List of possible dealers who Pitt-Rivers dealt with over collecting career

Hindu religious figure 1884.59.26

Dealers and auctioneers were a very important part of forming both Pitt-Rivers' collections. Here is a list of all the known dealers connected with the collections. I have defined dealers as people who made a living from buying and selling objects. In addition Pitt-Rivers acquired objects from the main auction houses, Sotheby, Christie's and Bonhams.

Note that lots of the other ‘collectors’ listed as being connected to the founding collection could have been amateur dealers, selling parts of their collections from time to time. Good examples of this are the Ready family who worked at the British Museum essentially as restorers but who did also sell objects (museum ethics were different in those days). Another example would be Flint Jack also known as Edward Simpson. In addition some makers could also be seen as dealers in that they sold their products direct to collectors. Neither of these categories of people are included below. The list also does not include the larger auction houses.

You can find out more about all the individuals and institutions associated with the Pitt-Rivers collections by consulting the People database accessible from the right hand menu. Note that the information in the People database always reflects the most up-to-date information known about the people or institutions by the project, if you know more information, please let us know at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

It will be noted that there are a great many more names associated with the second collection alone than there are for both or for the founding collection of the Pitt-Rivers Museum. This may not necessarily reflect the whole truth, as the documentation of the second collection is so much better than that for the first that the number of individuals and organizations concerned with the founding collection is artificially deflated.

I. Dealers associated with the founding collection only

1. William Arthurs. Illiterate rag and bone trader who lived in Ballymena, Northern Ireland; he sold antiquities to many purchasers including John Evans [qv] For further information please see 'Archaeology in Ulster since 1920' E.E. Evans Source: Ulster Journal of Archaeology, Third Series, Vol. 31 (1968), pp. 3-8.

2. F. Bousfield - Nothing is known of this collector/ ?dealer who was active from circa 1850. The British Museum biographical database suggests A.W. Franks [qv] obtained items from F. Bousfield, this is likely to be the same person. It is possibly the Frederick Bousfield who in the 1850s worked on the Paris Exhibition. The items seem to have come from Bousfield in the 1860s (both Pitt-Rivers' and the BM).

3. Bullock Auctioneer based in High Holborn through whom Petherick auctioned some of his pieces, nothing further is known. Edward Bullock was the founder of the firm of auctioneers in High Holborn. He died in 1840 so this must have been his son or grandson as the items were not sold until the 1860s

4. Davitt (or Darritt) and Co. Sale room or auctioneer, from whom a collection of Fijian objects was obtained, nothing known for sure.

5. Eastwood, possibly George Eastwood. London antiques dealer, hoodwinked by forgers?

6. Last of Shrewsbury Based in Shrewsbury, Shropshire. Dealer or auction house, nothing is known for sure.

7. Mr Molin. Apparently a French art dealer (judging by accession book entry).

II. Dealers associated with both the founding collection and the second collection

1. Christie's. Famous London auctioneers. It is known that Pitt-Rivers bought items from them for the second collection and it seems likely that he also did so for the first collection.

2. Henry Osborne Cureton. 'Henry (Harry) Cureton (1785-1858) is listed as ‘curiosity dealer’ at 81 Aldersgate Street in 1829 and he is listed as ‘medalist’ at the same address in 1833. Cureton is listed as ‘medallist and coin dealer’ at 20 River Street, Myddleton Square, in the Post Office Directory for 1850. Cureton was listed as a member of the Numismatic Society in 1838. Cureton appears to have left the trade by 1851 and is believed to have worked in some capacity at the British Museum. Leigh, Sotheby & Wilkinson sold the ‘Valuable Stock of Coins and Medals of Mr. Harry Cesnola, Chester, on 17th February 1851. Cureton was the witness in an Osborne court case at the Old Bailey on 10th May 1852, when he stated ‘I live in Pentonville, I was formerly in business in Aldersgate Street’. In 1854 the collector Charles Roach Smith mentions ‘Mr. Harry Cureton, the well known and respectable coin dealer’. Cureton sold a large number of objects to the British Museum during the 1850s' Mark Westgarth, A Biographical Dictionary of Nineteenth Century Antique and Curiosity Dealers, (Regional Furniture, Special Issue, 2009). Associated with E. Wigan [qv]

3. Felix Feuardent (1819-1907) Antiquities dealer. Rollin [qv] took Felix Feuardent into partnership and opened a branch at 27 Haymarket, London, in 1867, and later moved into premises at 10 Bloomsbury Street, WC1 (at other times at no. 6). After the death of Rollin the firm continued under the leadership of Feuardent and operated under the name of Feuardent Frères.

