, for E. Indian trade; and 3 brass armlets, for trade to the Kameruns. Presented by Henry Balfour, Esq, M.A., Curator. Iron instrument used in killing twins, taken by Capt. Cowie Akuri, Ijesa country, 150 miles from Lagos, W. Africa; wooden dug-out boat, nearly circular in form, used in crossing rivers in the Hinterland of Lagos, W. Africa (this specimen from the Odo Oban River, tributary of the Oshun River). Presented by His Excellency Sir George C. Denton, K.C.M.G., Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Gambia, W. Africa. China saucer with Arab magic square and inscriptions, made at least 100 years ago, Lamu, E Africa; very large carved paddle (given to Sir J. Kirk by Tippoo Tib), Aruwimi River, Central Africa; 2 feather head-dresses of elaborate rnake, used as a form of currency in the Manyema district, Upper Congo, Central Africa. Presented by Sir John Kirk, G.C.M.G., F.R.S., Wavertree, Sevenoaks. Three modern English quarrel cross-bows, 1 modern English bullet cross-bow, and 4 goat's foot levers. Presented by Sir E. Verney, Bart., Claydon, Bucks. Kaffir dancing-dress of cow-tails, from a kraal near Kwamagasa, S.E. Africa. Presented by Mrs. Shute, 46 Princes Gate London, S.W. Native bagpipe, Madras Presidency. Presented by Edgar Thurston, Esq., Government Museum, Pantheon Road, Egmore, Madras. Two fathoms of shell-bead money, Nusa Village, New Ireland; model canoe, Trobriand Islands, New Guinea; fly flap made by beating out the fibres of a stalk, carried in hand at dances, Uvea, Loyalty Islands; large cocoanut bowl, carved by a West African native living in Vavau, Tonga Islands, and showing style not indigenous to these islands; piece of bark- cloth, with animal and other designs, New Hebrides; woman's skirt, Anchorite Islands; plaited coir rope, Loyalty Islands; model outrigger canoe, used above Barren Falls, Cairns, N.E. Queensland; wooden paintbrush and nose-pin of reed, Cairns, N.E. Queensland; star-shaped brow-ornament with feathers, Cairns district; cross-shaped boomerang and whizzing stick, inland from Cairns, Queensland; brow-ornament or nautilus shell, N. Queensland; basket, Morton Bay district, Queensland; large model bark canoe, Alligator River district, N. Australia. Presented by J. Edge Partington, Esq., Park Hall, Great Bardfield, Braintree, Essex. Close woven basket, Shasta Indians, California; open work basket, Bilhoula Indians, Alaska. Presented by Mr. E.H. Kemp, San Francisco, California. Four-wick iron crusie lamp, Minorca. Presented by E.S. Goodrich, Esq., M.A, Aldrichian Demonstrator, University Museum, Oxford. Very primitive butter-churn, consisting of a lamb-skin with wooden funnel for filling it, Gavarnie, Haute Pyrenees, France; horn snuff-box, Lourdes, Haute Pyrenees. Presented by Miss E.C. Bell, 30 Egerton Crescent, London, S.W. Tridacna shell, adze-blade, Tongariki Island, Shepperd Group, New Hebrides (H.M S. Dart, 1891); throwing-club of wood, Makura Island, near Mai Island, New Hebrides (H.M.S. Dart, 1891); fish-hook of wood and bone, Haida, Queen Charlotte Island (H.M.S. Egeria, 1899); broken stone hammer or pestle, found on ground in the bush near Comox, Vancouver Island, August, 1898 (H.M.S. Egeria); fine stone hammer or pestle, purchased from an Indian near Comox, while in use as a fishing-line weight, September, 1898 (H.M.S. Egeria); wooden harpoon-head, obtained from a canoe of coast natives, Grey Harbour, near English Narrows, leading to Smyth Sound, west coast of Patagonia (H.M.S. Egeria, 1897); basket and two arrows, with well made European bottle-glass heads, made by coast-natives, Straits of Magellan, obtained at Sandy Point, Patagonia, May, 1897 (H.M.S. Egeria); pot with loop-coil design engraved, broken off neck of a pot shaped as a dog's head, and two pots in human form, from ancient Peruvian graves, near Chimbote, Peru (H.M.S. Egeria, November, 1897); stone, worn very smooth, picked up in ruins of ancient Peruvian building near Chimbote (H.M.S. Egeria); long spirally-twisted rectangular glass bead and four native made stone pendants, forming part of an ancient necklet, from a Peruvian grave near Chimbote (H.M.S. Egeria). Obtained and presented by Lieut. Boyle T. Somerville, R.N., H.M.S. Tritorn. Syrinx, "piago," of six reed pipes, Saguana, Kiwai, British New Guinea. Presented by Professor A.C. Haddon, M.A., F.R.S., Inisfail, Cambridge. Portions of a "vitrified fort" at Beregonium, near Oban, Scotland. Presented by C.C. Lynam, Esq., MA., Oxford Preparatory School, Bardwell Road, Oxford. Gold armlet with relief ornamentation, Algeria. Presented by the Rev. J.C. Murray-Aynsley, Great Bampton, Hereford. Glass spear-head and pebble and piece of bone with which it was made, and two glass spear-heads (one of sheet glass, the other smaller, of bottle glass), N.W. Australia; "mahbon," small flat stick used in surgery for pushing under the skin at an abscess and acting as a seton, Gnamo tribe, Oakover and Nullagine Rivers, W. Australia; "marben," small carved wooden passport, Gnamo tribe, Oakover River, W. Australia; "mahredie corrada," medical stick used for cure of disease, made of bone with lump of " black boy " at each end, Maratunia tribe, Nicol River, W. Australia; stone implement and flake, W. Australia; and pebble which the native witch-doctor pretends to extract from a sick person as being the cause of disease, W. Australia. Collected and presented by E. Clement, Esq, Clyde House, Carshalton, Surrey. Specimens from ancient flint-working site, Wady el Sheikh, Eastern Egyptian Desert, viz.: Series of 8 specimens illustrating the earlier stages in the manufacture of flint bracelets from discoidal pieces of flint; a large number of worked flints exhibiting various degrees of finish, but mostly to be classed as failures or implements broken during manufacture, ranging from roughly blocked-out large pieces to pieces of well made thin blades; 3 pieces of very coarse pottery. Collected and presented by H. Seton-Karr, Esq., 31 Lingfield Road, Wimbledon, London, S W. Specimens collected by Mr. T.N. Annandale, in 1898, on the Skeat Expedition to the Malay Peninsula, viz.: Curved chopper, young girl's heart-shaped cover of brass, 2 ornamental dish-covers of palm-leaf work, and 3 sleeping mats of palm-leaf work, Kota Bharu, Kelantan; chopping-knife in carved wood sheath, inland forest region of Kelantan; long straight kris (kris datoh.), Kelantan; small toy adze with iron blade, Kuala Aring, Kelantan; rice bag of palm-leaf work in form of a bird, 17 other rice bags, 4 sleeping mats of palm-leaf work, and 9 small covered pouches of ornamental plait-work for tobacco, Ulu Lebeh district, Kelantan; horn-handled chopper, with "Kopis" shape blade, in wooden sheath, Ban- sin-Kau village, Nawnchik, Siamese Malay States; "tumboh lada " chopping-knife with sheath, Kota Bharu, Rhaman; horn-handled chopping-knife in carved sheath, from Selangor, obtained in Jalore; spear, Biserat, Jalore; Malay war-charm made of solid bambu, from a trader at Perak.