Report of the curator of the Pitt-Rivers Museum for
1898 and 1899

The presentation of the Annual Report for 1898 was delayed by reason of the Curator’s illness in 1899, and the reports for these two years are therefore presented together. In October, 1898, J.T., Long, who had acted as chief assistant to the Curator since the foundation of the Pitt-Rivers Museum, left, in order to take up a post in the Anatomical Department, where there was a prospect of higher wages. It being impossible to fill his place at short notice, the work was necessary very heavily handicapped for near a year, as it was not until August, 1899, that the Curator was able to appoint a new assistant. The incoming assistant, H.St.G. Gray, had been employed for some ten years by General Pitt-Rivers, and had received an invaluable Archaeological and Museum training under that most careful and systematic of observers. In addition to the loss of his assistant, the Curator’s enforced and prolonged absence, through illness, seriously hampered the work, and the year 1899 has consequently not been a very productive one. In spite of this a considerable amount of useful work has been accomplished, and much of the lost time has already been made good. The annual grant for the general working expenses was increased in 1899 from £150 to £200, enabling a higher rate of wages to be paid to the new assistant. By a grant of Convocation, about sixty feet of wall-cases for the exhibition of specimens were purchased, and the cases erected in the galleries at the end of 1899, enabling certain important series to be properly displayed and cared for the first time. It is much to be desired that other such wall-cases may be erected, in order that many specimens of great value may be preserved from perishing, and that the series may be rendered more readily accessible for scientific use, and be displayed in a satisfactory manner. A few other exhibition cases have been purchased, and two six-drawer cabinets ordered for the galleries. Two of the new wall-cases have been fitted with false backs, with doors, so that the backs of the cases are available for storing reserve and research material in immediate connexion with the exhibited material of like kind, a matter of considerable importance and convenience. It would be of great advantage if this scheme could be carried out throughout the Museum.

The series of cross-bows, blow-guns, quivers, and the major portion of the bows have been treated in detail, and the specimens individually ticketed, and, where necessary, identified so far as possible, with a view to their rearrangement in the wall-cases. The series of Composite-Bows is probably the most complete and representative in the world. In the lower gallery the series of Mangaian ceremonial adzes has been arranged in a glass case and labelled in detail. Several small vertical cases have been added to the table-cases along the wall. The screens have been carried completely round the gallery. The series of human skulls illustrating the practice of artificial deformation have been rearranged in a new and larger case, and the associated series of ornaments rearranged with increased space. Two small but interesting cases illustrating native methods of manufacture of shell armlets, from the Solomon Islands and New Guinea, have been added. A total rearrangement of the S.E. corner of the gallery has been carried out in order to admit of the placing in position of one of the new wall-cases. In the ground-floor court an important series dealing with the “Geographical Distribution and Development of the Musical-bow,” and illustrating a chapter in the early development of stringed instruments of music, has been arranged in a special case, labelled in detail, and furnished with a distribution map, sketches and photographs. The Curator has published a monograph upon the subject to be followed by one dealing with the later development of the derived forms of instruments.

Labels, sketches etc., have been added to several series, and many minor alterations made.
The accessions have been numerous, and in many instances of particular interest. Generous presentations have been made by Colonel R.C. Temple, Mrs. Denton, Mr. J. Graham Kerr, Mr. T.N. Annandale, the Committee of the Egypt Exploration Fund, and others. Special mention should be made of the fine collection of objects from the South Pacific, from the collection of the late Mr. H.A. Tufnell, presented by his executor Mr. Henry Anson, and comprising many specimens of great interest. The valuable collection of W. Australian specimens collected by Mr. E. Clement, and purchased from him, is also worthy of special mention. A complete list of accessions is appended.

Magic fish used for divination, Dunfermline, Fifeshire, N.B. Presented by Mrs. D.O. Hill. Boxwood milk - can (cubette), Goust, Basses Pyrenees. Presented by Miss E.C. Bell, 30 Egerton Crescent, S.W. Small figure of a man used as a love-charm, found in an attic at “The Poplars," Hereford. Presented by Percy Groom, Esq., M A., R.E. College, Cooper's Hill, Surrey,  Banderilla used in Spanish bull-fights. Presented by F.C. Britten, Esq., Christ Church, Oxford. Aloe fibre, and cord made from it, Algiers; modern time candle, London; Kabyle mule-shoe, Michelet, Haute Kabylie; 2 samples of Kabyle snuff for inhaling and eating, Tizi Ouzou, Algeria; Kabyle henna, ib.; henna used by Mahomedans in Bosnia; Kabyle wooden spoon, Tizi Ouzou; small English sun-dial, temp. William IV; combined pocket-knife and pistol, English; old iron padlock with royal arms, Oxford; 2 bronze Japanese hair-pins, with toilet appliances; small brass constable's baton, "G. R." Dundee; old flint cannon-lock, English; 3 snuff-mulls of horn, Aberdeenshire; puzzle snuff-box, Brittany; natural piece of sandstone resembling a horse's hoof, Scotland; old Norwegian snuff-flask of birch-root; modern snow-skate, Christiania; Kabyle snuff-horns Tizi Ouzou; 2 pieces of worked deer-horn, horse-hoof and ox-tooth, La Madelaine cave, France, I863; portion of skull of young felis (sp.), Grotte de Chateau, Saone et Loire; several reindeer teeth, Cave of Solutre; 2 hollow scrapers (flint), Les Eyzies, Dordogne; 3 ditto, Bruniquel, "abri sous roche"; 4 small flint gravers, ib.; minute scraper, larger do., several worked and unworked flakes, ib.; flakes from Solutre cave; flakes and worked flints, Les Eyzies, Dordogne; hollow scraper, Le Moustier; 2 flakes and worked flake, Grottes de Menton, Italy; flakes, Massage de Corbeil, France; neolithic flakes and implements, Camp d'Astedon, France; flint scraper, Chartres, France; flakes, Laugerie Basse; flakes, Laugerie Haute; I3 hollow scrapers of flint and chert, Spiennes (4J, Pressigny (2), Levallois, Clichy, Preuilly, Suresnes, and France (3); perforated pick-head, found in the Seine; 2 deer- horn handles, ib.; deer-bone lance-point, France; 9 large chert flakes, Pressigny (7), Preuilly (2); flakes, Spiennes (4), Nemours, Charbonniere, Neuilly, Meulan, Pressigny, Pont Levoy, Levallois; flint core, Pont Levoy ; implement and flake, St. Acheul; 4 large flakes, France; scrapers, Meulan, Les Mureaux, Pressigny, France; worked flake, drift, France; miscellaneous flakes, chiefly France; ancient piece of worked deer-horn, Cerilly, Allier; perforated horn socket, France; small bone point (ancient), France; 3 rude flint implements, Sauvigny, Nievre; piece of bone breccia, Nahr el Kell, Syria; ancient amber beads and pendants, Sicily; 2 ivory dagger- pommels found in an Etruscan tomb, N. Italy; flint arrow-head from Pots stream, Hinksey, Oxford, I898; head of cross-bow quarrel, found on Roman road, Sandhills, Headington, Oxon, I898; neolithic stone celt, Vesteraalen Islands, Norway; bone netting-needle (shuttle), Karesuando Lapp, Tromsdalen, Norway; old fashioned lady's stirrup, from foundations of the new Radcliffe Library; used flint flake from Pots stream, Hinksey; combined scraper and hollow-scraper of flint, North Stoke, Oxon; 2 old English tobacco-pipes, Oxford; human jaw-bone, showing stain from copper coin placed in deceased's mouth, from a Roman grave at Delphi, Greece, 1895; bone runner of ancient sledge, dug up in Billiter Street, London, 1890. Presented by the Curator, Henry Balfour, Esq., M.A. Crucible for smelting silver, tinder-stick, sulphur matches, Mukden, Manchuria. Presented by R.T. Turley, Esq., Mukden, Manchuria. Lingam pebble, agate pebble used as emblem of Siva, glass drop (probably jewel from an idol's head), similarly used,. 