4. Alfred Inman Dealer based at 17 Ebury Street, London. Seems to have specialised in china and pottery.

5. Charles Jamrach. Charles Jamrach (Johann Christian Carl Jamrach) (1815-1891) was a dealer in wild animals, based in St-George's-in-the-East; his son Albert Edward Jamrach was also a London dealer.

6. Lefevre. Dealer in Maçon, France.

7. Messrs Proctor and Co, Indian Art Gallery. Messrs Proctor & Co., also known as the Indian Art Gallery were based at 428 Oxford Street, London; nothing further is known of them except they set up workshops in India to produce artefacts for the London market. They provided Pitt-Rivers with objects for both collections from around 1875

8. Claude Camille Rollin (1813-1883) French dealer active first in Paris. See Rollin & Feuardent

9. Rollin and Feuardent. According to the British Museum database,'Company, variously known, founded by Claude Camille Rollin (1813-1883), a French dealer in coins, gems and antiquities, and originally active only in Paris. At one point their address was 12 rue Vivienne. Rollin took Felix Feuardent (1819-1907) into partnership and opened a branch at 27 Haymarket, London, in 1867, and later moved into premises at 10 Bloomsbury Street, WC1 (at other times at no. 6). After the death of Rollin (Paris, 1883), the firm continued under the leadership of Feuardent and operated under the name of Feuardent Frères at 4 rue de Louvois, Paris, IV, until about 1953.' Also Known As Rollin & Feuardent; C C Rollin & Co; Rollin, Claude Camille; Feuardent, Felix; Feuardent Frères

10. Sotheby's, world famous auctioneers based in London. Pitt-Rivers used them extensively both personally and via agents.

11. William Wareham.  William Wareham of 14 Charing Cross Road London, a curiosity dealer who sold to the British Museum ('A Biographical Dictionary of Nineteenth Century Antique and Curiosity Dealers' M. Westgarth: 2009 special issue Journal of Regional Furniture). Also seems to have been based in Castle Street, Leicester Square.

12. Bryce McMurdo Wright. (1814-1875 or 1850-1895) Either father or son, both with same name, both dealers based in Great Russell Street, London. They specialised in minerals and fossils, ethnographic and archaeological objects.

Reminder: the founding collection is not well documented, and very few names are associated with the objects therein.

III Dealers associated with the second collection only

1. Henry Edward Abrams. (?1855-?)Dealer at 44, Broad Street, Oxford. He had worked at G.R. and F. Cambray in the same street, and sold objects to the Pitt Rivers Museum in 1898, 1902, 1903 and 1906. He specialised in antique and 'high class' furniture. The 1901 census confirms his age and occupation; he was born in Liverpool.

2. Alexander. Probably dealer of Salisbury, Wiltshire: nothing known. Associated with bronze candlesticks. Possible matches from the 1901 census are John Alexander a retired furniture dealer aged 73, and Frank Alexander, art collector aged 49

3. Barton. ?A dealer of Carlsbad (Karlovy Vary) in the Czech Republic

4. Thomas Bell. Dealer, of 30 Pilgrim Street, Newcastle. He may have been a bookseller. A Thomas Bell left manuscripts and books to the Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle. He was Land Agent for the Duke of Northumberland and as a result travelled widely in the county drawing up maps and plans, taking notes and making surveys. This might be the same person

5. Joshua Binns. Antique furniture dealer, based at Cadogan Terrace, London according to Kelly's Directory, 1882 ['A Biographical Dictionary of Nineteenth Century Antique and Curiosity Dealers' M. Westgarth: 2009 special issue Journal of Regional Furniture]

6. Frank K. Blanchard. Auctioneer of 10 Salisbury Street, Blandford Forum, Dorset. The firm of Blanchards still exists.

7. Andre Block. Curiosity dealer, based at 101 Wardour Street, London according to Kelly's Directory, 1882 ['A Biographical Dictionary of Nineteenth Century Antique and Curiosity Dealers' M. Westgarth: 2009 special issue Journal of Regional Furniture)

8. Bondi. Dealer of Frankfurt, Germany

9. William M Boore. [Unknown active 1865-1886] A dealer of 54 The Strand, London. The second initial in name came from a website devoted to antique clocks, the full name from the British Museum website which obtained some objects from him in 1865

10. Joseph Box. (1832-?) Vendor of 339 High Street, Cheltenham. He is listed in the 1901 census as Joseph Box, aged 69, born in Dursley Gloucestershire and living in Cheltenham, working as a Jewellery shopkeeper.