—Specimens collected by Mr Annandale in Iceland and the Faroer, viz.; ICELAND—Stamp for making designs on bread, and another larger and older specimen (1876), N. Iceland; woman's collar of gold-embroidered velvet; child's prod-stick used when sliding on the ice on bone-skates, and a horn spoon (1585) dug up, Westmann Islands; "askur," hooped wooden vessel for holding curds or soup, Reykjavik; photograph of picture in Reykjavik Museum representing horse-fight; "kjepp" club for killing young gannets and fulmars, and a fiddle with bow, "lang speilus”," Westmann Islands. FAROE ISLANDS—" Torfeshjeyrir," iron-shod turf spade, and a small spindle for fine wool, " hand-shnaldir," Thrangisvaag, Sydero; iron-shod spade (" haage "), winnowing-tray, leather flour sieve (“sold”), threshing bat, stone mustard-quern (" sinap-korn "), large spindle for coarse wool (“hand-shnaldir”) weighing-beam (" bishmar”), pounding-stone for tormentil roots ("barksteinir"), wooden spindle and winder ("hampeshnaldir"), set of four plaiting jnstruments for making the "snoods" of hooks ("taemespjaldir "), and native-made halibut hook with stone sinker (the latter="waafsteiner"), Thorshavn, Stromo; 2 spinning-discs, used by children as toys, " snorrir," made of caudal epiphyses of globiocephalus. Presented by T.N. Annandale, Esq., B.A., 34 Charlotte Square, Edinburgh. Two engraved silver bracelets, with totemic (? Beaver) designs, Haida, British Columbia. Presented by A.J. Evans, Esq., MA., F.S.A., Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. Small silver pendant-charm, "cimaruta," Naples, obtained by R.T. Giinther, Esq.; 2 silver moon-crescents with faces, silver hand (phallic sign) pendant, and another of coral, Naples; long pin with silver hand (phallic sign) at top, South Italy; nose-bar and jaw-clip (substitute for a driving bit) of Neapolitan horse. Presented by Sir John Conroy, Bart., M.A., Fellow of Balliol College, Oxford. Bark cloth, Uganda; "Kansu," dress worn by men, Zanzibar; ornamental skull-cap worn by natives and Arabs, Zanzibar; circular basket, Lake Nyassa; small covered golden grass basket, Madagascar; and the following from E. Africa, but localities not specified, viz.: wooden head-rest; wooden ball-head club ; snuff-gourd; carved ladle; hair comb; collar of iron, hide, and beads; iron bracelet and 3 wire bracelets ; red composition beads, necklet (7) of hide served with brass wire, and another of iron beads; belt of plaited leather strings; small mat and sweeping-brush. Presented by Nurse Whitbread, Zanzibar. Elaborately decorated and painted cart-harness saddle, Sicily. Presented by R.T. Gunther, Esq., M.A., Magdalen College, Oxford. Seven silver finger-rings, and 2, silver ring-brooches, Norwegian. Given " in Memory of Anne Du Bois," by Miss E. Du Bois, 2 Belsize Park, Hampstead, London. Bronze medal used by General Pitt-Rivers for placing the bottom of his excavations to record date of opening; string of coral beads, Benin City, W. Africa; bronze surgical instrument, or ear-cleaner, found with Roman remains in London; old penknife with bone or ivory handle, ploughed up at Motcombe, N. Dorset, 1900. Presented by Mr. H.St.G. Gray, Assistant, Pitt-Rivers Museum, Oxford. Bread-fruit cutter with turtle-shell blade lashed to a long pole (very rare), Fiji (from the H.A. Tufnell coll.). Presented by H. Anson, Esq., East Close, Christchurch, Hants. Carved and painted mask, New Zealand; carved, flat, sword like club, Massim, New Guinea; number of painted and feathered arrows, India; bow and 2 long arrows, S. America; wooden head-rest, Zanzibar; 3 assegais, S. Africa; woman's bead-work apron, woman's fringe apron of beads, 2 necklets of strung teeth and beads, and 2 bead-work necklets, probably Kaffir, S. Africa; 2 silver coins (?), Montevideo; native Indian gold ring, W. South America; Panama straw hat of the finest make (the original cost in Peru was £20); Chinese or Japanese 13-stringed zither of large size; small bambu and metal tobacco pipe, metal water pipe with tobacco box and other fittings, and an opium pipe, China; silver thimble, and pair of highly ornamental woven garters, Ayacucho, Peru; eight ornamentally woven belts, some with animal and other designs, "poncho" of fine make, Spanish-American sandals of stamped and carved leather, small silver human figure, and an alabaster costume figure, Peru.—The following Ancient Peruvian vases:—vase shaped ornamented pot with loop handles; small, flattened, black ware flask; broken, black ware vessel with stirrup shaped spout; another with double body; large red ware frog design pot; and a black ware pot in human form (? if genuine).—The following from the natives of Jauja, Peru: 2 small distaves; 2 spindles with double whorls; coarse bark rope; pair of rough skin shoes; 5 carved wooden spoons; 2 rude wooden dolls; native bag of coca leaves; 2 small gourd bottles with bone spatulae for powder chewed with Coca leaves; 3 water gourds; drum and trumpet of several cow-horns, used at festivals; short trousers worn by native men; cap and 2 pairs of gloves of vicugna wool; 15 pieces of modern native pottery; 3 native woven "ponchos"; pair of woollen leggings with animal and other designs woven in; 2 silver hair-pins with peacock figures at top; and silver mounted ceremonial staff.—The following from Chili: 2 barrel shaped flasks of cow horn; 2 drinking cups of cow-horn with concentric circles ornamentation; small gourd rattle; 2 ornamental leather belts with pockets; combined reins and whip of stout plaited raw-hide; reins of similar but finer make; 2 pieces of raw-hide harness; iron bit with combined reins and whip; horse-girths of string and leather work; very large, heavy, carved wood stirrups; another, smaller pair; pair of large spurs with leather mounts; and lasso of plaited hide. Presented by H. Martyn Gibbs, Esq., Barrow Court, Flax Bourton, near Bristol. Specimens collected by Mr. D.R. MacIver amongst the Kabyle and Chawia people of Algeria, and presented by him, viz.: bowl with cover, made of moulded leather with stained designs, obtained from the Touareg tribe by a French officer (purchased in Algiers); charm consisting of a porcupine's foot mounted in silver, carried by pregnant women, Chawia people, Aurès Mountains, Constantine, N. Africa; 4wooden spoons, 3 carved wood powder flasks, carved wood bowl with spout and handle and grass work handle over the top, engraved flageolet of reed, and engraved end flute of reed, Chawia people, Aurès Mountains; small wooden gin for catching birds, and an iron gin for catching jackals, Chawia, Menaar, Aurès Mountains; ornamental belt of red cords, 2 horses' nose bags of coloured tapestry work, woman's carrying bag of entire goat skin, 3 engraved snuff boxes of cow horn, wooden mug with handle, Chawia, Aurès Mountains; "louk," colouring matter used by Chawia potters for colouring pots red, Aurès Mountains.—The following specimens of silver work made by the Chawia people, Aurès Mountains: silver penannular ring brooch with perforated triangular plate; large necklet com- posed of strings of scented composition beads, pieces of coral and silver bugles, with 3 silver pendants; silver ring of large size decorated with silver boss in filigree work, coral and silver bugle-beads; silver star pendant, coral centre, and numerous small pendant chains below, and hook and chain above; necklet of silver, coral and glass beads, with a number of pendant silver chains; silver bracelet with raised decoration and set with coral; and 2 rectangular silver cases for verses from the Koran.—The following Kabyle ornaments: rectangular case of enamelled silver with coral and silver bosses; pendant plaque of enamelled silver, set with fine coral bosses, with 2 small ring-brooches; small penannular ring-brooch with ornamentally perforated plaque; and necklet of silver chain with large gobular beads of silver and several pendants in various forms.—The following specimens from the Kabyles of Algeria: 2 wooden spindles for spinning thread; pair of carding brushes of wood and wire, Ighil Ali; purse made of entire lizard skin, Ighil Ali; 4 wooden spoons; a combined spoon and fork in one piece; spoon and fork united by chain, all cut from one piece; vessel of close rush-work with spout and stopper, partly resin-coated, for liquids, Ighil Ali; dish or tray on stand, made of spiral basket-work, ? an eating dish, Ighil Ali; 2 fig-baskets made of parallel stalks bound together, with open-work bottoms, and a small open-work basket with cover ("thagshouadh"), Aghil Ali; 2 wooden food bowls, one on a stand turned from one piece, Kabyle make, but used by Chawia people in the Aurès Mountains; carved model of quern, and model of an oil-mill and press Ighil Ali; long, pointed sheath-knife, brass-mounted handle, Ighil Ali; 2 small sheath-knives, mace and spear both carved in wood for ornamental purposes, carved and wire-inlaid wooden dish, and a covered basket, all from Ighil Ali.—The following examples of Kabyle pottery: 35 pieces of various forms, most decorated, obtained at Ighil Ali; circular platter of painted pottery; 1 piece from Beni Suliman, near Girgûfl; 2 pieces from near Fort National; 1 piece from Beni Yenni, near Fort National; 19 pieces (including one lamp) from Tagamunt Azuz, near Fort National; double pottery vessel with spout, camel shaped pottery figure, and 3 other pieces of pottery, from Tama Osht, 5 miles from Tagamunt Azuz; 5 pieces from Taourit Mokhran, near Fort National; large amphora-shaped painted pottery vessel, Beni Aissi work, Commune of Fort National; two-handled vase of pottcry, painted in red lines on white, bought at Tizi Ouzou; partly glazed brown jug with one handle, and a glazed brown bowl with semicircular handle over the top; 3 pieces of pottery from Commune of Guelma, bought at Gelaa.