2 salagramas or ammonites (emblems of Siva), N. India; 8 porcelain gambling counters used as currency in the Siamese Shan States; 6 teeth of Nicobarese incrusted with lime and betel; brass cooking-dish used as currency by Nagas of the Manipur Hills; bundle of miniature iron spears used as currency by the same people. Presented by Colonel R.C. Temple, M.A., Chief Commissioner, Andamans and Nicobars.  Bambu bullet-holder, S. Shan States, Burma; Kachin powder-flask, N. Shan States; bambu tube with native medicine, Kengtung, E. Shan States; ancient clay pipe-bowl, Fort Stedman Lake, S. Shan States. Presented by H. Leveson, Esq., I.C.S., British Burma. Specimens from W. Africa, viz., carved-wood female figure, Ketu; ditto holding fowl-shaped bowl, Ilaro; pair of carved wood human figures, Ilaro; small fetish drum, Abeokuta; 2 wooden combs, Abeokuta; rude wooden doll, Abeokuta; hide fan, Haussa; basket-work strainer, Ibadan; basket-bag, Hinterland of Lagos; 3 ornamental mats, Lower Niger; spirally-made covered basket, Lagos; basket-work skull-cap, Porto Novo; leather pin-case, Onicha, Lower Niger; small pot with cover, Lower Niger; Mandingo leather neck charm, Hinterland of Lagos; Mahomedan slippers, Haussa; leathern writing-case, Haussa; cartouche - case, Haussa; large hat, Haussa; fine grass mat, Porto Novo;2 large mats, Lagos and Hinterland. Presented by Mrs Denton, Lagos, W. Africa. Specimens from the Nagas of Assam, obtained by H. E Cargill, Esq., viz., dha with sheath (dau); chief's brass-mounted belt (rarong-ru-pak); wicker cap ornamented with boar's tusk, &c.; man's carrying basket (dangsa), decorated with carved heads, monkey skulls, &c.; ditto with monkey skulls; 5 small carved-wood human heads; carved post with bird's head at one end. Presented by Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Harris, Lunefield, Kirkby Lonsdale. Print from portrait of Captain Thomas Lee, showing spear with amentum. Presented by Viscount Dillon. Wooden bow-string puller, Kamerun, W. Africa; pair of wooden skates, Agnethlen, Transylvania. Presented by Dr. F. von Luschan, Berlin. Large war drum with mat and basket-work cover, Uganda, Central Africa. Presented by Staff-Surgeon W.S. Lightfoot, R.N., The Prebendal, Thame. Two darts and wooden spear-caster, Trumai Indians, Upper Xingu River, Central Brazil. Presented by Dr. Hermann Meyer, Leipsig. Set of 4 perforated copper coins (1888 and 1894), Congo Free State. Presented by Count Goblet d'Alviella, Brussels. Double sansa musical instrument, Oil Rivers Protectorate, W. Africa; stringed instrument of zeze type, Likoma Island, Lake Nyassa. Presented by C.E. Peek, Esq., Rousdon, Lyme Regis. Basket made by Caribs of Dominica, West Indies; "monkey trap" finger-stall, Dominica. Presented by W. W. Skeat, Esq., Cambridge. Irish spade and turf-cutter. Presented by Percy Manning, Esq., New College, Oxford. Distaff and spindle, Naples; whip of Circassian type, Broussa, Anatolia. Presented by Prof. W.C.F. Anderson, M.A., Sheffield. Small musical-bow, New Hebrides. Presented by J. Edge Partington, Esq., Park Hall, Great Bardfield, Essex. Mohave blanket, New Mexico; wooden door-lock, Fez, Morocco. Presented by Mrs. H.N. Moseley, Fyfield Road, Oxford. Rain-coat of rushes, Oaxaca, Mexico. Presented by O.H. Howarth, Esq. Covered cylinder of cast brass, Benin city, W. Africa; trumpet of palm-leaf, Sobo country, W. Africa. Presented by H. Ling Roth, Esq., 33 Prescott Street, Halifax, Yorks. Stone object partially hollowed by drilling, Nagada, Egypt. Presented by F.F. Tuckett, Esq., Frenchay, near Bristol. Club-like instrument for punishment of unchaste women, Fiji Islands. Presented by Graham Balfour, Esq., M.A., Worcester College, Oxford. Six "necks" or harvest trophies of corn, Devonshire (3), Larnaca (Cyprus), Jericho, and Egypt. Presented by F. T. Elworthy, Esq., Foxdown, Somerset. Wig of gnetum-fibre worn by men, Florida Island, Solomon Islands. Presented by the Rev. R.B. Comins, of the Melanesian Mission, through the Rev. R.H. Codrington, M A, Hon. D.D. Twenty-four forgeries of bone implements and arrow-heads, made by a workman at North Stoke, Oxon. Presented by G.S. Morgan, Esq., the Grammar School, Wallingford. Eight Chinese playing cards from Burma. Presented by S.G. Hewlett, Esq., Moatcroft Road, Eastbourne. Pair of ox-bone skates and pair of whale-rib skates, Westmann Islands, Iceland; bone pincers used in sewing, 2 bone pins for pegging out sheep-skins to dry, Landeyja, Iceland; cord with bone point for carrying fish, Berghorsknoll; sheep's horn suspended for drawing skins across to make them supple, Westmann Islands; basket made from roots, model window of amnion of sheep, Iceland. Presented by T.N. Annandale, Esq., Balliol College, Oxford. Specimens obtained from the Lengua tribe, Chaco Boreal, S. America, 1896, 1897, viz., fire-drilling apparatus, 4 sticks used in a game, notched stick recording days on a journey, 2 tobacco pipes, spindle with gourd whorl, stick for beating up the weft in weaving, axe with iron blade, tobacco-pouch made from a rhea's neck, cord with wooden needle for carrying lepidosiren, 2 clubs (one being also a digging-stick), bow, 6 arrows, l bird-arrow, 1 harpoon-arrow, 3 string-work pouches, 2 gourd boxes with covers, primitive flageolet, flageolet, wooden syrinx with stops, small drum-stick, woman's belt, boy's netted cap, necklet of small pearl-shell plaques, ditto of anodon shell, ditto of discs of bulimus shell, 2 ornamental head-bands worn by men, elaborate feather ornament worn by boys impersonating evil spirits, ostrich-feather head ornament, ostrich plume worn by men, man's fringed leathern girdle, Pilcomayo River, Gran Chaco, 1890, 1891: 2 bows (one reinforced with hide thong), 4 arrows, 1 string-work shirt. Presented by J. Graham Kerr, Esq., M.A., Christ's College, Cambridge. "Soul-catcher" of bone, carved, Haida, British Columbia. Presented by Dr. F. Boas, Central Park Museum, New York, U.S.A. Skull of an ancient Hun, artificially distorted, excavated in the town of Kertch, S. Russia, with 2 coins also presented to the Museum. Presented by J.O. Wardrop, Esq., H.B.M.'s Consul, Kertch. Specimens from Prof. W.F. Petrie's Egyptian excavations, 1897, 1898, viz., pointed chert implement of "drift" type and circular chert scraper, bought at Keneh; hoe-blade of chert, Dendereh; chisel-ended flake, IVth Dynasty, Koptos; almond shaped ground celt, Ist-IIIrd Dynasty, Koptos; forked lancehead of chert, Hierakonpolis; T-shaped bronze axe, XVIIlth Dynasty, Dendereh; small copper axe-blade, XIth Dynasty, Dendereh; swing-knife (? surgical), XIIth Dynasty tomb, 488, Dendereh; Roman bronze spoon, Dendereh; VIth Dynasty copper mirror, Dendereh; toy mirror of bronze, Ptolemaic grave, Dendereh; iron key, Roman, Dendereh; child's leather sandal, and crucible, Roman, Dendereh. Presented by the Committee of the Egypt Exploration Fund, 37 Great Russell Street, London, W.C. Gold plaque, repoussee with figures of birds, and small gold bird-figure cut out in outline and slightly repoussee, found in an ancient huaca at Huacho, Peru. Presented by Commander W.H. Maunsell, R.N., "The Moorings," Iffley Road, Oxford.Flint arrow-head found in a field between Pusey and Hatfield, Berks, 1898. Presented by the Vice-Chancellor, Sir William Anson, Bart., All Souls College, Oxford. Bone netting-needle, Eyemouth, Berwick, N.B. Presented by A.M. Bell, Esq., M.A., " Limpsfield," Rawlinson Road, Oxford. Obsidian core and flakes from Island of Melos. Presented by J.W. Crowfoot, Esq., I Mansfield Road, Oxford. Two feather head-dresses worn when fighting, Angoni tribe, S.W. of Lake Nyassa, Africa. Presented by Edmund Rhoades, H.M.S. Pioneer. Cast of a bone engraved with figures of deer, the original found in a cave on the Charente, Maine et Loire. Presented by Dr. S. Reinach, Director, Musee de St. Germain-en-Laye. Flat-stringed bow for attaching to a kite to cause a humming noise (? Chinese). Presented by Mrs. J. Crosby Brown, New York. Flint, steel and tinder with sulphur matches, flute of reed, 2 model ploughs, Lake Urmi Persia. Presented by R.W.T. Gunther, Esq., M.A., Magdalen College, Oxford. Miniature fiddle and bow, Siam. Presented by S.S. Flower, Esq. Complete suit of samurai armour with swords, &c., mounted on lay figure, Japan; Japanese wooden temple gong with pad and striker; several paper charms and printed prayers from Shinto and Buddhist temples, Japan. Presented by Lady Markby, Headington Hill, Oxford. Portrait bust of a Warrau boy, British Guiana, executed and presented by Mrs. Everard im Thurn, Carving from fetish-house, Old Calabar, W. Africa. Presented by Eliot Howard, Esq., Dalkeith, Falmouth.