11. W. Burden. ?Dealer of Dalston, London associated with bronze sword

12. Mr Button. Dealer, of 2 Pall Mall Place both in London. Other entries say that the items are 'Objects bought at sale of English and Foreign China and other works of Art forming the entire stock of Mr Button of Regent Street', the sale was conducted by Sotheby. Of course, this might be two separate Buttons.

13. Colnaghi & Company. Picture dealers from 1783? to present

14. Cools-Theysseus. Dealers, of Brussels

15. Robert Cowie. Cabinet maker and furniture seller, 39 Queensferry Street, Edinburgh

16. Crichton & Co. Jewellers, silvermakers and dealers at 47 George Street, Edinburgh

17. William S. Cross. It is possible that this is William Cross, a naturalist and importer of wild animals based in Cross' Menagerie and Museum, Earle Street, Liverpool. According to the following website, 'A major importer of animals for the zoological gardens and other collections of the United Kingdom he had agents in all parts of the world. Both Jamrach and Cross based their businesses at the docks specifically to be near shipping and no doubt encouraged the export of exotic species from far away places.' According to the 1901 census William S. Cross was born in Liverpool and aged 28.

18. Cutforth. In catalogue listed as working at 2 Victoria Street. In the Edinburgh Gazette of 8 April 1890 there is a Charles Cutforth listed who worked in 181 Queen Victoria Street, City of London, and lived in 16 Nelson Street, Blackfriars Road, Surrey. He was a timber merchant and general importer, this might be the same person.

19. Eva Cutter. Cutter was the daughter of William D. Cutter. She was an ethnographic and antiquities dealer based in Great Russell Street, London. She later became the professional and personal partner of W.D. Webster, qv. She eventually took over her father's firm during the 1890s. She retained her maiden name until 1922 according to 'Provenance ...' Waterfield and King, 2006.

20. William D. Cutter. London antique furniture and curiosities dealer based in 36 Great Russell Street, London WC1. Listed in Kelly's Directory for 1882. He is presumably related to the Eva Cutter [qv] According to "Provenance: Twelve collectors of ethnographic art in England 1760-1990" H Waterfield and JCH King Somogy Art Publishers Barbier-Mueller Museum 2006: ‘Miss Cutter came from a well- known family who dealt in natural history and ethnography, at least as early as the 1860s. From about 1867 to 1900 the Cutters were involved in many hundreds of ethnographic transactions with the British Museum. Most were probably sales from William Cutter senior to AW Franks ..' See also 'A Biographical Dictionary of Nineteenth Century Antique and Curiosity Dealers' M. Westgarth: 2009 special issue Journal of Regional Furniture

21. Robert Dicker. Silversmith and jeweller of 8 Vigo Street, London. Dates from website circa 1827-1900

22. Dowdeswell. Messrs Dowdeswell of New Bond Street, London appear to have been dealers in Japanese curiosities, Pitt-Rivers bought several pictures from them. It may have been the same Dowdeswell who also dealt with modern European art, and dealt for example with Whistler, 'Operated by Charles William Dowdeswell (1832-1915) and his sons Walter (1858- 1929) and Charles (c. 1860s-c. 1915), the Dowdeswells' gallery was located at 133 New Bond Street, one block from the Fine Art Society.'[Antiquities, November 2003 KJ Myers 'Mr Whistler's gallery ...']

23. J.C. Duff Dealer of 14 Queensferry Street, Edinburgh, nothing further is known of him

24. Debenham Storr & Johnson Dymond. 'Debenham Storr & Johnson Dymond, which had been established in King Street, Covent Garden, since 1813, soon saw the benefit of an amalgamation with the new venture. Debenham was known for diamond and costume jewellery auctions, bankrupt and pawnbrokers’ stock and what were known as “police sales”.'

25. H. Egger. Some of the entries could also be H. Egger who was a major dealer with shops in Paris and Vienna ('A Biographical Dictionary of Nineteenth Century Antique and Curiosity Dealers' M. Westgarth: 2009 special issue Journal of Regional Furniture)

26. Samuel Egger. The British Museum has items from a Samuel Egger from the same sale [25 June 1891] so this must definitely the right person for that sale. He is described by the BM as a 'Doctor (in title), Austro-Hungarian male, active in the late nineteenth century'. Other websites suggest he was based in Vienna. But he seems to have been based in Pest (of Budapest), see website below which states: '(fl. 1857 -1890)Samuel Egger's "Budapester Münzen-, Mineralien-, und Antiquitäten-Comptoir" was operating at least as early as 1857. Originally he dealt only in rare coins and antiques, but later expanded to include mineral specimens. He was located at Herrengasse 5 in Budapest in 1867, and (as Egger S. & Co.) at Augustinerstr. 8 in 1888-1890. Some labels merely say "S. Egger in Pest"; others say "Egger S. és társa Budapesten."'