—Instruments, &c. used by Kabyle potters at Tagamunt Azuz in pot-making, viz.: wooden pottery smoother; 2 stones for polishing pots, and another for final polishing; 2 kinds of clay used for pot-making; powdered potsherds for mixing with the clay; red, white, and brown pigments used in colouring pots; 3 brushes for pot-painting; and resin used in final varnishing of pots.—The following examples of Chawia pottery, Aurès Mountains, Algeria: cooking pot with perforated upper pot for steam-cooking, kous kous; pot ready for painting; and 26 other pieces for domestic use.—Quantity of small flint implements, flakes and "wasters" picked up at Bou Nouara and Bou Merzoug, Algeria. Eight enlargements from photographs of native arts and scenery in the Aurès Mountains and Kabylia, taken by Messrs. A. Wilkin and D. Randall Mac Iver.—The following specimens from Egypt: 20 flint arrow heads and lance heads, 2 larger blades, and 4 narrow, pointed implements of flint, from the Fayoum; 3 perforated stone " mace-heads " or whorls, Prehistoric period; 3 small pieces of pottery, and 2 circular and 2 flat elyptical bowls of pottery, painted, Prehistoric period. Presented by D. Randall MacIver, Esq., M.A., Wolverton House, Clifton, Bristol. Specimens of native industry from British Columbia, viz.: bow of wood of Taxus brevifolia, Takush, Smith's inlet; basket of twigs of young Thuja gigantea, mat work basket of inner-bark of Thuja gigantea, and 2 mats of bark of same tree, Xumtaspi, Hope Island; hat of bark of Thuja gigantea, Clayoquot, W. coast of Vancouver Island; and basket of split-roots of young spruce (Picea sitchensis), Haida, Queen Charlotte Island, 1895. Presented by Dr. C.F. Newcombe, Hon. Corresponding Secretary, Natural History Society, British Columbia (Received through the Director, Royal Gardens, Kew.) Bronze socket celt, ornamented with zigzags, found when digging alluvial gold in the gravel-bed of the Nam Pang stream, a tributary of the Nam Hka stream, which runs into the Salween River, Burma. Presented by H. Leveson, Esq., I.C.S., "Cluny," Anerley, London, S.E. Ten " eolithic " flint implements excavated by Mr. Benjamin Harrison in 1894 at Parsonage Farm, Stanstead, by Ash, Kent; they were about seven feet deep under plateau-drift. Presented by the Committee of the British Association (appointed 1894). Two Nepâlese arrows with "half-notch" butts and ogee section blades. From the collection of arms at the India Museum, South Kensington. Presented by the Secretary of State for India. Specimens collected by the late Miss Mary H. Kingsley chiefly in West Africa, and bequeathed by her to her brother, Charles G. Kingsley, to be transferred to the Pitt Rivers Museum at his death. Mr. Kingsley generously surrendered his life interest in the specimens, and presented them at once to the Museum, Sept. 1900.—The following bronzes, &c. from Benin City, taken during the punitive expedition under Admiral Rawson, February, 1897: bronze plaque with human figure in relief, and another with fish figure; bronze morion-shaped head-piece, very heavy, fluted and chased; bronze casket with cover and suspending chain— a very fine specimen covered with relief figures and chased work (brought home by Dr. Felix Roth); bronze head of staff (?) surmounted by a bird with curved beak and outspread wings; bronze and copper relief masquette, human face; another, ram's head; two ditto, crocodiles' heads, eyes of one inlaid with copper, of the other with lead; two bronze bells, one large and one small; two cylindrical bronze open-work armlets (?) of large size; heavy armlet of copper with two human faces; heavy bronze penannular armlet, twisted, with flattened ends; curious copper armlet made of copper tubing slashed open in places, the lengths of tube knotted and looped together; iron armlet, two bars of plaited iron-work, united towards the ends; small egg cup shaped object of bronze; ivory armlet, cut from elephant's tusk, perforated all over the surface; ivory leopard-mask, much conventionalized; ivory door-bolt from the palace of the King of Benin carved with human head; fan of sheet brass made in imitation of the ordinary hide-fans, repoussé designs; carved wooden bowl with cover, in form of an animal's head (? a cow), partly overlaid with brass; small wooden carving, complete relief figure of a man on horseback; two cocoanut cups carved on surface, with interlaced parallel lines, guilloches, &c.—The following are from various parts of W. Africa, exact localities only given in a few instances: pair of iron armlets, beaten out in three places and bent over to enclose jingling pellets; pair of brass armlets with overlapping ends, ornamented with slight notches; plain iron armlet with ends welded together from Benin; armlet of white metal used as ring-money, Lower Congo River; two bronze "manillas," penannular ring-money; iron money in small bundles, conventional form, Ogowè River region; two small gourd ladles; large wooden spoon; small, slightly-carved wooden spoon; wooden ladle with snake carved on handle and loose ring at the top; wooden spoon with handle carved in three bars, ?Gaboon or Ogowè River; two large, flat, carved wooden spoons, one with dagger-shaped handle, Ba Fahn, Ogowè; large wooden ladle with long elaborately carved handle, Jekri, Benin River; large pipe bowl of rough red pottery; bowl of water pipe, made of brass and zinc, probably introduced by Arabs and Moors; wooden pipe-stem carved with symbols in relief; tobacco-pouch of python skin; rough wooden comb; needle-case of coloured leather; double pigment-box of raw cow-hide, with covers; fan made by plaiting the parts of a palm leaf together; piece of ivory carved with human figures, and Miss Kingsley's signature, carved perhaps at Loango; pair of bellows of wood ornamented with carved and burnt designs, heavy club made from .an elephant's tusk, and long dagger with leaf shaped blade, engraved, dark wood handle, Gaboon River district; very small wooden bow, bound with cane, with six small arrows feathered with white feathers inserted in slits; two barbed and socketed lance heads of iron; sacrificial knife shaped like bird's head, brass bound handle, bark sheath, Ba Fahn, Ogowè; two sticks carved at top, one with monkey figure, the other with man on horseback; carved wooden stool; musical instrument of "sansa" type, resonator-box with burnt decoration, keys of cane; rattle composed of four wooden bells, each with 3 or 4 clappers, the bells joined in pairs and fixed in the form of a cross; large drum standing vertically, the body cylindrical and carved from a tree trunk, the membrane of hide fixed with wedges; rough pottery bowl of peculiar form, taken from ruins of temple in Juju town, Bonny River; jug with cover, of black ware ornamented; another without cover, narrow neck; two charms, "bian," for wearing for safety in travelling, neatly made up in string-work, Ba Fahn, Ogowè River; slave leg-irons; antelope horn filled with fine reddish earth and stopped up at the opening, for magic use; and a large, carved and painted human figure, heavily studded with iron nails and other pieces of iron as votive offerings—a fetish figure of great repute (exact locality not yet obtained). Olive wood clapper used in orchestral performances, Sicily. Presented by Mrs. Lewis Balfour, 15 Hanover Terrace, London, N.W. The following specimens from Prof. W. Flinders Petrie's excavations at Abydos during 1898-9, viz.: Finely worked flint lance head, with forked end, Cemetery G, Prehistoric; portion of a very fine flint knife, showing regular ripple flaking on one side, ground smooth on the other, Cemetery G, Prehistoric; scraper like flint implement with straight edge, Cemetery L, Prehistoric; scraper and two broken knife blades of flint, Prehistoric; flint flake, Tomb X. 82, Prehistoric; small flint knife, worked all over, ? 