Fourteen neolithic flint implements (hammer-stone, cores, 3 "fabricators," borer, scrapers, arrow-head, &c ), Nuffield Hill, Nettlebed, Oxon; 4 ditto, North Stoke, Oxon; special constable's staff used in the "Bread riots," Oxford, 1868; slug impaled on thorn (a cure for warts), Oxfordshire; bramble naturally grown into an arch by secondary rooting, used as a cure for whooping cough, Oxfordshire; spinning wheel, Great Tew, Oxon. (T.J. Carter, Oxford.) Large palaeolith, Broome, Devon; neolithic celt, Bally-money, Co. Antrim; 3 French forgeries of neolithic celts and l of a two-pointcd hammer with natural perforation; 6 English forgeries of flint arrow-heads, &c. 3 ancient leaden sling-stones (2 inscribed), Sicily; ancient bronze pin with ear-spatula, London; 2 ancient bronze keys and finger-ring key, Treves, France; 3 ancient iron keys, Wandle R, Surrey; old iron padlock, Wandsworth; old iron chest-lock; 3 ancient pottery lamps, Jerusalem; small elephant-tusk trumpet, 3 penannular ivory armlets, and 2 ivory objects of unknown use, E. coast of Africa; 4 ring-keys ( 2 Hungary, Rome, France); 6 ancient amulets (4 of bone, 2 of stone), Temesvar, Hungary; W. Australian spear-thrower; ancient Peruvian pottery figure. (G.F. Lawrence, Wandsworth) Indian padlock representing an animal. Through the kindness of the Rev. C.V. Goddard, the Vicarage, Shrewton S.O., Wilts. Wooden head-rest, Mu-fur, New Guinea; bark-cloth mallet, 4 wooden tobacco-pipes, stone anchor with long chain of rattan links, and 2 wooden fishing-charms carved with human figures, Mansinam, N. New Guinea; hide cuirass, Tenimber Islands, Malaysia; carved magic staff with magic cord, Battak, Sumatra (W. coast); shell bracelet, Toba, Battak; oboe, Silindung; 2 jews-harps, Silindung and Toba. (C.M. Pleyte, Leyden.) Old pillion saddle, Pershore, Worcestershire; old bone apple-gouge, Kingham, Chipping-Norton; 3 old English shoes, Checkmore, Buckingham; 3 straw-splitting instruments, Blockley, Worcestershire; old shepherd's crook, same locality. (J. Bateman. Oxford.) Jews-harp, New Britain. (Miss Cutter, London.) Bronze Buddhist Figure, Burma. Two large pieces of iron money (spade-blade form), Niam Niam, Central Africa. (Sale at Stevens' auction rooms.) Old bandsman's sword, curved short sabre, navy cutlass, straight bayonet, waved-blade bayonet. (Abrams, Oxford.) Japanese archers' gloves (right-hand with inner glove, and left-hand), Tokyo. Through the kindness of Professor B.H. Chamberlain, Imperial University, Tokyo. Several plaited arm-bands, Waimea, New Guinea; feather head-ornament, Duke of York Island; fish-hooks of palm-wood, Collingwood Bay, N. E. New Guinea; sling-stone, Goodenough Island, New Guinea; modern Mexican spindle with ancient whorl; bambu pipe with bowl, New Guinea; bowl of similar pipe; New Mexican quartz-pointed pump-drill; fish-hook with wooden stem,Hermit Island; bark-cloth, Rio Negro, S. America; roll of tobacco, Brazil; stick of wood used for blackening the teeth, Dyak, Borneo. (W.O. Webster, Bicester.) Two Japanese prints by Shigenohu. Through the kindness of Professor A. Thomson, M.A., University Museum. Seven staurolites used as charms, Auray, Brittany; iron-bladed hoe, sickle, adze, cutting tool, sickle-shaped tool, Selangor. (J. Dukes, London.) Hunting-knife dug up in Cowley Road, Oxford. Through Mr. Joseph Walker, Radcliffe Library. Model of cradle, Swedish Lapland. (Matsson, Stockholm) Double tobacco-pipe, Karesuando Lapp, Finmarken. (Tromso, Norway.) Zulu stabbing-assegai; horn powder-flask, India. (Parker, Oxford.) Caschroam or foot-plough, Ullapool, Ross-shire. Through the kindness of E.S. Hartland, Esq., and Mr. Adam Lander. Left-handed axe of turtle-bone, Matty Island, New Guinea. (E.J. Brill, Leyden) Specimens collected by Mr. E. Clement in N.W. Australia, and purchased from him, viz., 2 pairs of fire-sticks; kangaroo sinews; spinifex-fibre for string-making, netting-needle, net-work-bag with netting-needle, Sherlock River; sheep's wool string on winder; fishing-net, large net for turkey-bustards Sherlock district; 3 clubs (Nullagine, Table-land, and Hammersley); shield, Broome; 2 shields, Nullagine; 3 wooden spear-heads (Table-land and Nullagine and another); 2 double-barbed ditto, Table-land and Desert; I ditto barbed both ways, Upper Sherlock River; kangaroo spear, Sherlock district; head of stone-bladed spear; glass-headed spear, Derby district, Kimberley; 4 spear-throwers, Nullagine (3) and Mallina; 6 glass spear-heads, Kimberley; 2 stone knives for circumcision and micka operation; 4 hunting and war boomerangs; carrabimma boomerang, Derby district; 2 fishing boomerangs, Derby district; carving tool with stone point; wooden water bowl; wooden bowl for winnowing' seeds; 7 whizzing-sticks, Sherlock River (2), Inthanura, Table-land, Desert tribe (3); flowering spinifex-grass, Touranna Plains; gum as it oozes from burning spinifex, balls of spinifex gum ready for use, Touranna Plains; wooden passports to allow men to hunt on the Table-land, Sherlock River tribe; ditto, Yule River tribe; ditto of Mandajugana tribe to Gnalluma tribe; red-ochre in natural state, Cossack; ditto, powdered for use; 3 shades of yellow ochre for painting the body, Cossack; sweet-scented grass, Table-land; necklet of culladie beads, Table-land; necklet of spinifex-gum beads; remains of a culladie necklet from a tree burial; necklet of bargua nuts; 2 necklets of dentalium shells; necklet of grass- stem beads, Derby district; 3 shell pendants hung from waist belts of hair, Broome, Kimberley; 2 necklets of hair-strings, Desert tribe; warrior's necklet of hair, ib.; necklet of black hair, Yule River; 2 necklets of hair-strings, Table-land; I ditto, coated with fat and red ochre, Sherlock River; necklet of white wool strings, 2 necklets of hair cords coated with fat and red ochre, Upper Sherlock and Table-land; 2 hair belts, Harding River and Desert tribe; banner of crossed sticks laced with hair strings for use at corrobbories, Sherlock; bone nose-bar, 2 wooden ditto, Table-land; feather bunch worn at corrobborie, Cossack; ditto, Hammersley Ranges; wooden hair-pin worn at corrobborie ; 4 sticks peeled into shavings worn at corrobborie, 2 similar sticks for carrying in the hand, bunch of wood shavings worn round head, Sherlock; hair necklet with turtle-bone pendants worn by native " doctor," Yule River; 2 "doctor's" shell pendants on hair strings, Table-land; 3 sticks with gum at the end or middle used in cure of diseases, Table-land; 2 small ditto of bone; 4 "doctor's" sticks, Touranna Plains (3) and Table-land; child's toy in form of bird's head, Sherlock River; skull of N.W. Australian; 2 photographs of natives dressed for corrobborie; hafted stone axe, Table-land; angular fighting-club, Desert tribe. Specimens collected by Mr. John Jennings in Melanesia and purchased from him, viz., large ceremonial axe with circular stone blade, N.E. New Caledonia; stone-bladed axe with carved handle, Touho, New Caledonia; stone-bladed adze with T-shaped end, Touho; fishing-line, Santa Cruz group; cluster of turtle-shell ear ornaments, Santa Cruz; jingle ornament of shells, Graciosa Bay, Santa Cruz; spear used in pig-killing ceremony, Ambrym Island, New Hebrides; comb worn by the pig-killer at the ceremonies, Santo, New Hebrides; stone adze-blade from old dancing-ground, Mele, Efate Island, New Heblides; shell pendant of a type found also in Torres Straits ("ant-lion" type), Tanna, New Hebrides; neck-pendant of shell in form of a fish-hook shank, Tucopia, New Hebrides; bread-fruit wrapped in palm-leaf strips for journeys, &c, Ureparapara, New Hebrides. French or Italian vielle or hurdy-gurdy. (Fenton & Sons, London.)