27. Eurichsohn. Dealers or auction house of Waisenhausstrasse, Dresden, Germany.

28. H. Lloyd Farebrother. ?Dealer of New Street, Salisbury - nothing is known of this individual, he does not seem to appear in either the 1891 or 1901 censuses.

29. Fenton and Sons. Dealers, based at Holywell Street and New Oxford Street. Also known as Messrs Fenton Ltd, and S.G. Fenton Ltd, according to "Provenance: Twelve collectors of ethnographic art in England 1760-1990" H. Waterfield and J.C.H. King Somogy Art Publishers Barbier-Mueller Museum 2006 p. 52- 53. Active circa 1880-1930

30. C. Fleischmann Dealer of 6 Maximilian Strasse, Munchen (Munich), Germany

31. Messrs Foster. Dealer and auctioneers at 54 Pall Mall, London. Started by Edward Foster according to the Literary Gazette and Journal of Belle Lettres for the year 1833, also known as Edward Foster & Son. Early 1830s- 1940 or later

32. Francesco Francati. of 38 St Oswald Road, West Brompton, London. He seems to have been a dealer, or manufacturer of glassware shown at Olympia.

33. S.M. Franck, & Son Dealer of St Mary Axe, London. As the items purchased came from Japan it seems likely that this refers to S.M. Franck and Son. The BM database states: Dealer; active from 1883 or earlier, to at least the late 1930s. A minute by A.F. Kendrick of the V&A states that S.M. Franck was established as a company by 1883 (S.M. Franck & Co. Nominal Papers, MA/1/F1203, V&A Archive, London). S M Franck's were important dealers in Chinese antiquities, selling widely to the V&A and, in particular, to Sir William Burrell, the Glasgow collector. "It is interesting that Burrell should also be buying from S.M. Franck & Co., a well-established wholesale dealer, whose warehouse was at 25Camomile Street in the City of London and who was importing objects directly from China and supplying institutions such as the V&A at this time. Franck seems to have gained a reputation for supplying newly discovered archaeological pieces at reasonable prices. Certainly by 1910, when Burrell seems first to have entered the market for such objects, there was steadily growing competition in this area internationally." - from Nick Pearce, 'From Collector To Connoisseur: Sir William Burrell and Chinese Art, 1911-57':  Active 1883 to 1937 or later. See here.

34. Luigi  Gallandt. Italian artist and dealer, about whom little is known

35. George Galley. Dealer in Oriental objets d'art from The Oriental Warehouse at 119 Regent Street, London. Nothing else known

36. G. Gardner. Pottery dealer based at 209 Brompton Road, London, no details are known

37. Frank Giles & Co. Furniture dealers and decorative goods, of High Street Kensington. Run by Francis Harry Giles according to Edinburgh Gazette, 25 December 1903.

38. Robert Glen. (1835-1911)Dealer of 2-3 North Bank Street, Edinburgh, he was a bagpipe maker. He collected old weapons and Scottish musical instruments. 'The Glen and Ross Collections of Musical Instruments', Arnold Myers, The Galpin Society Journal, Vol. 38, (Apr., 1985), pp. 4-8

39. H. Glücklich. Dealer in Homburg, Germany

40. Mr Grant. Dealer of St Clements, Oxford

41. Henry Grose. Dealer based at 44 St Mary Axe, London E.C. He lived in Manor Road, Forest Hill and also worked from 17 Camomile Street, see London Gazette, March 3 1891 page 1228

42. James Gunn. Dealer of 49 Bedford Street, The Strand, London, nothing further is known of him. He may have been a second-hand bookdealer, see here which refers to James Gunn and Nattali, Bedford Street in this regard.

43. Halstaff & Hannaford. 228 Regent Street. William Halstaff & Thomas Charles Hannaford. According to the Victoria and Albert Museum 'the firm put together and sold writing boxes, dressing cases and ladies' work boxes'.

44. George R. Harding. A dealer based in Charing Cross Road and St Martins Court (Leicester Square) and St James Square, all London. His full first name is taken from the BM biographical database where he is described as being a dealer / auction house active in the late 19th and early 20th century.