1st dynasty; two delicate flint arrow heads, Tomb D. 29. D., XVIIIth dynasty; three ivory arrow heads, same tomb; and a ground flint bracelet found with others on the arm of a female in a tomb at Hou (Diospolis), 1898-9 by Mr. D. R. Mac Iver, associated with pots of late New Race type. Presented by the Committee of the Egypt Exploration Fund, 37 Great Russell Street, London, W.C. Carving in jet representing a parrot and a monkey. Found (prior to 1870) in a cane piece in Charlotte parish to the N.E. of the Island of St. Vincent, W. Indies. Given to Bishop Mitchinson in 1870 (circa) by the Ven. Archdeacon Frederick, then rector of Charlotte Parish. Presented by the Right Rev. The Master of Pembroke College, Oxford, Bishop Mitchinson, D.D. Spring-and-noose rat trap, Niutao, Ellice Islands, Micronesia; fringe skirt with coloured streamers, same locality. Presented by Leonard Whibley, Esq., M.A, Pembroke College, Cambridge. The following specimens from New Hebrides, Melanesia: four ornamented pottery bowls, Island of Santo; three carved wood food bowls, Efate Island; ten head ornaments of clusters of white feathers, Malekula; four plain and two coloured mat work bags; and two long mats (33 ft. 6 in. and 14ft. 8in. Iong), one with feather fringe, laid on hut floors. Presented by Capt. G.C. Frederick, R.N., 4 Bickenhall Mansions, Gloucester Place, London, W. Specimens collected by Mr. R. Evans during the Skeat Expedition to the Malay Peninsula and Siam, viz.: Chopping knife in carved sheath, two palm leaf plait sleeping mats, two ditto rice bags, and five ditto dish covers, Kelantan; two small single edged sheath knives with "kopis"-shaped blades, and twelve coins of pewter, Tringanu, Lower Siam; two krisses with carved wood handles, sheaths of different form, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, and Kota Bharu, Rhaman; short kris with handle of etched iron in one piece with blade, wooden sheath, Kota Bharu, Kelantan; gourd water bottle, cocoanut water carrier with lid, and six small covered pouches of mat work in colours, Kuala Aring, Kelantan; small bronze Buddha found below Great Statue of Buddha at Ayuthia, Siam; two stringed fiddle and bow of Chinese form, Bangkok. Presented by R. Evans, Esq., B.A., University Museum, Oxford. Two hide quivers full of arrows having unilateral nocks at the butts (also exhibiting corrugated blades, &c.). Barba and Moba tribes, N. German Togoland, West Africa. Presented by Dr. F. von Luschan, Kgl. Museum f. Völkerkunde, Berlin. The collection formed by Norman Hardy, Esq., and presented by R. F. Wilkins, Esq., Brookhill, Kingswear, S. Devon.—AUSTRALIA: Glass surgical knife, cane handle; surgical knife with glass flake in reed handle, another with wooden handle and glass blade, and a third with wooden handle and glass flake at each end, head of Victoria River, N. Australia; glass surgical knife with gum handle and a sheath, two small gum mounted glass surgical knives, and two glass flakes unmounted (surgical knives), north of Macdonnell Range; surgical instrument with glass and wooden points and combined bone-gouge and glass saw on handle, between Pine Creek and Katherine River, Overland Telegraph line; surgical knife with sheath, Sturt's Creek, N. Australia; glass flake knife for micka operation, Powell's Creek, N. Australia; bone knife with handle, in sheath, head of Forest River, Kimberley; stone knife with gum handle and bark sheath O. L. T. line, near Katherine River, N. Terr., S. Australia; stone knife, with wood and gum handle, Powell's Creek, Central Australia (H. Stockdale); stone bladed pick shaped tomahawk, Powell's Creek, Ashburton Range, Central Australia; child's toy tomahawk with glass blade and a sheath, Roper River, N. Australia; combined club and yam digger, Queensland; axe with two pieces of stone set in gum at end of haft, W. Australia; jasper chisel set in gum at end of stout haft, south of Elsie Springs, Central Australia; heavy wooden ceremonial sword club painted with figures, &c. ("me-yarr-oll"), Raffles Bay, N. Terr., S. Australia; hide scraper of kangaroo pelvis-bone, W. district of Victoria; double chisel, kangaroo teeth on handle, Leangu Wahlert, W. district, Victoria; scraping tool of jasper and bone set in gum, head of Forest River, Kimberley, .W. Australia; combined gouge and scraper of bone, head of Victoria River, N. Australia; hide-scraper of ground stone, Central Australia; bone hide-scraper in gum handle, Forest River, W. Australia; double ended glass saw set in wax, Roper River, N. Terr., S. Australia; black pin (for boring holes) with gummed head reddened; quartz-pointed graver, Table land between Wild Man River and Roper River, N. Terr., S. Australia; kangaroo-bone awl or bodkin, Wannon River, W. district, Victoria (H. Stockdale, Aug. 13, 1896); bone hair-pin, Kimberley district, W. Australia; bone pin of strangling cord (" werpoo "), tribes near Adelaide, S. Australia; two noose cords with kangaroo-bone pins for strangling sleeping enemies, Watty Watty tribe, Tyntynder, Murray River, Victoria (now extinct), obtained by J. R. Peebles in 1857, extremely rare; dagger of kangaroo-bone ("wurpuur"), Tatiara tribe, ninety mile desert, between S. Australia and W. Victoria; stone spear-head, N. Australia ; spear-head made from telegraph insulator, Elsie, O. L. T. line, N. Australia; "weet weet," with hard wood head and cane shaft, N. Queensland; two "weet weets," head and shaft cut from one piece, Queensland; pointed stick of unknown use (?) for stabbing, with raised bands of diagonal carved lines, pointed at both ends, N.W. Queensland; corrobborree stick, a Queensland bean with haft of cane bound with hair, set with gum and painted, Gulf of Carpentaria; corrobborree plume of black swan feathers, Wild Man River, N. Terr., S. Australia; corrobborree plume of emu feathers, "wurta wurta," Dieyerie tribe, south of Lake Eyre, S. Australia; large cloak, "bwouka," of young kangaroo's skins with bone pin, Lake Muir, S.W. of W. Australia; dilly basket, yellow, N. Queensland; six dilly baskets painted with figures of men, animals, and conventional patterns, Merkinalal, N. Terr., S. Australia; six net string-work dilly bags, some painted, and three ditto full of hair and fibre, leaves, &c., all N. Terr., S. Australia; netted dilly.bag, containing charm composed of a human, a dog's and a crocodile's tooth with hair set in gum, another being a human tooth tied with hair-string to which a turtle shell plaque is fixed and a separated engraved turtle shell plaque, N. Terr., S. Australia; basket-work dilly bag and another of string work, Daly River, N. Terr., S. Australia; miniature dilly bag carried at corrobborree, E. Alligator River; " michion," small hold-all of fur containing small bone implements, north of Macdonnell Range; hold-all of emu skin and paper bark (melaleuca) containing a nose bone with feathers, small bone tube, awl of emu claw, piece of sinew, and two porcupine-quill prickers wrapped round in skin; two "kurdaitcha," shoes of emu feathers and hair-string, north of Macdonnell Range, Central Australia; whizzing-stick, " peer- boor-egah," mounted on a stick, and five others unmounted, north district of Victoria; small whizzing-stick on long hair string, Katherine River, N.. Australia (H. Stockdale); large whizzing-stick on hair-string, Milpurinka, New South Wales; message-stick with card symbols (diamond, heart, spade, club), Elsie, O.L.T. line, N. Australia (1897); two stones with hollowed bases, somewhat pointed tops, from graves; rattle of oliva shells on dog vertebra, N.E. Queensland, 100 miles inland from Port Douglas, north of town of Cairns; painted wooden bowl, Koolooman, W. Alligator River; drinking-vessel made of human calvaria, with wide opening burnt at edges, Narrinyeri tribe, The Coorong, S. Australia; water-vessel made of human cranium (facial portion only missing), with loop for carrying, Lake Hawdon, Guichen Bay, S. Australia; two trumpets of bambu, "man-ma-lie," Port Essington; top stone of "nardoo"-grinder, "goonery," from artesian bore, near Bourke, New South Wales; "mar-ro-ing," honey and water bucket of bark, or spathe, Merkinalal