Mozabite oboe, Algiers; Kabyle mule-bit, Michelet, Haute Kabylie; 2 Manchu archers' thumb-rings of bone, Moukden, Manchuria; Turkish archer's arm-guard; old Swedish nyckelharpa or keyed fiddle and bow; N. American Indian cradle; wooden door-lock with bolt and key, Svolvaer, Lofoten Islands; pair of old Norwegian blade-skates, c. 1780 A.D.; early pattern English blade-skates, Oxford. From the Curator, Henry Balfour, M.A. Series of objects in glass case illustrating the origin of the Assyrian "tree and cone" pattern. From Prof. E.B. Tylor, F.R.S., University Museum.

Knife, and lengths of chain (of native copper), made by the people of Chaga, Mt. Kilimanjaro, Central Africa; knife with sheath, Patta Island, N. of Lamu, E. Coast of Africa; 4 dagger- knives and an odd handle, together with two hide sheaths, Wakussu tribe, Central Africa. Presented by Sir John Kirk, G.C.M.G., F.R.S., Wavertree, Sevenoaks. Fine perforated stone axe-head, found in Kertch, Crimea. Presented by J.O. Wardrop, Esq., H.B.M.'s Consul, Kertcb, Crimea. Modern spear-thrower, Lake Patzcuaro, Mexico. Presented by Prof. Starr, University of Chicago, U.S.A. Mussulman skull-cap, toilet chatelaine, 3 palm-leaf ear-plugs, 2 pairs of ear-plugs converted into ear-rings, and an ornamental coloured silk cord, Madras Presidency; tawdry head-dress of sham flowers, &c., worn by conscript soldiers in the Black Forest; model of ox-shoeing apparatus, pair of iron ox-shoes, and a small pillar sun-dial, Pau, Basses Pyrenees; flageolet played with tambourin de Bearn, Laruns, Pyrenees; ring-pad for carrying weights on head, head-dress derived from handkerchief worn on head, wooden scythe-stone holder, wooden syrinx, and leather wine-flask, Pyrenees. Presented by Miss E. C. Bell, 30 Egerton Crescent, London, W. Three neolithic flint "hollow-scrapers," Glenleslie, Co. Antrim; 1 worked flint flake, Culbane, Co. Derry; 11 worked flint flakes, Co. Antrim ( 2 Ballynashee, 2 Whitepark Bay, 4 River Braid, and 3 of thick scraper type, Ballytoy); 11 rude flint implements of "Plateau" types, Ireland. Presented by W. J. Knowles, Esq., Flixton Place, Ballymena, Co. Antrim. Two wooden fetish figures (human form), Jekri, Lower Niger, made by Sobos. Presented by H. Ling Roth, Esq, 32 Prescott Street, Halifax, Yorks. Lady'sbusk, c. I775, made by an old Yeoman's wife, Ware, Herts. Presented by Mrs. Arnold Overton, High Cross Vicarage, Ware. Two stone implements, Swanscombe, Kent; a worked flake and other flakes, Manor Farm, Swanscombe; weathered flint, High Plateau, Kent; 2 children's urinatories, Lake Urmi, Persia. Presented by R.W.T. Gunther, Esq., M.A., Magdalen College, Oxford. Quartzite spear-head, from near Broome, N. W. Australia. Presented by A.P. Parker, Esq., B.M., Anatomical Dept., University Museum, Oxford. Corean housewife's key-rack, of cast bronze. Presented by W.G. Aston, Esq., Woodlands, Seaton, Devon. A number of neolithic flint implements found upon the Earl of Ducie's estate at Sarsden, near Chipping Norton, Oxon, comprising 60 arrow-heads (some broken); 1 arrow- head with small hollow in the edge, perhaps for use as hollow scraper; 67 scrapers; 10 "fabricators"; I duck-billed scraper(?) worked on both faces. Presented by the Earl of Ducie, F.R.S., Tortworth Court, Falfield, Glos. Mexican dollar "chopped" by Chinese firms to show that it has been passed on assay by these firms; "chopped "Canton dollar;" chopped "half dime; Mexican dollar from Penang (Brit. territory) "chopped" in ink; Chinese (Canton) l/4 dollar marked 72 candareens; 24 multicoloured beads, modern aggri beads, used as money, and cowries used as money, West Coast of Africa; 2 packs (of 30 white-backed cards) for fan t'an gambling, and a pack of red blank cards ('kauli') for registering fan t'an bets, Macao, Hong Kong; 7 bambu gambling tablets or tallies representing money, box of circular wooden, bone-faced gambling pieces, box of 32 wooden dominoes with 6 dice and glass counters, and a box of 140 rectangular bambu dominoes (?), Chinese, Shanghai; 3 clippings from silver "shoes," used in gambling, and 4 clippings from dollars in marked (weight) packets used in fan t'an gambling, Macao, Hong Kong; 4 clippings from dollars, Shanghai; 10 Siamese porcelain gambling counters used as money; cast of Tenasserim medal, now used as counters; 2 Andaman copper tokens for I rupee; broken pieces of condemned forged Andaman tokens; rare iron "cash," Hong Kong; 2 strings of ordinary Chinese "cash"; stamped silver ingot, Shan-si province, China; small inscribed charm disc taken from under the skin of the arm of a Burmese convict, at Port Blair; pair of leather sandal-shoes, Kashmlr; wooden ladle, Islamabad, Kashmir; large rice ladle, Singapore; 5 cane sticks used as labour checks in tin works, Penang; basket made by Manipuri prisoners at Port Blair; pair of rush-work slippers, Tyrol; paper napkin, Zurich, Switzerland. The following, collected by Col. R.C. Temple in China, in 1898: 2 pillows or head-rests; pair of rush-work shoes worn at funerals; pair of wooden clog shoes, Macao; cocoanut-shell spoon, Canton; ordinary " cash" purse, Macao; pottery lamp with bambu stand, Canton; compass, Canton; horn opium-pot; large spectacles, crystal cut for spectacle lenses, and holder for grinding and polishing the lenses, Canton; bambu ginger-grater; wooden sampan baler; bambu tallies for checking water coolies, Macao; bottle of quack medicine, Macao; chopping-knife, axe, chopper, broad chisel, and small razor, Canton; wooden castanets (3 together), oyster-shell window, Canton; incense sticks in bambu holder, Chinese envelopes, votive papers, and strings of votive paper-boats dedicated to the Fish God, Shanghai; votive paper mock-money for throwing into the sea, to procure fair weather; box with scales and weights, Macao. Collected in Japan, 1898: 'Ricksha and out-door lantern, Yokohama; paper house-window, Kioto; ordinary pricket candles; 4 pairs of sandals of straw-work; pair of horse sandals of straw-work; 2 pairs of children's wooden clogs; pair of digitated socks; 3 pairs of chopsticks, Kioto; wooden rice-ladle, Nagasaki; agricultural labourer's gauntlets; "sumi tsubo," carpenter's lining instrument; 2 massage or shampooing balls; native packet of tooth-picks; bird toy; pen and ink case; writing case with abacus, &c., Tokio; pipe (cloisonne), Shizuoka; handle of laquer cloisonne; double whistle, shampooer's call; gourd water-bottle, Nagasaki; basket-work flask and drug basket, Shizuoka; rain-coat ; 'ricksha coolie's fair weather hat, and another for wet weather; paper napkins; 2 festival flags, Shizuoka; pieces of patterned cloth used as votive flags ("guti") in Shinto Temple, Kioto; native printed guides and maps (Osaka, 2 Kioto, 3 Kamakura, Kinkakuji, Niklio, Kwannon Temple in Sanjusan); 3 ceremonial candles on sticks, Kioto; 2 native accounts (books) of Temple of Kwannon, Isakusa Park, Tokio Kakemono of Kwannon, Isakusa; another from Kamakura; small picture of Kwannon, Isakusa; 2 prints of Gods (Gad of Plenty, and a variant upon $iva), Tokio; receipt tablet for donation, Kiomizudera Temple, Kioto; ex-voto tablet, Osawa Shinto Temple, Nagasaki; receipt form for donation to Sanjusan Yendo Temple, Kioto; votive picture, Temple of Kwannon, Isakusa; votive printed papers, Isakusa; print of bronze Buddha to be erected at Daibutsu, Kioto; print of boat shaped yew tree, Kioto; 3 paper luck-tablets, Kiomizudera Temple (2) and Kwannon Temple at Isakusa; votive knot, Kiomizudera Temple, Kioto; 2 "gohei" from great Temple of Nikko; 3 porcelain sake cups with