45. Mr Henriquez Dealer, nothing further is known. He was the source of several Danish arrowheads

46. Samuel Henson. of 227 Strand, London. He took over the family mineral business in 1873, and it was at the above address from 1878-1888, after which it moved to Regent Street. He was a member of Mineralogical Society and Geological Association.

47. Herz. A dealer of pottery goods from 171 Wardour Street, London; nothing further is known. It is possibly Solomon Herz listed in the 1901 census as aged 44, naturalized from Germany, based in St James Westminster, a 'dealer in ... works'. There are a number of other Herzs in the census if this is not the one.

48. W.D. Hodges W.D. Hodges of 247 & 249 Brompton Road, South Kensington. They appear to have been furniture dealers.

49. Wilhelm Hossman. Dealer of Munich

50. Frank Hyams (fl 1899-1932) was based at 167 New Bond Street, London. He was a silver and gold maker. He was also based at 14 Princes Street Dunedin, New Zealand. He was described there as a 'well-known jeweller'.

51. Japanese Fine Art Association. Dealer based at 14 Grafton Street, London, sold Japanese wares. 'The Association was founded in Japan in 1880 and established in London in 1881 with the aim of supplying a fine collection of Japanese art work to the cognoscenti. The Gallery was originally situated on the first floor of 14 Grafton Street, moving to 7 King Street, St James after 3 years and then to 28 New Bond Street in 1888.

52. Japanese Fine Art Depot. Dealers, 15 Duke Street, Manchester Square, London

53. Alfred Jarvis. Museum attendant at the British Museum who sold reproductions of Assyrian statuary and carvings. Some of these were made in Parian ware by W.T. Copeland & Sons and modelled by Aaron Hays, a fellow BM attendant. See website for a similar piece given to British Museum. Jarvis was such a entrepreneurial dealer that he even advertised his 'Assyrian Reproductions' in the American Historical Review [see Vol. 1, No. 2 (Jan., 1896), pp. 384]

54. William Johnston Dealer of Westgate Street, Gloucester; nothing known. He is probably the William Johnston listed in the 1901 census as being aged 81, a retired furniture dealer born in Dumfries, Scotland.

55. Kerridge. of Wimborne, Dorset; nothing is known of this dealer. There was a Benjamin John Kerridge, jeweller and watchmaker, West Boro’, mentioned in Wimborne Minster J G Harrod's & Co Postal & Commercial Directory 1865 which might be the same person

56. Adolf or Adolphe Kotin. A dealer of Russian goods, associated with the Societe Russe [qv].

57. Landauer & Co. Merchants based at 36 Fenchurch Street, London

58. Thomas Joseph Larkin. Dealer in Oriental antiquities, based in New Bond Street, London. He worked for the Japanese telegraph service and later exported a large number of Japanese objects of art. Once he had established his dealership he travelled back to China and Japan often. See 'Thomas Joseph Larkin' The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs, Vol. 26, No. 144 (Mar., 1915), p. 263

59. George Fabian Lawrence. George Fabian Lawrence was an antiquarian, collector and dealer based in Wandsworth, London. In April 1911 he was appointed ‘Inspector of Excavations’ at the London Museum

60. Frederick Litchfield. (1850-1930) Furniture and art object dealer of 28 and 30 Hanway Street off Oxford Street, London. He was the author of 'The Illustrated History of Furniture' [1899], and 'Pottery and Porcelain: A guide to collectors' [1900]

61. Lyon. Dealer, 135 High Holborn, London. This site gives his first initial as M.

62. James A. Macklin. Dealer of 7 Catherine Street, Salisbury. They were cutlery makers, 'James Macklin and Son of Catherine Street who produced high-class knives and scissors' [Industrial Great Britain [1895], 270]

63. Eugene Guillaume Muller. Dealer of 48 Great Russell Street, London. He might have been a relative of Henry and Joseph Muller, who were curiosity dealers at around the same time. ('A Biographical Dictionary of Nineteenth Century Antique and Curiosity Dealers' M. Westgarth: 2009 special issue Journal of Regional Furniture)

64. William Mullins. Presumably was a dealer, at Chelsea House, 52 & 54 High Street, Salisbury. He is listed in the 1901 census as William Mullins, born in Salisbury Wiltshire, aged 51, resident St Thomas Wiltshire, a dealer in works of art.

65. Myers and Co. of Savile Row, London. Presumably dealers, but no information is known

66. Noble and company. Dealers of 4 Cullum Street, London, nothing further is known

67. William Ogden. Dealer, based in Oxford. Born in Bettow, Rutland and aged 70 in 1901. He is described in the 1901 census as 'dealer in works of art'.

