Artefacts that were given to the Salisbury and South Wiltshire Museum in 1975 from The Treasury from Pitt-Rivers' second collection which cannot be matched to the catalogue:

SBYWM:1B2.5 'Hafted, flaked stone axe (Kodja) set in resin from the Xanthorrhoea tree, a common grass tree. These stone axes are only made by the Nyungar people in the South West of Western Australia'. Information from John Stanton, Berndt Museum of Anthropology, University of Western Australia. This item was displayed in Dreaming the Dreaming: The Kurrir Kurrir dance boards of the Eastern Kimberley exhibition held May - June 2006 at Salisbury. The axe has a width of 5 cm and a haft width of 1 cm [There do not appear to be any axes listed in the catalogue from Australia (or any other similar objects)][It is of course possible that this item (and others in this section of the website, were obtained after 1900 by George Pitt-Rivers or someone else]

SBYWM:1B2.18 Stone sling stone from New Guinea length 8 cm width 4 cm

SBYWM:1B3.1 Chipped stone axe, 24 cm long by 7 cm wide, one of six found in cache on south edge of Montizuma township, Illinois, USA.

SBYWM:1B3.2 Stone Gouge, 18.5 cm long, 4.5 cm wide;  SBYWM:1B3.3 Stone chisel, 17 cm long, 4.8 cm wide; SBYWM:1B3.4 Stone spearhead, 9 cm long, 3.2 cm wide; SBYWM:1B3.5 Stone tanged spearhead, 11 cm long, 2.8 cm wide described by Jonathan King from the British Museum as probably being from Maritime Archaic c 8000-2000 BC; SBYWM:1B3.43 Small polished arrowhead, 4.2 cm long, 1.2 cm wide; possibly also SBYWM:1B3.44 another arrowhead (though the entry here doesn't mention Bridges)  all from Newfoundland, Canada, apparently obtained by Colonel Bridges, Newfoundland. He gave them to Pitt Rivers in November 1883 (there is no record of such a donation in the catalogue).

SBYWM:1B3.55-56 Polished stone axes from New Guinea, obtained by Dr Comrie, RN. Length 22.7 cm / 9.8 cm width 4.5 cm/ 7 cm. SBYWM:1B3.66 A polished stone axe also obtained by Comrie length 18.5 cm width 8.5 cm. SBYWM:1B3.67 Polished stone axe from Woodlark Island obtained by Comrie. SBYWM:4.397 Weight for digging stick from New Guinea collected by Dr Comrie.
Note that there are items from Comrie in the founding collection but none listed from him in the catalogue of the second collection

Either SBYWM: 1B2.6 ‘Iron adze in wooden haft’ Haft length 31 cm, haft width 2 cm, blade length 8 cm, blade width 5 cm or SBYWM: 1B2.12 ‘Shell adze in wooden haft’ haft length 10.5 cm, haft width 2 cm, blade length 10 cm, blade width 5.5 cm’ or SBYWM:1B3.73-74 Partly polished stone axe Andaman Islands length 19.5 cm width 8.5 cm or stone tool length 29 cm width 9.5 cm
Note that there are only 2 entries for items from the Andaman Islands and there are four entries in the S&SWM records so there must be at least two unlisted Andaman Island objects.

SBYWM: 1D1.7 Chipped flint pick Hailsham Sussex & SBYWM: 2A2.3 Chipped flint axe from Grimes Graves & SBYWM: S.G.59.3 Handaxe Broom Pit Hawkchurch Dorset 1886 & SBYWM: S.G.104-107 Old Park Farm Slaugham Sussex Axes. All from the Beck collection bought at Sothebys 9 June 1897 lot 2

SBYWM: 1E2.43 Tranchet axe Erith Kent bought of Fenton November 1892 p. 862 & SBYWM: 2H2.8 Cumberland black stone perforated macehead Fenton p 862 [NB there is no page 862, there are items that are listed up to page 860 in volume 3 from Fenton but they do not include these objects]

SBYWM: 2A2.3 Chipped flint axe from Grimes Graves, Brandon, Suffolk from the Beck collection, bought at Sothebys 9 June 1897 lot 2

SBYWM: 3D3A.5 Pot ?Saxon ?Roman ?Iron Age Bridgehill or Bridge Hill Durham bought Sotheby 26 June 1884

SBYWM: 3E2.25 Iron shield boss Pierowaal on Westray Orkney Scotland lot 225 [actually that should probably be 255] Sothebys Ju 93 Bateman Coll. p. 957 Camb. cat. vol 3 p 937 [sic, this is definitely not on page 937 and no shield boss from this site, even from this collector is listed in the catalogue of the second collection, there are 3 shield bosses on page 957 from Northfleet in Kent, only two of which have been identified at S&SWM so it may be the location of this entry is transcribed wrongly and this is the third?]