lucky inscriptions, Osaka; votive porcelain tortoise in cup, Kiomizudera Temple, Kioto; pair of crescentic wooden tablets used for throwing into the air for divining by the relative positions on the ground. Presented by Colonel R.C. Temple, M.A., Chief Commissioner, Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Kentish hop-picker's tally, pack of Corean playing cards, corn threshing board set with pieces of lava, stone filter, native brass-mounted wooden pipe, and native sheath-knife with inlaid handle, Canary Islands; 3 hand-made pots made at the cave village of Attaleia, Grand Canary; small saucer and small weight (?) of pottery, Attaleia, Grand Canary. Presented by Sir C.E. Peek, Bart., Rousdon, Lyme Regis. Kruboy triangular harp and wooden trumpet, Kru coast, W. Africa. Presented by Dr. Felix Roth, 5F Oxford and Cambridge Mansions, Hyde Park, London. A well-chipped ovate chert implement of palaeolithic type, from Le Grand Pressigny, Indre-et-Loire, France. Presented by W.E. Moss, Esq. Small musical monochord, allied to musical bow, New Guinea; ancient double-hooks of bronze, hinged to the central plate, for use as a cloak-fastener, dug up at Walbrook; Samoyedi sheath-knife, Mouth of Yenesei River; 2 grotesque pottery figures apparently of the Egyptian god Bes, one from Egypt, the other from Cyprus excavations; "banderilla," for fixing in bull's neck at a bull-fight, used in 1891 at Queretaro, Mexico; "dakka," hemp, as used for smoking by Kaffirs of Natal, I899; Kaffir strigil of white cow-horn, Natal; case of reed spitting-tubes from a Kaffir kraal at North Dene, near Durban; " isindwane," ball of scented composition for rubbing into the hair, &c., Zulu, S. Africa; iron skin-scraper, used also for cleaning nostrils after snuff - taking, Matabili, S. Africa; large geomantic compass frame, elaborately inscribed, China; spanner for wheel-lock gun, Italian; kous kous spoon, Kabyle, Tizi Ouzou, Kabylia; long cotton inner garment with sleeves, and a coloured rectangular woven shawl, both worn by Kabyles; cage for singing insects, Japan; wood- cutter's tally-stick, Suffolk; large wooden ladle, Island of Saghalin. A number of glass imitations of ornaments, &c., of savage peoples, made by Messrs. Sachse in Austria, for trade to the natives, viz., 2 trade sample cards of beads in various colours; discoidal brown beads; sample card of imitation human and animal teeth for W. African trade; sample card of imitation shell rings (? for Melanesian trade); imitation leopard claw in orange glass for W. African trade; large imitation leopard tooth; imitation cone-shell base ornament, for Madagascar, &c.; imitation amulet of red glass (perforated), for Haussa, Soudan, &c.; and 3 imitation amulet pendants, inscribed for Mahomedan India, Arabs, &c. Presented by Henry Balfour, Esq., M.A., Curator. Mancala-board, Egypt; Dervish patchwork jibbeh, Soudan (expedition of 1898). Presented by J.L. Strachan Davidson, Esq., M.A., Balliol College, Oxford. Berber cook's pictographic account of purchases made in the Bazaar, March 22, 1899, Blue House, Ramleh, Egypt. Presented by A.W.W. Brown, Esq, 37 Evelyn Mansions, Victoria Street, London, S.W. Oil vessel, "sireshom," of skin, Afghanistan. Presented by Mrs. Courtenay Bell, 30 Egerton Crescent, London, W. Head of a Sedgemoor pike. Presented by A. de Havilland Bushnell, Esq., M.A. (Queen's College), 12 Suffolk Square, Cheltenham. Small iron sickle with screw-thread at end for fixing into a handle. Presented by H.L. Cowper, Esq. Two "attush," coats of fibre of inner bark of elm-tree, Ainu, Yezo; Japanese kites, viz., large crane (collapsible); 2 birds with extended wings; crab; ? moth; butterfly; human form; collapsible dragon-serpent in discoidal sections; rectangular, with floral painting; ditto, mythological picture; ditto, mask design, tongue out, revolving eyes; large ditto, human heads; small pentagonal, red and white; musical bow with flat tape string for fixing to kites. Presented by Prof. B. Hall Chamberlain, Imperial University, Tokio. Curved club, New Hebrides (Espiritu Santo type). Presented by Stephen Aveling, Esq., Restoration House, Rochester. Naturally weathered stone resembling a drift implement, Blackdown Hill, Wellington, Somerset; 2 clothes beaters, "praklatscha," from the Patriarchal Community of the Sjokacz, Szonta, Mohacs district, Hungary, 1899; and basket used for flour and other domestic purposes, from same locality. Presented by Prof. E.B. Tylor, F.R.S., Keeper, University Museum, Oxford. Carved wooden human figure, a twin god, Yoruba country, W. Africa, where twins are prayed for. Presented by Mrs. Braithwaite Batty, Crick Road, Oxford. Two geomantic compasses, elaborately inscribed, China. Presented by Thomas Hanbury, Esq. Modern English archer's finger-guard for drawing bow string; clay pellets for pellet-bow, ?Siam; bone of fish, probably used as a grater for food, Rio Negro, S. America. Presented by Mr. W.D. Webster, Oxford House, Bicester. Modern doll, New Mexico; wooden mask made by Miztec Indians of Oaxaca, Mexico, for "loco" or "fool" dances on the occasion of starting a gold-mill at a mining camp at San Pablo Cuatro Venados. Presented by 0.H. Howarth, Esq. Spiral bronze armlet from a tomb, said to be Phoenician, Malta; flint scraper, from downs above Eastbourne. Presented by J.B. Baker, Esq., M A., 16 Crick Road, Oxford. Four fine flint lance-heads with bifurcated cutting edges, prehistoric period, Hu and Abadiyeh, Egypt; portion of a dagger-blade (?) of flint, finely worked and delicately serrated, prehistoric, Hu, Egypt; pottery table of offerings to the dead, Diospolis Parva. The following of the prehistoric period, Egypt: small curved flint knife, worked along one edge; half of a broken flint blade worked over both faces; scraper-like implement of flint; 3 curved flake-knives, worked along one edge; roughly worked flake, worked on both edges; saw-edged sickle-flint; portion of flake, trimmed along one edge; and 2 simple flakes. Presented by the Committee of the Egypt Exploration Fund, 37 Great Russell Street, London, W.C. Musical-bow used by the Nairs of Malabar, especially during the Onam festival; mimic bow and 2 arrows, burnt at Toda funerals, S. India. Presented by E. Thurston, Esq, Government Museum, Madras. Chinese spirit-tablet from a tomb at Fukuoka, Kiushiu, Japan; hammer-stone, roughly chipped, Limpsfield, Kent; piece of a polishing-stone (Neolithic), Auvernier, Lake Neuchatel; rude flint implement, high plateau, Pitfield, Ash, Kent. Presented by A.M. Bell, Esq., M.A., "Limpsfield," Rawlinson Road, Oxford. Very large horn lantern from Ashbury Farm, near Wantage. Presented by H.P. Symonds, Esq., F.R.C.S., Beaumont Street, Oxford. "Mani" stone, inscribed, obtained by Captain Rynd from a huge heap of such votive stones at Ladakh; religious book of the Lamas, Ladakh, written in Tibetan; model "kangri," or basket-covered vessel for carrying lighted coals for warming, Kashmir. Presented by Captain G.C. Rynd, the Manchester Regiment. Eleven Burmese paper kites; 28 N. Indian kites and 3 winders for kite-strings. Presented by Sir Alfred Lyall, G.C I.E., K.C.B, D.C.L., India Office, Whitehall, London, S.W. Very finely executed model of a Bosnian peasant's house, complete in all respects; ditto of a Bosnian flour-mill with turbine wheel; pair of circular snow-shoes, Bosnia; oboe made of bark spirally twisted, used by Bosnian peasants for driving away devils. Presented by the Director, Bosnische-Hercegovinische Landes Museum, Sarajevo. Nine stone implements of rude palaeolithic