68. W. Owen. Dealer of 11 Elizabeth Street, Eaton Square, London; nothing further is known of them

69. Pearson. Nothing known. Described as Pearson's so most likely to be a shop or dealership, it is the source of 6 bronze archaeological objects from Cyprus

70. Pickert. Dealers from Albrecht Durer Platz, Nuremberg, Germany. Well- known dealer who also sold to the South Kensington Museum / Victoria & Albert ('A Biographical Dictionary of Nineteenth Century Antique and Curiosity Dealers' M. Westgarth: 2009 special issue Journal of Regional Furniture)

71. W. Pool. Dealer based in Pall Mall, London. He might have been a sword- maker or a dealer as the object he is associated with is a sword

72. Gustave Posno. Obviously a collector and dealer in Egyptian antiquities, little known 'Gustave Posno, joaillier d'origine néerlandaise, établi au Caire durant la deuxième moitié ...'and 'un collectionneur hollandais célèbre, Gustave Posno' was all I was able to find. 'Collection de Gustave Posno: Antiquites Egyptiennes Greco-Romaines Et Romaines' (1883) was written for the sale of his collection by Rollin & Feuardent on 22 May 1883 at the Hotel Drouot.

73. J. Ramus. Nothing is known of this dealer based at 74 Piccadilly, London. He may have specialised in Asian artefacts

74. Frederick Rathbone. (1841-1919?) Fredrick Rathbone was a ceramics dealer listed in the CUL catalogue as working from 20 Alfred Place West in South Kensington. This is the person referred to in 'The ABC of Collecting' by J.H. Yoxall as I have spent some pleasant and instructive hours at Alfred Place West, South Kensington, with Mr. Frederick Rathbone, ... the principal dealer in ' Old Wedgwood," who has handled more specimens and made and catalogued more collections of the kind than any other man'Mr. Rathbone has spent many years (taken all together) in travelling on the Continent, finding bits of "Old Wedgwood," and bringing them back to England. Mr. Rathbone is far from being the mere dealer ; he is a man of culture, a traveller, the author of a great book on the subject, a connoisseur, a student, and an enthusiast, as well as a professional expert. Professor Church'.

75. William Talbot Ready. Information from the British Museum: 'Employed by the British Museum as repairer and cleaner of antiquities, particularly in the Egyptian and Assyrian Department, until about 1884 after which he appears to have specialised as a dealer as his sales to the Museum begin in 1886. He specialised in classical coins and took over the company Rollin and Feuardent [qv] after the death of Francis Whelan [qv].His brother Augustus P. Ready succeeded him as a restorer in the Museum, where he became part of the permanent staff in 1897; another brother, Charles Ready, also worked in the Museum in this capacity. All were sons of Robert Cooper Walpole Ready, the restorer, who joined the Museum in 1858/59. W.T. Ready had a single daughter, Marie Frances Talbot Ready.' D.M. Wilson, 'The British Museum: A History', London 2002, p.357, n.128; Marjorie Caygill, "An enduring legacy", 'British Museum Magazine' 51 (spring 2005), p.55. Note that there are also items from the 'Ready family' from the founding collection.

76. Walter Reynolds Dealer of Broad Street, Bloomsbury, London.

77. S. possibly Samuel Richards. Nothing is known of this vendor except he worked at 77 Hounds Gate, Nottingham. Later he seems to have ?dealt from Friars Lane, Nottingham. In the 1901 census a Samuel Richards is listed as being aged 42, born in Nottingham and living in Loughborough, dealing in antiquities. It seems likely that this is the same person.

78. V. Robinson and Co. Dealers, nothing known

79. Société Russe of 149 Finborough Road London

80. Salomons Dealers of 80 Frauen Strasse, Dresden, Germany

81. Edmé Samson et Cie, of Paris

82. I. Sasson and Co. Sasson and Co. were at 179 Wardour Street, London. On the BM biographies database it describes the company as 'A Jewish family firm and import agency whose London letterhead describes the firm as "Under Royal Patronage" and "Importers of Oriental, Italian, and Spanish Works of Art", with Turkish and Persian flags above. I. Sasson is probably related to the Israeli dealer, Joav Sasson, whose son Gideon Sasson established an antiquities dealership ("Sasson Ancient Art Gallery") in Jerusalem in 1981.[sic - possibly 1891?]

83. Edward Saxty Dealer at 6 Wood Street, Bath. Nothing further is known. According to the 1881 census he was born in 1833 in Trowbridge.