Creek, N. Terr., S. Australia; waist-belt of bark, painted, N. Terr., S. Australia; rush-work mat, Little Beach, between Merkinalal Creek and E. Alligator River (very rare); three human skulls showing knocking out of front teeth, (1) from South Head, New-South Wales, (2) Queensland, and (3) Melville Island, N. Australia; syphilitic human skull and jaw bone, Berowra Creek, Hawkesbury River, New South Wales; two human jaw-bones, one syphilitic, the other showing teeth ground down; stick with ball of gum at one end and burnt notches, probably a "pointing stick " for killing by magic, south end of Cambridge Gulf, N. Australia; ball of gum with dog's tooth attached with sinews, N.W. Australia; ring- coronet of emu feathers, worn by old men only at certain ceremonies, branch of Dieyerie tribe, south of Lake Eyre; fighting stone, small ground celt imbedded in reddened gum, carried in a wrapping of emu feathers and paper bark, a charm for courage and strength in battle, Strelickzi Creek, S. Australia; a similar fighting-stone, larger, and without the wrappings, Queensland, between Diamentina River and Cooper's Creek; jingle and rattle of shells attached to kangaroo vertebra, Merkinalal Creek, N. Australia; pubic ornament of meleagrina shell faintly engraved, Daly River, N. Australia (H. Stockdale); ball of lime believed by natives to be excreted by emu, placed by graves, Wilcannia, Darling River, New South Wales (H. Stockdale); sample of pituri (H. Stockdale); ball of spinifex gum used in spinning game, N.W. Australia (H. Stockdale); sacred ornament of Queensland bean with crocodile teeth and abrus precatorius seeds, shaped like a crab, on hair string, worn at corrobborree, Tableland west of Carpentaria; small charm made of piece of skin wrapped round spinifex gum, with short string, Elsie Springs, O.L.T. line, N. Australia; "ngadungge," bone of wild fowl eaten by victim, attached to kangaroo bone with xanthorraea gum, placed by fire and as wax melts victim sickens, and as bones separate he dies, tribes near Encounter Bay, S. Australia; three bands of many strings for head or neck, Alligator River district; hank of human hair-string, Wild Man River, N. Australia; fighting neck-band of human hair, neck-band of human hair with feather tassel, and chignon of human hair with wooden pin, Sturt's Range, 500 miles south of Port Darwin; pendant, mass of gum painted and set with ten kangaroo teeth with strings for suspending, Central Australia; pendant of painted gum set with four kangaroo teeth and four echidna spines, ? W. Victoria; pendant of Queensland bean on string of cane beads, Tableland between Alligator and Roper Rivers; belt of string and hair-work, painted, ? Daly River, N. Australia; long, narrow string-work bag for carrying bones of dead relatives, Port Darwin; man's fringe apron of string work, N. Terr., S. Australia; cane work armlet, painted, "loqual,” Alligator River; another with human figures, Merkinalal Creek, Alligator River district; two plaited cane armlets, Port Essington; brow ornament of cords with feather tufts at ends, from unnamed creek, near Merkinalal, N. Australia; brow ornament of painted string work with crocodile teeth, shells and seeds set in gum, Tableland near Roper River, N. Australia; two brow ornaments, of kangaroo teeth set in spinifex gum on cords, Alligator River; peculiar comb like pendant of turtle shell, Melville Island, N. Australia; Queensland bean pendant with painted spiral, on hair cord with emu feather tuft, Tableland W. of Carpentaria; head-band of string work, Alligator River; shell necklet (rare), Endeavour River, N. Queensland; ornament of dingo hair and gum, for hanging from beard, S. of Port Darwin, near Katherine River. AUSTRALIAN SHIELDS—Three large painted shields, Queensland; three smaller, elliptical, carved and painted, Queensland; one with pointed ends, carved and painted, Cooktown, N. Queensland; one, unique, small, elliptical, of turtle carapace with the turtle shell on outer surface, Cook town district; three narrow parrying shields, pointed ends, drunmung type, carved; one of same form, but facetted, ? Victoria; two parrying shields of broader form, Port Darwin and N. Terr., S. Australia. AUSTRALIAN CLUBS—"Biletta,” flat, two edged, engraved, Pine Creek, O.L.T. line, N. Terr., S. Australia; “lunda” stick, p!ain club with black boy knob handle, Coolgardie, W. Australia; three " nullas " with carved knobs in rows forming mace heads, two painted, N. Queensland; one "nulla" with forked end, N. Queensland; three others pointed at both ends, roughened grip (one Bowen R., one Claremont Station), Queensland; a "nulla" of rare form, small, with three edged head, Queensland; one with pointed knob head, Victoria; one very heavy, fusiform head, which belonged to chief Bungaree and was used in war between tribes of Liverpool and those of Five-Dock in 1823 (given by Bungaree to Mr. Smith, an assigned servant of Mr. Keyon of Smithfield); huge, broad, flat wooden sword-club, small handle, Johnston River, Geraldton, Queensland; flat, curved club with broad, hooked head, carved all over one side and at head on other, N. W. Queensland; one with flattened, lozenge- shaped head, transversely ridged, S. New South Wales. AUSTRALIAN SPEAR-THROWERS—Five long, narrow, spear- throwers, one with glass flake at butt end, one with flint flake, one with feathers at end, other two with knobs of gum, Hugh Ranges, N. Terr., S. Australia; four laterally flattened, one hooked at both ends, one curved, and three with pieces of melo shell at butt end, all from N. Queensland; one with abrus seeds round hook, and one curved of unusual shape, 50 miles S. of Cape York; one flattened other way with expanding butt, Richmond, near Sydney, New South Wales; one small with hook cut from solid, Victoria; one long, with shaped butt, reddened, Daly River, N. Terr., S. Australia; three ditto, painted with figures of animals and conventional patterns, N. Terr., S. Australia; two, painted, Larrakia tribe, Port Darwin; one, not painted, Woolna tribe, N. Terr., S. Australia; one, engraved, Pine Creek, O.L.T. line, N. Terr., S. Australia; three very long, flexible, with heavy ball butts, painted, Wild Man River, N. Terr., S. Australia; broad flat leaf-shaped "mihra," with wood hook and kangaroo- tooth set in gum at butt, Lake Muir, S. W. of W. Australia; ditto, narrower, engraved one side, Coolgardie, W. Australia. AUSTRALIAN BOOMERANGS—I2 plain, Queensland; I grooved on one side, roughened grip, Endeavour River, Cooktown, Queensland; 2 large and heavy, one having wide grooving, Queensland; 18 with engraved ornament on one side, Queensland, and 1 with fish, bird, &c. designs; 7 from Queensland with special localities, viz. Normanton (3), Hughenden (1), Bowen River (1), Koomoobooloo (1), and Inland of Mackay (1); 1 "leangil,'' boomerang-club, Queensland; 1 with roughened grip, N.W. Queensland; two Queensland boomerangs thrown by N. S. Wales native, described in Wide World Magazine by Mr. Hardy; 3 long, slightly curved, very flat, Queensland.; 3 ditto, ?New South Wales; one ditto, with head slightly widened, "quirriang-an-nun," Murray River; 2 with still wider heads, Barwon River, New South Wales; one ditto, with very wide head, engraved on one side, Barwon River; 6 plain boomerangs (one nearly right-angled), New South Wales (2 from Richmond River); three plain, West Australia; 1 large and heavy, with wide grooving, N. Terr., S. Australia; 1 very slightly curved, painted for corrobborree, Central Australia; 1 swan-neck boomerang, Tableland between Roper and MacArthur Rivers, N. Australia; and one ditto with the return-piece fixed on with gum and painted, very rare, MacArthur River, Carpentaria. NEW GUINEA—Five broad, flat, spatulate, black and brown clubs with scroll-work engraved, Massim district and Trobriands; 1 ditto narrower, with scrolls and tuft of cassowary feathers at end, Samerai; two flat clubs with serrated edges, one having scrolled engraving, Massim; two long, pointed, flat clubs, with scroll-work carving on one face, Massim; club with discoidal stone- head and feathers, British New Guinea; ditto, with carving of bird's head above stone; two clubs with star-shaped stone- heads, Cloudy