type, excavated by Mr. L. Peringuey, from loose clay overlaying the disintegrating granite beds at Stellenbosch, Cape Colony; spheroidal hammer and rubbing-stone found with implements similar to the above at The Paarl, Cape Colony. Presented by L. Peringuey, Esq., South African Museum, Cape Town. Bronze spear-head found in bed of Nam Livi stream, a tributary of the Mekong River; 40 stone axes and fragments, found when working hill side paddy fields on the lower slopes of hills round the head waters of the Upper Myitnge stream (tributary of Irrawadi), N. Shan States. Presented by H. Leveson, Esq., I.C.S., British Burma. Rude flint implement, palaeolithic type, found on the low desert near Dendereh, Upper Egypt, March, 1898, by Mr. Mac Iver; 2 flint saws, bought at Dendereh; I0 flint implements and flakes, palaeolithic, from the High Gebel (desert) between Dendereh and Hu (near Abydos), Upper Egypt; core, 3 broken flint blades, I flint saw, and I flake, "New Race" (prehistoric), probably from Naqada; perforated stone celt 2 very small ground stone celts, stone arrow-head, narrow stone implement pointed and worked both sides, 3 flakes trimmed at the edge, 1 very small "fabricator," I plain flint flake, and a decorated bronze handle of some vessel (? Etruscan), all from Perugia, Italy; "Cera" with figure of St. Ubaldo, model of the one carried in procession at Gubbio, Umbria. Presented by D. MacIver, Esq ,M.A., Queen's College,Oxford. Ainu objects from Yezo, viz., scabbard of wood knife and sheath of man's knife; mat used only before an altar; four parts of a loom for weaving atsu-shi cloth; moustache-lifter used ceremonially in sake drinking; wooden soup-ladle; sturgeon-skin used for food. Presented by M. Kataoka, Japan. Specimens collected by the donor during an expedition in 1899 to the Malay Peninsula, Siam, &c.: Siamese silver tical and half tical; string of perforated tin coins (800=I dollar) issued by the Raja of Patani province; ditto, larger size, Kelantan province, pack (84) of domino playing cards, (tim chi p'ai), Chinese, Bangkok, Siam; 4 small packs (30) of Chinese playing-cards, Bangkok; Chinese steelyard balance, Senggora, Lower Siam; small pottery votive plaque with 3 Buddhist figures in relief, found in Goa Gamba (image cave), Pahang; pair of bambu castanets or clappers, Malay, Malay Peninsula; loose cloth (Kain lepas) of native Malay silk weaving, Patani province; small covered basket pouch of pandanus leaf-work, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, made by Malays; sheath chopper-knife with kukri-shaped blade, Ban Sih Kau village, Nawnchik, Siam; 2 bronze heads of Buddha found beneath the great statue of Buddha at Ayuthia, Siam. The following from Bangkok, Siam: Chinese compass; Chinese rattan-work football; Chinese 2-stringed fiddle and bow; 3 toy animals (elephant, tiger, and ? dog); toy model of Siamese royal crown, in palm-leaf; charm consisting of 3 small plaster figures (mythological) in a wooden canopy frame, for hanging in trees to ward off evil spirits; palm-leaf fish ornament for hanging up at festivals. The following from Singapore: Chinese pewter lamp and stand; 2 Chinese opium pipes; cloth with Malay applique work; 14 wooden paste moulds for cakes, Chinese; dammar torch, Malay; model boat carved out of solid piece of bambu, Chinese. Wooden door-lock, Faroer. Presented by T.N. Annandale, Esq., B.A, Balliol College, Oxford. Cast of stone adze from Sadong, Sarawak (original in Sarawak Museum). Presented by Prof. A.C. Haddon, M.A., Inisfail, Cambridge. Hand-loom shuttle formerly used at Wilton Carpet Factory in making "Axminster" carpets; comb-like beater of iron for beating up the weft, and a "netting-needle," both used in making "Axminster" carpets. Presented by J.W. Ward, Esq., J.P., Wilton. Figure of kneeling woman with a child on her back, cast in brass by cere perduta process, Abeokuta, W. Africa; "warri" board and a fan of hide, Lagos; 2 paddles, Jekri tribe, Lower Niger River; 2 spears, Illorin, taken after defeat of Illorins by party of Lagos Haussa, Jan., 1897. Presented by Capt. and Mrs. Denton, Lagos, W. Africa. Arrow-heads, flakes, &c., from sand dunes between Porthcawl and the Ogman River, S. Glamorganshire. Presented by the Rev. W. J. Evans, M.A., The School, Cowbridge, Glamorganshire. Sample of best quality Japanese tobacco; pottery pipe, Ahmedabad, India. Presented by H.B. Bompas, Esq., Westbourne Terrace, Hyde Park, London. Models of an aghori fakir and an aghori “guru” or teacher. Presented by Surgeon-Captain H.E. Drake Brockman, I.M S. Artificially deformed skull and mummy head covered with string-work, Antofagasta district, Chili; mummy child, Tarapaca district, Chili. Presented by J.A. Gibbs, Esq., 15 Bishopsgate Street Within, London, E.C. Complete set of 62 Wayang Kulit (shadow dance) puppets of hide, Javanese, Singapore; basket of pandanus leaf, made by women in Malacca. Presented by H.N. Ridley, Esq., Botanical Gardens, Singapore. Small altar to Siva, of copper, in form of yoni, surrounded by sacred bulls, with lingam (a belemnite) in the centre, Lucknow, India; copper head of tiger, perhaps a finial, Lucknow. Presented by W. Benett, Esq., Oatlands, Warborough, Wallingford. Large printed sheet illustrating the Jain genealogical tree, from the founder. Presented by Prof. Hoernle, 38 Banbury Road, Oxford. Two blocks of conglomerate from "vitrified forts," one from a steep hill forming the north entrance of Loch Teachdash, Sound of Mull, the other from Eilean Gobhair or Goat Island, Loch Ailort, between Arisaig and L. Moidart, Scotland. Presented by C. Lynam, Esq., Oxford Preparatory School. Casts of 4 objects ( 2 spear-heads) from the Dumbuck Crannog in the Clyde and Dumbomi Hill-fort, both near Dumbarton, Scotland, found by Mr. Donelly; also some bones from same localities. Presented by Andrew Lang, Esq., M.A., Alleyne House, St. Andrews, Scotland. Toy scarecrow in form of bird made of inner bark of a tree, Sarao village, Sinangolo, Rigo District, Brit. New Guinea. Presented by C.G. Seligmann, Esq., B.A., Cambridge. Collection of specimens from the S. Pacific, formerly the private collection of Mr. H.A. Tufnell, of Wimbledon; a part was collected by Sir William Macgregor, and part by Mr. Tufnell during a voyage in the S. Pacific. SOLOMON ISLANDS 5 plaited armlets in colours; 2 crescentic neck pendants of pearl shell; 1 ditto, bird-shaped; 1 ditto, celt- shaped; 2 wooden ear-discs; 1 toothed pendant of shell; 4 ornamental tridacna-shell discs overlaid with fretted turtle shell; 9 shell armlets (? San Christoval); pair of armlets of trade-bead work; 2 armlets of trade-beads with clusters of teeth; 1 ditto of small teeth and beads; string-work bag; nose-ornament of pearl-shell; pair of ear ornaments of reed, engraved; 2 ear ornaments with shell and dog tooth bells; palm leaf eye-shade; double syrinx (? Solomons); short string of shell-bead money; large circular food-basket; smaller flat food-basket; trade axe on wooden haft; 3 long-bladed pointed paddles; 3 lime-boxes of bambu (Ysabel Island types); 1 ditto, inlaid with shell; ornament of 4 strings of shell money; ornament of gorgonia-stem beads, 9 strings (? Micronesian); belt of native shell money with teeth inset; cocoanut scraper of shell on wooden stand; 3 ornamental hair-combs made from splints of wood; 3 ditto of bambu; 5 lime-gourds with stoppers (Shortland Island type); 2 small cocoanuts inlaid with pearl shell, one with two eyes; wooden food-bowl, bird, fish, and turtle design; ditto, bird and fish; ditto, human form