84. George Sim. (?1835-1908) Dealer, naturalist and taxidermist from King Street, Aberdeen

85. A. Smart. Dealer at 133 Wardour St London, nothing is known of him.

86. John Sparks. Worked at Japanese Fine Art Depot, Duke Street, Manchester Square, London. According to the Liverpool Museum website: 'Art dealers. The firm was established in the 1888 by John Sparks (1854- 1914), who was a captain in the merchant navy and who spent most of his life in the Far East. The business was expanded by his son, Peter (1896-1970), who joined the firm in 1910, when it was situated at 37 Duke Street, Manchester Square, London. ...' According to the BM biographical database his firm finally closed in 1991. See also John Sparks Archive, Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art, University of London.

87. Henry Stevens. (1843-1925) Henry was one of a family of Auctioneers, based in Covent Garden in London. He took over the reins from his father John Crace Stevens in 1859. They principally sold natural history and ethnographic artefacts

88. G.R. Symons and Son. Nothing is known of this dealer associated with enamelware

89. V. Tehring. Dealer in Germany, possibly based in Mainz

90. Edmund Terry. Antique furniture dealer based in 162 Wardour Street, London. Edmund Terry is listed as ‘curiosity dealer’ at 122 Wardour Street in the Post Office Directory for 1839 and ‘ancient furniture warehouse’ at the same address in Tallis’ London Street Views, 1838/1840. 'Terry is listed as ‘curiosity dealer’ at 15 Wardour Street in 1841 and as ‘ancient furniture dealer’ at 15 Wardour Street in Thompson’s London Directory, 1844 and in Kelly’s Directory, 1846. Terry is listed at the same address in 1870 and Edmund Terry is listed as ‘antique furniture dealer’ at 162 Wardour Street in Kelly’s Directory, 1882. The Census returns for 1861 record Edmund Terry as ‘Dealer in Furniture’ aged 58 born in ‘Wege’ [sic] Kent and married to Hannah aged 58, born in Matlock, Derbyshire'. Mark Westgarth, A Biographical Dictionary of Nineteenth Century Antique and Curiosity Dealers, (Regional Furniture, Special Issue, 2009).

91. Tessier. Jewellers of Bond Street, London. ('A Biographical Dictionary of Nineteenth Century Antique and Curiosity Dealers' M. Westgarth: 2009 special issue Journal of Regional Furniture)

92. Thomas. Goldsmith and Silver makers based in New Bond Street, London. Probably Charles Henry Townley & John William Thomas, who were registered in July 1901 according to A-TC.html

93. Thomas E. Tomlinson & Co. According to British Museum biographical database: 27 King Street, Liverpool 6 Stanley Street, Liverpool Firm of Thos. E Tomlinson & Co, Liverpool - West African merchants, Commission, Insurance & Forwarding Agents; also maintained branch offices at 3 South Parade, Manchester, and Lagos and Mayumba in Africa. Correspondence over various potential acquisitions filed in BM in the Depts of AOA (Christy collection) and P&E (1891-92, q.v. Tomlinson). They were also the source for glass bangles etc from Nazareth bought by the British Museum in 1892, so they obviously didn't confine their trading to West Africa. Active 1892-1898

94. James Tregaskis (?1851-1926) Book and art dealer based at 232 High Holborn, London. According to 'End papers: literary recreations' by Alfred Edward Newton 1933 (from page 140), James Tregaskis had been interested in old books from 1883, from 1890 he joined his wife, formerly Mrs Bennett, as a bookseller. He held several important bookbinding exhibitions, and by 1900 was one of the most important British booksellers. In 1900 the company name was changed to James Tregaskis, in 1915 he moved the business to Great Russell Street. In the 1901 census he is aged 50 born in St Day Cornwall.

95. Franz Unterberger, dealer based in Innsbruck, Austria

96. Jacob Vallentine & Son. fl. 1821-1882 Dealer of 59 Wych Street, Strand, London. 'Jacob Valentine is recorded as ‘clothes salesman and dealer in curiosities’ at 60 Wych Street in the records of the Sun Fire Office 1821. Vallentine [sic] is listed as ‘dealer in curiosities’ at 60 Wych Street in Pigot’s Directory, 1839 and is listed as ‘curiosity dealer’ at 60 Wych Street, Strand in the Post Office Directory for 1841. Jacob Vallentine and Son [sic] are also listed as ‘curiosity dealers’ at 4, 59 & 60 Wych Street in Kelly’s Directory, 1882.' Some Entries.....from Mark Westgarth, A Biographical Dictionary of Nineteenth Century Antique and Curiosity Dealers, (Regional Furniture, Special Issue, 2009).