Bay; two clubs with stone-heads carved in rows of knobs, British New Guinea; another similar, very fine, feather decoration, Ope River, N. E. British New Guinea; stone adze-blade, ? New Guinea; hafted stone-adze with long blade; two bambu spear-throwers with carved rests, German New Guinea; paddle with carved handle, S. E. New Guinea; large circular wooden shield, carved both sides, Astrolabe Bay; wooden shield, bound all over with cane, square above, pointed below, E. New Guinea (border between British and German); two large shooting-bows, decorated with carving and feathers, &c., German New Guinea; bambu bow with cane string, British New Guinea; archer's arm-guard, cane- work; carved drum; carved ceremonial ornament of wood, large size, with human form; mast-head ornament of lakatoi, Koitapu, Port Moresby; painted mask of bark, grotesque face, Papuan Gulf district; three carved and painted wooden dancing ornaments with central handles, Milne Bay; carved cassowary-bone dagger; two others, one plain, one slightly engraved; carved canoe-bailer, Massim; carved lime spatula, Trobriand Islands; five lime spatulae (one with bird designs, one with conventional scroll design, and three with human- form handles), S. E. New Guinea; lime spatula with two human figures for handle, and another with flat handle engraved in scroll-work on both sides, Massim; betel-nut mortar, S. E. New Guinea; betel-nut mortar, double, large boat-shaped form, and another of vase-shaped form, Massim; three pestles for betel-nut, two with human carvings, Massim; lime-gourd at Samerai; lime-gourd with burnt designs, Trobriand Islands; lime-gourd with human faces incised and burnt on two sides, with palmwood spatula, British New Guinea; king cocoanut water-holder, carved on surface, Samerai; 3 bambu pipes, Port Moresby (one with burnt designs, the other with scraped designs obtained from a Fly River prisoner); armlet made from human jaw-bone and long curved bone skewer; engraved cylindrical armlet of turtle-shell (?a wrist- guard); head coronet of cassowary feathers, German New Guinea; string-work head ornament with shells, a pair of fusiform rings for surrounding the eyes, German New Guinea; garter of white cowries, Samerai; plaited black and yellow waist-cord, and another of fine plaited work; 2 fringe petticoats, British New Guinea and Port Moresby; hat of painted bark, German New Guinea; string-work bag, ornamented with small white shells, German New Guinea; breast pendant of wood overlaid with shell-rings and abrus seeds, Motu village, Port Moresby; crescentic breast pendant of string- work decorated with small white shells, German New Guinea; ornament of turtle-shell (rare form), decorated with abrus precatorius and boars' tusks and feathers, worn round neck, or, when fighting, in the teeth, Motu, Port Moresby; forked casso- wary-bone hair-pin with cowrie and coral bells attached (said to be a pointing-bone), German New Guinea. ADMIRALTY ISLANDS—Dagger or spear-head, with two trigon spine points and well-carved crocodile heads below points. ANCHORITE ISLANDS—Wooden comb carved with human heads. NEW BRITAIN—Stone-headed club, with shell decoration (said to be from Admiralty Islands); club of blackened. palm-wood, spatulate at both ends (said to be from Solomon Islands). DUKE OF YORK ISLAND—Nose-bar of gorgonia stem and shell beads. NEW IRELAND—Large and elaborate wooden mask; another, same kind, but less elaborate; paddle, with carved and painted human form designs; large dancing-stick of light wood, paddle-shaped, with carved and burnt designs, human form, &c.; another, broad-bladed, with raised burnt designs in human form; 2 long dancing-wands, fretted out in designs (one of two human figures, other fish and human, painted and decorated with ferns). SOLOMON ISLANDS—Long bow; large wooden glaive, curved head, S. Christoval; club with carved head, said to have been obtained in Solomon Islands, but ? New Hanover from the carving; large bambu flute, Simbo Island; bambu scoop for splashing water to attract bonitos, decorated with animals,&c., incised, Eddystone Rock, Ranongo Island; small carved cocoanut, with frigate-bird designs, Simbo Island; bambu box overlaid with turtle-shell, containing shell-money, obtained from natives at Simbo, Ranongo; palm-leaf ball, used in pat-ball game, Simbo; palm-leaf eye-shade, Marau; 3 engraved bambu lime-boxes, Simbo Island; tridacna shell armlet of fine make; 2 blocks of tridacna shell cut and bored (by pecking), for making ornaments (?), Eddystone Rock, Simbo Island; bambu fish-hook case, Simbo, Ranongo; pendant shell-disc, with frigate-bird design; breast pendant of shaped tridacna-shell, frigate-bird design; ornament of turtle-shell fretwork, with grotesque human figures; string of plaited fucus and shell-beads (obtained in N. Hebrides); conus-base ring and longitudinal section of conus, from native grave, Eddystone Rock, near Simbo, Ranongo Island; 2 skulls overlaid with black cement reproducing features, and inlaid with mother-of-pearl, Rubiana; smoke-dried skull of bush native with hair on, taken in fighting by hostile tribe, Bukatu, Rubiana (purchased by Mr. Hardy for a sperm-whale tooth); skull of dead relative, with ear-rings, prepared and preserved after funeral, and another elaborately covered with rings of tridacna and conus, Leur Congar village, Rubiana, New Georgia. SANTA CRUZ ISLANDS—Engraved primitive flageolet of bambu (obtained at Erromango); 3 nose- bars (two of reed engraved, one overlaid with coloured straw-work). NEW HEBRIDES—Very large circular wooden dish, carved on underside (unique), Tongoa Island, bought from a trader named Kronstad, who had it from his father, to whom it was given by the chief who had seen it used as a cannibal eating-dish; small plain wooden bowl, Tongoa Island; artificially-deformed skull,Malekula; 2 artificially-deformed skulls, with features reproduced in coloured plaster, one showing a hare-lip, Malekula; memorial effigy of dead person, full-size, Malekula, obtained at South West Bay at Hutton's trading store; large waist-belt of bark (spiral), Malekula; 2 loin mats, Aoba (Leper's Island); mat-work band for tying up penis; 2 carved wooden hair-combs (one from Ambrym); wooden archer's wrist-guard, Malekula; string of shell-money (cocoanut and shell discs); queue cut from growing hair of native of Malekula, with pig-tusk ring pendant; 4 armlets of boars' tusks, Malekula; 2 boars' jaw-bones showing tusks growing into rings for armlets, Malekula; fine armlet of boar's tusk, from a chief's regalia, Ambrym; a matwork kava strainer (?); 2 bark cloth-beaters, Erromango; wooden bow; long club, with plain expanded ends cut off square; 2 clubs with carved heads and butts, Mai Island; two glaive-like clubs with spur backs, Pentecost Island; club with expanding plain head cut off square and shaped butt, Erromango; 2 clubs with mushroom-shaped heads and butts and rows of knobs below head (one with sling); long club with star and pointed carved head, butt bound with hair, Aoba; small club, star head, carved mushroom butt, Erromango. NEW CALEDONIA—Neck pendant of pearl shell (string of trade cloth); sling, 4 sling- stones and string-work bag for carrying them in (collected by Hedley); water-gourd with string-work for carrying; spear with carved head, tapering towards both ends. FIJI ISLANI)S— Very fine throwing-club " ula," with human teeth stuck into the carved head; fine large club, "pineapple" head, carved; 2 ditto, with rough root heads; 1 ditto, with long head and carved knobs. SAMOA—Club of Samoan type, obtained in Tonga. NIUE—Long two-edged glaive-club of wood, pointed ends. HERVEY ISLANDS—Carved ceremonial paddle. GILBERT ISLANDS—Cocoanut fibre suit of armour (short: sleeved jacket and trousers with body cover); very long palm- leaf fringe petticoat. MARSHALL ISLANDS—Fine mat woven in brown and black patterns, Vamerack. SPEARS: AUSTRALIA- 10 cup-butted,reed-shafted,with hard-wood foreshafts (and a number of duplicates), N. Terr., S. Australia; 1 hard-wood foreshaft, without shaft, carved barbs in one row, N. Terr., S. Australia; 4 goose-spears, reed shaft, wood foreshafts, covered with natural bark which is poisonous, Wild