under handles; ditto, plain inlaid handles; ditto, dog-shaped; ditto, plain, frigate-bird handles; small canarium-nut mortar, carved base; canoe-prow god; pair of carved wood and inlaid birds on stand; carved and inlaid fish; small carving of fish with human legs; 5 cocoanut bottles coated with red resin (?), four with necks of bambu (Treasury Island types); large carved wood mortar, cut from solid wood and painted (Buka Island); carving of fish with bird and human figures upon it, painted; carved wooden figure, ? a canoe stern ornament, 2 carved and inlaid fishing floats, bird design; 16 long palm-wood bows; 1 small bambu bird-bow with canna-leaf arrows; 42 arrows (and 12 duplicates), with red shafts and plain hard wood foreshafts; 20 ditto (and 7 duplicates), painted, with carvcd wood foreshafts with carved barbs; 7 ditto (and 4 duplicates), without barbs or with one group only; 13 ditto (and 7 duplicates), with heads carved in one or more triangular blades; 147 ditto (and 24 duplicates), with elaborately made heads with bone, wood, or bambu barbs; 1 ditto, with double head; cone-shell discs and rings (?locality). NEW HEBRIDES—2 memorial heads, skulls artificially deformed and coated with fibre (Malekula); small grotesque human head in fibre-work on cocoanut with boar's tusks (?Malekula); mask, a small clay and fibre face mounted on a large sheet of spiders' web (?Malekula); " cap of death " made of spiders' web and human hair string (Tanna Island); small human grotesque in soft stone (?New Hebrides); 2 chalk human heads, grotesques, one painted (? New Hebrides); necklets of small yellow and red sea shells; mans groin covering mat. NEW CALEDONIA (?) 3 neck pendants of pearl shells with cord for suspension. NEW IRELAND pair of carved and painted wooden ornaments with central masks and fish designs at ends; large carved grotesque human form kneeling on fish; large carved and painted fish; large and elaborate painted carving, at the top a hornbill holding snakes in feet, at bottom large boar's head, centre a fish and snake; 5 carved wood and painted helmet Masks of elaborate construction; large wooden shark-float (?New Ireland). NEW BRITAIN 12 inches of dewarra shell-money. NEW GUINEA 1 bone spatula; ovulum-shell neck-pendant. FIJIAN ISLANDS 2 pointed pendants of sperm-whale tooth (? Tongan); large stone to which offerings were made by women to induce fecundity (Viria, Rewa dist.); large and very old lali gong; broken pottery 4 lobed vessel; mat-work fan; basket with many compartments and flaps; 2 tattooing-needles; 1 cannibal fork; 3 single sperm-whale teeth; cocoanut kava-cup, very thin; ditto, unfinished; 2 wooden kava-bowls with cords, 4 legs; I small circular kava-bowl with stand cut from solid wood. TONGA ISLANDS-- paddle shaped food-stirrer. SAMOA—3 hair-combs, 2 with bead ornaments, the other ornamentally bound (? Tongan); carved staff (perhaps Samoa); fly-whisk (perhaps Samoa). NIUE—2 canoe models; I hafted stone adze; I fan of palm leaf work (? locality); 5 fans with wooden handles bound with hair (? Samoa). MICRONESIA—1 wooden fish hook (?Ellice Islands). GILBERT ISLANDS—Strings of shell and cocoanut shell beads alternating black and white; belts of strings of gorgonia stem beads (? locality, also entered under Solomon Islands); 2 long shark's tooth edged weapons; 3 short ditto (2 with guard prongs); helmet of porcupine fish; helmet of cocoanut fibre; 2 cocoanut fibre cuirasses with high backs; 1 short jacket with sleeves; 1 ditto, longer; 1 pair of fibre work sleeves; 2 sleeveless combination armour suits of fibre work. SANTA CRUZ ISLANDS - 19 arrows (and 6 duplicates). UNCERTAIN LOCALITIES—I food bowl of light brown wood with handles; 1 ditto, flat; model of canoe; end and side blast conch shell trumpets; I0 arrows (and 5 duplicates) with reed shafts and hard wood heads; 8 mats, some of large size, of plaited or woven palm leaf; 1 palm leaf mat not plaited; 5 finely woven grass work mats and bands; 1 very large palm leaf fan or shade; 4 broad brimmed hats of mat work; 2 conical hats of palm leaf; 3 fringe petticoats of bast fibres; 15 circular disc shaped platters of mat work; long cord neatly made of white bark cloth, carefully bound round; 7 pieces of bark cloth (? Fijian); 1 slung leaden ball. The following SPEARS: 25 ornamental spears, Bougainville Straits, Solomon Islands; 11 with bone barbs and ornamental bindings, 1 palm wood with carved barbs, human heads, and zigzags, and 1 with carved many pointed bone head, Solomon Islands; 1 ceremonial spear with cluster of bone points, New Hebrides; 2 hard-wood spears, Humboldt Bay type, New Guinea; 8 spears with bone butts, 1 with imitation bone butt, 12 plain pointed palm wood spears with expanded butts, 7 similar with slightly carved butts, some painted, 13 plain spears with feathered butts, New Britain; 20 spears, mostly with carved heads, Fiji; 1 with point of trigon-spine, broken, Fiji; 1 ditto, with trigon-spine point (?Fiji); 4 spears with light shafts and carved hard wood heads, 2 with double points, 2 very short ones in one piece of hard wood with carved heads, Niue; 1 spear, carved barbs and painted, Yap, Caroline Islands. CLUBS: 5 with "pineapple" shaped heads, 2 "lotus" head forms, 6 with curved heads and spur at back, 1 with curved head and truncated spur, 2 with curved head, back spur, and striking edge, carved heads, 5 club-like staves with carved heads and long and tapering handle (? Tonga), 3 with heavy rounded heads, plain, expanding butts, 1 plain with sinnet-bound grip, 4 with slightly thickened heads, squared ends, carved handles, 1 similar, but carving is from head-end (? Samoa), 1 with rough root head and carved butt, curved and carved head, long spur at back, striking edge, 1 with broad, flat, cruciform head, 1 paddle shaped with shoulders, 3 ulas or throwing clubs with plain ball heads, 5 ditto, with carved knobbed heads, Fiji; 1 with fish tail head, Malekula, New Hebrides; 2 flat, sharp edged, grasswork covered handles, 1 ditto, paddle shaped, Guadalcanar, Solomon Islands; 4 long, curved and broad bladed glaives, 2 small light dancing glaives, S. Christoval; 2 flat lozenge shaped sharp edged heads, bound handles, 1 shaped like cricket bat, 2 square ended with rude face design at the end, carved butts, Malaita type; 2 conical tops and carved cone bases, 2 mushroom-headed, carved butts, 3 long, with both ends spatulate, 8 stone-ball-headed, New Britain; 1 oar shaped, with operculum ornament and bound expanding butt, 6 plain flat palm-wood ( 2 squared, rest rounded at ends) black, 6 plain, long,.enlarged butts, slightly swelling heads, flattened (one circular in section) , New Hebrides; 1 plain curved, Espiritu Santo type; 3 with carved heads and butts bound with hair (missing in one), 1 long, slender, pointed at end, ? Pentecost Island. STONE IMPLEMENTS—6 basalt adzes, Fijian types; 4 Wai ni mala, Fiji; 3 adzes,?Samoa; 2 adzes, and 2 shell ditto, Solomon Islands; I2 adzes of uncertain locality; 1 chalcedony saw; 1 well used stone ball; 4 adze shaped implements used for grinding or polishing. Presented by Henry Anson, Esq., East Close, Christchurch, Hants. Small musical bow.(?), probably from the Gaboon region of W. Africa; hazel-root which has grown round a piece of flint and gripped it firmly, Cranborne Chase, near Rushmore, Wilts. Presented by Mr. H.St.G. Gray, Assistant, Pitt Rivers Collection, Oxford. Metal match box said to be an " Instantaneous Light box," restored with sulphuric acid bottle, France. Presented by Edward Bidwell, Esq., 1 Trig Lane, E.C.