97. John Walker. John Walker might have been a dealer, based in Castle Street, West Street, Leeds but no information can be found about him

98. William Downing Webster. (1863-1913) Webster was a dealer and auctioneer based in Bicester and London. See Waterfield/King, Provenance. Barbier-Mueller Museum, 2006.

99. Wells. Silversmith based at Piccadilly, London; no trace can be found of him online

100. Francis Edward Whelan. (1848 – 1907) According to the British Museum records Whelan was a British coin dealer and representative of Rollin and Feuardent [qv]

101. Samuel Willson. Dealers of 393 Strand, London. An old family of curiosity and antique furniture dealers, started in Wardour Street, London. 'Samuel Wilson [sic] is listed as ‘curiosity dealer’ at 19 Castle Street, Leicester Square in Pigot’s Directory, 1839 and Samuel Willson is listed as ‘curiosity dealer’ at 14 Bear Street, Leicester Square in 1841. By the mid 1850s Willson had moved to the Strand and Willson is listed as ‘curiosity dealer’ at 393 Strand in 1860 and at the same address in Kelly’s Directory, 1882. Samuel appears to have been related to the modern and second hand furniture dealer Thomas Willson, who traded during the first quarter of the nineteenth-century and is believed to have commenced business in 1818. ... Willson continued the firm into the twentieth-century as Willson Brothers. ... ‘The first portion of the very extensive stock of Messrs Willson & Co, curiosity dealers, 393 Strand, by direction of the executors of the senior partner, deceased’, was sold by Mr Foster, on 22nd April, 1880. The auction comprised, ‘antique carved, marquetrie and buhl furniture, Old Dresden, Sèvres, Oriental & English China, majolica, bronzes, clocks etc’.' Mark Westgarth, A Biographical Dictionary of Nineteenth Century Antique and Curiosity Dealers, (Regional Furniture, Special Issue, 2009). His address is also given as 7 King St, St James's London in the CUL Volume II as well as 393 Strand.

102. Wright. A dealer of Audley Street, London, he is associated with South African and Indian objects

103. Evelyn Wright. (1845-1919) Dealer of 144 Wardour Street. According to the National Portrait Gallery: Evelyn Wright 1900-1919, dealer in works of art, then antique furniture dealer. At 22 Wardour St, London 1827-1850, 22 & 23 Wardour St 1851-1877, street renumbered 1878, 142 & 144 Wardour St 1878-1894, 1896-1903, 144 Wardour St 1904-1919. He took over a family art dealing firm sometime in the 1890s.

104. William, John and Frederick Wright. Dealers of Wardour Street, London. 'William Thrale Wright is listed as ‘carver and gilder’ at 22 Wardour Street in Pigot’s Directory, 1839 and was recorded as carver and gilder to HRH Princess Sophia Matilda. John Wright ‘picture restorer’ and W. Wright ‘carver and gilder’ are listed at 22 Wardour Street in Tallis’s London Street Views, 1838/40 – (See Plate 7). William Wright is listed as ‘antique furniture dealers and cabinet makers’ and ‘ancient furniture importers’ at 26 Wardour Street in 1844. The Wrights traded from three addresses in Wardour Street in the 1850s, at numbers 20, 22 & 27, which comprised premises in which the Wright family lived together with workshops, warehouses and a yard. The census returns for 27 Wardour Street in 1861 list John Wright as ‘upholsterer’, aged 48 born Marylebone and William Wright (age not recorded) ‘upholsterer’, together with his sons William (32), Frederick (29) and Edman (20) all ‘upholsterers’ at 22 Wardour Street. By 1870 they were trading at 22, 23 & 27 Wardour Street and in Kelly’s Directory, 1878-82 William & Frederick Wright, ‘antique furniture dealers, art dealers & importers’ are listed at 22, 23, 142 & 144 Wardour Street. William & Frederick Wright at 142 & 144 Wardour Street, and John Wright at 134 Wardour Street, ‘antique furniture dealers’ in Kelly’s Directory, 1882.' Mark Westgarth, A Biographical Dictionary of Nineteenth Century Antique and Curiosity Dealers, (Regional Furniture, Special Issue, 2009).

105. J. Young. Dealer? in Glasgow, Scotland; he is associated with a Benin bronze figure of a horn player now in the Metropolitan Museum. No-one of that initial is listed for Glasgow in the 1901 census. I can find no other information about him

AP, 2010, updated and added information about specific dealers in February 2011, fuller names added June 2011.

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