Man River, N. Australia; 2 with several trigon-spines at head, Cape York; 1 with very long hard-wood foreshaft and short soft-wood butt, Cape York; 1 with soft-wood shaft, three hard-wood points with single bone barbs, Cape York; 1 with plain hard-wood foreshaft, reed shaft, ? Queensland; 1 with wooden barb lashed on, light shaft, N.W. Australia; I "gid-Jee," wood spear with double-edge of glass flakes, painted, N.W. Australia. The following from N. Terr., S. Australia: 1 in one piece with flat wood barb tied on; 2 with reed shafts and slate blades; 3 ditto, with quartzite blades (~ painted for corrobborree); 2 ditto, with green bottle glass blades, painted for corrobborree, Daly River; 1 ditto, with finely made white glass blade; 1 of wood pointed at both ends and painted; 3 with long reed shafts, wood-head carved in single rows of barbs; 1 ditto, head carved in two rows of long curved barbs; 1 of wood, in one piece, two very long slender points; 1 with reed shaft and two wood-points with carved barbs; 2 of same form with three barbed points. FROM OTHER LOCALITIES—short bambu-headed pig-spear, German New Guinea; 7 obsidian-bladed spears (one broken blade), Admiralty Islands; wooden spear with bone butt, New Britain; 2 long spears with human-form chevron design, Bougainville, Solomon Islands; spear with carved wood head and inlaid shell fish-design, Solomon Islands; 2 with bambu shafts, bone points, and carved double human heads, Malekula; spear with hard black wood elaborately carved and barbed head, Nguna Island, New Hebrides; wooden spear pointed at both ends with human head carved near centre, ? New Caledonia; and 1 very long spear, carved barbed head, fir-tree form, Fiji. ARROWS:—NEW GUINEA— 4 bambu-bladed (painted and decorated), and 7 with wood heads carved and painted, German New Guinea; 2 bambu- bladed, British New Guinea; 18 with reed shafts, variously carved, pointed wood foreshafts, New Guinea (? British) and Torres Straits; 2 with reed shafts, hard-wood pointed fore- shafts, bound with string, New Guinea (? British); 5 with reed shafts, plain pointed foreshafts; 4 with reed shafts, hard-wood pointed foreshafts, coarse make, bound with cane (binding missing in one); 4 with reed shafts, hard-wood fore- shafts (broad and carved in one), bone points; 4 with reed shafts, pointed wood foreshafts with crocodile pattern, bone points, Torres Straits; 3 large arrows with carved human form below points (two very fine with bone points), Torres Straits; 11 very long, with reed shafts, pointed hard-wood foreshafts, bound round socket with bark and gummed over, ? New Guinea or perhaps Cape York; and several duplicates of some of the above. Seventeen arrows (two duplicates) from SANTA CRUZ. N. SOLOMON ISLANDS—20 with reed shafts, plain pointed foreshafts; 11 ditto, variously carved foreshafts; 5 with heads elaborately barbed, with black:barbs (? Wood) lashed on; 2 ditto, very slender long wood-barbs, painted heads; 5 elaborately barbed with bone, painted heads (one with double foreshaft); 9 arrows made of palm-leaf mid-rib; and an arrow, with reed shaft, palm-wood plain foreshaft, socket bound with very fine string, ? Iocality, possibly Solomons. NEW HEBRIDES—3 small arrows, hard-wood points (one carved); 2 with reed shafts, hard-wood foreshaft, bone points; 2 with carved bone heads,.Aoba; 5 feathered arrows (feathers missing in one), Port Vela, Effate; native bundle of 10 arrows in palm-leaf sheath, much smoked, Ambrym; I man-, I fish-, and I bird-arrow, Ambrym. MATABELELAND, S. AFRICA—2 wooden head-rests; horn snuff-bottle; jingle of nut-shells on thongs; and necklet of six cylindrical pieces of horn strung on twisted cord.

Pair of raw-hide sandals, axe-blade with long curved tang and ogee-section blade, German E. Africa; agricultural chopping-knife, E. Africa; Maasai (?) bow, elaborately bound with wire. (Fenton & Sons, London.)  Two tridacna-shell nose ornaments, Baimuru tribe, Romilly Sound, British New Guinea; wooden "bull-roarer," Jare tribe, Purari Delta, British New Guinea. (Miss Cutter, London.) Two Babylonian inscribed cuneiform bricks, from Tel-loh; brass flask, long cylindrical openwork armlet of brass, solid brass or bronze bracelet, City of Benin, W. Africa. (G.F. Lawrence, Wandsworth.) Wooden spear, the head carved with barbs and small human figure, Solomon Islands. (Mrs. Bickmore, Oxford.) Part of calendering machine, viz. pole with polished flint socketed at the end, saddle-block over which the linen was laid, and wood-screw for adjusting height of flint over saddle; old English oboe with reed box; mouthpiece of old clarinet, the reed-tongue tied on (with reed case); stoneware vessel with spout and handle, ornamented with basketry design. (J. Bateman, Oxford.) Greenstone adze-blade, re-chipped from a larger sized one, S.E. New Guinea; stone spear-head, N. Australia; palaeolith from river gravels, Shirley Road, Southampton; 2 ovate chipped flint blades, Santon Downham and Brandon Park; 5 flint arrow-heads or knives, Wangford (1) and Santon Downham (4), Suffolk. (F. Snare, Brandon.) Swazi head-rest, S. Africa; 2 feathered head-bands, Apinajes tribe, Tocantins River, Brazil; carved head-rest, wooden food- bowl, German New Guinea; 2 fine stone axe-blades, New Guinea; ornamented Dyak pot, Enkarang Dyak, Lupar ; Dyak basket with shell ornament, Sarawak; Dyak man's jacket, Rejang River; 3 Dyak women's dresses or kirtles, Kalaka, Sarawak; 3 Dyak women's ornamental jackets, Kalaka and Balo; 10 silver bahts (Identical pieces), present issue, Siam; 4 carved-wood yam-knives, Torres Island, New Hebrides; Maori cloak of flax ("patutu") covered with strips of native dog-skin, which belonged to a chief of the Whana-panui tribe, very rare; old-fashioned band-weaving machine with winding reel, English; complete weaving-loom, Santa Cruz, Melanesia; Santa Cruz bow and fishing arrows with four carved points; large inlaid stirrup, Japanese; 2 charms, each consisting of several small pieces of wood, some carved as human and animal forms, others rectangular and notched, perforated and strung, Madagascar; 5 charms of horn and wood, ornamented with beads, 4 wooden tobacco-mortars, 2 stringed musical instruments (zeze type), Madagascar; 5 ceremonial moustache-lifters, Island of Saghalien. (Sales at Stevens' auction rooms.) Specimens collected by Mr. E. Bartlett in Northern Borneo: Kyan sword ("parang ilang"), Rejang River, Sarawak; Bajau sword, Malay, N. Borneo (sale at Stevens'). Three large shields, woman's wooden hat, mouth-organ, Dyak, Sarawak; boy's play shield, Kalaka, Sarawak; Kyan shield, painted and hair-covered, Rejang River, Sarawak; 6 Milano hats of plaited work, Matu, Sarawak; Dyak fishing basket, Muching, Sarawak; Kanowit basket with pededah fruit pattern; 2 Murut circular wicker-shields, Dusun sheath-knife, Dusun blow-gun, Dyak necklet of cane beads, Malay brass tobacco- box, N. Borneo. (Sale at Stevens' auction rooms, through G.F. Lawrence.) Hair ornament of shell overlaid with fretted turtle-shell, Angriffshafen, New Guinea; wooden tool ("kopea ") for basket or mat making, bundle of depillatories of grass for extracting hairs from the body, Maipua tribe, Purari Delta, New Guinea; shark-skin file ( navan Jare tribe, Purari Velta, New Guinea; harpoon, shell armlet made with bamboo cylipdrical drill, harpoon with line, German New Guinea; 2 stone bark- cloth beaters ("semina”), New Guinea; socket of obsidian spear with bird design, two-pointed spear, Admiralty Islands; 2 needles of pig's rib-bone, Santa Cruz, Melanesia; bambu trumpet, N. Terr., S. Australia; long bow with string reinforcement, Rio Negro, S. America; bambu box for oboe-reeds and materials, Siam. (W. D. Webster, Bicester.) Finely-made and large sheath knlfe of leaf-shape, engraved,Congo; single-edged knife or dagger, with engraved blade and carved human head on handle, Congo, W. Africa. Obtained by a Danish lieutenant (Matsson, Stockholm). Pair of carved wood human fetish figures, male and female W. Africa; rattle made of a gourd, with the seeds loose inside and engraved on outside. Specimens collected by the Rev. E.J. Peck, from the Eskimo of Cumberland Sound and from graves in the district, viz.: equipped