Seven ancient bone skates, dug up in London; silver mounted horn bow, Java; 2 wooden head-rests; 2 circular wooden ear plugs, pottery pipe bowl, 2 small iron pellet-bells, E. Central Africa. (Fenton & Sons, London.) Comb of turtle-shell mounted elaborately in silver, Borneo. (G.F. Lawrence, Wandsworth.) Pick shaped club, and 2 mushroom headed clubs, New Caledonia; club, (?) Malekula, New Hebrides; 2 pudding stirrers, New Hebrides; 3 rude agricultural choppers or bills, S. Africa; obsidian-bladed spear, Admiralty Islands. (C.A. Woollett, Rochester.) Specimens collected by Mr. E. Bartlett in Northern Borneo and purchased from him: Dusun blow-dart quiver, equipped with poison, gauge, darts, &c.; Dusun loom, complete, with mat in process of weaving, sword, 2 shuttles, stretching band, and other parts, with mat of bark cloth; ladle of wood and cocoanut shell, Dusun; necklet of teeth, claws, beetle wings, &c., Dusun; fetish stick with carved top, Dusun or Bajau; neck pendant of strung shell-beads with pendants of seed capsules; 2 Dyak bambu flageolets; spindle and spinning- top, Dyak, Sarawak; 2 Dyak knives, one with wood handle, carved, the other with handle of bird's wing-bone, Sarawak; wooden gorge for catching crocodiles and garials, Sarawak; 2 Chinese opium-pipes, Sarawak; 4 cock-fighting spurs, 3 with sheaths, Dyak, Sarawak; comb like instrument of bambu, used with the loom for separating the warp threads Dyak, Balo, N. Borneo; padi or rice-cutter with carved handle, Balo Dyaks; young girl's cover of cocoanut she1l, Dyak and Malay, Kuching; earthenware pot, cooking-vessel, Enkarang Dyaks; Dusun bird-scarer of iron and brass jingles hanging on a blade-bone; 4 ornamental bars (litong) worn through the glans penis, Kyan, Baram district; curved sword,parang jempul, Kyan, Rejang River; sword with handle set at an angle to the blade, Land Dyaks of Upper Sarawak.  Short, thick Indian sword with concave edge and knobbed point. (J. Bateman, Oxford.) Specimens kindly procured for the Museum by Mr. R.T. Turley in Manchuria, obtained chiefly in Moukden: Frame work of collapsible bamboo lantern; Manchu crucible for silver and lead melting; Manchu barber's hair-brush; Manchu razor; Manchu scissors; 8 Manchu native surgeon's instruments; eagle-feather fan; small composite bow with five short arrows used for practice (rare); composite bullet-bow (very rare); composite cross-bow for bullet shooting (very rare and obsolete); 3 archers' thumb-rings; common Manchu bow, partly finished; Manchu arrow and bow-string; piece of bark used for covering bows; 2 small paper flags placed by relatives of deceased person on route from house to grave to guide spirit back to grave, if it wanders back to its home where it is not wanted; toy double-drum with swinging pellets; costume and appliances of Manchu exorcist used when casting out evil spirits from women afflicted with them, viz. (1) woman's skirt always worn for the purpose, (2) head-dress inset with mirrors, (3) leathern apron with jingling iron pendants, (4) small mirror-shaped cymbals worn round neck and clashed together, (5) trident carried by exorcist, (6) model sword carried by exorcist, (7) fan-shaped drum with jingle carried by exorcist, (8) circular single-membrane drum carried by assistants, (9) small circular single-membrane drum for standing on tripod (? belonging to exorcist), (10) picture, native painting, of a famous ancient exorcist casting out devils. Wooden adze for cutting the sago pith from the log, sago- beating club, stabbing club of wood with carved jaw like end 2 cassowary bone daggers, and fire-making apparatus (karo- karo), Maipua tribe, Purari delta, British New Guinea; 2 human skulls from a god-house, Berlin hafen, German New Guinea; small native belt weaving apparatus and belt woven on such a loom, a larger ditto, 3 willow-sticks shaved into clusters (same as Ainu inao), 2 swords and 2 sword-belts, Island of Saghalin; leather ammunition belt, Mawudji tribe, taken in battle at Kilwa, September 8, 1894, German East Africa; amulet of Mawudji warrior, consisting of papers in Arabic letters in Kisuaheli language, sewn in leather and worn round neck; cast bronze serpent, broken from a larger plaque, and bronze foot from a figure, Benin city, West Africa; bead-work collar, Massai tribe, East Africa; musical instrument of sansa type and zither, Nyassa Lake; peculiar quadrant weighing-machine, English, made by Braby. (Sales at Stevens' auction rooms.) Imitation arrow-heads, 8 of flint and 5 of glass; imitation flint implements, viz., 2 axes, 2 saws, I knife. (F. Snare, Brandon.) Phylactery-shaped charm-case of coloured leather, Soudanese, taken at Omdurman, 1898. (J. Dukes, London.) Induna's head-ring, with the hair attached, Kaffir, Natal; chiefs large head-ring, which belonged to the Swazi chief, Imbandene, prepared ready for wearing; fat cup of horn for holding fat used for rubbing over the body, Kaffir, Natal; Kaffir necklet of imitation (bone) claws and red beads, worn by witch-doctors. (Purchased by the Curator in South Africa.) Lime-gourd with cone-shell and seed decoration at the top, with long wooden spatula, German New Guinea; Zulu Kaffir induna's head-ring, obtained from the battlefield of Kambula, 1879 (from collection of General W. Knox Leet); 9 bullets picked up on same battlefield; bark-cloth mallet of ivory, and a triangular object of ivory (?used in bark-cloth making), ?Lake regions, East-Central Africa. (Miss Cutter, London.) One hundred and thirty-two photographs of native South African life, &c. (Trappist Mission, Mariannhill, Natal.) Skin bellows, Calcurta; bird arrow and feathered arrow, New Hebrides; weaving implements, Benin city. West Africa, viz, 2 weaving swords, 2 long shuttle needles, 2 notched bars for separating warp threads, rod with loops for alternate warp threads, and thin bamboo rod; ivory snuff-bottle, Mashonaland; steel dagger, Haida, British Columbia; pottery lamp, North India; engraving tool with rodent tooth point, New Guinea; cocoanut scraper on stand, Point de Galle, Ceylon; large wooden plough, Buenos Ayres; old sickle made at Blackbeck, Cumberland, used until 1825, and two blades of similar sickles; leather powder primer; man's cover of ovulum shell, Admiralty Islands; apparatus for boring and making tridacna-shell armlets, German New Guinea, consisting of 2 weighted bambu borers, frame with two partly-bored shell pieces, and coral file. (W.D. Webster, Bicester.) Collection of stone implements from Japan, consisting of—16 celts raifu (3 from Prefecture of Gumma; 2 Hokkai do, Iburi, Yezo; 5 Chikuzen Province, Kiushiu; 1 Yezo, Kitami; 1 Hakkai-do, Shiretoko ; 1 Hakodate, Yezo; 1 Nakatsu, Buzen Province, Kiushiu; 2 Aomori); 1 jade celt, showing cutting process resembling Maori jade-working, Yezo, Shiribeshi; 1 rough hammer-stone, Hokkai-do, Iburi; 1 sharpening-stone or burnisher, sekiken, Hyuga Province, Kirishima-Yama, Kiushiu; 2 boring instruments(?); 9 tengu no meshi bera (or meshi gai), knife like blades with tangs (4 of them Rikuchu Province); 2 larger, broad implements with tangs, one from Rikuchu Province; flake worked over one side; 7 lance-heads, stone and obsidian, Hokkai-do, Iburi; 43 arrow-heads, Hokkai-do, Rikuchu, &c.; crescentic arrow-head, obsidian, Hokkai-do, Iburi; knife of stone ; crystal borer (?), Hokkai-do, Iburi. 2 large fighting-kites and coils of glass-coated string for cutting opponents' lines, Nagasaki, Japan. Through the kindness of Prof. B. Hall Charnberlain, Imperial University, Tokio. Specimens from the Caroline Islands collected by Mr. F. W. Christian (Black Horse Hotel, Horsham, Sussex), and purchased from him, viz., large adze-blade of tridacna shell, excavated from the King's tomb on Nan Tanach Island, Metalanim, East Ponape; wooden food-bowl, kachak, made of tong wood, Ponape; 2 paddles of kalau wood (hibiscus), Ponape; fish-hook, said to be from Tahiti; number of old shanks of fish-hooks made of pearl shell, dug up in the central vault on the sacred Island of Tanach, in Metalanim, March 15, 1899. Seven charm pendants stamped out of sheet silver, mythological figures, Rajputana; 2 toy model querns or flour mills, India; triple ivory bangle, Jodhpur, Rajputana; string of large coloured beads, imitation aggry beads, Africa. The following were obtained by M. W. Bailey from starving Wanyika at Frere Town, East Africa, during the famine of 1899: Beadwork armlet worn above elbow; 2 beadwork waist-belts; armlet of hide covered with white shells; waist-belt of same form; 2 amulet pendants for the neck, leather mounted with 2 and 4 cowries, one with chain, the other with string of metal beads; necklet of spirally-wound copper wire; double ditto; waist-belt of strung brass cylindrical beads; another of smaller brass beads; bracelet of twisted brass; bracelet of brass and iron, worn as charm against disease. (Missionary Bazaar held in Oxford, October 24, 1899.) Two toy throwing-knives, Niam Niam, Central Africa; 3 nose ornaments of tin, 1 ivory nose-stud, and toy spinning-apparatus, Bania, Upper Sanga, Central Africa; toy gun, and toy instrument of sansa type, n'Timos, Lower Sanga, Central Africa; well made Wayang figure (shadow-puppet) of wood, East Java; Chinese gambling game with die, Java; pack of 40 (2 missing) playing-cards, hand painted, Java. (C.M. Pleyte, Leyden.) "Tambourin de Bearn," dulcimer playcd by peasants of Laruns in the Pyrenees. Through the kindness of Miss E.C. Bell, 30 Egerton Crescent, London, W. Large Cingalese carving, representing devil-dance masks, &c., for cure of diseases. (Mrs. Bickmore, Oxford.)

Brewer's tally-stick, Isle of Man. From E. Lovett, Esq. Received in exchange for 2 notched tallies, Isle of Man, presented by the Rev. E.B. Savage, 1889.


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