SBYWM: 3E2.26 Iron knife Pierowaal on Westray Orkney Scotland Camb Cat vol 3 p 937 illustration ex Sothebys Ju 1893 Bateman Coll [NB the reference to the catalogue is wrong]

SBYWM: 3M8C.4 Bronze dish with handles Roman fabatarim said to have been found in the bed of the Thames, in excavating for the new suspension bridge to Lambeth Church 1862, bought Lawrence Mar 1898

SBYWM: 4.4 Wooden spade tipped with iron like those of the Roman period in Britain, used in 1880 Sweden

SBYWM: 4.7 Iron spade blade, 2 holes at side with four rivet holes, socket for handle,mark stamped on blade which is V-shape and pointed Brittany

SBYWM: 4.9 Wooden spade edged with iron, part of handle missing Bayeux Normandy resembles those found in Britain with Roman remains

SBYWM: 4.10 Wood spade edged with iron Lezoux, Auvergne, France

SBYWM: 4.13 Wooden spade with iron blade and extension for feet, blade marked ?Fussell. Wooden handle with bolt through it, bent handle shaft, U-shaped blade from Downton, Wiltshire still in use in 1887.

SBYWM: 4.14 Iron spade stamped 'Scott and Son, steeled' from Macroom, County Cork, ireland, with wedge to rest foot on, used in 1885 for light spring work and SBYWM: 4.17 similar spade from Roscrea district, Tipperary, Ireland

SBYWM: 4.19. Iron spade with wooden wedge for foot inserted through handle shaft, ex Bateman collection? and SBYWM: 4.22 Model spade, with fine wooden handle and wedge for foot through from unknown geographical provenance, from Bateman collection (there is a spade in that collection from Shetland, but it is listed separately as SBYWM: 4.30)

SBYWM: 4.21 Spade with wedge for foot to rest on from Isle of Colonsay, Hebrides, called a ceaba. Proc.Soc.Ant.Scot. vol.V p. 113 Drummond, Scottish Arms presented by Mr Romilly Allen to General Pitt-Rivers 10th April 1883

SBYWM: 4.23 Iron spade, Seend, Melksham, Wiltshire, used for digging a stiff clay 1888, presented by Mr Heward Bell

SBYWM: 4.28 Iron spade very flat section socket with wide mouth, no handle, blade end concave, stamped J. Skoglou, Lopsta

SBYWM: 4.32 Turf cutter, large wide handle with U-shaped iron reinforcements at handle end Isle of Lewis, Hebrides

SBYWM: 4.34 Chaff cutter, rectangular iron blade with welded tang in rough solid wooden handle Brittany, France

SBYWM: 4.35 Plough with four wooden sections and iron lance-shaped share, bound with iron, Naga Hills

SBYWM: 4.37 Push plough, wooden handle, forkshaped at one end, used at Sixpenny Handley, Dorset, 1884. ...

SBYWM: 4.39 Modern hoe of antique form used in neighbourhood of Lyon, France stamped F. Raoux

SBYWM: 4.43 Hoe with iron blade and wooden handle, crook-shaped maker's mark on handle Guernsey, Channel Islands. Hoe used in Guernsey 1885 Original manufacturers label Gilpin series Wedges Mill and Churchbridge Works, Cannock, Staffordshire

SBYWM: 4.46 Hoe with fine wooden handle, iron blade, together giving appearance of an axe, blade has tang passing through handle Zululand South Africa, presented by W.A. Fox-Pitt

SBYWM: 4.51 Mattock from Guntaka India (took like pick with adze and chisel edge ends wooden handle with prong holding iron blade) Length 24.5 cm

SBYWM: 4.75 Flail used in 1886 heavy rectangular section beater, leather connecting pieces, Homburg Germany

SBYWM: 4.82 Iron shovel, fork shape moulding on back, hollow socket, no handle Hong Kong, used for rice cultivation

SBYWM: 4.111 Pottery chestnut roaster with perforated base and lower wall and single handle Brittany

SBYWM: 4.112 Carpenter's axe Gastein, Austria & SBYWM: 4.133 Carpenter's axe (only one axe is listed in the catalogue and that is matched to 4.117)

SBYWM: 4.155 Iron horsehoe with nails, also nails used for ploughing in frost Quimper, Brittany

SBYWM: 4.163 Wooden harness with leather straps, iron buckles and rings, carved leaf decoration, painted green, red and gold & SBYWM: 4.164 Wooden hame with carved leaf decoration painted green, red and gold, & SBYWM: 4.165 Wooden harness with leather backing, leather straps and iron ring and buckles, carved decoration ending in animals heads painted gold & SBYWM: 4.166 Wooden harness with carved decoration ending in animals heads painted gold and green & SBYWM: 4.168-9 Terrets all Norway