model of kajak, ivory model of dog-sledge ("gamuting"), ivory model of harpoon ("unang"), ivory needle, wooden snow-spectacles, reindeer sinews for sewing, modern woman's knife ("ulu") of iron, ancient snow-knife of reindeer-horn, fastening of baleen for trace of dog-sledge, piece of baleen for use for varied purposes, soup-bowl of wood and baleen, piece of iron pyrites, copy of the Gospels in Eskimo, translated by Mr. Peck, 1897, miniature stone lamp, ancient stone skin-dresser in ivory handle, ancient harpoon-head of bone, from graves. Through the kindness of the Rev. E.J. Peck, 15 Carnarvon Road, Reading. Bushman's bow, bark quiver and 7 bone-pointed and poisoned arrows, S. Africa; bow of bambu with built-up grip and cane bands at intervals, ?Assam. (G.H. Sadd, Cambridge.) Cufic coin of blue glass, Damascus. Through Mr. H.St.G. Gray. Specimens from Swiss lake dwellings, viz.: spherical hammer-stone, 2 worked flakes, tanged and barbed arrow- head, and charred wheat, Concise, Lake Neuchâtel; circular grinding or pounding stone and clay spindle-whorl, Corcelettes, Lake Neuchâtel; flake of red chert, another of flint, chisel of serpentine, celt of saussurite, celt of diorite, and halves of two perforated axe-hammers, Chevroux, Lake Neuchâtel; stone spindle-whorl, hollow-scraper of flint, and black stone chisel, Onnens, Lake Neuchâtel; gouge of bone, Greng, Lake of Morat; pointed tool of leg-bone of deer, Faoug, Lake of Morat. (H. Minod, Geneva.) Six complete arrows and 5 arrow-heads, some with ogee-section, Africa. (Parker, Oxford.) Specimens collected in South Africa from Dr. H.D. R. Kingston ("Macra," Eltham, Kent), and purchased from him, viz.: water-pipe of horn and reed, with bowl of a stoneware ink-bottle, obtained from a Natal Kaffir at Agricultural Show, Pietermaritzburg, May, 1889; 2 stemless pipes of bone and 1 of pottery, made by Kaffir convicts for illicit smoking of hemp and tobacco, Natal; bag of smoking-hemp ("dakka"), 3 bone snuff-spoons (also used as strigils), bone strigil or skin scraper, 2 tobacco-pipes on Dutch model, tobacco-pipe of native shape, penannular armlet of brass and copper wire- work, Kaffir, Natal; 2 men's covers of palm-leaf, Ama-Zulu; 2 men's covers of skin and brass, Ama-Xosa; wooden tobacco- box (made by a native convict), 2 necklets of coloured bead- work, cupping - horn for blood-letting (made by a native convict), charm necklet of bones (from the soup) and bullets (damaged constable's ammunition), &c. from a native convict, brass penannular bracelet (from native convict), Natal; ladle and two wooden spoons for mealie soup, Kaffirs of Knysna district; snuff-gourd, Kaffir, Cape Colony; snuff-bottle made of scrapings of skins, blood, &c., ? Transkei; small black- horn snuff-bottle taken from ear of a native at the " Point," Durban, 1889; necklet of sweet-scented wood and beads, Zulu; necklet of clay-beads and trade beads, string of coloured beads, and armlet of threaded shells from arm of a girl, Kaffraria, near Alice (Victoria East); necklet of pieces of medicine wood, worn as charm against ailments, Kaffir; necklet of brown and white seeds, S. Africa; necklet of grey seeds, called “tandekraale," i.e. teeth-beads, and valued by the Dutch as charms for soothing teething children, Interior of S. Africa; specimens procured by Dr. Kingston from sea- caves on coast near Groot River, Knysna and Tzitzikama district, S. Africa; 4 rubbing-stones, fragment of boulder used as a rubbing-slab, 21 flakes of quartzite, fine bone gouge, shell pendant ornament, and 2 pieces of red haematite; specimens obtained by him on the " flats " between Keurboom River and Groot River, Knysna district, viz.: 4 partly perforated and 9 completely perforated spheroidal stones, 1 long rubbing- stone, I flat blade-like stone and another (broken) with ground surfaces. Rosary of water-calthrop seed capsules from Bellagio, Lake Como, N. Italy. Specimens kindly obtained by Father J. Rousseau, of the Societe des Missions Etrangeres de Paris, Mororan, from the Ainu of Yezo (chiefly of Volcano Bay); the collection was made at the request of Prof. B. H. Chamberlain: Model of framework of a house; model of completed house, "chisei"; model of granary or store-house, "pu," with notched log ladder, "nikara"; model dug-out boat, "chip," with paddle, "assap," and bailer, "wakka-ke"; model wooden pestle, "iyutani," and mortar, "nishu," for millet; winnowing-tray for millet, "mui"; wooden hoe, "kupka"; lamp of shell, "rutturep," for fish oil, and bark wick, with forked wooden stand, "ratchako"; birch-bark cauldron, "kakkusni," with wood handle; birch-bark water-bucket, "niatush"; large birch-bark ladle, "pishako," used with "niatush "; small birch-bark ladle, "kashup, “used with "kakkumi "; 2 carved-wood flat spatulae used as spoons by old people, “pera "; 3 carved wooden platters, "otsuke "; bag of bark-string for journeys, “pou saranip"; satchel of bark mat-work, "ras saran2p," fitted with carrying-band, "tara"; satchel of rush- and bark-work, "karop," with sling; bread, " out~ep," made from wild potato (Jap. ubairo), used as war rations, &c.; 3 knives of bambu or reed, "kimakiri"; 4 carved-wood cigarette-holders, "ni-kiseri"; smoker's outfit, viz.: tobacco-box, "tambako-op," pipes, "kzseri," pipe-holder, " kiseri-otop," and tobacco in box; long coat for festivals, " aremnep "; leggings for festivals, "hosh"; shoe-sandals of "attush" bark, "sutu-kere"; shoes of salmon-skin, "chep-kere"; snow-shoes; birch-bark, "tat," used for a variety of purposes; "yatsutamo " bark, "nire"; 3 carved-wood cotton-winders, "mitosalp "; string of untwisted bark ("attush "), "katak "; plain wood bow, "chaniku "; 2 ordinary arrows, "ak-ai," with poisoned heads; 2 decorated arrows, "perverepu-ai," for festivals; bark quiver, "ikayop"; 2 complete bow-traps, "kuwamaku," with each a bow, a stock with trigger and line, and an arrow with detachable poisoned head; cross-bow rat-trap, "aku~e "; salmon gaff, "marek"; harpoon for seals, &c., "kite," with shaft, copper and wood head, cord, &c.; sheath knife, with carved sheath; Japanese sword, with sheath and handle made and carved by an Ainu; matchlock gun, Japanese model (belonged to an Ainu bear hunter); owl carved in wood, "yuk chikap"; 2 jews-harps, "mukuri"; 4 ceremonial moustache-lifters, “ik? pashi"; ceremonial head-chaplet with bear's head in front, "inao ru"; 3 inao (shaved sticks), "inao klkeparase," "nao c~eorokakep," "inao kiketsunouye"; quiver model in wood, "ikayobikoro"; 4 small models of sheathed swords, " emushpo " (1), “tanne~ikoro" (3); complete loom for weaving "attush" cloth; 4 ornamented mats, "chitarape," for domestic use and also for wrapping round the dead; mat used at festivals for ceremonial use, "inao-so " (?).

Number of chert implements, mostly unfinished, found by Mr. H. Seton-Karr at W. Sheikh, Eastern desert, Egypt, comprising: Five rough discs, broken discs and pieces of rings illustrating stages in manufacture of chert bracelets; and a series of 8 casts from similar specimens and illustrating the same. From Dr. H.O. Forbes, Liverpool Museum. Received in exchange for 2 casts, specially taken at the Pitt-Rivers Museum, from the 2 complete flint bracelets in the Collection.

Collection of composite archer's bows, viz.: 1 Eskimo, Port Clarence, Alaska, 1854; I N. American sinew-backed bow with bow-case and quiver; 1 sinew-lined, covered with snake-skin, N. American; 1 Gilyak, Island of Saghalin; 3 Manchu (one partly dissected); 1 ditto, bound with string between grip and shoulder; 1 ditto from China; 1 ditto from Moukden, Manchuria;1 Chinese, hinged at centre; 1 Yalu River, Manchuria; 1 same form, Island of Formosa; 9 N. Indian; 4 Turkish; and 2 Corean. One 1/2-size model of S. American string-backed bow, Orinoco, 3 frames containing translucent sections through composite bows; and 3 frames with photo prints, contact-printed from the sections. Early pattern bicycle, " bone-shaker," from Moreton-in-the-Marsh, date circa 1869 “zouggarah,” native bagpipes. Tunis. From the Curator Henry Balfour. Esq., M.A
Ivory bracer or archer's arm-guard. European. From Mr Fenton, 11 Oxford Street. London.


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