SBYWM: 4.174 Brass cow bell (cracked) with iron clapper Robert Wells Aldbourne,  SBYWM: 4.175 & 4.176 Rumbler bell Robert Wells Aldbourne

SBYWM: 4.181 Wooden notice and frame 'Cranborn Chase, Orders and instructions ... 1713' white lettering on black board & SBYWM: 4.602-4.603 etc items of clothing associated with Cranborne Chase deer-keepers

SBYWM: 4.202 Grille galette (circular with handle, wood with four little feet) Vire Normandy France used for draining pancakes 1879 & SBYWM: 4.205 Tourne galette of wood Vire Normandy France

SBYWM: 4.210 Milk skimmer iron handle and copper skimmer unknown provenance

SBYWM: 4.216 & 4.217 Wooden spoons, brand mark Langlais Fils no. 2 and no. 6 used by peasants 1873, Brittany France

SBYWM: 4.226 Washboard, wooden battelle for washing clothes St Herbot, France used in 1878, SBYWM: 4.227 Wooden battelle for washing clothese, St Malo Brittany France used in 1878

SBYWM: 4.230 Folding brass balance in wooden case (lid missing) for testing weight of guineas or half guineas provenance unknown

SBYWM: 4.232 Wool carder, wooden frame with small wires Isle of Lewis Scotland [2 listed in S&SWM, only one in second catalogue]

SBYWM: 4.239 Spectacles made about 1880

SBYWM: 4.242 Wooden model of rice pounder and mortar Penang Straits Settlements, Malaysia

SBYWM: 4.255 Model of plough with yoke and chains from Falkoping, Sweden

SBYWM: 4.260 Model of plough very complicated with two plough shares, Silesia East Germany

SBYWM: 4.272 Model of an old 2-wheeled cart with wooden swingles from a sketch taken at Gottingen in 1879 by General Pitt Rivers

SBYWM: 4.277 Model of hand barrow Carlsbad with open slat frame (there is only one wheelbarrow listed from Carlsbad and that is matched)

SBYWM: 4.279 Model of country cart, two wheeled yoke detached, solid carved wooden wheels Norway

SBYWM: 4.285 Model of two wheeled ox cart with two oxen plus driver, bullock cart for conveyance of cotton and SBYWM: 4.288 Model of two wheeled bullock cart, wooden wheels, solid except for D-shaped cut outs Chicagole India  (there are three bullock carts from India in S&SWM but only one record in catalogue of second collection)

SBYWM: 4.287 Model of four wheeled flat cart with two shafts Cairo Egypt, used on the streets of Cairo, 1881 and SBYWM: 4.289 Model of two wheeled cart used on streets of Cairo Egypt in 1881 [NB these must have formed part of Pitt-Rivers second collection as they are dated to his Cook's Tour of Egypt]

SBYWM: 4.302 Stone hand mill or quern from St Augustin, near Dinard, still used circa 1885 in some parts of Brittany for grinding oats for horses and bles noir for crepes and formerly for corn by adjusting the wedge below the quern may be made to grind coarse or fine as required

SBYWM: 4.309.1 Watercolour framed picture of horse, Neapolitan with ornamental metal saddle pulling cart [saddle see Add.9455vol3_p1037 /1

SBYWM: 4.326 Bell metal skillet, possesses three legs, broken handle, hole in body, broken rim and sagging base Ancient bronze pot found in Ireland [there are unmatched unprovenanced skillets, but none of the 2 bronze Northern Irish vessels match the measurements given in S&SWM records]

SBYWM: 4.327 Rotary quern, upper and lower stones Iceland or Salisbury and South Wiltshire Museum & SBYWM: 4.328 Rotary quern Iceland  & SBYWM: 4.335 Rotary quern with iron turning handle Iceland [2 unlisted in catalogue of second collection, other matched]

SBYWM: 4.330 Rotary quern, upper and lower stones of rotary quern with leather covered stone ball in centre of hopper Shetland Islands used for grinding corn

SBYWM: 4.333 Armchair from crofter's cottage Stornoway, the only item of furniture in the cottage

SBYWM: 4.338 Square stone object with ?hieroglyphic carving in rectangular panel in centre, pestle Egypt Fayum Mehun?

SBYWM: 4.340 & SBYWM: 4.341 Two man traps used to catch deer stalkers on Cranborne Chase

SBYWM: 4.346 Model of corn drying kiln Orkney Islands for drying corn prior to grinding with the quern, now entirely disused

SBYWM: 4.364 Anklet of semi-circular iron strip with rings attached at ends and leather straps described as a 'dancing anklet' from the Bauchi Plateau, Nigeria.

SBYWM: 4.367 Model of crofter's cottage from Gairloch, Ross and Cromarty in Scotland. S&SWM's catalogue records that the model was made from measurements taken by General Pitt-Rivers in 1885, 'the principals or couples are placed against the inner fact of the walls and carried to the ground, so as to relieve the walls of outward thrust, this mode of building is not at all uncommon in the north of England'.

SBYWM: 4.368 Model of long house with roof removed, Hebrides Scotland, 'the thatch has been removed from this cottage to show the interior'.

SBYWM: 4.369 Model of watermill (damaged)

SBYWM: 4.371 Metal ?cockspur, partial cylinder shape with projection half way down one side, Bauchi Plateau Northern Nigeria

SBYWM: 4.375 Model of bellows used by Malays Perak, Straits Settlements, the pistons in the cylinders are raised and pressed down alternately, so as to produce a constant blast

SBYWM: 4.376 Model of two wheeled vehicle Length 30.5 inches width 20.5 inches

SBYWM: 4.377 English Cooper's adze;  [no further information, no matching objects] SBYWM: 4.380 Builder's scutch, crudely made, handle broken and woodwormed from Hinton St Mary, used by bricklayers to clean bricks; Metal hammer with wood handle from Quatre Canton Stanstad Switzerland; SBYWM: 4.384 Iron hammer and pincer combined 17th Century; SBYWM: 4.389 Foot of candlestick used for scraping the hair off pigs after scalding, by butchers; SBYWM: 4.392 Thistle cutter from Farnham in Dorset; SBYWM: 4.398 Mason's plumb bob and two halves of stone mould for making a plumb bob, Hinton St Mary, Dorset;

SBYWM: 4.393 'Swing letter' received by Mr Castleman, Chettle at the time of the Agricultural Riots, this letter warns that his house will be burnt down [we have an item from this donor recorded in the catalogue of the second collection, but not this item]

SBYWM: 4.397 'Kaffir' weight for digging stick

SBYWM: 4.409 Model of log cabin with birch bark roof, unknown provenance

SBYWM: 4.410 Model of Indian village

SBYWM: 4.411 Model of shielings (hut for shepherds etc) at Bairn-Gill, near Morsgail, Isle of Lewis from measurements taken by Lt-General Pitt-Rivers in 1885, these shielings were occupied until recently and similar ones are still in use in the summer

SBYWM: 4.417 Two bundles of long bows decorated with plant fibre bindings and bamboo bowstrings (6 bows and 5 bowstrings) Fiji, one bow has inscription in yellow paint that reads ‘Fiji bow, Bt of Lawrence Dec 1896 p’ [only one bow and 5 arrows actually listed]

SBYWM: 4.484 Model of carpenter's bench, a 'jackass' used as a spoke shave and draw-knife to make ladder rungs, sheep cribs, rack staves etc to compare with similar one from Austria, from Cerne Abbas in Dorset

SBYWM: 4.486 Set of carpenters' tools, 19th century presented by T.H. Russell of Ringwood, Hampshire

SBYWM: 4.508 Wooden ox yoke trapezoid shape, complex openwork carving and tassels Persia

SBYWM: 4.509-515 Models of Indian heads and turbans

SBYWM: S.G.53 Cast of ornamental stone ball Aberdeenshire Scotland given by G.F. Lawrence March 1898

SBYWM: S.G.73 Polished flint axe Hammersmith Fenton November 1892 & SBYWM: S.G.74.1-4 Handaxes from Swanscombe from Fenton bought November 1892 p863 &  SBYWM: S.G.75.1-6 Handaxes from Wandsworth November 1892 p862 [there is no page 862 or 863, or any items like this listed in catalogue of second collection]

SBYWM: S.G.90 Polished stone axe Twickenham, bed of River Thames, GFL no 476 bought from Fenton Nov 1892 part of loan collection sent to Bryanston School May 1930

SBYWM: S.G.519, 520 Burnt wheat from Robenhausen, Switzerland [Swiss Lake Dwellings] Brice [sic, Bryce] Wright's sale [loose leaf index page 5]

NB there are many stone tools listed England which cannot be matched to the catalogue of the second collection. Note that the archaeological records of S&SWM have not been examined in detail but it is known that MOST archaeological acquisitions from England (especially those from his own excavations) are NOT listed in the catalogue of the second collection.

The SBYWM numbers are the Salisbury and South Wiltshire Museum's accession numbers. If you want to know more about these objects please contact This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

AP, January 2011 and on

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